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GAZETTEER, AND DIRECTORY
UNDER A LUCID ARRANGEMENT OF SUBJECTS,
A GENERAL SURVEY OF THE COUNTY,
HISTORIES, & STATISTICAL & TOPOGRAPHICAL
OF ALL THE
HUNDREDS, LIBERTIES, UNIONS,
PARISHES, TOWNSHIPS, VILLAGES, AND HAMLETS;
Their Agriculture, Manufactures, Markets, Fairs, Trade and Commerce;
SEATS OF NOBILITY AND GENTRY,
MAGISTRATES AND PUBLIC OFFICERS;
AND A VARIETY OF OTHER
AGRICULTURAL, STATISTICAL, AND BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION.
BY WILLIAM WHITE,
AUTHOR OF SIMILAR WORKS FOR NORFOLK, LINCOLNSHIRE, YORKSHIRE,
PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR,
BY ROBERT LEADER, INDEPENDENT OFFICE, SHEFFIELD;
BY HIS AGENTS, AND SIMPKIN, MARSHALL, AND CO., LONDON.
ENTERED AT STATIONERS' HALL.
The first HISTORY, GAZETTEER, AND DIRECTORY OF SUFFOLK was published by Wm. White in 1844, since which period so many changes have taken place, that the want of an entirely new and enlarged Edition has long been felt. To supply this desideratum, the Author and his assistants have been busily employed dur ing the last twelve months; and he now tenders to an indulgent public the result of their labours, with the assurance that every care has been taken to avoid errors, and to make the vast body of information, comprised in the following ample and closely-printed pages, useful and interesting to all classes. same time, W. W. has to tender his grateful acknowledgments to about 3500 subscribers, and also to many of the literary and official gentlemen of the county, for their valuable assistance.
Though SUFFOLK is one of the most important Agricultural and Maritime Counties in England, no General History and Topography of it, on a satisfactory scale, had been published before 1844, when the first edition of this work was issued from the press. The other printed information, relating to its principal Towns, is rather scanty, loose, and undigested, except the "Memorials of Ipswich," and the "Historic Sites, &c., of Suffolk," which were published by Mr. Wodderspoon, and are valuable and interesting works. (See p. 89.) "The Suffolk Traveller," published by John Kirby, in one small volume, in 1735, and of which a new edition was published in 1764, as noticed at page 89, was the only distinct work on the topography of the county in general, before 1844, when the first edition of the present work was published.
The PLAN OF THE WORK embraces a General Historical and Descriptive Survey of the County, shewing its Extent and Population, its Civil, Ecclesiastical, and other Divisions and Liberties; its Soil, Agriculture, Trade, Commerce, Manufactures, Produce, Rivers, Navigations, Roads, Railways, Fisheries, &c.; the Seats of its Nobility, Gentry, and Clergy; the Magistrates and Public Officers; and a variety of other information; followed by separate Statistical Descriptions of its twenty-one HUNDREDS; and Histories and Directories of all the Boroughs, Towns, Parishes, Villages, and Hamlets, in each of these divisions; shewing the Poor Law Unions, County Court Districts, Deaneries, Archdeaconries, and Manors, in which they are respectively comprised. This arrangement, proceeding en route from Ipswich on the east, and Bury St. Edmund's and Newmarket on the west, presents in a readable form a connected Topography of a whole Division or Hundred; and the copious Index of Places gives the volume all the advantages of an Alphabetical Gazetteer.
The Parochial Histories shew the situation, extent, and population of the Boroughs, Towns, Villages, &c.; the Owners of the Soil and Lords of the Manors; the Churches, Chapels, Charities, and Public Institutions; and the substance of all that relates to Suffolk in the works of ancient and modern Authors, and in the voluminous Parliamentary Reports on Population, Charities, Church Revenues, Agriculture, Poor Law Unions, &c. The value of the benefices in the King's Books or Liber Regis, according to a valuation made in 1535, is distinguished by the contraction K.B., but in all cases their present value, or that in 1835, is added, together with an account of glebe lands and tithe commutations. The Directory of each place follows its History, presenting, in an easy classification for reference, the Addresses and Occupations of the principal Inhabitants; the Post Office Regulations; and the Railway Trains Coaches, Omnibuses, Carriers, Steam Packets, and Trading Vessels.
Sheffield, January 3rd, 1855.