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family Bible, and form my record as regards the fates of his children.
A few words about Green's appearance, for which I am indebted to his grandson. In person, he was rather under middle height, his hair brown, his face round, his eyes were remarkable for penetrating brightness, and in looks he would be considered handsome. His ways
were simple, his diet frugal, and his habits abstemious. His disposition was never other than genial and social. As a young man he was fond of flute and violin. As a father, he had moşt tender feelings towards his children, but firm when principles were concerned.
Hartley Coleridge says that Mr. Green was a strong Tory, and "therefore a friend to temperate mirth and conviviality, at whose hearth and board no honest faces wanted a welcome." Though a lover of nature, he was no lover of solitude. The lakes were always in his mind, and “he lived in the faith that a time would come when a taste for the picturesque would be no longer an occasional impulse, or fashionable affectation, but a fixed element in the English character." His predictions have become true in our days.
To quote the valediction of Hartley Coleridge: "He now sleeps in Grasmere Churchyard. He was a man who will not soon be forgotten among the old familiar faces, nor will his works want vouchers, while autumn sheds her blossoming hues of fire and gold on the ferny slopes of our fells and the slate rocks shimmer in the morning sun, after a night of rain, or start from the white dispersing mists, like enchanted towers at the breaking of the spells of darkness. Of all landscape painters he was the most literal, the most absolute copyist of the objects on his retina."
I made a pilgrimage to his last resting place at Easter
some years ago, and made my way on a Sunday morning to Grasmere, where under the peaceful shade of a large yew tree I lingered long, and read:
SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF
THE LAST 23 YEARS OF WHOSE LIFE WERE PASSED
IN THIS NEIGHBOURHOOD
WHERE BY HIS SKILL AND INDUSTRY AS AN ARTIST
HE PRODUCED FAITHFUL REPRESENTATIONS
AND LASTING MEMORIALS OF ITS MORE PERISHABLE FEATURES
AND DIED AT AMBLESIDE
ON THE 29TH DAY OF APRIL 1823, IN THE 63RD YEAR OF HIS AGE
DEEPLY LAMENTED BY A NUMEROUS FAMILY
AND UNIVERSALLY RESPECTED.
HIS AFFLICTED WIDOW
CAUSED THIS STONE TO BE ERECTED.
The epitaph was penned by Wordsworth, who rests not far from him.
And I bid adieu in the words of Christopher North: “Green—kind, courteous, ingenious, and enthusiastic spirit-farewell.”
WORKS PUBLISHED BY WILLIAM GREEN.
1794. Plan of Manchester.
1796. "A Series of Picturesque Views of the North of England, drawn from nature and engraved by Wm. Green," consisting of fortyeight views of the Lakes, price £12. 12s. 6d. (Announced in Manchester Mercury 19th January, 1796, number 2,317.) 21țin. by 16in. Done 1794.
A Description of a Series of Picturesque Views in the North of England, printed at G. Nicholson and Co.'s office, 4, Palace Street, 1796. (This is in the Manchester Reference Library.) 1796. Four Views of Wales, aquatinted, price £1. 11s. 6d.; drawn, aquatinted, and published by W. Green, Lad Lane, Manchester. (One of the set in possession of Mr. Geo. Middleton, Ambleside.)
1799. Castle Street, Liverpool, illuminated by the great fire at Messrs. Wakefield and O'Kill's sugar-house, which happened May 22nd,
1799, painted by J. Fernel, engraved by W. Green, 74, Charlotte Street, Portland Place, London.
1800-1807. Finished Pencil Drawings of Lake Views, 26in. by 19in. (Some in possession of Mr. W. H. Mayson.)
1804. A Set of Views in Mezzotint. (One of the set in possession of Mr. G. Middleton, Ambleside.)
1808. Thirty Studies from Nature, etched in the soft ground, by Wm.
Green, Ambleside, after drawings made by himself in Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, dated 24th June; drawn and engraved and published by W. Green; 30in. by 21in. and 26in. by 19in.
1809. Twelve Studies from Nature, etched in the soft ground, by Wm. Green, Ambleside, after drawings made by himself in Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, dated 1st August; drawn and engraved and published by W. Green; 30in. by 21in.
1809. Seventy-eight Studies from Nature, engraved by Wm. Green from drawings by himself; Longman, Hurst, Rees, and Orme, London, and W. Green, Ambleside, published 1st August, 1809, with a preface, "A few observations with respect to the mode in which plantations ought to be conducted," pp. 13-20; oblong 4to, August 1st, price £5. 5s.; various sizes, 21in. by 143in. and 142in. by 11 in. (One copy in Manchester Reference Library). 1810. Eighteen Studies from Nature, etched in the soft ground, by Wm. Green, Ambleside, after drawings made by himself in Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire, dated 24th June; drawn and engraved and published by W. Green; 30in. by 21in.
