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Fines, 1 R. 2 [1377-8].

97

G [vol. 127] 35
&Jone his wife defort of the Mann' of Stapleton.

Between John son of Warin de Scargill & Jone his
wife complt. And William son Warin de Scargill K'.

Out of Kirkstall Booke, fo. 44.

DDD [vol. 39] 30 Hamericus" de Stapleton [p amore dei & p'a'ï'a (domini) mei Rob'ti (Dodsworth)]" gaue to the

witness to the Pontefract charters, as was his youngest brother Hugh II., who with him signed one of the Monk Bretton House. Robert had been present when Henry de Lascy in 1159 confirmed to the monks of Pontefract a grant of the Church of Darrington and of the Chapel of Stapleton. Later on he gave lands at Cudworth to the neighbouring priory of Monk Bretton, a gift which Pope Urban III. confirmed in 1186. And finally he gave land at Armley to the monks of Kirkstall for his obit. After his death his widow Claricia (daughter of Adam de Reineville), and their son William, extended the list of benefactions. For they made a covenant with John Tyrel, the parson of their parish church at Royston, that they should have a chapel in their hall at Cudworth, and they gave six acres of land for the privilege, on condition that the name of Robert de Stapleton should be put in the Martyrology of Royston Church. For this they had the licence of the Archbishop about 1200. Robert, grandson of Robert and Claricia de Stapleton, the last of his name, was one of the superior officers of the Honour of Pontefract in 1250, and the copy of a charter which is misplaced among the North Riding pedigrees in the Leeds Library III. 386, informs us that he had a brother William, that his mother's name was Emma, and that his coat of arms was a Chief indented. It refers to lands at Bramley, and at its foot Mr. Wilson (probably) has made a memorandum: "I sent the original of this to Dr. Rawlinson, F.R.S., and F.S.A., 19 August 1751, which seal is different from the arms of Stapleton, now lord of Armley." And singularly enough this seal (which as clearly as the genealogy above, differentiates the Stapletons of Darrington from those of Carlton, whose use was ARGENT, a lion rampant SABLE) is misdescribed in the Torre MS. as a Fess. This Robert III. son of William II., who received a grant of free warren in 39 Henry III. through all his demesne land in Stapleton, Thorpe Stapleton

and Cudworth, is said to have died in 1284. His heirs were then under age, and if there were more, only Clara lived to inherit, who marrying Warren de Scargill about 1300, brought that name from the North Riding to the West, and whose monument is still in Darrington Church, cross-legged, clothed in chain armour and bearing a saltire, on what appears to be a scallop-sown shield, but which is really an ancient form of ermines of which it would be hard to find a better or finer example. The tails of each of the ermines are not of one, or three or even five, which last is rare; but as many as nine and even eleven, which are expanded in a graceful curve so fine as to have much the appearance of the ribs of a scallop shell, for which indeed they are frequently taken. Unfortunately, the shield is somewhat damaged, but it had originally four ermines in each compartment of the saltire. The same heraldry was a century and a half later placed on the west face of the font of the neighbouring church at Featherstone, the tails having become the present conventional three in number, and the ermines being only three in each compartment but that of the base, which still exhibits the original four. Dodsworth seems not to have visited either of these churches, but if he did his notes have not been preserved in the Harl. MS. 800.-At the time of the Poll Tax of 1378, there were 29 persons assessed in Stapleton township to a total of 10s. 10d., of whom 22 were charged at 4d. and 7 at 6d. The 7 at 6d. were two tailors, two websters, a mason, a smith and a walker. One of the websters, Agnes de Scargill, is an illustration of the tenacity with which the old name clung to the soil. Among the peculiar names, there was a Dion Rosedaughter, a William at Yate, a William at Hall, a William de Merre and a John del Hill.

97 See ante, vol. viii., 12, 13.

98 See the genealogy in note 96. Hamericus was the progenitor of the Whitwood and Mere branch.

99 Here the transcriber evidently makes

Monastery of Kirkstall 6 Acres of Land in Stapleton in the plowland [cultura, Dodsworth] which is called Wulpuitedale.100

Charta, 39 H. 3 [1254] m. 6.

C [vol. 120] 21 The King granted to Robert de Stapleton free warren in all his demeasne Lands of Stapleton & of Thorp &

of Cudeworth' in the county of Yorke.

Fines, 8 Ed. 2 [1314–5].

GG [vol. 128] 21 [Given under LITLE SMEATON, vol. xii., p. 77.]

Escheats, A 6 Ed. 2 [1312].

GG [vol. 128] 169 [Partly given under GREAT SMEATON, vol. xii., p. 76.] The Jurors say that William Vavasour held the Mann's of Heselwood, & the moyety of the Towne of Stutton, of Henry de Percy &c....Allso they say the said William 2 held the Manor of Fryston [Ferry Fryston] by the service of one Kts fee val. 15 & of diuerse Lands in Stobis, litle Smithton, Kirke Smithton, Stapleton & Badesworth [Lord (Dodsworth)] William Vavasour next heire. [Under Great Smeaton the next heir is said to be a Walter.]

