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for this vse, that whan an honest wif is purified it mae be spred before her, and the mid wif vpon a litle forme in the quere, at the messe tyme, or suche like honest vses to the honor of God as the belman, curaite, or churche wardens thinke conveniente; and that the said belman to haue the custodie of it. To the churche a lynnen towell to be vsid at suche tymes the aforesaide mynisters thinke convenient. To Thomas Burton a chaffinge dishe. Witness, Sir Richard Lollie, my curaite. (Ibid., xiii, 742.)
SOUTH KILVINGTON. CHURCH OF ST. WILFRID.
The church consists of chancel, nave, and south porch. There is a wooden bell-cot above the western gable.
Substantially, the building is a plain twelfth-century church of the normal aisleless type, with a rectangular chancel. The lower part of the west wall, below the gable, retains its original ashlar casing, and the walls of the nave, now covered with lime-wash, are probably of the same date. One small roundheaded window with a wide inner splay remains in the south wall.
The chancel appears to have been rebuilt early in the fourteenth century, when it
was probably lengthened. The piscina and the three-light east window are of this date. The chancel arch may also belong to this rebuilding ; but its supports, composed of dwarf octagonal shafts, with moulded capitals imposed upon shafts of a very rough and clumsy type, seem to have been reconstructed within comparatively recent times.
Three windows, one in the north and two in the south wall of the nave, were inserted about the time of the rebuilding of the chancel. These windows, as well as the east window, were made by piercing the lights and simple quatrefoil tracery through the wall, without building up an outer arch. The window west of the south porch has either not been completed, or its tracery has been blocked. The internal openings are rather widely splayed. The tracery and lights are moulded on the inner face, with a swelled chamfer. Owing to the method of piercing adopted, a considerable thickness of stone-work is left between the tracery and the lights, which suggests an earlier date for these windows at first sight; but they were probably made at some time between 1300 and 1320. The south doorway was also made about this date,
All the later work of the fabric appears to be due to an eighteenth-century restoration, with the exception of a threelight window, inserted in the west wall during the fifteenth century. Late in the eighteenth century the western gable of the nave and south porch were rebuilt, the church was covered internally with a flat ceiling of plaster, hiding an older timber roof above, and the square bell-cot with a pyramidal roof was made. At the east end the plaster ceiling was curved upwards on both sides of the east window, so as to avoid cutting into it. The bell-cot, of very flimsy construction, contains two bells, one of the seventeenth century. An earlier campanile is mentioned in a will as needing repair in or about 1520.1
The inscription and heraldry on the font described below. It is of a black marble, similar to that used for the Catterick font, and is octagonal in shape ; each of the faces of the bowl, stem, and base is concave, which produces a very handsome effect. A large stone holy-water bowl of the fifteenth century has been inserted in a niche in the south wall, just east of the doorway. There is a shallow niche for a small statue in the outer face of the west wall near the south end.
Some of the pew-ends in the nave are of the fifteenth century. Modern stalls with canopies have been placed on the north side of the chancel, the south side, and a large part of the area of which are occupied by the organ. There is an old hour-glass on the capital of the south shaft of the chancel arch, next the pulpit; the capital has been cut to make a ledge for it.
A. HAMILTON THOMPSON
ON THE HERALDRY AT South KILVINGTON.
Before considering the font, which is the principal heraldic object in the church, it will be convenient to notice the glass in the east window, which now consists of two coats : (1) Argent a cross sable, for Upsall, the owners of Upsall Castle before the Scropes; (2) gules a chief or over all a bend checky argent and azure, borne by Sir John Mauleverer, but who he was or why he deserted his ancestral greyhounds is not known. Formerly there was a third shield in this window, azure a lion
1 Reg. Test. Ebor., ix, fo. 30d.
2 Sire Geffrey de Opsale de argent, a une une crois de sable (Roll of Arms, temp. Edward II, p. 95).
3 Sire Johan Maulevere, de goules
od la chef de or, a un baston goboune de argent e de azure (Ibid., p. 94). Dr. Francis Collins has a drawing of this window and the font made early last century.
rampant or, attributed to Sir Hugh Neville, but there is nothing known to connect him with this place.
