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comes first, and has his desk on the right. He is shown as wearing a curious close-fitting cap, a long cassock and short plaited tunic. Over his shoulders is a wide tippet fastened with a brooch at the throat. St. Mark is clothed in a long cassock reaching to the ground, over which is a coat or tunic, the bottom hem escalloped, the collar broad, cut square, and turned back over the shoulders, and the sleeves short and full. There is a brooch at the throat, and from the waist-belt hangs a square wallet with flap and button in front. The costume of the third figure is not very distinctive. He wears a hat, and there is an escalloped tippet round the neck and on the shoulders. The fourth Evangelist has his desk on his left. In his right hand he holds a pen with which he writes on a scroll. He wears the Doctor's gown of the period, the folds of which hang over his arms and show that he has a tightly fitting sleeve to his undergarment. The hood of the gown is drawn over the head. It entirely covers the shoulders and is buttoned in front with six buttons.73

The form of the shields above the Evangelists is the same as of those above the Doctors. On the shield above St. Matthew is a winged figure full face and kneeling, with a long scroll in front of him, which he is holding with both hands. The winged figure is meant to represent a man, which is in St. Matthew's peculiar emblem, as in Adam of St. Victor's hymn :

And again :

Formam viri dant Matthæo,
Quia scripsit sic de Deo,
Sicut descendit ab eo
Quem plasmavit, homine.

Os humanum est Matthæi,
In humanâ formâ Dei
Dictantis prosapiam :
Cujus genus sic contexit,
Quod a stirpe David exit.
Per carnis materiam.

The shield above St. Mark bears a winged lion, nimbed and passant to the sinister. witness Adam of St. Victor :

73 See engraving in Hollis's Monumental Effigies of the effigy of John Noble, B.C.I., Principal of Broadgates

This is his usual sign, as

Hall, Oxford, in St. Aldate's Church, Oxford, who died in 1522. This shows the gown and hood as worn at the time.

And again :

Marcus, leo per desertum
Clamans, rugit in apertum,
Iter fiat Deo certum,
Mundum cor a crimine.

Est leonis rugientis 74

Marco vultus, resurgentis
Quo claret potentia:
Voce patris excitatus

Surgit Christus, laureatus
Immortali gloriâ.

St. Luke is distinguished by his usual badge, a bull, winged, and passant to the dexter. The forepart of the animal is defaced, as is also the device in the adjoining spandrel on the right.

Adam of St. Victor's lines on St. Luke, as represented by a bull, are as follows:

And elsewhere:

Lucas bos est in figurâ,

Ut præmonstrat in Scripturâ,

Hostiarum tangens jura
Legis sub velamine.

Ritus bovis Lucæ datur,

qua forma figuratur

Nova Christus hostia :
Arâ crucis mansuëtus
Hic mactatur, sicque vetus
Transit observantia.

The emblem of the Beloved Disciple is the usual one, an eagle, in this case turned to the dexter and standing on a scroll. The wings are displayed, and there is a nimbus around the head. An anonymous hymn-writer thus explains

this type :

Volat avis sine metâ
Quo nec vates nec propheta
Evolavit altius.

Tam implenda, quam impleta,
Nunquam vidit tot secreta
Purus homo purius.

74 The editor (Archbishop Trench) of the collection of Latin hymns from which these lines are taken, gives here the following note:-"The legend, frequent in the middle ages, and indeed already alluded to by Origen (Hom. xvii, in Gen.


xlix., 9), that the lion's whelps were born dead, and first roused to life on the third day by the roar of their sire, was often contemplated as a natural type of the resurrection: so it is here."


It is much to be desired that as soon as a favourable opportunity occurs the now scattered portions of this most interesting memorial may be brought together and set up in a suitable part of the church, but there should be no attempt to restore the missing parts except by plain stonework, and no cleaning or scraping of the carved work.75


ROBERT DE BRUS, came to England after 1086-7. Founded Agnes Paynel.
Guisbrough Priory, 1119. Present at the Battle of the

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