Page images

In the time of Ludeca, king of the Mercians, and Ecgbert, king of the West Saxons, Hunbyrht and Wilred were bishops of the East Angles. 12. Athulf.

22. Grimketell In the time of king Edwy he was elected by bribery. He had was sole bishop of the East at that time the two districts of Angles. His successors were, the South Saxons and the East also, sole bishops.

Angles, but he was shortly after13. Alfric.

wards expelled, and 14. Theodred.

23. Stigand was replaced. 15. Theodred.

24, Agelmar, brother of Stigand. 16. Aethelstan,

25. Arfastus. 17. Algar.

26. William. 18. Alwin.

27. Herebert. 19. Aelfric.

28. Eoverard. 20. elfric.

29. William. 21. Stigand.

But he was ejected immediately, and in his stead

SOUTH SAXONY. In the reign of king Coenwalch, Wilfrid converted the South Saxons to Christianity, and was bishop in those parts for five years.

also sent ministers of the Word to the Isle of Wight.

The names of the Bishops of the South Saxons.

1. Wilfrid.

The names of the Bishops of the Church of Selsey. 2. Eadbert.

7. Giselhere. He was abbot of the mona- 8. Tota. stery of the holy bishop Wilfred, 9. Wiothun. called Selsey

He was after- 10. Aethelulph. wards, in accordance with a 11. Coenred. synodal decree, preferred after 12. Gutheard. Wilfrid's death to the bishopric 13. Alfred. of the South Saxon province, 14. Eadelm. which up to that time belonged 15. Aethelgar. to the district of Winchester, 16. Ordbriht. whereof Daniel was then bishop. 17. Aelmar. 3. Eolla.

18. Aethelric. 4. Sigga.

19. Grimkytel. 5. Aluberht.

20. Heca. 6. Osa.

The names of the Bishops of the Church of Chichester. 21. Stigand.

22. William. He transferred the episcopal 23. Radulf. see from Selsey to Chichester. 24. Sigefrid.


Surrey, Berkshire, Southampton, Wiltshire, Dorsetshire, Somersetshire, Devonshire.

Saint Birin was the first bishop of the West Saxons. He came into England by order of pope Honorius, and converted king Cynegils and his people to the faith, and baptized them : he was sole bishop of West Saxony, and had his espiscopal see in the city of Dorchester.

The names of the Bishops of the Church of Dorchester. 1. Birin.

2. Aegelberht.

The names of the Bishops of the Church of Winchester. 3. Wine.

7. Hunfrith. In the time of bishop Aegel- 8. Kinehard. berht, king Coenwalch divided 9. Aethelhard. West Saxony into two dioceses. 10. Egbald. Aegelberht was grievously of- 11. Dudd. fended at this, resigned his 12. Kineberht. bishopric, and returned to Gaul; 13. Alhmund. and Wine became bishop of 14. Wigthein, both dioceses ; but being shortly 15. Herefrid. afterwards driven by the king 16. Eadmund, from his bishopric, he was made 17. Helmstan. bishop of London.

18. Suithun. 4. Leutherius.

19. Alhfrith. Leutherius was sole bishop of 20. Denewlf. the Gewissi (West Saxons). 21. Frithestan. 5. Headdi.

22. Birnstan. Saint Headdi was sole bishop 23. Alpheag the bald. of the Gewissi. On his death 24. Aelfsi. the bishopric of that province 25. Ethelwald. was divided into two dioceses ; 26. Alpheag the martyr, at that time Ini was king of the 27. Kenulf. West Saxons, Brihtwald arch- 28. Athelwold. bishop of Canterbury, and Ecg- 29. Alfsi. win bishop of the Hwiccas. One 30. Alfwin. diocese was given to Danihel, 31. Stigand. and the other to Aldelm, a rela- 32. Walcelin. tion of the said king.

33. William. 6. Daniel

34. Henry Edward, the first king of the English, and Pleigmund, arch. bishop of Canterbury, very wisely determined to appoint a separate bishop to each tribe of the Gewissi, with a bishopric to each, and dividing into five what had formerly been two. Having made that arrangement, Pleigmund consecrated seven bishops to the seven churches on one and the same day in the city of Canterbury, viz: Frithestan to the church of Winchester, Aethelstan to the church of Cornwall, Werstan to the church of Sherborne, Aethilhelm to

the church of Wells, Eadulf to the church of Crediton, Bernethun to the South Saxons, and Coenulf, bishop of the city called Dorchester, for the South Mercians.

The names of the Bishops of the Church of Sunning. 1. Aethelstan.

He united the bishopric of 2. Odo.

Sherborne, which he had reThis holy man

succeeded ceived from king Eadward, to Wulfhelm in the archbishopric his own bishopric, and fixed his of Canterbury.

pontifical throne for both bishop3. Osulf.

rics at Sherborne. But in the 4. Alfstan.

reign of king William the elder 5. Alfgar.

he transferred his see thence to 6. Sigeric.

Old, Sarum by synodal autho7. Alfric.

rity and that king's royal muni. These two were archbishops ficence. of Canterbury.

10. Osmund. 8. Brightwold.

11. Roger. 9. Heremann.

The names of the Bishops of the Church of Sherborne. 1. Aldelm.