1810. A Description of Sixty Studies from Nature (of the series of 1808, 1809, 1810); the price of the prints, unbound, including the description, 10 guineas; London, printed for the author by J. Barfield, and published by Longman, Hurst, Rees, and Orme, 1810. (One copy, Green's own apparently, in the Chetham Library, marked B 9, 53, 35,216.) 122 pp. and introduction. Of these Mr. Mayson has a fair number; various sizes exist. 1814. A Description of a Series of small Prints, etched by Wm. Green, of Ambleside, from drawings made by himself, London and Ambleside, with letterpress description, 1-34 Pp., post 8vo, 94in. by 7 in., dated August 1st; London, printed for the author by John Taylor, Rathbone Place, £1. 5s.; the same appeared also aquatinted, same size.
1815. A Series of Sixty beautifully coloured Plates of the Lakes of Lancashire, Cumberland, and Westmorland, drawn and engraved by W. Green, oblong folio, price £5. 5s., dated 1st June (the fifth part of a projected series of 300 views). Same set in India ink, £3. 3s., 13in. by 9 in. and 7in. by 4in. Same set in printer's colours, £4. 4s., on 9to imperial. Same set etched, £1. Is., on Same set etched, £1. 5s., upon larger paper. (Two
copies in possession of Councillor Henry Plummer.)
1819. The Tourists' New Guide, containing a description of the Lakes, Mountains, and Scenery in Cumberland, Westmorland, and Lancashire (the result of eighteen years' residence in Ambleside and Keswick), two volumes, Kendal, 1819; with a description of the aquatint plates, published 1819. With twelve plates, £1. Is., also done in sepia, dated 1st August, 1819. With twenty-four plates, £2. 2s. (Some of the original drawings still in possession of Mr. Mayson.)
1819. Forty Views of Buildings and Bridges, etched, no date, but with watermark of 1819, 131in. by 9 in., of Ambleside, Keswick, &c. 1819. A Set of Etchings of Buildings in Ambleside, &c. (watermark 1819), undated, 22 in. by 17in.
1820. Twelve Coloured Prints of Views of the principal Lakes, published 1st August, 25in. by 173in., £10. IOS.
1820. Sepia and Coloured Prints, dated June 1st, 22in. by 15in., £7. 10s. (twelve views of the Lakes).
1821. Twelve Coloured Views of the Lakes, dated June 1st, 12in. by 8in., £3. 3s.
1821. Forty Views of Ambleside and Keswick, etched from nature, by Wm. Green, 21in. by 15in.
*7. Derwent Water and Bassenthwaite in the distance. *8. One, subject not named.
9, 10. (Two Water-colour drawings, 19in. by 13in. About same date.
12. Old Bridge in Borrowdale, and two others in the British Museum. 13.
14. Raven Crag, Thirlmere, in South Kensington.
15. The Old Market House, Ambleside.
16. The Old Commercial Hotel, Market Place.
17. Same subjects, in possession of Mrs. Garside, Ambleside.
* These were in 1882 in possession of his nephew, Mr. B. H. Green, Plas Fron Dêg, Llandudno.
Green is noticed by a French traveller, Mr. L. Simond,* who paid a visit to the lakes in 1811, which is worth quoting in full, as the information is valuable: "Avant de quitter Windermere, je dois faire mention d'un artiste peu connu, Mr. Green, qui réside parmi ces montagnes, à Ambleside principelement, depuis 10 ans. Il a etudié le détail de leurs formes et leur physionomie, et les rend d'une manière aussi exacte qu' originale, et d'autant plus nouvelle, que les artistes ont tous une maniére commune et de convention en fait de montagnes; celles de Monsieur Green sont de véritables montagnes; il dit qu'il en connâit l'anatomie: il a raison. Il a gravé à l'eau forte 60 grandes planches, formant autant d'études excellents; c'est-à-dire, qu'il grave le trait seulement à l'eau forte, à la manière du crayon, et lave ensuite à l'encre de la Chine. Il vend ces études 5sh: chacune, gravées au trait seulement, ou £1. IIS. 6d., fines à l'encre de la Chine." That is:
"Before leaving Windermere, I must mention an artist, who is but little known, Mr. Green, who has resided amongst the mountains, chiefly at Ambleside, during the last ten years. He has studied the details of their forms and physiognomy and renders them in a manner both truthful and original. Moreover, his novel method is notable, as the artists have all a conventional and uniform style in regard to the representation of
* See Voyage en Angleterre pendant les années 1810 et 1811, par Louis Simond. 2 vols. Paris, 1817. Second edition, pp. 497-498, vol. i.