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from equalling some of the lesser Estuaries in beauty. Except while it continues within its native moors, the Eden is by no means a rapid stream; it traverses a pleasant country between Appleby and its junction with the Eamont, which flows from Ullswater Lake, on the south-east of Penrith; the Irthing joins it from the north-east, and the Petterell from the south-west. At the mouth of the Irthing, on the coast near Ravenglass, are pearl muscles; for which fisheries some persons, not many years since, obtained a patent.
The Derwent rises in the wild district of Borrodale, whence emerging towards the north, it forms. the justly admired Lake of Keswick, and, after passing by Cockermouth, reaches the Irish Sea near Workington. The Derwent is throughout a rapid river, and the scenery attending its course is wonderfully striking.
The Caldew originates in the moors in the upper part of the county, and pursuing a northward direction to Carlisle, washes its walls towards the west as it advances to meet the Eden. The Irt and the Esk are two small rivers issuing from the mountains. Lord MUNCASTER'S splendid house between these two channels, exhibits a paradise strangely placed in the midst of a desert. The Dudden rises near the borders of Westmoreland and Lancashire, in the midst of that pile of mountains which separates the waters of Winander Mere and Derwent. This county contains a number of Lakes or Meres, abundantly supplied with fish; and the rivers, especially the Derwent, produce excellent Salmon, Salmon
Trout, Trout, and various other sorts of fish, that an Angler cannot fail of diversion. It has been erroneously asserted, that in one or more of these rivers the Charr is taken, a mistake probably arising from a species of Trout caught in the Petterell, of the size, colour, and (when potted) in taste not easily distinguishable from the Charr; but the Charr is found in Great Britain only in Winander Mere, UIleswater*, in this county, in Llyn Quellyn, near the foot of Snowdon, and in Loch Inch, in Scotland.
THE TRENT, which bounds this county on the south, is inferior to no river perhaps in England, except the THAMES. Its rise is in the hills beyond Newcastle, in Staffordshire, adjoining the borders of Cheshire. The Trent is generally a full transparent stream, and no where (but when increased by floods) resembles the torrents of the northern rivers, whose origin is mountainous. At Trentham Art has swelled it into a Lake, highly ornamental to the park, and afterwards it meets the numerous canals of the neighbouring manufacturing districts. Previous to its reaching Nottingham, it receives the Blythe, the Tame, the Soar, the Dove, the Derwent, and the
Trout of a particular species, and of the weight of Thirty pounds; Eels of large Size; and Gwiniads in very considerable quantities, are caught in this Lake. Wild Ducks breed in great plenty by its sides, and in October may be seen with their new broods collected ready for flight to the more Southern parts of the Kingdom.
Erwash, and becomes very considerably augmented. It divides itself into two channels before it reaches Newark; from whence, through a broad plain, thickly studded with villages, the surrounding flat seldom allows the Trent to be distinguished. Vessels of some size, with the aid of the tide, navigate it to Gainsborough; it there divides a range of Fens until it makes a bold junction with the OUSE of Yorkshire, combining to form the grand Estuary of the Humber; to which it largely adds by its tributary waters, and the extensive trade which is carried on through their assistance.
The Blythe rises a few miles eastward of the Trent, which it joins near Kings Bromley, after receiving the Soar from Eccleshall, and the Peak from Penkridge, near Stafford; its principal feature is Lord BAGOT's finely wooded park at Blithefield.
The Tame springs in two branches, not far from Coleshill, in Warwickshire, and flows westward to its junction with the Trent above Burton, and in its short course has nothing but the Castle of Tamworth, on a steep rock above its town, to distinguish it. The Soar rises near Hinckley, in Leicestershire, runs to Leicester, washes also the walls of Leicester Abbey, where Cardinal Wolsey finished his life; and, after meeting the Wreak from the confines of Rutland, passes near Loughborough, and joins the Trent a little below Cavendish Bridge. The rock overhanging the Soar, at the town of Mountsorrel, is an extraordinary spectacle in so level a grazing country. The Erwash rises about four miles South West of Mansfield, divides Derbyshire from Nottinghamshire
during the most part of its short course; it descends southward from the coal countries near Alfreton, and falls into the Trent a little below the Derwent.
The Dove, so called from its blue transparency, which the inhabitants fancy resembles the feathers of that bird, rises in the rocky hills of the Peak of Derbyshire, afterwards parts that county from Staffordshire: in the early part of its course it forms the beautiful dell of Dove Dale, emerging from the hollows under the pyramidical mountain of Thorpe Cloud, it soon receives the Manyfold, issuing from its subterraneous caves in the gardens at Ilam. The Dove then runs near Ashborn, where it is crossed by a long picturesque bridge; it is afterwards joined by the Charnet from below Leek, and the borders of Cheshire, and flowing between the wild wooded hills of Needwood Forest, and the old mansion of Lord Vernon, reaches the Trent four or five miles to the north of Burton. The current of the Dove is thought to run through a bed of limestone, as its waters, when overflowing the banks, especially in the spring, add greatly to the fertility of the soil, so as to occasion the pithy Proverb
"In April Dove's Flood
It is famous for its Trouts and Graylings, which are said to excel all England.
The DERWENT, remarkable for the brownness of its waters, springs in the mountainous district of the Peak, nearly on the borders of Yorkshire; various small torrents soon increase it in the dreary waste
where it rises, and one of them flows directly from the noted Cavern of Castleton, where it bursts into light under an immense natural arch; soon, after emerging from its native wilds, the Derwent forms the principal ornament of the superb Domain of CHATSWORTH; Shortly after quitting Chatsworth, the Wye, descending from the bare and bleak heights which environ the melancholy spot occupied by Buxton, joins the Derwent, which then passes by Bakewell to Derby, (where it becomes navigable,) a little below which it enters the wide plain formed by the Trent on the borders of Leicestershire, and about eight miles below Derby loses itself in that great river. All the rivers of this county produce excellent fish, particularly Graylings, a Fish unknown in North Britain or Ireland, and in many parts of England.
Is well watered by several fine rivers, and by small streams in abundance. The TAMAR, already mentioned, divides this county from Cornwall, and becomes so very large and deep for near two leagues before it opens into Plymouth Sound, that the Salmon, which are remarkable for their goodness, have a secure retreat in. the salt water. The Plym rises on the east side of Dartmoor, and inclining to the south-west, forms a large basin beneath the old town of Plymouth. The Yealme, Erme, and Aven, are three small rivers, also rising in Dartmoor; the pleasant spot and Inn of Ivy-Bridge are on the banks