The font, of black marble, is octagonal in form, resembling the ones at Catterick and Richmond; the former of which is also heraldic. The following inscription runs round the base :
D'ns Thomas le Scrop' Et Elizabeth bror eius.
viii. ix. The numbers below refer to the shields in the compartments above, descriptions of which follow :
(i) Quarterly, I and 4, azure a bend or over all a label of three points argent. Scrope, of Masham and Upsall.3 2 and 3, azure two chevronels or. Chaworth. John, the fourth Lord, 1418–1455, Treasurer of England in 1432, will printed in Test. Ebor., ii, 184, married Elizabeth, only child of Sir Thomas Chaworth of Wiverton, in Nottinghamshire, and Nichola,
, daughter of Sir Reginald de Braybroke. She died in 1466.
There is an interesting document in the archbishops' registers at York (Reg. Will. Booth, fo. 396), dated Dec. 18, 1455, being a commission from Richard Tone, decretorum doctor,” Archdeacon of the East Riding, Vicar-General of Archbishop Williamı Booth, to the Bishop of Philippolis, the Archbishop's Suffragan, to veil Elizabeth, widow of John, Lord le Scrope and of Masham. The form of the oath to be taken is given in English, and is very quaint :Commissio ad velandum dominam Elizabetham, relictam J.,
domini le Scrop' et de Masseham. Reuerendo in Cristo patri J., dei gracia Philopolensi episcopo, reuerendissimi in Cristo patris et domini, domini Willelmi, permissione diuina Eboracensis archiepiscopi, Anglie primatis et Apostolice sedis legati, suffraganeo, Ricardus Tone, decretorum doctor, archidiaconus Estridding' in ecclesia Cathedrali Eboracensi, prefati Reuerendissimi patris vicarius in spiritualibus generalis, reuerencias et honores. Cum Venerabilis domina, domina Elizabetha, relicta et executrix honorabilis domini Johannis, nuper domini le Scrop' et de Masham, defuncti,
1 Sire Hue de Neyvile de azure a un he held, at the time of his forfeiture, the lion rampaund de or (Ibid., p. 9).
advowson of Kilvington, worth 23 marks ? Mr. McCall (Richmondshire Churches, a year beyond all charges, and an annual p. 24) gives a drawing of the Catterick rent of five marks a year, payable to font, which is very like the one the abbot and convent Byland, Kilvington. It also bears the arms of granted by Geoffrey de Upsale (Ing. p. m. Fitzhugh and Scrope of Masham. The 17 Henry VI, No. 60). Scropes were the patrons of Kilvington
3 Willement's Roll of Arms, temp. Church. At the Inq. P. m. of Henry le
Richard II, no. 82, where these arins Scrope, of Masseham, who was executed for treason, taken at Pocklington on
were borne by Sir Henry le Skrop. Sept. 4, 3 Henry V (1415), it was found ' Ibid., no. 458.
desideret, prout sua nobis relacione monstrauit, votum emittere perpetue castitatis, et eo liberius et quiecius accepciorem altissimo exhibere famulatum ; Ad velandum, igitur, dictam dominam Elizabetham et tradendum eidem annulum et mantellum ; Necnon votum huiusmodi castitatis iuxta formam in cedula presentibus annexa contentam ab eadem recipiendum ; dumtamen de singulis circumstanciis in hac parte requisitis plenius instruamini, super quibus vestram conscienciam in domino oneramus, liberam tenore presencium concedimus facultatem et licenciam in Domino specialem. Dat. Eboraci, decimo octauo die mensis Decembris, Anno domini millesimo cccmo quinquagesimo quinto.