[Other references given are CCC [vol. 34] 23, 45, 56, 74.]

Stubs Walding.3

Pleas of Juries & Ass3. 9 Ed. 1 [1281] ro. 11 in dorso.

EE [vol. 124] 64 William le Vavasor, & Nicholaa his wife, by their Atturney complaine agt Robert son of Pagan &

an omission on account of a difficulty. The word patris is blotted and almost illegible; but a reference to the pedigree in note 96 will show what the word should be, and I have supplied it accordingly.

100 Apparently this did not remain with the Abbey till the Dissolution, at least it is not in Burton's list of their possessions; but the name still adheres. There is also the beautiful Brocker-dale, or Badger-dale and Dale-field each at the Wentbridge end of the township.

1 This Robert de Stapleton was the last lord of that name. The family had held Stapleton for at least two centuries, and Cudworth which Claricia de Reineville brought in by marriage for at least half that time (see note 73). It is singular that this family, a succession of Williams, Roberts, and Hughs, should ever have been confused with the Durham and North Riding Stapletons whose predominating names were Brian, and Miles and Nicholas.

2 See vol. x. 532.

3 The place took its second name quite as early as the first half of the 12th century from one Walding, who is sometimes called Walding the soldier. He flourished about 1140, but as is very frequently the case with tenants of the Pontefract Honour of the second grade in that generation, hardly anything is known of him but his name; for the "war" in the early part of the reign of King Stephen obliterated almost all local records. What were his antecedents, and by what means he obtained his grant, are both enveloped in darkness, and we first learn of him through his son William. For although he left his name on this manor, we know no more of him than we do of Dama the progenitor of Gilbert of Stapleton. He witnessed no charter that I have met with, he conveyed no property, his death does not appear to have benefited the royal treasury through the Pipe Roll, and we first hear of him

diuerse others, Keepers of the body & certaine pcells of Land which was Robert son & heire of Robert de Rypun, for one Mess, 240 acres of Land, 30 acres of meadow, 60 rent, with the appurtnances in Stubbs, in the County of Yorke, which Alice late wife of Robert de Riparijs * Clameth for her dower.

Escheats, 3 H. 5 [1415].

PPP [vol. 82] 86 [See under FRYSTON, vol. x. 541.]

In an old Role containing 2 membranes given to Roger Dodsworth, 6 Dec. by Robert Rockley of Rockley, Esq: titulus Chartæ de Luuersall. BBB [vol. 32] 46 To all that shall see or heare this writeing Richard sonne of Alexander Stubbs greeting &c. Know ye that J haue granted & quit claimed to Robert de Riparijs & his heires or Assignes &c. all the right & Claime which J haue or ought to

through William "son of Walding" who about 1180 granted to the monks of Pontefract two tofts under Baghill. He was supported by a large upgrown family of six " super altare mecum eandem elemosinam per baculum offerentibus." Appended is a remarkable provision which shows what a wealthy and prosperous man this son of Walding must have been, for he reserves a right to "hold his court" on the land," curiam nostram ibi tenere placitendo." I have made out the following small pedigree of this Walding, extending for a century after about 1140, and regret my inability to carry it further:

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The Domesday record of the place is somewhat singular. It is classed as one manor, which in the time of the Confessor had been in the hands of three lords, Elsi, Archil and Edward, with a capability of maintaining two ploughs and a taxable area of three carucates and half an oxgang, and who were assessed at forty shillings. But each had been dispossessed, and the whole manor had been granted, with the two Smeatons also (see note 71, vol. x., 527), to Robert de Reineville, who had two carucates in his own demesne, while three sokesmen, one villane and three bordars had two carucates. The value had however fallen to thirty shillings. There was afterwards a quick change owing probably to the death of Robert de Reineville, when Gerald his son failed to make good his

succession, being transferred, it is difficult to see why, to Darrington and Temple Newsom, while the Smeatons presently emerged in the possession of a new man Ranulph, son of Siward (se) note 64), and Stubbs in that of William son of Walding, by whose name it has ever since been known. At one time I thought that the converse was the truth and that Walden gave its name to the family, but I have since made it quite clear that the case is as represented in the above genealogy.-In the Poll Tax assessment of 1378, the place is called Tubbes Walding, an acephalous form I have met with nowhere else. The return was rather above the average, for 25 payers contributed as much as 31s. 4d. Of these 21 paid 4d., 2 paid 6d., one paid 40d. and one paid 20s. The two at 6d. a wright and a tailor, James Vavassour, armiger, was assessed at 40d, and John Stokes was charged" ad valorem militis," 20s.

were

+ The name of Rivers came into Yorkshire through the marriage of Margaret, daughter of Thomas son of Warin fitz Gerold (who had had a knight's fee here in 1166) with Baldwin, the heir-apparent of the Earldom of Devonshire. He died before his father on 1st Sept. 1216, and his widow as Margaret de Ripariis gave the mill of Harewood to the monks of Bolton. There is nothing in the above extract to show the connection of Robert de Ripariis with Margaret, but the "charter from an old Roll with the title charter of Loversall,"" quoted from in BBB, shows how he had acquired the property in which his widow Alice now claimed dower.

haue &c. in 48 8d rent which J was wont to receiue of William Bastard of Kateby & Emma his wife my sister yearly, And 4 bovates of Land & a halfe with the appurtnances in Stubbs, & for 2 bovates of Laud with the appurtnances in Luuersall. So that J nor my heires &c. shall claime any right or claime in the foresaid 48 8d rent &c. Jn wittnesse &c.

