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the author of "the Old English Gentleman," who a year or two ago began in great form for the old Magazine, a series of papers exactly on the plan of Nimrod's, to embrace notices of crack hunts which Mr. Mills visited, steeple-chases, races, and in short was at nearly all in the Ring." They appeared under the title of " The Sporting Life of England;" which life, however, I believe only existed rather better than one season, when it was abandoned. It is but justice to Nimrod to say, that to the hunting tours many other sporting writers have been greatly indebted for wrinkles, taken with and without acknowledgment. Any praise here on "The Condition of Hunters," would be quite superfluous; it is a work of itself sufficient to establish a man's name, though one word I must say again in favour of the style-comprehensible to every one, and not, as we too generally find in books of this description, teeming page after page with veterinary and technical terms, which, instead of assisting the tyro, tend the more and more to confound him. These letters at once confirmed the superiority of the hard meat in-door system, and it was quickly adopted by all who purposed living with hounds at the pace they then and still continue to go. Yet the new mode was not without its opponents; at the head and the best of these was Mr. John Lawrence, who, however, proved himself much too slow for modern times; and to any one who may still feel inclined to favour the three months upon grass, three upon physic, and six upon hay and corn plan, I would recommend a perusal of the controversy between "the Mighty Hunter" and "the bit of a Jockey," in the Old magazine, where they will find how completely eclipsed are the opinions of the latter. Some few sportsmen still continue, from what they take to be motives of economy, to summer abroad, and a "humanity humbug" now and then raises his voice in favour of scorching heat, myriads of flies, and other benevolent items of the kind. One wiseacre (to use his own words) very lately spoke out in this style: he has, however, where he did trust to his own powers, displayed such complete ignorance of his subject, that a reply fortunately is not required. I am not aware of any man but Nimrod who has ever written at any length on the road, and certainly none have written better; he has treated it in a most masterly manner, and these letters go far to prove that there is nothing equal to practice either with regard to the quill or "the tapering crop." Everything connected with the art has a place in turn, from taking a fly off a leader's ear to locking a wheel, or from bringing the Royal Mail stage after stage in safety and to the very minute, to larking a tandem across country.

For the New Sporting Magazine, which he joined soon after it was started, and continued on, with an interval of something like two years, until his decease,-Nimrod wrote the "Northern Tour," "The French Tour," "The Life of Mr. Mytton," "The Life of a Sportsman," "The Hunting Countries," "The Crack Riders of England," "Masters of Hounds," &c., &c. The "Northern Tour," for which the Editor publicly boasted he gave but £20, and the same price per page he would if Nimrod had never left Calais, has been republished, per se, without even the assistance of one of Alken's sketches, in fact just as it appeared month after month in the

Magazine; though this same Editor very consistently took the trouble to inform his readers that it was a very middling affair, or that there was nothing extraordinary in it. We now come to the only work for which I ever heard Nimrod censured for giving the public-the "Life of Mytton." It might perhaps have been more agreeable to that gentleman's family had this memoir never appeared, though it must be remembered that Nimrod's grand object was to refute some stories of this extraordinary character, which were bandied about, most of them without the slightest foundation. It should also be generally known that the author had no hand in, and received no additional remuneration on, the appearance of the work in the form in which it now figures; neither had he anything to do with the subjects chosen for embellishment-pinning a bull-dog; stopping men on the road; setting fire to his shirt; and others, which tend, rather than pointing a moral, to fit it as a companion to the life of "Jack Sheppard," or " Dick Turpin." It is almost unnecessary to add that among the readiest of those to abuse poor Nimrod for his "Life of Mytton," was the Editor of the magazine in which it appeared. Of all his works I think Nimrod himself considered "The Life of a Sportsman" among the worst. Novel writing was by no means in his line, and though this can hardly be called a tale of fiction, as many of the incidents related actually occurred; still one does not go through it with that relish we do the majority of his realities. "The Hunting Countries," and other papers from the New Magazine, have also, I hear, since Nimrod's decease, been collected, but not having yet seen them in their present state I shall of course say nothing about them.

