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his excellent classical education, and his fine taste for drawing; this
rise to his projecting those elegant, splendid, and curious volumes which
adorn our best libraries. His works are, Antiquities of England and Wales; in
four volumes; the same of Guernsey and Jersey, in two volumes; of Scotland,
in two volumes. The works he published upon this interesting subject are
faithful sketches of Druidical remains, and of the ruinated castles and mo-
nasteries in the British Isles. He was often assisted by his friends, both in
drawing, and oftener in the historical part, but never without the most
grateful acknowledgments. Mr. Grose had been for some time a Fellow of
the Societies of Antiquaries of London and Perth; the former in March 31,
1757. He also had risen in his profession to be a captain in the Surrey mi-
litia; and as he had published his volumes of the Antiquities of Guernsey
and Jersey in 1787, he applied himself to what related to his military situa-
tion. In 1786, 1788, he printed his " Military Antiquities respecting a His-


tory of the English Army, from the Conquest to the present Time," in two volumes, 4to. illustrated with great variety of plates; and, like the former works, published in numbers. As a kind of prelude to these volumes he publised "A Treatise on ancient Armour and Weapons, illustrated by plates "taken from the original armour in the Tower of London, and other arse"nals, museums, and cabinets, in 1785, 4to." To which he gave a Supplement in 1789, 4to. The plates in both were etched by Mr. John Hamilton, vice-president of the Society of Artists of Great Britain, "executed in a free

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painter-like manner." In 1785 he published "A classical Dictionary of "the vulgar Tongue," which by no means added to his reputation, and "A Guide to Health, Beauty, Honour, and Riches; being a collection of "humorous advertisements, pointing out means to obtain those blessings," with a suitable introductory preface. In 1786, "The History of Dover "Castle, by the Rev. William Darrel, chaplain to Queen Elizabeth. The "Latin MS. from which this was printed, was transcribed from the original


by William Oldys, Esq. Norroy". It is elegantly printed in quarto and octavo, the same size as the large and small editions of the Antiquities of England and Wales, with ten beautiful views finely engraved, from drawings taken by himself on the spot. In 1788," A provincial Glossary, with "a Collection of local Proverbs, and popular Superstitions." 8vo. In the same year appeared without his name, but which was generally ascribed to him, "Rules for drawing Caricatures, the subject illustrated with four K kk 2

(6 copper


Heralds. Richmond.

Heralds. Richmond.

GEORGE III. « copper Plates, with an Essay on comic Painting." In 1789 he began his Scottish tour: the result of it appeared first in 1790. Before the whole was completed he went to Ireland, which was to be viewed as the sister kingdoms, and its antiquities, comprized in forty numbers, in the same sizes as his other works of that kind, were to be given; but, when only in the fiftysecond year of his age, he was carried off by an apoplectic stroke, May 12, 1791, in the house of Mr. Hone, in Dublin *. Since his death a small 8vo. volume of miscellaneous Subjects were published, by the late Mr. John Williamson, from which I have given the lives of Warburton, Somerset, and Oldys, Norroy. It is wonderful that he was able to publish so much, and that generally so excellent. Besides these extensive works he drew the new plates in Mr. Martin's History of Thetford, 1779. Mr. William Flackton, bookseller at Canterbury, and Miss Gosling of that city, have many of his drawings taken whilst he resided there, which he did for some years, having married a lady of that place. Cromwell, the vicar-general, the fu rious fanatical reformer, Knox, and Oliver Cromwell, the Protector, were founders of his celebrity, by destroying the ecclesiastical and military structures of our ancestors; but the hand of time had prepared them for Grose's pencil, by fracturing the walls, and rearing upon and around them the ivy, the moss, and the shrub. There is an original miniature portrait of him, drawn from the life, by Dr. Bruce, then surgeon of a regiment of foot, in the possession of Mr. Flackton, who long knew and highly esteemed him; it represents him sitting in a chair, in his military uniform, and was esteemed, when taken twenty-seven years before his death, a very striking likeness. There is a whole-length portrait of him by Dance, engraved by Bartolozzi, which is prefixed to the Supplement to his English Antiquities, vol. 1. There are others; an excellent one in the character of a jolly monk, with friends Hone and Forrest; another, equally good, by a well known gentleman artist, "cordially inscribed to those members of the Antiquarian Society who adjourn to the Somerset, by one of their devoted brethren," with the lamp, and "the following lines under it;" this being handed about gave Mr. Grose much displeasure.

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* Grose's Antiquities of England, Wales, and Scotland, uniformly printed, sells for £31. 10s.

Now *****, like bright Phoebus, is sunk into rest,
Society droops for the loss of his jest ;
Antiquarian debates, unoccasion'd with mirth,

To genius and learning will never give birth.

Then wake, brother member, our friend from his sleep,
Lest Apollo should frown, and Bacchus should weep.

Another, styled "The English Antiquary," is amongst the caricature portraits of Mr. Ray, of Edinburgh. That in "The Lounger's Miscel"lany" was not designed for, though it well represents him. There is another which does not do justice to the subject it professes to représent. None more laughed at his figure than himself, and it being unique, could not be mistaken; he often signed not his names to his letters, but sketched his person. How inimitable has that sweet bard, the unfortunate Burne, portrayed the man, when larding the lean earth in his perambulations in that kingdom.

