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(daughter of Herueus 8 de Reinevill) & my sonne Alan, six acres of land in Weneteshill, viz. 4 acres which Roger sonne of William held with a messuage scituate in the said Lands, & allso 2 acres at the end of the foresaid 4 acres between the lands of Richard Stanard in free, pure & ppetuall Almes &c.

ibm. fo. 62.

MM [vol. 138] 116 WENTEHILL.-To all the sonnes of the holy mother ye Church as well p'sent as to come, Herui de Revilla 39 [an Reyneuilla in margin] greeting. Know ye that J haue giuen & by this my p'sent charter confirmed to God & St Oswald & the Canons serueing there, for ye health of my Soule, & of my wife, & of my sounes & daughters, & of my Ancestors, in ppetuall & pure Almes, the rent which Robert sonne of Asketillus de Badewrd was wont to pay to me for his land (viz.) 224, which the said Robert shall pay to them yearly at the feast of St Martin, or whosoeuer shall hold the said Land. And if it happen that they doe not pay it, J & my heires will pay the said Rent at the foresaid terme. Wittnesse &c.

Tentbrig."

Fines in y Treasury, 27 H. 6 [1449].

G [vol. 127] 39 [See under THORP AUDLIN, ante, p. 129.]

Out of the Chartulary of y Priory of Bolton in Crauen, fo. 162.4 QQ [vol. 144] 53

Know p'sent & to come yt J William sonne of Adelinus [Aldelinus (Dodsworth)] steward of ye Lord the King haue giuen, granted," & by this my p'sent Charter

and three acres in Sharneston Field called Cordau royd. The charters in this volume are not numbered, but there is a good original Index which refers to the original paging; and this Index has additions by a later hand. It includes also references to the missing folios from which I ascertain that a document regarding Skelbrook, which was on fo. 338 had disappeared with that folio, and that another document concerning the same place was on a fragmentary folio at the end, which now contains part of a note by Sir Richard Gascoigne, dated Oct. 1, 1634, stating that the volume then belonged to him.

37 Eudo de Lungvillers was seneschal of Clitheroe to Robert de Lascy the second (see note).

38 Owing to the losses from the Nostell Chartulary (VEST. E. xix.), as explained in note 36, I am unable to place this Hervey de Reineville and his daughter Agnes. The only corroboration I can find is that Eudo de Lungvillers, appar

ently her husband, and Alan his son. appear as witnesses to No. 9 P., which is from Robert de Lascy the second about 1190.

39 See note 30.
40 See note 34.

41 This seems later than, and to be an extension of, the extract already given at p. 130.

42 I pointed out in note 23, that the Domesday tenant of Thorp was Ralph Pincerna, though whether pincerna to the lord or to the king does not appear. But in the next generation, when De Lascy was dispossessed, the manor seems to have fallen into the hands of the new lord, and in 1122, if the Nostell Charters can be trusted, one Lavena, by grant of Hugh de Laval made from this Thorp and Roger Thorp a grant of six carucates. Still later, the extract before us, while furnishing the name of three subsequent generations of owners, gives us that of the man who supplied the Audlin affix. The succession appears to be thus:

confirmed to Durand sonne of Drew my servant all my Land with ye Appurtnances web J had at Wentbrig &c. & 3 bovates in the towne 43 [in campis (Dodsworth)] of Thorp with ye Appurtnances, viz. yt bovate weh Robert sonne of William held of me at Thomas gate. And 2 bovates of Land of my demeasne, which Thomas sonne of Ankelinus held of me.

1080 Ralph Pincerna, in Domesday

Survey.

(Lavena ?) in the Nostell grant, 1122.

1140 Aldhelm, or Aldelinus,or Audlin.

1170 William, described in the text as king's steward who

1200 Ralph in 1166 held a knight's

fee in Yorkshire.* and whose brother Ralph tests 142 P, but makes little or no impression upon the history of the period as his father and brother did. For the William fitz Audlin described above as Steward of the King," and who by this deed divested himself of his hereditary ownership in Thorp Audlin, had a glorious career. We first meet him as a signatory to Henry de Lascy's grant of the town of Barnsley to the monks of Pontefract (17 P). But so far as I have ascertained, he appears no more on Pontefract deeds, for he had stepped up higher. Though, as we have seen, he was reported as holding a knight's fee of Henry de Lascy, that holding was but a fraction of his possessions, since he held

any such through his marriage with Juliana, daughter of Robert Doisnell. In Hampshire he returned himself as owing not only a knight's fee which he had sub-infeuded, but several which he retained in his own domain at no more definite service than that of "King's marshall." This king was Henry II., to whom William fitz Audlin was a useful and an active officer. He appears on the Pipe Rolls year after year, as receiving or making payments (or both) in various counties on account of the king's treasury, sometimes conjointly with William Cade, and afterwards with Thomas and Nicholas, the clerk to John of Oxford (dean of Salisbury). For several years there is hardly a Pipe Roll that contains no mention of him in his official capacity of Marshall, sometimes in London and Middlesex, sometimes in Staffordshire or Hampshire, sometimes in Worcestershire and Shropshire. He was a justiciary in 1170, and in 1171 accompanied the King