In the Sporting Review, by Nimrod, will be found "My Horses," "A Tour in the Midland Counties," "The Life of John Ward, Esq.," &c., &c. It was also intended at one time to give "The Life of a Sportsman," in the Review.

The Sportsman Nimrod supplied with a "Memoir of the Duke of Cleveland," another of the Duke d'Orleans, some visits to different packs of hounds, &c., &c. His remarks on sporting writers which he commenced in the Sportsman, and the continuation of which are the only original papers he left, will be given as usual in this periodical.

For Frazer's Magazine our author wrote a very excellent series of papers, and well worthy of their title, called "The Anatomy of Gaming;" another series on the good things of this world, "My Life and Times," and one or two more.

The papers on "Foreign Sporting" by him, which appeared in the pages of the New Monthly, have lately been collected and published in two volumes, as "Nimrod Abroad;" and "The Horse and the Hound" is also a reprint from the Encyclopædia Britannica, with illustrations by Alken. This latter volume, in the opinion of one reviewer, was not called for; though, from the use that has lately been. made of it, to some parties I am inclined to think it is honestly worth the dozen shillings. It is somewhat doubtful which can be considered Nimrod's best work; the race however is generally

allowed to be between the "Condition of Hunters" and "The Chase, the Turf, and the Road," though the majority I think would be found in favour of the latter. These papers on their appearance in the Quarterly Review created extraordinary interest, and wellmerited admiration, mingled with no small surprise at such subjects being touched upon in the pages of The Quarterly. It was not generally known for some time who the author was; some said Lord Alvanley, some another celebrated sportsman, while others without the least hesitation, hit the right nail on the head; and one critic, we are told, when first running over the Road article, threw down the number with this confident, and (as it proved) correct assertion, "Either the Devil or Nimrod wrote this!" The following anecdotes of the effect the Chase and the Turf had on some readers, are equally or perhaps more complimentary. With regard to the first, a leading Meltonian assured Nimrod, that when he first took up the Quarterly containing the Chase, he did not close it until he had thrice gone through the run over Leicestershire. And a gentleman at one of the clubs, while fascinated with the animated description of the race for the Derby, exclaimed, "This fellow dips his pen in magic, for I can hear the horses breathe, and the silk jackets rustle, as they go by me!" A second and cheaper edition of this work was brought out about two months before the author's decease, which has not, as the first was, been revised and carried up to the present period, and a reviewer in one of the sporting papers attributes this to meanness on the part of the publisher; an opinion, however, quite at variance with Nimrod's, who often declared that no man could have behaved more handsomely than the late Mr. Murray did towards him. What I certainly have heard complained of in the present edition is the omission of the portrait, a most admirable likeness, by Mc Clise, and which I think would almost answer if re-engraved and published, being too late to accompany the volume, to take a place in the gallery of popular characters. It will be observed that every volume by Nimrod published in this country went first of all piece-meal through the pages of a magazine. In France, however, he brought out on his own account a work on the Turf, entirely original, but for which, from something like a throw-over by his translator or some other party, he never realized a shilling. He was also certainly the editor, but not the sole contributor to that splendid work, "Sporting by Nimrod;" in this, from his pen, we find some very good articles on Fox-hunting, Coursing, Continental Sporting, &c.


In conclusion, I think I cannot do better than by laying the following circular-which Mr. Apperley's friends have deemed it necessary to draw up-before the readers of this magazine, and from which it appears that Nimrod, alas! like too many who depend entirely on the pen, died in anything but affluent circumstances. is gratifying however to find attached to this letter the names of so many distinguished sportsmen, headed by two of the most illustrious personages of this country and France, and including the Master of the Horse, the Master of the Royal Buck Hounds, and

thirty more noblemen and gentlemen, nearly all of whom are, or have been, masters of hounds.