Grose, to a stranger, might have been supposed not a surname, but one selected as significant of his figure: which was more of the form of Sancho Pança than Falstaff; he partook greatly of the properties of both. He was as low, squat and rotund as the former, and not less a sloven; equalled him too in his love of sleep, and nearly so in his proverbs. In his wit he was a Falstaff. He was the butt for other men to shoot at, but it always rebounded with a double force. He could eat with Sancho, and drink with the Knight. In simplicity, probity, and a compassionate heart, he was wholly of the Pança breed; his jocularity could have pleased a prince. His learning, sense, science, and honor, might have secured him the favor, not the rejection, of the all-accomplished conqueror of France.-My personal knowledge of the original enables me to vouch for the justness of the character I have drawn. In the "St. James's Evening" was proposed, as an epitaph for him, the following appropriate words :

"On Thursday, May 12, 1791,
"Death put an end to his
"Views and prospects."

Mr. Grose, I believe, chiefly resided at Wandsworth, in Surrey: he married the beautiful Catherine, daughter of Mr. Jordan, of Canterbury, by



George III.

Heralds. Richmond.



GEORGE III. whom he had two sons and five daughters; 1. Francis Grose, of Croydon-Crook in Surrey, Esq. a colonel in the army, governor of New South Wales; 2. Onslow Grose, Esq. captain of the pioneer corps on the Madras establishment, who died very lately in India; 3. Catherine-Ann-Maria, born in the parish of All Saints, in Canterbury, August 19, 1752; 4. Ann-Elizabeth; 5. MaryCaroline; and 6. Phoebe. One of these daughters married to Anketel Singleton, Esq. lieutenant-governor of Landguard-Fort, in Essex.

February 19, 1763.-HENRY PUGOLAS, Jun. Esq.

A love for heraldry occasioned his wish to be a member of the College at Arms: to obtain this, he probably purchased Blue Mantle's place. His predecessor in this office wishing to resign, he sold his of Blue Mantle to Mr. Dore for 300 guineas, and gave Mr. Grose 600 guineas for an herald's tabard. His original destination was a carver and gilder: he executed the greatest part of the state coach used at His present Majesty's accession. His bill for this, amounting to £1,500, was received by his executors. He died at the early age of 31 years, on Thursday, May 23, 1764, at four o'clock in the afternoon, at his house in Margaret-Street, Cavendish-Square. He was buried on the Sunday following at Finchley, in Middlesex. His life appears to have been shortened by intemperanee. Whilst Blue Mantle he married Miss Hill of Finchley, probably a relation of Henry Hill, Esq. Windsor. She dying in 1762, was buried in the church of Finchley, of which parish she had been an inhabitant; on the south wall of the nave is a monument erected to her memory. Mr. Lyson thus describes the arms upon it: Per Fesse, wavy, Azure and Argent, in Chief three Doves proper, in Base a Mount, Vert, a Ram couchant, Sable, armed and unguled, Or; impaling Hill, per Chevron, embattled, Argent and Sable, three Cinquefoils counterchanged. Was Richmond related to Lieutenant-Colonel Pugolas, who was in Sir Charles Hotham's regiment of foot in the island of Minorca?

July 16, 1764.-PETER DORE, Esq.-See Norroy.

April 8, 1780.-RALPH BIGLAND, (then Jun.) Esq.

Son of Mr. Joseph Owen of Lancashire, by Elizabeth-Maria Bigland, widow of Mr. Jenkin, of Lanarthiney, in Carmarthenshire, sister of Garter Bigland; at whose desire this herald, his nephew, took this surname. He is the present Richmond. His knowledge in his profession is confessedly great.




Geo. 11. THOMAS BROWNE, Esq.-See Norroy.
ISAAC HEARD, Esq.-See Clarenceux.

Nov. 10, 1774.-THOMAS LOCKE, Esq.-See Norroy

Dec. 24, 1781.-CHARLES TOWNLEY, Esq.

Eldest son of Garter Townley, born October 31, 1749, He surrendered his patent July 11, 1793, and died unmarried, November 25, 1800.

Dec. 1793.-EDMUND LODGE, Esq. F. A. S.

The family of Lodge, illegitimately descended from the now ennobled Lytteltons, of Frankley, at first wrote their surname Lyttelton, alias Lodge, ratione habitationis, say the visitations, in le Lodge. The name of Lyttelton being dropped, they have long written their surname simply Lodge. They bear Azure crusuly Argent, a Lion rampant, within a Bordure of the second, charged with eight Fleur de Lis Gules. Sir Henry Lodge, of the Bishopric of Durham, Knt, owning a considerable estate in that palatinate in Henry VIII's reign, left descendants, one of whom, his great-grandson, it is believed, was ruined during the great rebellion; but though they lost their great paternal landed estates, the Lodges have been highly respectable in the northern parts of the kingdom. Two of them grace the biographical page; Thomas Lodge, M. D. a poet of celebrity in the Elizabethian age, mentioned by Anthony à Wood, and William Lodge, Gent. the elegant scholar and artist, who is noticed by the late Lord Orford and Granger. The former was of a branch settled in Lincolnshire, the latter a native of Leeds, in the county of York, a most respectable family; of which was Richard Lodge, of that town, Gent. who was fined for his loyalty to Charles I. £100. The Rev. Edmund Lodge had the free-school of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, in the county of Northumberland: his eldest son, the Rev. Edmund Lodge, M. A. of Lincoln College, Oxford, was, upon taking priest's orders in 1739, presented to the valuable vicarage of Carshalton, in Surrey, a short time after it was endowed with the great tithes ; he exchanged it, in 1760, with the Rev. Robert Gilbert, D. D. a brother of Dr. Gilbert, Archbishop of York, for several preferments in Ireland. He married Mary, only daughter of Richard Garrard, of Kingwood-house, in Lambourn parish,



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