on his Irish expedition, being also in the commission with Hugh de Lascy to accept the subinission of Roderic, King of Connaught. When the king returned to England, he left Wexford in the charge of William fitz Audlin, but in 1175 the latter had followed, as in that year he attested a royal charter to confirm an agreement between the monks of Rievaux and the canons of Malton (R 192), his name as dapifer preceding that of John, dean of Salisbury (John of Oxford). On the death, in 1176, of Richard Earl of Striguil (Strongbow, as he was more commonly called), William fitz Audlin had a larger commission, and succeeded the Earl officially, being appointed deputy over the whole of the kingdom of Ireland, with the wardship of Isabella, the daughter of the deceased Earl. It is thus interesting to find that a man who began life as the owner of Thorp Audlin attained to so eminent a position. When at the top of the tree, however, he was rather a failure; and his government being scarcely a success, he was succeeded by Prince John in the following year, while retaining his custos-ship of Wexford. In the last year of the king's reign. he was first-named in a list of six justiciaries holding pleas and conventions in Yorkshire, Cumberland, and Northumberland. He was also sheriff of Cumberland, which office he retained till 9 R. I. By adherence to the Earl of Surrey in the time of King John, his son Ralph perilled all. He was outlawed, but on the intercession of the bishop of Norwich was pardoned, and appears to have been to some extent restored to favour.

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In the printed "Liber Niger" (published by Thomas Hearne in 1771), p. 341, he is described as Willelmus de Aldelin, which is confusing, and has confused; but Foster, in his 1585 Visitation of Yorkshire, prints the line correctly, Willelmus filius Aldelini.

And 3 acres of Land wth a messuage wch J purchased, wch J held of the Hospitall of Jerusalem of the fee of Smytheton [Smeaton]. And besydes these J haue granted to the foresaid Durand his own demeasne free from multure in my mills of Thorne for his homage & service, & his own 10 markes which the foresaid Durand gaue me at my Journey from Jerusalem. All these tenements the foresaid Durand shall hold of me

my heires in fee & Jnheritance, freely & quietly &c., in meadows, feedings, path & ways, & all other liberties & easements, paying to me & my heires yearly 12d (viz.) at the feast of St Michael for all services &c. wittnesse Ralfe +5 my sonne, Walter Alemann, John his brother, Hugh de Pouelington, Nicholas pson of Tickhill, Jno Clerke, Henry de St Paule, John Sturmin, Geffrey de Schildewyke & many others.

ibm. fo. 162.

QQ [vol. 144] 536 [Given under THORP AUDLIN, ante, p. 130.]

ibm. fo. 162.

[As given under THORP AUDLIN, ante, p. 130, and there marked QQ 53, excepting that after the words " perpetuall Almes" here occurs except the service of my Master, viz. 12d &c." & also that this present extract concludes with "wittness &."]

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ibm. fo. 162.

QQ [vol. 144] 154 [should be 54] To all the faithfull in Christ &c. John de Curthenay [Courtenay] greeting. Know ye that J haue giuen &c. to ye Church of Bolton, &c. one Bovate of Land & a halfe, with ye appurtnances in Wentbrig (viz.) which Durandus formerly held. wittnesse, Osbert de Arches, Thomas de St Paule &c.

ibm. fo. 162.

QQ [vol. 144] 154 [should be 54] John Dewsebury held 2 pts. of a messuage in Wentbrigg on the west part called Cartwright place & payes viijs viijd [sic. in Dodsworth] yearly, & for nonpayment xi yeares 3 13s 4d by the labour & mediation of Thomas St Paule, which said Thomas entred into the foresaid Messuage after the decease of John Dewesbury & payes the foresaid vjs viijd to Robert Fernhill &c.

QQ [vol. 144] 54 Md that Brian St Paule on Saturday next after ye Feast of St Peter & Paule ye Apostles A° 24 H.

44 If the accuracy of this passage can be relied on, the document before us adds an unsuspected link to the history of Thorne. For it shows the mill at that place to have been owned by this William, son of Aldeline, who held Thorp Audlin. But it is generally supposed that Thorne was held unbroken of the Warren fee; and an element of confusion may be suspected from the

well-known fact that William, son of Hamelin (called also Audlin), earl of Warren, was in possession of that fee less than half a century afterwards. The descriptive words "Steward of the lord the king," as used in the document in the text, will, however, differentiate the two.

45 See note 42 above.

6 [1446] at Pontefract saith proprio suo ore, That it is very true that the said John Dewesbury paid the arrears of ye foresaid Rent by the mediation &c. of the foresaid Thomas St Paule, father of the said Brian,

that the said John Dewesbury tooke to wife the mother of the said Thomas St Paule, who was right heire of the land whereof the rent ariseth, was thereof possessed by hereditory right.--fo. 162.

Fines A° 1 H. 6 [1422-3].

XXX [vol. 106] 2 [Given under NORTON, (vol. xi. 447).] [Given under SMETON (vol. xii. p. 75).]

