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appears that the Governor was a competitor with Colonel Pierrepont for the office. In the Memoirs (page 117) it is stated that "Mr John Hutchinson and his brother were persuaded to be lieutenant colonell and major to Colonell Pierrepont's regiment of foote." In the MS. it is put quite differently :

"The well affected in Nottingham thought they had now a just occasion for their own defence to put themselves into a posture of warre, and with much adoe they gott Col. Pierrepont to owne his commission. Mr John Hutchinson was his Lft Colonel,' and Mr George Hutchinson was then charged Captaine by the Towne, afterwards Major of the regiment. He first beate his drum, and had a very complete armed companie ye first day after Mr John Hutchinson had

(1) A copy of Colonel Hutchinson's commission, in Mrs. Hutchinson's handwriting is bound up with the British Museum MS. It reads as follows:

"Thomas Lord Grey of Grooby nominated & appointed Major General of such forces as are or shall be raised within the severall counties of Nottingham, Rutland, Derby, Leicester, Northampton, Huntingdon, Bedford, & Buckingham, & imployed for the defence of the Protestant Religion, the safitie of his M'ties person & of the Parliament, the preservation of the lawes, liberties, & peace of the Kingdome & protection of his M'ties Subjects from violence & oppression.

"To John Hutchinson Lt. Coll.

"By vertue of the authoritie given me by the Right Hon. Robert, Earle of Essex & Ewe, his Excellencie Captaine General of all the forces & armie employed by the Ordinance of the Lords & Commons in Parliament, I doe constitute & appoynt you Lft Col. in the Regiment whereof Francis Pierrepont Esq is Colonell, to serve for the defence of the King Parliament & Kingdome above mentioned which said Regiment you shall by virtue of this Commission receive into your charge as Lft Collonell from the sayd Colonell. These are therefore to require you to make your present repaire to the sayd Regiment & taking the same into your charge as Lft Coll. diligently to exercise the officers & souldiers in armes, commanding all inferior officers & souldiers of the said regiment to obey you as their Lft Collonell for the service above mentioned according to this commission given you, & you likewise to obey & follow such orders & directions as you shall receive from myselfe, his excellencie, or from one or both Houses of Parliament according to the discipline of warre.

"Given under my hand & seale, this 9th day of Januarie 1642
"Thos Grey."

raised his company.

It was six weeks after this before Colonel Pierrepont could be gotten to raise the Towne Company."

The Memoirs read that by reason of the coldness of Colonel Pierrepont, "the affaires of the warre at Nottingham went more tardily on than else they would have done" (page 122). In the MS. :

66

By reason of the coldnesse of the Colonel who could not be persuaded to engage his father's tenants, nor to use his power, which might then have been very advantageable to the cause, to raise a considerable force, but on the contrary, was for ease to all malignants; that nothing could be done against them and he would not suffer them to be touched."

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In the Memoirs (page 127), the Earl of Kingston, Colonel Pierrepont's father, is stated "for a few months to have stood neuter, and would not declare himselfe of either party." In the MS. :

"At the beginning Mr Hutchinson was very earnest with him [Colonel Pierrepont]' to engage his father, knowing that at that time he might have raised a great part of the Country, but the Colonel still assured him that his father was reall for the Parliament, and from time to time, when Mr Hutchinson was doubtfull of the Earle, the Colonel bid him never feare it, for his father had encouraged him in this way, and had offer'd him £2000 to further him in it. And from time to time, he still assured Mr Hutchinson, and bid him be confident his father was exceeding well affected to the Parliament, and did daily encourage him in the same way, and this the Colonel constantly affirmed till his father was in armes on the other side."

(1) The names of the local leaders on both sides which are here given in the Memoirs are not found in the MS.

(2) Mrs. Hutchinson frequently uses this word in the Memoirs, and the original editor gives its derivation (page 173). In the Memoirs the corresponding passage was "his father's affections were firme to the Parliament."

