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Report, 1854-continued.

Laing, Samuel, M. P. (Analysis of his Evidence)—continued.

40-42--Manner in which money for metropolitan improvements should be raised, 44 District within which the coal duty might fairly be levied; effect of the duty in excluding cheap coal, 45-50.

There would be no injustice in making the bridge funds bear the expense of the suggested improvements, 51-53-Extent to which London is benefited by the accession of railway traffic, 52-55--The construction of another bridge would not effect much good, without the proposed street were made, 56-A new bridge at Charing Cross might, if the approaches were wide, be advantageous, 60-62--Impediments to rendering the Thames Tunnel more available for traffic, 63-65--The direct street through Southwark would probably facilitate the communication with the north part of London by means of Waterloo Bridge, 66, 67--The poorer classes are the most aggrieved by the coal tax; amount to which it enhances the cost of coal, 68-76. 87-94--The expense of local improvements should be borne by the place where they are made, and not by the country, 77– 82---Railway companies being already heavily taxed, ought not to be expected to contribute more to improvements than the ordinary assessment of the locality, 83-86. Laing, Mr. The arch suggested by Mr. Laing at the Surrey end of the bridge is already there, Brand 251.

Leith, James. (Analysis of his Evidence.)-Is secretary to the Southwark Bridge Company, 1010- Income and expenditure of the company, 1011-1013--Dividends paid, 10141017. 1030, 1031--Southwark Bridge would not be much affected by a new bridge from St. Paul's, 1018-Considerations as to trying the experiment of making Southwark Bridge toll-free for a year, 1019, 1020- -Increase that ensued in the revenue at the time that London Bridge was building, and on subsequent occasions of its close, 10211026 The cheap omnibuses have absorbed the revenue very considerably, 1025——If Southwark Bridge were made free it would divide the traffic with London Bridge, 1027–


Leith, Mr. Paper delivered in by, relative to Southwark Bridge, App. p. 158.
Levy, Mr. See Staines Bridge.


1. Generally.

2. Proposed Alteration.

1. Generally:

Insufficient space afforded by London Bridge for the traffic of the railways, Laing 3-7 -Cost of building the bridge, Jones 129, 130-The greatest amount of inconvenience from the concentration of traffic arises at London Bridge, Rep. p. iii.

2. Proposed Alteration:

The inconvenience might be remedied by widening the bridge, and making a new road direct from Westminster Bridge to the station, Laing 10. 18-22. 30-32. 43—-The beauty of the bridge would be spoilt by widening the surface, Jones 99. 152, 153 The Bridge House Committee are at present considering a plan for widening London Bridge, Brand 231-238-The plan for widening the bridge emanated from witness; description thereof, Bunning 276-279. 290-292--Sir John Rennie and Mr. Page are at present investigating the subject of widening London Bridge, ib. 279, 280. 295, 296. 303- -Additional width proposed to be given to the bridge, ib. 281, 282. 287-289Estimated cost of the alteration, ib. 283-286-The bridge would be materially lightened by it, ib. 293, 294-The alteration on the Surrey side could be easily effected, ib. 297-300-The bridge could not be widened as suggested, without destroying its architectural beauty, James Walker 402, 403--Advantage that will arise from widening the bridge, Page 551-555-The widening of London Bridge would not sufficiently relieve the traffic, Evans 737. 741-744. 759, 760-Objections on architectural grounds to the suggested widening of the bridge, Tite 1069–1071.

See also Bridge House Estates. Bridge Traffic. Bunning, Mr.
Horne, Messrs. Concentration of Traffic.
Foot Passengers.
Southwark Bridge. Taxation. Thames Tunnel.

River Bed.

Chaplin & Foundation. Traffic.

London, Corporation of. The Corporation have the option of either widening the present bridge or building a new one, Brand 219-222-Expediency of the City purchasing Southwark Bridge, James Walker 374- -Extent to which the City may be reckoned upon to co-operate in improving the approaches to the bridges, Salomans 658

Reasons for

which the Corporation do not desire to estimate the value of the Bridge House Estate, Tyrrell 1666-1668.

