A Treatise on Military Surveying: Including Sketching in the Field, Plan-drawing, Levelling, Military Reconnoissance, Also a Particular Description of the Surveying Instruments Commonly Employed by Military Men, with Instructions for Using and Adjusting Them
W.H. Allen, 1847 - 344 pages
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according accuracy adjustment altitude angle appear base bearing called centre circle compass contain convenient correct depression determined difference direction distance divided divisions draw drawn elevation enable equal error example feet figure fixed give given glass greater ground half height hills horizontal inches instrument laid length lower manner mark means measured meridian method miles military minutes mountain move nature nearly necessary object observed obtained off-sets officer operations parallel pass perpendicular plane plate position practice protractor reading reduced refraction represent rivers road ruler scale screw seen sextant side sine situation sketch slopes square staff station sufficient sun's suppose surface survey taken telescope theodolite tion triangle true tube turn upper vernier vertical whole yards
Page 195 - ... but it may be made in a variety of ways, so as to revolve on any light portable stand. The tube, when required for use, is filled with water (coloured with lake or indigo), till it nearly reaches to the necks of the bottles, which are then corked for the convenience of carriage. On setting the stand tolerably level by the eye, these corks are both withdrawn, which must be done carefully and FRENCH REFLECTINQ-LEVEL.
Page 228 - SO'OO inches as the average height of the barometer at the level of the sea (which is however too much), the altitude of the upper station is at once obtained by inspection of Table I, correcting for temperature of the stratum of air traversed by table II.
Page 270 - ... reading off the arc; and half the difference of these numbers is the index error; additive when the reading on the arc of excess is greater than that on the limb, and subtractive when the contrary is the case. EXAMPLE. .
Page 173 - ... error must be corrected by turning the screw, B, and the other half by the two parallel plate-screws over which the telescope is placed. Next turn the telescope a quarter round, that it may lie over the other two screws, and make it level by moving them, and the adjustment will be complete. Before making observations with this instrument, the adjustments should be carefully examined and rectified, after which the screw B should never be touched ; the parallel plate-screws alone must be used for...
Page 145 - ... without any regard to thickness. This area, or the content of the plane figure, is estimated by the number of little squares that may be contained in it; the side of those little measuring squares being an inch, a foot, a yard, or any other fixed quantity.
Page 299 - What is the error of the best tables now in use ? hours, or one minute of space in two minutes of time. Therefore, if we make an error of one minute in observing the distance, we make an error of two minutes in time, or 30 miles of longitude at the equator. A single observation with the best...
Page 147 - ... in chains and decimals. Therefore, after the content is found, it will be in square links ; then cut off five of the figures on the right hand for decimals, and the rest will be acres. These decimals are then multiplied by 4 for roods, and the decimals of these again by 40 for perches.