In ye name of god Amen. I, Elizabeth Scrop', late wife to my worshipfull’ lord John, Newly lord Scrop' and of Masham, a vow to be chaste fro this tyme forward in the presence of you worshipfull fadir, John, be ye grace of god bisshop of Philopolen', be ye auctorite yt ye haue of my most reuerent fadir in god William, archiebisshop of Yorc, Primat of England and legate of ye Court of Rome, and I bihote to lefe stably in yis a vow duryng my life. And in witnenes here of I with myne owne hand make this subscripcon,
(ii) Quarterly, I and 4, Scrope of Masham; 2 and 3, fretty a chief or, Fitzhugh. The fourth Lord is said to have married twice, and his first wife, by whom he had no issue, to have been Elizabeth, daughter of Ralph, Lord Greystock.1 These arms would make it probable she was a Fitzhugh. There had been an earlier connection between the families. Henry, third Lord Fitzhugh, who died in 1386, married Joan, daughter of Henry, first Lord Scrope of Masham.?
(iii) Quarterly, I and 4, Scrope; 2 and 3, quarterly: (1) and (4), argent a fess azure between three chaplets gules ; (2) and (3), gules three pillows argent. These were the arms of Greystoke. The second and third quarters are the original Greystoke bearing; the first and fourth the Grimthorpe arms, which were still retained when the family assumed the name of Greystoke. It should be barry silver and azure of eight pieces. Thomas, the fifth Lord Scrope, 1455–1475, married Elizabeth, daughter of Ralph, Lord Greystock, and Elizabeth, daughter of William, Lord Fitzhugh. She was living in 1483.
, . (iv) Scrope, with a fleur-de-lys on the middle file of the label, possibly commemorating John, son and heir of John,
1 Test. Ebor., ii, 185n. ? Plantagenet Harrison's History of Yorkshire, i, 136.
3 The Ancestor, iv, 230.
fourth Lord Scrope of Masham, who died before his father, in 1452. He left to the rector of Kilvington two palfreys, called Lyard Gib and Lyerd Lounde, and two oxen, as his mortuary.1
(v) Scrope, impaling on a chevron three crosslets fourchy fitchy between three chaplets. It has not been possible to ascertain what family bore these arms. As the arms of the wives of the second, fourth, and fifth Lords Scrope are given, the third Lord, who was attainted for treason and executed, died with issue, it seems very probable that this coat belongs to the wife of Sir Henry le Scrope, 1315-1391, who was created Lord Scrope of Masham in 1342. Her parentage is unknown, and her Christian
is uncertain. Joseph Foster? says it was Joan, but in 1343 Henry le Scrop, of Manfield, who elsewhere is called Henry, son of Geoffrey le Scrop, Knight, was married to a wife named Agnes.3
(vi) Scrope of Masham.
(vii) Scrope, impaling or a lion rampant sable, with two tails, Welles. 4 Sir Stephen, the second Lord Scrope, 1391–1401, married Margery, daughter of John, Lord Welles. They were married before 1376. She died 1422.
(viii) Chaworth, impaling three mascles, i.e. voided lozenges, in pale, for Braybroke, argent seven mascles, three, three, and one gules. (See No. i.)
(ix) Scrope, with a bordure or sown with blue mitres. Archbishop Scrope.
The following skeleton pedigree will assist in understanding the above remarks. The asterisks denote the persons whose arms are given on the font.
Henry le Scrope, ist Lord Scrope=Agnes*
Stephen, 2nd Lord*.=Margery Welles*
Henry, 3rd Lord, attainted, o.s.p.
=(2) Elizabeth, dau. of Sir John Chaworth*
and Nichola Braybroke*
John Scrope, o.v.s.p. et s.p. *
and Elizabeth Fitzhugh*
1 Test. Ebor., ii, 160.
2 Pedigrees of the County Families of England. Yorkshire: North Riding. 3 Yorkshire Fines (1327-1347)
pp. 141, 170.
4 Le Sr. de Welles, or, a lion rampant, queue forchée, sable (Willement's Rolí of Arms, temp. Richard II, no. 63).
5 The arms of Sir Gerard de Braybrok (Ibid., nos. 143, 492).