Escheats 7 H. 8 [1515].

[Given under THORP AUDLIN, ante, p. 129.]

[Other references are GG (vol. 128) 175 and CCC (vol. 34) 65.]

Wheldale ats Queldale,46

Fines 11 H. 3 [1227].

G [vol. 127] 15 [This has appeared under SUTTON, ante, p. 122.]

G[vol. 127] 36

Fines in y Treasury, 8 R. 2 [1384-5].

de

Between William Gascoigne & John his brother, & John Gaitford, Chaplaine, complt, & Adam Rotherfeld K & Meliora his wife deft, of the Mann" of Queldale, & Lands in Sutton [lege, et nota servicia (Dodsworth)].

B.

Out of Meltons Register, fo. 204.

[vol. 28] 94 [Given under FRYSTON, vol. x. 542.]
[Other references are CCC (vol. 34) 22, 56, 73.]

45 I have already in previous notes (6,92, and 96, vol. x.), pointed out the confusion that is sometimes made between Ferrybridge, Ferry (fryston), and Water (fryston). In Domesday Queldale and Friston (that is, Water Fryston), were assessed together as owned by Gamel, as having a taxable area of 7 carucates, capable of maintaining 5 ploughs, and as "formerly" returning £5. Under the Conquest, Water Fryston, as thus defined, which contained the Church, the Hall, and the Park (all at one time under the same curtilage) had fallen to Gerbodo, a Fleming, who made therefrom a contribution to the foundation of St. Clement's Chapel in the Castle. In his hands the taxable area had increased slightly, but Gerbodo held only 3 carucates in

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4 villanes and 1 bordar, while the royal revenue had dwindled to 30s. There was a church and a priest, and the very large quantity (relatively) of 24 acres of meadow; but there was then no mill, and as no woody pasture is reported, the rest of the manor may be considered to have been the unreclaimed Field, to be afterwards let out in small allotments. In the Poll Tax of 1378, the name of Queldale is applied to the sparsely-peopled district which was in Domesday called "Gueldale and Fryston;" the more populous district as it had become of Ferry or Ferrybridge, being called Friston. There were then but ten tax, ayers in Wheldale, nine paying 4d. and Adam de Rotherfield paying 20s.

Fines 20 Ed. 1 [1292].

GG [vol. 128] 16 Between John de Rotheresfeld complt, & Peter de Rotheresfeld deft. of ye Mann of Queldale, & 5s

rent in ye Towne of Pontefract the right of ye said John.

Whitgyft.47

Fines in ye Treasury 9 R. 1 [1198].

G [vol. 127] 21 [Already given (ante, p. 135) under USEFLEET.]

Out of Corbrig's Register, Archb" of Yorke, fo. 22.

B [vol. 28] 38 A Commission for granting licence to ye Abbot & covent of Selby, for rebuilding the Chappell of Whitgift antiently consecrated, & to cause service to be said therein. 5 Kal. Sept. 5 of his pontificality [28 Aug. 1304].

Charte 11 Ed. 3 [1337] n. 2.

C[vol. 120] 72 [Entered under HOKE (vol. xi. 57).]

Out of the Leiger booke of Selby.48

To all that shall see or heare this writeing Henry de Lacy Earle of Lincolne & Constable of Chester greeting in ye Lord. Know ye that for ye health of my soule & of my Ancestors J haue graunted to ye Abbot Couent of Selby that they & their successors may haue & hold the Church yard in ye Towne of Whitgift formerly dedicated, as it is inclosed with diches vnto the place where our faire is kept yearly at the feast of St Mary Magdalen, nere ye Churchyard aforesaid in ye foresaid Towne for building of a Church or Chappell in ye said Church yard in honour of St Mary Magdalen. Jn which Church or Chappell the men which now Jnhabit & hereafter shall Jnhabit in the Towne of Ousflet, Weytegifts, Esketoft, Reddnesse, & Swyneflete, & allso ye Tenants of 11 bovates of Land in Folquardby, & 13 bovates of Land in Haldenby, which townes aforesaid are within the limits of the pish of Snaith may heare divine service, & haue & receiue the Sacrament as at any time they were wont heretofore in the Church lately destroyed by John le Fraunceys then Rector of ye Church of Athelingflet. To haue & hold&c. Dat. at Clifton nere Yorke on thursday next before ye feast of Symon & Jude ye Appostles Ao. 1304.

47 The parish of Whitgift comprises the townships of Ousefleet, Reedness, Swinfleet and Whitgift, neither of which appears in Domesday. In the Poll Tax for 1378, 38 taxpayers are named in the township of Whitgift, as paying altogether 138. 6d. Of these 33 were assessed at 4d., and 5 at 6d. These five were two ferrymen, two wrights, and a

smith. The peculiar names are Thomas Parsonson, Margaret Hallewoman, and Jane Prestewoman.

48 The original of this translation is now accessible in Vol. I. of the Selby Chartulary (RECORD SERIES, vol. X.). It is an inserted document on the first page of the vol., which did not belong to the original MS.

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