TO THE SPORTING WORLD, AND THE PUBLIC IN GENERAL. In consequence of the death of Mr. Apperley, the author of "Nimrod's Letters," "The Chase, the Turf, and the Road," and other highly popular works upon sporting, his widow and the younger branches of his family are left very inadequately provided for. It has been universally admitted that the writings of "Nimrod" have tended, perhaps in a greater degree than those of any other individual, to raise the character of the Sporting Literature of this country, or, indeed it might be added of the world, as many of his works have been translated, and the same interest and general approbation bestowed upon them abroad which so eminently distinguished their publication at home. This appeal, then, to the liberality of the sporting world is respectfully solicited on behalf of the widow and family of one who so long and sedulously laboured for the advancement of the noble and manly sports of the field. Messrs. Herries, Farquhar, and Co., bankers, St. James's-street, have kindly consented to receive donations, which will be laid out in such a manner as may be deemed most beneficial for the family by the trustees, John Henry Tremenheere, Esq., of the Middle Temple, Barrister-at-law, and member of the Carlton Club, residing at North Lodge, Ealing, Middlesex, and Mr. James Apperley.

His Royal Highness Prince Albert, his Royal Highness the Duke de Nemours, and the following noblemen and gentlemen have generously proffered their assistance:

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This is an operation so essential in the art of training, that, however unacquainted with the object, every tyro is conversant with the term, and even the most ignorant talk profoundly of the process. There are two principal motives for subjecting a horse that is to race, or any other animal destined to endure great exertion and perform feats of agility, to this ordeal; the one to unload the internal parts of the frame of all superfluous fat; and the other to free the body generally from the superabundance which is deposited among the muscles and the cellular membranes more immediately in contact with the

external coat-the first to give freedom to the respiratory organs, and set free the circulation; the second to increase the power and promote the enduring faculty of the muscles. All the superfluous internal fat which loads the parts surrounding the lungs and the heart must be carried off, in order to accomplish the first object; and nearly the same process will have a similar effect on the second point.

A horse may appear full of flesh without being muscular, that is, without the muscles possessing their full force of action and development, which cannot exist without exercise, and that taken to a considerable extent. Fat may be described as the superfluous and oily portions of the blood, or perhaps more correctly termed an excess of certain properties which the blood is composed of, destined to produce the substance, and is found to be deposited in certain cells or reservoirs, being carried there by vessels adapted to that purpose, from the extremities of the arteries; thus the condition of the blood is so thoroughly identified with the health of the animal, that whatever happens to disarrange or injure its quality must be attended with equivalent indisposition.

It is evident that the fatty particles are constantly being renewed by a deposit in the vessels which are ordained for its reception; they appear to afford some degree of support to the constitution, because long fasting is found to decrease the quantity very considerably.

Fat is found in the region of the stomach, about the kidneys, at the basis of the heart, and in the interstices of the muscles; in all which places it has the effect of impeding the functions of those particular organs, when deposited in excessive quantities. The ordinary purpose of this oily humour appears to be for supplying moisture to all the parts with which it is surrounded. In moderate quantities, it facilitates the action of the muscles; besides which, it defends them from attrition, or, more familiarly expressing the action, from friction. Thus it is clear that, whilst it is desirable to reduce its quantity within the bounds of moderation, it would be injurious to carry that process to an unlimited extent. That certain ordinations of nature will not suffer to be interfered with, is a principle which must be acknowledged on this occasion; and, when it is known that the substance in question is constantly being renewed, by its own power of absorption and peculiar faculty of depositing itself in such situations where it is required, it is very evident that constant propensity to renewal would not have been established unless its presence to a certain extent was essentially necessary.

It is on such occasions as these that the reason of man can be brought advantageously into co-operation with the faculties of nature, to increase the powers of animals and appropriate them to his use. So much of the superiority of the horse is dependent upon the muscular system, that it cannot be too minutely enquired into. The muscles are the means by which all the movements of the body are performed; anything, therefore, which tends to disarrange any of their functions must of necessity produce an equivalent difficulty of action, and thereby operate most powerfully on the speed of the animal.

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