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of the church of Gilling, assarted; a rent of 3d. is to be paid to St. Mary's, York.' To the same period belongs a grant by Gilbert de Wad, son of William de Wad, to Robert Barn, son of Walter le Barn of Gilling, of a toft and croft which lay between the lands of Roger Laycester, rector of the church of Gilling, and William de Etton. William de Etton is also mentioned as a witness to a release and quitclaim by William de Lascelles, of Cawton, of land in Cawton (par. Gilling); to a grant by Geoffrey del Beckes, of Ampleford, to his brother William, of a toft in Ampleford'; and, with Thomas de Etton, to a charter of Sir Peter de Staingrive to Byland."


(8) THOMAS DE ETTON had a grant in Laysthorp from Henry, abbot of Byland, in 1268. He is mentioned in 1260 as a witness to a charter of Simon de Vere to Rievaulx, and to charters to Byland, dated 1270, 1278, 1281, and 1290. The same name occurs among the witnesses to many undated charters of this period, to Rievaulx," Byland, Newburgh," and Malton.12 There is little doubt, therefore, that he was a member of the Gilling family, but, in default of evidence, the position assigned to him in the accompanying pedigree is only conjectural. Felicia, widow of Thomas de Etton, is mentioned in 1302 as claiming land in Slingsby.13 A grant of land in Laysthorp was made to Thomas, son of Richard de Etton, in 34 Edw. I.14

(9) SIR IVO DE ETTON was the son of William de Etton, as appears from the pleadings in a suit recorded on the Assize Rolls, 7 and 8 Edw. I.,15 between Ivo and Walter the parson of Gilling. These pleadings also tend to confirm the conjecture that the Ettons of Gilling descended from Geoffrey (5). On the Thursday after the Purification of the B. V.M., 1282 (Feb. 4, 1282-3), an agreement was

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Olysford, then the King's escheator.
William le Latymer was sheriff in 1254,
and again in 1266.

6 Dodsworth MSS., xci. 1026.
Rievaulx Chartulary, 227.

8 Dodsworth MSS., xciv. 32; lxiii. 67; xci. 101b; cxxv. 169; xci. 1516.

9 Rievaulx Chartulary, 236, 250. 10 Dedsworth MSS., vii. 976; xci. 73, 82b, 96b, 101b; xciv. 14. Also, with Ivo de Etton, xci. 776, 116.

11 Ibid., xci. 45 (with Ivo de Etton). 12 Monasticon, vi. 973.

13 De Banco Roll, Easter, 30 Edw. I., no. 142, m. 196.

14 Dodsworth MSS., cxxa, 55b.

15 The extract from the Assize Rolls is printed in full in Appendix I., post. Ivo is also described as son of "William de Eton" on Coram Rege Roll, 1 Edw. II., Easter, m. 2 dorso.

made between the same parson, Master Walter of Northampton, rector of the church of Gilling, and Sir Ivo de Etton, knight, and Joan his wife, parishioners of the said church, about the tithe of fallen wood (silvarum ceduarum).1

In Kirkby's Inquest (1284-5) Ivo de Etton appears as the first of the twelve jurors who made the returns for the wapentake of Ryedale. Gilling and Sutholm2 were held for a fourth part of a knight's fee of Roger de Mowbray, who held of the King in chief. Of three carucates in Sutholm, Ivo de Etton held one and a half. The entry under the heading of Gilling is as follows:-"In Gilling there are two and a half carucates of land to be taxed, of the fee of Mowbray, which Yvo de Etton holds of Roger de Mowbray, and Roger of the King in chief, of which twenty carucates make a knight's fee, and 15d. a year is paid for the fine of the wapentake. And there are here three and a half carucates of land of the liberty of St. Mary of York untaxed. And the canons of Malton have half a carucate. And the church is endowed with half a carucate of land untaxed." In the Lay Subsidy Roll, 30 Edw. I. (1301), Ivo de Etton is taxed at 245. 11d. for his holding in Gilling; five others there pay small sums, making a total of 33s. 83d., excluding the tenants of the liberty of St. Mary, York, who pay a total of 175. 1d.*

An entry on the Plea Rolls for Michaelmas term, 18 Edw. I. (1290), shows Ivo de Etton exercising his rights as lord of Gilling. He was attached to answer to the archdeacon of Richmond for impounding 400 sheep at Gilling. The jurors found that a certain place called Westcroft was enclosed (positus fuit in defensum) for the plough-teams for the whole community of the vill from the feast of St. Michael until the feast of St. Martin, and that the archdeacon, by his shepherd, had placed his sheep there before the time had expired; in consequence of which Ivo had impounded them. He was acquitted. In 1307 Thomas, son of John de Wymbeltone, brought an action for assault against Ivo de Etton, Joan his wife, and Thomas his son-a curious case, in which a villan who refused to do his work as a mower was put in the stocks until he justified himself." In 1311 Ivo and his wife had a dispute with another parson of Gilling, Master Adam de Louther, who claimed common of pasture in Gilling, of which Ivo and Joan "had unjustly disseised Master William de Walton, formerly parson of the church of Gilling