[Other references are CCC [vol. 34] 23, 56, 73.]

Sutton.

[This heading is evidently omitted.]

In the writeings of Tho. Barnby Esq: [1632].

NN [vol. 139] 37 John Wombwell of Wombwell Esq: &c. gaue to Robert Barnby & Alice his wife daughter of Robert Rocklay Esq all his lands & Tenements in Burghwalleis & Sutton wch he lately had of the guift of John Barnby father of ye foresaid Robert. Wittnesse Nicholas de Worteley &c. Dated at Burghwaleis 17 H. 6 [1439].

ibm.

NN [vol. 139] 40 J Robert Barnby Esq: haue giuen to Thomas Wortley K, Ralfe Dodworth Esq;, Ed. Barnby Chaplaine, & William Barnby, my sonnes, my Mann's of Barnby & Midhop with the appurtnances, 2 Messuages in Thurleston, & 1 messe in Burghwalleis, 8 acres in Sutton nere Camsall. [7 H. 7 (1491–2) Dodsworth.]

ibm.

NN [vol. 139] 42 [Entered under BURGHWALLEIS, vol. x. 357.]

ibm.

NN [vol. 139] 43 [Same as the entry under Burghwalleis (vol. x. 357) excepting 10 Ed. 3 (1337). "Wittnesse William Scot &c," inserted in this instance before the date.]

5 Sutton and the lost vill of Neuose, if that were not Moss, were reported in the Domesday Survey as having been (with a taxable area of two carucates) in the hands of Elsi, and as having a capability of employing two ploughs. It was doubtless the same who owned part of Stubbs, part of Norton, and (as Alsi) one of the moieties of Campsall. Sutton was returned as being still in the hands of "Elsi," and as being "waste," which does not appear to mean more than uncultivated. For between the Conquest and the Survey it bad made progress, and at the latter date had a mill producing 68., which seems inconsistent with the ordi

nary idea that the waste manors which are named so frequently in some parts of Domesday had been the scene of some military devastation which had “lid waste a hitherto smiling, prosperous district. Such could hardly have been the case in this solitary retired manor of Osgoldcross, the only one returned as "waste." At the Poll Tax of 1378, Sutton with Moss seem to have been absorbed in Norton; they had no separate heading.

6 This extract seems to be supplementary to that given under BURGHWALLEIS [vol. x. 356].

Sutton-Rotherfield in Barkston."

Fines, 11 H. 3 [1226].

G [vol. 127] 15 Between Nicholas de Rothersfeld & Eufania [Eufamia (Dodsworth)] his wife complt, & Marmaduke Darel & Helewisia his wife tent &c. daughter & heire [daughters and heirs (Dodsworth)] of William de Jnsula. Lands in Brodesworth, Quendale [alias Queldale, in margin] Sutton, Morle, Newton, Beston, Cottingle, Cherlewall Hauses, Pontefret [Puntfret (Dodsworth)], Eustorp [alias Ousthorp in margin], Dritclington, Gildhus, Poles, &c. [The extract under Wheldale adds Prickburne, Bukethorp, Squalecroft and Fiuckeden.]

Jn the Rolls of Pontefract A° 38 Ed. 3 [1364] pressa 9. G[vol. 127] 60 [Roll Pontfect-Ebor (Dodsworth).]

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SSS [vol. 94] 69

Held 2 Knights fees in Queldale, Sutton, Marlay & Austrop & other places, ob. 37 Ed. 3 [1363].

Out of St Maries Tower, Ebor.

[Given under ASKARNE (vol. x. 261) with the exception of what is below.]

[ . . . . shall exact or claime hereafter any right or [any (Dodsworth)] claime in the foresaid Lands or Tenemts with the appurtnances as aforesaid, nor any pcell thereof &c. Jn witnesse whereof J haue to this p'sent writeing set my seale. Dated at Wylmersley [Womersley] on tuesday next after the feast of St Peter quod dicitur ad vincula, the 4 H. 4 [7 Aug. 1403].

[Other entries are CCC (vol. 34) 56, 72.]

E

Close Rolls, 32 H. 6 [1454] m. 24.

[vol. 41] 66

David Preston granted to Nicholas Wagstaffe &Jone his wife, for the life of the said Jone, Lands and Tenemts in ye townes of Stubbs & Frickley.

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