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ple, &c. London, 1592, 4to." Mr. Erdeswick, in age, becoming weak Pursuivants. both in body and mind, boasted of being the real author; but this was only Rouge-croix. the effects of a debilitated frame, verging to a second childhood: yet it, in

some measure, injured Mr. Wyrley's fame. Leaving his first patron, he went to Oxford, and became matriculated in Baliol College, in 1595, when about twenty years of age. Whilst in this seminary of learning, he employed himself in making collections of the arms, &c. in churches, extracts from the leger-books of monasteries, and such other researches: at length obtaining a place in the College at Arms, he devoted himself to the duties of his profession. There can be little doubt, but that if he had lived, he would have become a very useful member in an higher department. It is wonderful he had not promotion. Dying in the beginning of February 1617-8, aged about forty-three, he was buried at St. Bennet's, Paul's-wharf. His collections were numerous, not of printed books only, but of arms and inscriptions, taken from gentlemen's seats, and churches, in Leicestershire, and other counties; particularly from churches round London. Mr. Sheldon, of Boeley, in Warwickshire, possessed several of his manuscripts. It is not certain, though highly probable, that he was the person of his name, who wrote the poem displaying the exploits of Sir John Chandos and Sir John Graylie, printed in 1592: it is a curious historic performance. Many of his collections and church notes are now in the College of Arms. The bearing of this gentleman was Argent, a Chevron engrailed, Sable, three Buglehorns of the second, stringed Or.


Patent, February 26, 1618-9.

Son of John Agilliam, Williams, Gwylliams, or Gwyllim, resided at Westbury, in Gloucestershire, at one time of his life, but at the birth of this, his son, about 1565, in the county of Hereford. The family were of Welch extraction. Rouge-croix was educated in Brazen-nose College, in Oxford. His name is prefixed to "The Display of Heraldry;" the real author was the Rev. John Barcham, chaplain to Archbishop Bancroft, dean of Bocking, who having composed it when young, gave it the public in Gwillim's name, as relating to a science he feared would be thought too opposite to the clerical character. Rouge-croix having made some addition to the manuscript, published it as his own in 1610. In the beginning of the volume Gwillim



received many compliments from Segar, Garter, John St. George, Thomas Gwillim, his "nearest and dearest kinsman," Anthony Gibson; John Davies, Pursuivants. of Hereford, also addressed some verses to his " deservedly beloved, and Rouge-croix. worthy friend and countryman." John Speed, the historian, and William Belcher, likewise offer their incense, which, however acceptable, must have appeared ridiculous to him. The work itself is deserving very great praise it has frequently been reprinted. One edition has various portraits of illustrious characters in the court of Charles II. Mr. Gwillim died May 7, 1621. His arms were Argent, a Lion rampant, Ermine, collared of the first.


Patent, May 29, 1621.-Created at Whitehall, on esday, June 6, following.

JOHN BRADSHAW, Gent.-See next reign.

Patent, June 8, 1624.-Created at Arundel-house, June 23, following.



He sold his office to his successor. His arms were Lozengy, Sable and Ermine. It is not possible, at this time, to judge of his, reason for declining the hopes of preferment in the College. He had been patronized by Lord Burleigh, who marked him down as a proper person for the office of Rouge-croix or Blue-mantle. His patent for the latter was 8th May, 2 James I., though he had been created in the preceding reign.

HENRY ST. GEORGE, Esq.-See Richmond.
Created December 23, 1611.

SAMPSON LENNARD, Gent.-See next reign.

Created March 22, 1815-6.-Patent, March 23, 1615-6, and April 29, 1617.