1 Chartulary of St. Mary's Abbey, York, ut sup., fo. 336b.

2 South Holme, a township in the parish of Hovingham.

3 Kirkby's Inquest (Surtees Soc., xlix.), 110, 112, 116, 118.

4 Yorkshire Lay Subsidy, 30 Edw. I. (Y.A.S. Record Series, xxi. 55, 115). 5 Abbrev. Placit., 283.

6 The extract from the Coram Rege Roll referring to this case is printed in Appendix II., post.

in Ridale, predecessor of the said Adam, after the first crossing of Lord Henry the King, grandfather of the present King, into Gascony." Adam also accused Ivo and his wife of unjustly disseising Master Walter de Northampton, formerly parson of Gilling, in like manner.1 An agreement about tithes between this Adam and Ivo de Etton, knight, was made on the Tuesday after St. Luke the Evangelist (Oct. 19), 1311, 5 Edw. II.2

Mr. Fairfax-Cholmeley's collection of Etton deeds contains several to which Ivo de Etton was a party. One of these is a grant in fee by "Ivo de Etton de Gylling," knight, to Robert his son and heir, of a tenement with the crop growing thereon which Ivo held of the fee of the abbot and convent of St. Mary of York in Gilling in Rydale; a rent of half a mark of silver to be paid to the convent at Martinmas and Whitsuntide. This Robert must have died during his father's lifetime, for, as we shall presently see, Sir Ivo was succeeded by another son, Thomas. By another of these deeds, John son of Absalon, and Angnes (sic) his wife, of Calveton, grants to Ivo de Etton "a piece (placea) of wood" in a certain place called Henri Buske in the town and territory of Gyllyng, in exchange for an acre and a rood and a half of land in the same territory called Scortebuttes. Another is a grant by Alan, son of Alan de Brakanbergh, to Sir Yvo de Etton, lord of Gilling, of two tofts and one bovate of land in Gilling, which Robert de Brakanbergh his brother held. Sir Ivo de Etton and Master Walter, rector of Gilling, witness a grant, dated St. Luke the Evangelist's day (Oct. 18), 1288, by Elianor de Wat to John de Boterwyk, of a toft and croft in Gilling and three oxgangs of arable land in the field of Gilling on the east side of the town in the liberty of B. Mary of York, lying between the land of Sir Ivo de Etton and the land of the church of Gilling, and one selion lying between the Calveton road and the land of Walter le Barn. Another, and apparently the latest, of these deeds referring to

1 De Banco Roll, 4 Edw. II., Easter, no. 185, m. 45.

2 Chartulary of St. Mary's Abbey, York, ut sup., fo. 337

3 This grant is witnessed by Robert de Frydeby, Paulin de Lilling, and William Burdon, knights; Colin de Barton, John de Besingby, Roger de Thorneton, clerk, and others.

4 This grant is witnessed by William de Harum and William Burdoun, knights; John de Besyngby, Robert de Coltton (sic), Roger Raboc, Geoffrey del Becke, William del Becke, and others. Oval seal, with fleur-de-lis surrounded by a legend, now illegible.

5 This grant is witnessed by John de Barton of Friton, John de Barton of Oswaldekyrk, and John de Yarpenvile, knights; Robert de Colton, Robert Raboc, William de Besingby, John son of Absolon de Calveton, Richard del Wald, William del Bek, John de Yarpenvile of Ampelford, and others. The grant is mentioned in an action brought by Richard de Shupton against Ivo de Etton, Alan de Brakenbergh, and William le Shephirde, from which it appears that the land in question was formerly held by Stephen Gery (De Banco Roll, 29 Edw. I., Michaelmas, no. 135, m. 12).

Ivo, is a grant of his manor of Gilling by Sir Ivo de Etton to his son Thomas, dated the Sunday before St. Barnabas the Apostle (June 9), 1314.


The latest reference to Sir Ivo de Etton which I have found is dated 1315, when he witnessed a charter of John de Hellebeckes, at Ampleforth. Ivo de Etton, the Templar, the last preceptor of Templehirst, whose name appears in a list of the Templars arrested in Yorkshire in January, 1308,2 may possibly have been a son of the lord of Gilling. A William de Etton is mentioned, in an action brought by John de Cotingham, as one of the defendants who with force and arms reaped the corn of the said John growing at Galmeton (now Ganton) in Rydale, and carried away that corn and other goods and chattels to the value of 20 marks. This William may have been another son of Sir Ivo, but definite evidence is wanting. Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Ivo de Etton, married Thomas Fairfax of Walton, an alliance which, at the end of the fifteenth century, brought Gilling into the possession of the Fairfax family. (10) THOMAS DE ETTON, son of Sir Ivo, was the first of three successive heads of the family who bore the same name. He appears in the Nomina Villarum of 1316 as holding in the vills of Gilling and South Holm. In 1322 he granted to Adam de Gouthorp his meadow at Engthorn in the meadows of Gilling on the east side of the town, from the meadow which the lady Joan, mother of the said Thomas, holds as dower, to the Spitelgarth, to hold from the feast of the Apostles SS. Philip and James, 15 Edw. II. (May 1, 1322), till he has received fully eight "vesturas," for a certain sum (not named). By an indenture made at York in 10 Edw. III. (1336), Thomas (described as son of Sir Ivo de Etton, knight) received from his brother-in-law, Thomas Fairfax of Walton, a discharge for £50, half a year's rent payable to Thomas Fairfax out of Gilling. Thomas de Etton occurs among the North Riding tenants who were required to contribute towards the expenses of the war in Scotland in 1338.7 In 1343 Thomas de Etton and Agnes his wife brought an action for trespass against John son of Alan de Couton. It would appear that Thomas was dead in 1349, and in 1358-9 his widow Agnes was the defendant in a suit with reference to three messuages and two bovates

