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the constitution of England, however likely it may be that the constitution of England may some day be brought nearer to the constitution of America. . . . .

To me the past history and the present condition of the United States is, before all things, a part of the general history of the Teutonic race, and specially of its English branch. Of that history the destiny, as far as it has already been worked out, of the American commonwealths forms no unimportant part. And their future destiny is undoubtedly the greatest problem in the long story of our race. The union on American soil of so much that is new and so much that is old, above all the unwitting preservation in the new land of so much that is really of the hoariest antiquity in the older world, the transfer of an old people with old institutions to an altogether new world, and that practically a boundless world, supply subjects for speculation deeper perhaps than any earlier stage of the history of our race could have supplied. Like all other human institutions, the political and social condition of the United States has its fair and its dark side; the Union, like all other human communities, must look for its trials, its ups and downs, in the course of its historic life. It has indeed had its full share of them already. The other members of the great family may well be proud that the newest, and in extent the vastest, among the independent settlements of their race, has borne, as it has borne, a strain as hard as any community of men was ever called on to go through. And we of the motherland may watch with special interest the fortunes of that branch of our own people on whom so great a calling has been laid. And truly we may rejoice that, with so much to draw them in other ways, that great people still remains in all essential points an English people, more English very often than they themselves know, more English, it may be, sometimes than the kinsfolk whom they left behind in their older home.

7. Local Government in Pennsylvania. Read before the Pennsylvania Historical Society, May 1, 1882. Published in the Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, October, 1882. By E. R. L. GOULD, A. B. Victoria University, 1881; Fellow in History, Johns Hopkins University, 1882.

8. Origin and Development of the Municipal Government of New York City. I. The Dutch Period. II. The English Period. Published in the Magazine of American History, May and September, 1882. By J. F. JAMESON, Ph. D. Johns Hopkins University, 1882; Assistant in History, Johns Hopkins University.

9. Administration of Berlin compared with that of New York. Two articles in The Nation, March 23, 30, 1882. To be revised and enlarged for this series. By R. T. ELY, Ph. D. Heidelberg, 1879; Associate Professor of Political Economy, Johns Hopkins University.

10. Local Government of Michigan, and the North-west. Read before the Social Science Association, at Saratoga, September 7, 1882. By E. W. BEMIS, A. B. Amherst College, 1880.

II. French and English Institutions in Wisconsin. By W. F. ALLEN, A. M. Harvard, 1866; Professor of History and Latin, University of Wisconsin.

12 Civil Government in Iowa. By JESSE MACY, A. B. Iowa College, 1869; Professor of Historical and Political Science, Iowa College. 13. Indian, French, and English Towns in Ohio. By JOHN T. SHORT, Ph. D. Leipzig, 1880; Professor of History, Ohio State University and SAMUEL C. DERBY, A. B. Harvard, 1866; Fellow of Johns Hopkins University, 1880-1; Professor of Latin, Ohio State University.

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14. The Parish Institutions of Maryland. With Illustrations from Parish Records. Abstract in Johns Hopkins University Circular, August 1882. By EDWARD INGLE, A. B. Johns Hopkins University, 1882. To be read before the Maryland By LEWIS W. WILHELM, A. B.

15. Old and New Towns of Maryland.

Historical Society in December, 1882.

Johns Hopkins University, 1880; Graduate Scholar in History. 16. Old Maryland Manors. Note in Johns Hopkins University Circular, May, 1882. By JOHN JOHNSON, A. B. Johns Hopkins University, 1881. 17. History of Free Schools in Maryland. By BASIL SOLLERS, City College, 1871, and L. W. WILHELM, A. B. Johns Hopkins University, 1880. 18. The Institutions of North Carolina. Read before the Hist. and Polit. Science Association. Abstract in Johns Hopkins University Circular, May, 1882. By HENRY E. SHEPHERD, University of Virginia, late Superintendent of Public Instruction, Baltimore, now President of the College of Charleston, S. C.

19. Local Self Government in South Carolina,-the Parish, the District, and the County. With other papers on Free Schools, Markets, Fairs, Militia, &c. Abstracts in Johns Hopkins University Circulars, February, May, 1882. By B. J. RAMAGE, A. B., Newberry College, 1880. Graduate Scholar in History, J. H. U. To be read before the South Carolina Historical Society in December, 1882.

20. Montauk, and the Common Lands of Easthampton, Long Island. Abstract in Johns Hopkins University Circular, May, 1882. By J. F. JAMESON.

IN

HISTORICAL AND POLITICAL SCIENCE

HERBERT B. ADAMS, Editor

History is past Politics and Politics present History.-Freeman

II

THE GERMANIC ORIGIN

OF

NEW ENGLAND TOWNS

Read before the Harvard Historical Society, May 9, 1881

BY HERBERT B. ADAMS, Ph. D.

With Notes on Cooperation in University Work

PUBLISHED BY THE JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY

BALTIMORE

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