It being represented that Mr. Smith was some time a merchant and Rouge-dragon. traveller, who hearing that the office of one of the pursuivants was vacant,

and having been a suitor more than two years, petitioned for this place; to

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which he was recommended by Sir George Carey, knight-marshal. "The Pursuivants. Society of Arms finding, by many, that he was honest, and of a quiet converRouge-dragon. sation, and well languaged," joined in the supplication, signed by Dethick, Garter; Lee, Clarenceux ; Paddy, Lancaster; Segar, Somerset'; Thomas, Chester; Brooke, York; Raven, Rouge-dragon; Lant, Portcullis; and Treswell, Blue-mantle. So respectable a recommendation gained him this office. Garter Anstis says, that he had long resided abroad, and had kept an inn, at Nuremburgh, in Germany, the sign at the door of which was the Goose. He was a native of Cheshire, of which he wrote a description, which, with his historical collections made about 1590, or a copy of them, falling into the hands of Sir Randolph Crew, Knight, lord chief justice of the King's-bench, his grandson, Sir Randolph Crew, gave them to the public. These materials, and the labors of William Webb, form the bulk of "King's Vale-Royal," published in folio, 1656. He made a great number of collections, relative to families in England and Germany. He wrote a description of this kingdom, embellishing it with drawings of its chief towns. Many of his books are in Philipot's press, in the College at Arms. He composed an Alphabet of Arms, which the late respected Brooke, Somerset, supposed to have been the origin or basis of such kind of books. The original, Somerset heard, was lodged in King's-College library, in Cambridge, to which it had been given by Dr. Richard Roderick, S. T. P. It was copied in 1744, by the Rev. William Cole, M. A. rector of Burnham, in Buckinghamshire, a great lover of heraldry; it was, in 1771, in his library at Milton, in the county of Cambridge: another copy Somerset possessed. The late Rev. Samuel Pegge, the antiquary, had a manuscript copy, improved by him, of Derbyshire, as visited by Glover. This skilful and indefatigable officer at arms died without farther promotion, October 1, 1618 his ill-natured remarks upon respectable and learned members of the College do him little credit. He bore, Or and Gules, three Fleurs-de-lis, counterchanged; a Crescent for a difference.

JOHN PHILIPOT, Gent.-See Somerset.

Created November 19, 1618.

THOMAS THOMPSON, Gent,-See next reign.

Patent, June 29, 1624.--Created at Arundel-house, on Thursday, July 8, following


Eliz.-SAMUEL THOMPSON, Gent.-See Windsor.

February 23, 1618-9.-PHILIP HOLLAND, Gent.-See next reign.

JAMES I. Pursuivants.




This name was the ancient family one of the Dukes of Norfolk. The Howards having obtained all their honors from our Sovereigns because they had married the heiress of this house, obtained from Charles II., that Mowbray should be erected into a barony.

June, 1623.-JOHN BOROUGH, Esq.

"Was sworn Mowbray," says Lant, " for form's sake, because he must "be a herald before he would be a king."-See Norroy.

WILLIAM LE NEVE, Esq.-See next reign.

Patent, June 24, 1624.-Created at Arundel-house, 29th following.

Herald Extraordinary.




Eliz.-RICHARD ST. GEORGE, Esq.-See Windsor.


'Eliz.-PHILIP HOLLAND, Gent.-See Portcullis.

HENRY ST. GEORGE, Gent.-See Blue-mantle.

Created May, 1610.-Patent, Dec. 18, 1611.

In 1611, Segar, Garter; Camden, Clarenceux ; and St. George, Norroy; certified under their hands, that Robert Knight, son of Edmund Knight, late Norroy, was of good ability, and therefore recommended him to supply the office of Rose, then vacant by the promotion of Henry St. George to the Ff 2







JAMES 1. place of Blue-mantle. They do not appear to have been successful in their

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SAMPSON LENNARD, Gent.-See Blue-mantle.
Signet in February, 1615.—Patent, March 11 following.
AUGUSTINE VINCENT, Gent.-See Rouge-croix.
Patent, Februay 22, 1615-6.-Invested March 22 following.

JOHN BRADSHAW, Gent.-See Rouge-croix.
Invested at Arundel-house, on Saturday, February 14, 1623.

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This name was borrowed from the Lion Argent in the arms of the Howards, and, as we have seen, was the name of a pursuivant of the Duke of Norfolk, in the reign of Henry VIII.

NICHOLAS CHARLES, Gent.-See Lancaster.

JOHN PHILIPOT, Gent.-See Rouge-dragon.
Signet in October, 1618--Patent, November 13 following.

Invested at Arundel-house, on Saturday, February 14, 1623.


This is taken from the name of the town, so called, in Hampshire.

JOHN GWILLIM, Gent.-See Rouge-croix.

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