The Scutage and Knight Service in England

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University of Chicago Press, 1897 - 119 pages

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Page xi - ... strong government. It is unnecessary to recapitulate here all the points in which the Anglo-Saxon institutions were already approaching the feudal model; it may be assumed that the actual obligation of military service was much the same in both systems, and that even the amount of land which was bound to furnish a mounted warrior was the same however the conformity may have been produced.
Page x - England, with very few exceptions, besides the royal demesnes, into baronies; and he conferred these, with the reservation of stated services and payments, on the most considerable of his adventurers. These great barons, who held immediately of the crown, shared out a great part of their lands to other foreigners, who were denominated knights or vassals, and who paid their lord the same duty and submission in peace and war, which he himself owed to his sovereign.
Page 34 - ... that, as in similar cases, they were called for throughout the realm, by one uniform writ. If we may deduce the purport of that writ from the collation of those returns which refer to it most explicitly, we must infer that the information asked for was to be given under four heads : — (1) How many knights had been enfeoffed before the death of Henry I. ? (2) How many have been enfeoffed since ? (3) How many (if any) remain to be enfeoffed to complete the " service
Page xi - And then were with him all the rich men over all England: archbishops and diocesan bishops, abbots and earls, thanes and knights.
Page 12 - At the moment no resentment seems to have been provoked by the measure ; its ultimate tendency was not foreseen, the sum actually demanded was not great, and the innovation was condoned on the ground of the king's lawful need and in the belief that it was only an isolated demand.2 A greater matter might well have been condoned in consideration of Henry's loyal redemption of his coronation-pledges, to which the Pipe Roll bears testimony. If the king had been prompt in resuming his kingly rights, he...
Page xiii - ... man for each five hides was probably the rate at which the newly endowed follower of the king would be expected to discharge his duty. The wording of the Domesday survey does not imply that in this respect the new military service differed from the old : the land is marked out not into knights...
Page xvi - Conqueror episcopatus quoque et abbatias omnes quae baronias tenebant, et eatenus ab omni servitute seculari libertatem habuerant, sub servitute statuit militari, inrotulans episcopatus et abbatias pro voluntate sua quot milites sibi et successoribus suis hostilitatis tempore voluit a singulis exhiberi (Historia Anglonan, i.
Page 10 - My will stands in the place of reason." Applied to a tyrant who governs capriciously. STATUIMUS ut omnes liberi homines foedere et sacramento affirment, quod intra et extra universum regnum...
Page 102 - It directed that in all future transfers of land, the purchaser, instead of becoming the feudal dependent of the alienor, should enter into the same relations in which the alienor had stood to the next lord. In this way the king and the chief lords would not lose the services and profits of feudal incidents, a danger with which the constant repetition of the process of sub-infeudation threatened them. But the operation of the statute had far wider consequences. As a part of...
Page 76 - ... mobilium suorum. AD 1204. MATT. PARIS, p. 209. In crastino Circumcisionis convenerunt ad colloquium apud Oxoniam rex et magnates Angliae, ubi concessa sunt regi auxilia militaria, de quolibet scuto scilicet duae marcae et dimidia ; nee etiam episcopi et abbates sive ecclesiasticae personae sine promissione recesserunt.

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