The reasons which prompted the appointment of Colonel Hutchinson as Governor are given in full in the MS. In the Memoirs, the passing over of Colonel Pierrepont is only briefly referred to, Colonel Pierrepont subscribing,' says Mrs. Hutchinson (page 133), to the Governor's appointment "with a secret discontent in his heart, not for any ill opinion or ill affection he had to Mr Hutchinson's person, but that he resented it as a greate affront, that he himselfe was past by." The MS. puts it differently :

"The Committee and Sir John Meldrum then considering it was fitt to have the Castle in the most trusty hand they had among them, and in the charge of him who had had the most considerable estate for it in the Countrie, at that time judged Lieutenant Colonel Hutchinson to be the man most fitt for it, there being some reasons why Colonel Pierrepont was not then thought fitt for it, his father then not knowne to be dead, and some carriage of his being so liable to suspicion that they thought it not fitt to trust him with it, and all the commanders of horse were to goe out of the towne. Captaine Lommax that was in the Castle though

(1) In the British Museum MS. is the following copy of the Order, in Mrs. Hutchinson's handwriting :

"29th June 1643

"It is desired & appoynted by Sir John Melldrum Knight, Commander in Chiefe & soe it is voted & resolved upon the question, this day by the Committee of Parliament now resident in Nottingham that Lft Col John Hutchinson shall be Governor of the Castle of Nottingham, & forthwith receive the same into his charge & shall hold & enjoy all such power, priviledges, & command as belong to the Office, till it shall be otherwise ordered by the High Court of Parliament or this Committee.

John Melldrum

Fran. Pierrepont
Huntingdon Plumptre
George Hutchinson
Joseph Widmerpole

Chas. White

John James

Th. Salisbury."

esteemed a very honest man yet Sir John Melldrum sayd his estate in the Countrie was not responsible for it. Lft Coll Hutchinson was exceeding unwilling to receive it into his charge till Sir John Melldrum and the Committee told him that he being the man they had thought fittest for that trust, if it miscarried through his refusal they would complaine of him for deniing it. At the time, Colonel Pierrepont who had ever with all his might opposed the fortification of the Castle, was something forward to have been Governor of it, but perceiving which way the rest bent, urged it upon Lieutenant Colonel Hutchinson, who forseeing the clamour that would afterwards follow, was very unwilling to receive it, yet upon all these importunities accepted it at length."

In the Memoirs will be found (page 140) the speech that Colonel Pierrepont addressed to his men when the question of their enlisting into the Castle was under discussion. In the MS. is this new statement :—

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"But such was the double heart of the man that though in the publick hall he had so declared his opinion to his companie yet to divers people in the towne, he cast out speeches against it, and some he told that no extremitie should force him in the castle, that he would either die upon the works, or when he had stood out for so long as he was able to defend them, if he were then forced to it, he would flie to some other garrison."

The reference to Captain Lomax in the following paragraph of the MS. is also new (page 133, Memoirs) :

"Upon the 29th of June 1643, Mr Hutchinson received his commission, and the [blank] of July received it [the Castle] from Captain Lommax into his charge, but offer'd Captain Lommax that if he would still remaine in the Castle, he should be glad of him as an assistant, that he should have quarter for himselfe and his wife, that what benefit he had formerly made of prisoners he should still enjoy, but Captain Lommax was rather desirous to march out of the towne with the forces."

In the Memoirs (page 168), it is stated that the Governor was importuned to accept a commission to be Colonel from Fairfax. In the MS. there is no reference, as in the Memoirs, to the Colonel's scruples at passing by Colonel Pierrepont for the office, or to Fairfax having learned, as stated in the Memoirs, that Pierrepont was determined to deliver the town up to the King. The MS. reads:

"When the Governor heard of all these things, he accepted from my Lord Fairfax, a commission for to be a Colonel,' and to rayse a regiment of 1200 for which he had also a warrant to presse, where upon he presently beate up his drummers, and recruited his companies and began to rayse more."

The Memoirs state (page 172) that at the reading of this commission, Colonel Thornhagh showed "much discontent and was melancholy after it." The MS. says:

"At the reading of his order and commission in the Committee Chamber, P.C. 21 seemed very much discontented, and the commission being upon the table, he took it up and when he read it, and found it soe, flung it downe again in a little discontent."

It is a point of importance that in the Memoirs there is no reference to the power to press, which according to the MS. was given in this warrant to the Colonel. It is rather remarkable that in the MS. there is a later reference to pressing, which Mrs. Hutchinson has also seen fit to omit from the Memoirs :

"The Committee in the absence of the Governor had pressed some men which by special warrant were appointed to be pressed for the completing of his regiment."

These references make it clear that not all who

(1) The original commission, dated 3rd October, 1643, is now in the possession of Mr. Henry Hill, of Nottingham.

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