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the southern bank above it. Still, from the point at which it first bursts upon the view, it is very imposing; and the present proprietor, Lady Mary Ross, by means of a bridge thrown across the north branch of the stream immediately above the precipice, and points of observation happily selected, has secured some charming coups d'œil to the admirers of nature. The channel of the river, for about half a mile below this fall, is formed of a range of perpendicular and equidistant rocks on either side, which are from 70 to 100 feet high, and which Mr. Pennant has well characterised as stupendous natural masonry.
"At Corehouse the river encounters another fall, 84 feet in height, denominated Cora linn, generally allowed to be the finest of the whole. Until a few years ago, this splendid cascade could only be seen from above. But fine although it must ever be, whencesoever contemplated, all former views of it were greatly inferior to one which Lady Mary Ross has opened up. A flight of steps has been formed along the face of the opposite rock. By this the traveller descends into a deep and capacious amphitheatre, where he finds himself exactly in front and on a level with the bottom of the fall. The foaming waters, as they are projected in a double leap over the precipice, the black and weltering pool below, the magnificent range of dark perpendicular rocks 120 feet in height, which sweeps round him on the left, the romantic banks on the opposite side, the river calmly pursuing its onward course, and the rich garniture of wood with which the whole is dressed, combine to form a spectacle with which the most celebrated cataracts in Switzerland and Sweden will scarcely stand a comparison. On a rock above Corra linn, on the south side of the river, is perched the ruined castle of Corehouse, formerly the property of an old race named Bannatyne. That any one should have thought it necessary, for the sake of security, to live in such a situation, shaken by the dash of the cascade, and damped by its spray, presents a striking idea of the circumstances of our forefathers. In a later age, the old castle seems to have been deserted for a comparatively large house, situated at a little distance from the edge of the precipice, which also has been of late years allowed to go into ruin. The present mansion-house is a very handsome one, in the old English style, the property of Mr. Cranstoun of Corehouse, [lately] a judge of the Court of Session.
"About a quarter of a mile further down, the river encoun
ters a third but smaller cascade, called Dundaf linn, where the banks assume a less bold character. After a quiet and gentle run of 3 or 4 miles, the river pours over a precipice 80 feet in height, constituting the Stonebyres fall, so named from the adjacent estate of Stonebyres belonging to the ancient family of Vere. This fall bears a general resemblance to that of Corra, but is generally allowed to be of a less striking character. According to the minister of Lanark, in the New Statistical Account of Lanark, 'The breadth and depth of the river vary at different places. At the broadest, a stone may be thrown across; and there is a spot between the Bonnington and Corra falls, where the whole volume of its waters is so confined between two rocks that an adventurous leaper has been known to clear it at a bound. There are fords which children car wade across, and pools which have never been fathomed.' We must here allow ourselves the pleasure of quoting Dr. Bowring's lines on the Falls of Clyde :
"O! I have seen the Falls of Clyde,
And never can forget them;
With every living thing allied:
I will not now regret them!
And I have stood by Bonniton,
And watch'd the sparkling current
With power to rend the cliffs anon;
And I have been in Balfour's cave;
In sore constraining sought it?
Dark days! when savage fought with slave,-
And I have hung o'er Burley's leap,
And watched the streams all blending,
How awful is that chaos deep
Those rocks so high impending!
And I have worshipped Corra Linn,
That arch the foaming water;
And I have wandered in the glen,
Where Stonebyres rolls so proudly;
And watched, and mused, and watched again,
Talks to the woods so loudly.
Yes! I have seen the Falls of Clyde,
Wordsworth, too,-a mightier name in English poesy,-has had his muse fired by the beauties of this portion of the Clyde; and it would almost be doing injustice to the reader to withhold his verses:
(Written in sight of Wallace's Cave, at Corra Linn.)
"LORD of the Vale! astounding flood!
And yet how fair the rural scene
Pleased in refreshing dews to steep
Hence all who love their country, love
Along thy banks, at dead of night,
But clouds and envious darkness hide
O say to what blind regions flee
Less than divine command they spurn:
That never will they deign to hold
The man of abject soul in vain
Nor deem that it can aught avail
Where Tell once drew, by Uri's lake,
His vengeful shafts-prepared to slake
"During its progress over the falls, and the neighbouring rapids, the Clyde is believed to descend about 230 feet,-its bed, before it approaches the falls, being about 400 feet above the level of the sea."]
ANTIQUITY OF LANARK.
Fordun, Lesley, Buchanan, and Wyntown, have mentioned the regulations established by King Kenneth at Lanark. But D. M'Pherson, the learned editor of Wyntown, has ingeniously conjectured, that the superior reputation of the warlike Kenneth has in this instance appropriated what is more justly due to the peaceful genius of his brother Dovenald, who revived the institutions of that ancient legislator, Hed-Fyn. [The parliament held there in 978, referred to by Buchanan, is the first mentioned in Scotch history.
At a very early date, but when no record exists to tell, it was accorded the importance of a royal town, and Malcolm IV., in granting a toft in Lanark, mentions it as in burgo meo; and his successor, William, speaks of it in the same terms. According to the best authority, however, Lanark was erected into a royal burgh, as early as the reign of Robert I., who, in the fourth year of his reign, granted it a charter, which is con
firmed by the latest charter in favour of the burgh, granted by Charles I. The burgh had obtained charters from monarchs subsequent to Robert, containing special privileges, and these are also confirmed in the charter of Charles I. In the reign of David II., Lanark had attained such importance that it was enacted by a parliament held at Perth in 1348, that while the burghs of Berwick and Roxburgh continued in the possession of the English, the burghs of Lanark and Linlithgow should be admitted in their place as members of the court of four burghs. The charter of Charles I. is not now in existence, but the instrument of sasine is among the records of the town.
Lanark, too, lays claim to having been at one time a royal residence, though it is long since all traces of its site have passed away. Upon a small hill between the town and the river, the royal castle is said to have stood; and that such did exist within the precincts of the town is not to be doubted, from the fact of William the Lion having dated from it, in 1197, the charter to the burgh of Ayr; and farther, history informs us that the castle or castlelany of Lanark was mortgaged as part of the security for the jointure of the niece of Philip of France in the marriage negociated between her and the son and heir of John Baliol. We also learn that, in the 13th century, the stronghold of Lanark was in the possession of the English.]
[This castle is the archetype of Sir Walter Scott's castle of Tullietudlem, a magnificent ruin in the parish of Lesmahagow, surmounting a steep promontory, encircled by the Nethan on the east, and on the west by a craggy turbulent torrent. Tradition relates that it was built by one of the early forefathers of the present family of Hamilton, but the strength of the fortifications having awakened the suspicions of the Scottish king, the builder was apprehended, and, according to the summary proceedings of ancient times, immediately executed, upon suspicion of meditated rebellion. The site is naturally very strong, and before the invention of artillery, the bulwarks must have been almost impregnable. A high and solid wail of hewn stone, great part of which is still standing, flanked with massy towers, and perforated with loop-holes pointing in