2. Forther. Saint Aldelm, a kinsman of 3. Herewald. Ina, the most beloved king of 4. Aethelmod. the West Saxons, was a most 5. Denefrith. excellent harp-player, a most 6. Wigberht. eloquent Saxon and Latin poet, 7. Alhstan. a most skilful singer, a famous 8. Heahmund teacher of elegant diction, and a 9. Aethelheag. marvel of erudition as well in 10. Alfsi. the liberal sciences as in eccle- 11. Asser. siastical literature. He was first 12. Aethelward. a pupil of the learned Maidulf, 13. Werstan. and afterwards of archbishop 14. Aethelbald. Theodore and Adrian his assist- 15. Sighelm. ant abbot. While yet abbot of 16. Alfred. Malmesbury, he wrote a famous 17. Alfsi. book against the heresy of the 18. Alfwold. Britons, the perusal whereof 19. Aethelric. brought many of them over to 20. Aethelsi. the catholic celebration of Easter 21. Brihtwin. Sunday. He wrote also other 22. Aelmar. treatises, for he was a man of 23. Byrhtwin. universal learning.

24. Aelfwold. The names of the Bishops of the Church of Wells. 1. Aethelm.

4. Wulfhelm. 2. Wulfhelm.

5. Brihthelm. Both of these were archbishops 6. Kyneward. of Canterbury.

7. Sigar. 3. Alpheag.

8. Alfwin.

9. Living
10. Aethelwin.

He was previously abbot of
11. Byrhtwin.

.12. Bodeca, a Saxon.
13. Gisa.
14. John.
15. Godefrid.
16. Robert.

The names of the Bishops of the Church of Crediton.
1. Eadulf.

9. Living.
2. Aethelgar.

On the death of his uncle
He succeeded St. Dunstan in Brihtwald he united (by king
the archbishopric.

Edward's permission) the bi-
3. Alfwold.

shopric of Cornwall to the bi-
4. Sidemann.

shopric of Devonshire.
5. Alfric.

10. Leofric.
6. Alfwold.

11. Osbearn.
7. Alfwold.

12. William.
8. Eadnoth.

The names of the Bishops of the Magesetas, or people of Herefordshire.
1. Putta.

18. Deorlaf.
2. Tyrhtel.

19. Cynemund.
3. Torhtheras.

20. Eadgar.
4. Walhstod.

21. Tidhelm.
5. Cuthberht.

22. Wulfhelm.
6. Podda.

23. Alfric.
7. Ecca.

24. Athulf.
8. Ceadda.

25. Aethelstan.
9. Aldberht.

26. Leovegar.
10. Esna.

27. Walter.
11. Ceolmund,

28. Rotberht.
12. Utel.

29. Gerard.
13. Wulfhard.

30. Reignelm.
14. Beonna.

31. Gosfrid.
15. Eadulf.

32. Richard.
16. Cuthwulf.

33. Robert.
17. Mucel.


How the Episcopal See came to be placed at Worcester,
The glorious and holy king Aethelred succeeded to the kingdom
of his brother Wlfar, the renowned king of the Mercians, who
was the first of the Mercian kings to embrace the faith of Christ.
Osher, subregulus of the Hwiccas, a most praiseworthy man, being
desirous that Hwiccia, over which he presided with regal authority,
should be dignified and ennobled by the possession of a bishop of its
own, counselled and earnestly entreated him [Aethelred] that he


would beautify and exalt his [kingdom of Hwiccia], which was the chief of the kingdoms of England, with more bishops than one, a thing that he knew some kings of England had formerly done. The king having been previously exceedingly anxious to do this very same thing, fell in with his requests and wholesome advice, and having commanded the attendance of Theodore, archbishop of Canterbury, and requested him to divide the kingdom into a greater number of dioceses, and appoint bishops thereto in convenient places, the archbishop applauded the king's praiseworthy design, and hastened to give effect to it. So, in the year 701 from the incarnation of our Lord, according to the Gospel, but in the year 679, according to Dionysius (whose mistake is yet followed by the holy church),-he, with the consent of the said king and his nobles, divided the [single] diocese of which Saxulf was then the bishop, into five dioceses. And inasmuch as the city of Worcester was, as well when the Britons and Romans were dominant in Britain as now, the renowned metropolis of all Hwicca or Magesitania, he very properly placed the seat of the bishopric there, and made it the chief of the divided Hwiccian dioceses. Tatfrith, a most energetic and learned man, from the monastery of the abbess Hild, was chosen bishop thereof; but before he could be ordained he was snatched off by an untimely death.

II. The second [of the five dioceses] was that belonging to the bishopric of Lichfield; and he appointed thereto Cuthwin, a religious and modest man.

III. The third, was the Mid-Anglian; the aforesaid bishop Saxulf made choice of this for himself, and fixed the episcopal see in the city of Leicester.

IV. The fourth was for the province of Lindsey, over which he placed the holy Aethelwin, a brother of the holy Aldwin, who was abbot of the monastery called Partaneum, and directed that the episcopal see should be in the city called Siddena.


V. The fifth was the South-Anglian to this he appointed as bishop Aetla, a man of singular worth and sanctity, from the aforesaid monastery of abbess Hild, and fixed the see of his bishopric in the city called Dorchester. Afterwards, the venerable Bosel was elected to supply the place of Tatfrith, and was, like the rest, ordained by archbishop Theodore, and had his episcopal see in the said city of Worcester, which was at that period adorned with high walls and fortifications, and excelled most cities in renown and magnificence.

1. Bosel. 2. Oftfor. 3. Ecgwin. 4. Wilfrid.

The names of the Bishops of the Hwiccas.

9. Deneberht.

10. Heaberht.

11. Alhwin.
12. Wereferth.
13. Wilferth.

5. Milred.

6. Weremund.

14. Aethelhun.

7. Tilher.

15. Kinewold.

8. Heathored.

16. Dunstan.

« PreviousContinue »