of land in East Couton." We

1 Dodsworth MSS., vii. 179b.

2 Yorks. Archeol. Journal, ix. 284, 432. See also Calendar of the Close Rolls, 1307– 1313, pp. 373, 384.

3 De Banco Roll, 5 Ed. II., Michaelmas, no. 189, m. 282 dorso, and 6 Edw. II., Michaelmas, no. 195, m. 84.

4 Surtees Soc., vol. xlix. 321.


may reasonably attribute to this

5 In Mr. Fairfax-Cholmeley's collection. 6 York Corporation Papers, ii. 1050. Rot. Scotiae, i. 529a.

6 Coram Rege Roll, 17 Edw. III., Hilary, m. 64.

9 De Banco Roll, 32 Edw. III., Michaelmas, no. 396, m. 197 dorso, and 33 Edw. III., Trinity, m. 128 dorso.

Thomas the shield of arms-Barry argent and gules, on a canton sable a cross patonce or-which appears in the painted glass of the nave clerestory of York Minster (middle light of window in easternmost bay next crossing, south side.)'

(11) THOMAS DE ETTON, son of the last-named Thomas, married his cousin Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Fairfax and Elizabeth de Etton, and in 1349 he settled the manor of Gilling on the Fairfaxes, in the event of the failure of the direct line of the Ettons. A few days afterwards the manor of Walton and lands in Thorparch and Acaster Malbis were settled on Thomas Fairfax and Elizabeth his wife and their sons, with remainder to Thomas de Etton and Elizabeth his wife, Thomas their son, &c.3 It will be noticed that these settlements were executed in the year of the terrible Black Death. In 1359 Thomas de Etton appears on a commission of array for Ryedale, and in 1360 he quitclaimed tenements in Ampleforth to the abbot and convent of Byland. In 1374 he obtained a licence to impark 1,000 acres of land and wood at Gilling. On May 6, 1378 (1 Ric. II.), Thomas de Colvile, of Coxwold, made a grant of pasture at Yearsley to Thomas de Etton and Thomas his son, for enlarging their park. Thomas de Etton is mentioned in 1378 (Feb. 16) as having been removed from the commission of the peace for some reason. On Sept. 30, 1378, Thomas de Etton the elder witnessed a release by his neighbour, John de la Ryver of Brandsby, and on May 20, 1380, Thomas de Etton senior is the first of the witnesses to a confirmation by John de Colevyll. 10 This is the latest mention of him which I have found.



In the wall of the south aisle of Gilling Church is a monumental recess, with a cusped ogee arch, which may with probability be attributed to this Thomas de Etton. On the wall on either side of and above the arch are three

1 For a drawing of this shield, see The Heraldry of York Minster, by the Very Rev. A. P. Purey-Cust, vol. ii., plate 10. In the text (p. 422) it is blazoned as Barry arg. and sa., &c., and the bars are now certainly nearly black; but, as the lowest bar is clearly red, the coat was no doubt Barry arg. and gu., &c. Winston calls this a modern copy of an old coat, but it has not that appearance, as seen from the floor of the church.

2 This settlement, which is in Mr. Fairfax-Cholmeley's collection, is dated at Gilling, Aug. 10, 23 Edw. III. It is quoted in Thomas Fairfax's petition for the restitution of Gilling in 1492 (York Corporation Papers, ii. 1017, printed in Appendix VII., post). The second of the

shields, carved in stone, which are

two accompanying pedigrees of the Etton family is principally based on this settlement and on Thomas Fairfax's petition.

3 Dodsworth MSS., cxxxix. 1036, from Lord Fairfax's evidences. The settlement is printed in Appendix III., post. 4 Rymer's Fadera (Record ed.), iii. 458. 5 Dodsworth MSS., xciv. 516.

6 Patent Roll, 48 Edw. III., pt. 2,

m. 20.

7 This grant is in Mr. FairfaxCholmeley's collection.

8 Calendar of Patent Rolls, Richard II., 1377-1381, p. 129.

9 Calendar of Ancient Deeds, i. a 374. 10 Historical Manuscripts Commission Report, 1903 [Cd. 932], p. 8.

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