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GEORGE III. Berks, Esq. where her family had been seated since the reign of Henry VII. possessing these considerable estates. He died at Carshalton in February 1780; she, in St. James's-Street, Westminster, May 27, 1799; both are buried at Carshalton. The estate in that parish, acquired partly by purchase and partly by marriage with Mrs. Lodge, came to their only son Edmund Lodge, Esq. Lancaster, elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, March 15, 1787, who favoured the Public, in 1791, with "Illustrations of "British History, Biography, and Manners," in 3 volumes 4to. a most useful work. Since, he has given the Biography, together with the rest of the letter-press, accompanying the splendid engravings by Mr. Bartolozzi, of the original drawings of Hans Holbein, in the royal collection, representing the portraits of persons in the court of Henry VIII. and Edward VI. Mr. Lodge, the present Lancaster, is another instance, that the members of the College have not lost their reputation in supplying our libraries with the most valuable publications. His name will be handed down, not only as a skilful herald, but an excellent writer.-The Author is unwillingly restrained from saying all his mind dictates; he may, however, be allowed to express the warmest acknowledgments for very many, and great favors, in promoting, what he would so much better have performed, the History of the College at Arms.






Geo. II.-HENRY HASTINGS, Gent.-See Somerset.

1773.-JOHN-CHARLES BROOKE, Esq. F.A.S.-See Somerset, 1777.-FRANCIS TOWNSHEND, Gent.-See Windsor.

June 5, 1784.-JOHN ATKINSON, Gent.-See Somerset.

April 19, 1794.-JOSEPH HAWKER, Gent.
The present Rouge-Croix.





Geo. 11.-JOHN WARD, Gent.

He either resigned, or died in this office.

1761. ISAAC HEARD, Gent.-See Lancaster.

1762.-HENRY PUGOLAS, Gent. See Richmond.

April 21, 1763.-PETER DORE, Gent.

Nov. 2, 1764.-GEORGE BROWNE, Gent.

He was eldest son of Garter Browne. Going secretary to the island of Bermudas, he died unmarried in 1767, and was buried there in the church of St. George.

1767.-GEORGE HARRISON, Gent.-See Windsor.

Dec. 31, 1774.-CHARLES TOWNLEY, Esq.-See Lancaster.


1781.-EDMUND LODGE, Esq. F. A. S.-See Lancaster.

1793.-GEORGE NAYLER, Gent.-See York.

May 13, 1794.-JOHN HAVERS, Gent.

1796.-FRANCIS MARTIN, Jun. Gent.

The present worthy Blue-Mantle.


Geo. 11, THOMAS SHERIFF, Gent.

Originally an apprentice to Mr. Nourse, bookseller, in the Strand, London; but his family being patronized by Thomas Howard, Earl of Effingham, who, like his father, was Deputy Earl Marshal, he obtained some place in a public office; Mr. Brooke, Somerset, thought in the Stamp Qffice, but I' do not find his name given in the Court Calendars in that department. He disposed of his pursuivant's tabard to his successor for £300, with a promise of a re-appointment to the next vacancy: the death of Lord Effingham, in the

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GEORGE III. same year, precluded all thoughts of this taking effect. I do not know his Pursuivants. subsequent history.


Nov. 1763.-THOMAS LOCKE, Gent.-See Lancaster.

Nov. 1774.-RALPH BIGLAND, Jun. Gent.-See Richmond.

May 15, 1780.-BENJAMIN PINGO, Gent.-See York.

April 13, 1786.-JAMES MONSON PHILIPS, Gent.
Only son of Mr. Philips, who resided in the East-Indies.
1797.-JAMES CATHROW, Gent.

The present Rouge-Dragon.



Geo. 11.-PETER TOMS, Gent.

Son of Mr. William-Henry Toms, of Masham-Street, Westminster, an engraver of some eminence. His maps of England and Wales, from drawings made by Thomas Badeslade, surveyor, were originally intended for the use of George I. in the progresses His Majesty designed to make into various parts of England. The maps were not published until 1742, and then dedicated to Frederic Prince of Wales. Mr. Peter Toms, perhaps, had some knowledge of engraving; however, he quitted that line to become a drapery-painter, in which he became excellent. He was so greatly valued by Cotes, that he retained him under articles for several years. At his death, he was employed by Sir Joshua Reynolds, Mr. West, Mr. Zoffani, and other artists of the greatest eminence. It is supposed he painted the drapery of five hundred capital portraits, yet he never attempted to draw a face! His merit in this branch of painting, under such great masters, was as respectable as lucrative; but his love of spirituous liquors, and his total want of prudence in other respects, kept him poor, and prevented his advancement in the College. He once was near falling a victim to his excessive intemperance, by an attempt at suicide. Happily the wound, though dangerous, did not prove mortal; his throat healed, and he survived the self-violence several years, but he sunk so low in reputation and property, that he died in the


greatest distress at his lodging in Rathbone-Place, Oxford-Yard, January 1, GEORGE III. 1777. He was buried, by his own desire, in the cemetery of St. Giles'-in- Pursuivants. the-Fields, on the 5th following, and with little more expense than what Portcullis, would have been bestowed upon the corpse of an eleemosynary pauper, as the curate of the late Rev. Mr. Southgate told Mr. Brooke, Somerset. So fatal was imprudence to a man deservedly elected in 1775, a Royal Academician, who might have been an ornament to society, and a blessing to his family. He used to boast of his economy in one respect, that he made the same pair of shamois leather shoes serve to attend no less than eight royal funerals those of Frederic Prince of Wales, the Princesses Elizabeth and Caroline, George II. William Duke of Cumberland, Frederic Duke of York, Princess Louisa, and the Princess Dowager of Wales. It was no wonder he did pride himself upon this, the only prudence, perhaps, he ever used. He married Mary, daughter of Robert Hogg, of Kincardine, in Scotland, who dying about three years before him, was buried at Marybone, in which parish he lived many years. This improvident man left Frances, an only child, at his death; she was then about eighteen years of age, and possessed, says Mr. Brooke, Somerset, great personal charms.

March 3, 1780.-JOHN-DODDINGTON FORTH, Gent. Nominated to this office by Richard-Lumley Saunderson, Earl of Scarsdale, Deputy Earl Marshal, his Countess being Mr. Forth's godmother. The warrant, however, not passing until the death of Charles Howard, Duke of Norfolk, and the appointment of Thomas Howard, Earl of Effingham, to be Deputy Earl Marshal, he was obliged to apply to that nobleman, who ratified the choice Lord Scarsdale had made. He is the present Portcullis, and as the oldest Pursuivant has the precedency of the other three *.


* In this reign have been these officers belonging to the College. SECRETARIES TO THE EARL MARSHAL: Henry Hill, Esq. York; John-Martin Leake, Esq. Lancaster; John-Charles Brooke, Esq. Somerset; and the Rev. James Dallaway, M. B. F. S. A. the present Secretary, so well known for his valuable literary works, and his acknowledged taste. REGISTRARS OF THE COLLEGE: John-Martin Leake, Esq. Chester; Ralph Bigland, Esq. Richmond; and George Harrison, Esq. Windsor, now Norroy. MARSHAL OF THE COLLEGE: Anthony Turner, Esq. He died in January, 1766.


Heralds Extraordinary.





March, 1764.-JOSEPH EDMONDSON, Esq.

Who, from an humble origin and a mean trade, rose to celebrity. He was apprentice to a barber, became afterward an herald painter, and being employed much in emblazoning arms upon carriages, he took a fancy to the science of heraldry; this led him to genealogy. His great and unwearied industry and research, gave him a superiority in both that was wonderful. To him we are indebted for the best Treatise on Heraldry. His engraved peerage is the first work of its kind that Europe has witnessed. Posterity will always respect a man, who overcoming every disadvantage of birth, fortune, and station, has left a name that will descend to a late period. When the Baronets of England and Great-Britain wished for some augmentation to their privileges, as appendages to their titles, they chose him their Secretary. They were not successful in their attempt. Mowbray resided many years in Warwick-street, Golden-square dying there, February 17, 1786, he was buried in the cemetery of St. James', Piccadilly. His library was sold by auction in 1788, with those of E. Bettesford, A. M., Dr. Glen King, Dr. Sydenham, Colónel Calderwood, Dr. Martin, General Ogelthorp, and the second collection of the duplicates in the British Museum. Mowbray was a respectable man, he had the skill to raise himself to a station, that in the outset of life he could not have believed possible; what is more to be prized, he had prudence to retain it; uniting the discordant avocations, science and trade. His manners partook of both, his dress still more. His two sons continue the coachpainting business. He had also a daughter.



Eldest son and heir of Garter Leake, whose manors and estates in Kent he inherited. He was one of the Deputy Registrars of the Court of Chancery. He died February 19, 1797, leaving issue by his wife, whom he married January 4, 1770: she was widow of George Wright, Esq.

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