Lower Marsh and New Cut. It would be better to widen and improve the Lower Marsh and the New Cut, than go to the expense of adopting Mr. Pennethorne's plan for a new street, Tite 1044-1047.

Report, 1854-continued.


Machines. The machines at the toll gates constitute an almost effectual check upon the toll men, but fraud may be committed to a small extent, Powell 963-974.

Maclean, John Robinson. (Analysis of his Evidence.)-Has considered the subject of improving the thoroughfares of the metropolis, 431-436-Inconvenience arising at Bridge-street and Parliament-street by the concentration of the traffic over Westminster Bridge, 436-Witness would obviate this by erecting a bridge at Charing Cross and another at the south end of the Parliament Houses, 437-449. 451-461-Estimate of their cost, 450.

Witness should prefer a new bridge at Charing Cross to purchasing Waterloo Bridge, 462-467-The funds for erecting the bridges could be raised by a rate on the counties of Middlesex and Surrey, 468-473-A rate of two pence in the pound would provide the means of building the two bridges and throwing open the money-paying ones, 474476-More bridges are preferable to widening existing ones, 477-482.

Mason, Henry Hewett. (Analysis of his Evidence.)-Present condition of Kew Bridge, 1780, 1781--Amount of the receipts, 1781, 1783. 1805-Amount of the expenses, 1782. 1784- Circumstances under which Kew Bridge was purchased by the present proprietor, 1785-1789-There is no clause in the Bridge Act to enable the Government to buy it, 1790--Advantages of freeing the bridge, 1791, 1792.

Particulars as to the tolls, 1793-1795--The people of Kew would not object to contribute to a county rate for freeing the bridges, 1796-1799-Particulars as to the shares, 1800-1805.

Metropolis. See Bridges.

Metropolitan Bridges. Satisfactory condition of the metropolitan bridges, with the exception of Blackfriars and Westminster, Rep. p. iii--Inadequate accommodation afforded by the existing bridges, ib.- Proposals in respect of extending the facilities afforded by the present bridges, ib.See also Bridges.

Middlesex. See Taxation.

Money Market. The present condition of the money market will not admit of the money being raised for the improvement of Charing Cross Bridge, Few 621-623.

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Moulsey Bridge. Heavy toll taken at this bridge; objection of the inhabitants to it, Andrews 1344-1352-Present condition of the bridge, ib. 1372.


Navigation. See Putney Bridge.

Negotiations. Witness believes the negotiations for purchasing Southwark Bridge to have failed, from the large sum asked for it, Evans 718-721--A negotiation with Government has never been considered at any of the meetings of the Waterloo Bridge Company, Plews 893, 894-No negotiations have ever been entered into with Government for the purchase of Waterloo Bridge, Powell 982, 983.

New Streets. Expediency of having two new streets in the Borough, in order to distribute the traffic to Southwark Bridge, Salomons 664-670--It is very desirable that a new street should be made from the Town Hall in the Borough to the New Cut, Evans 752-754.--See also Borough, The. Earl Street. London Bridge.

New York. See Ferries.

North Kent Railway Company. See Dresden.


Oliviera, Mr. Number of shares and annuities of the Waterloo Bridge Company which witness believes Mr. Oliviera to be the proprietor, Powell 913-919-Mr. Oliviera moved for this inquiry much to the regret of the other directors of the Waterloo Bridge Company, ib. 920-922--Letters to, as chairman of the committee, App. p. 160. Omnibuses. The cheap omnibuses have absorbed the revenue of Southwark Bridge very considerably, Leith 1026.

Report, 1854-continued.


Page, Thomas. (Analysis of his Evidence.)-Witness is a civil engineer, and has an appointment under the Board of Works, 510-512-Situations at which it would be advisable to build new bridges, 513, 514-Improvement of which Southwark Bridge is capable, 515—-Reasons in favour of having new bridges at Charing Cross and the Horseferry, 515, 516. 524-526. 528-537--Objections to Mr. Maclean's plan for a bridge at the Horseferry, 518-Explanation of witness's plan for a bridge at Charing cross, 519-524. 550--Expense at which it might be carried out, 527. 560-567Expense of making a bridge at the Horseferry, 527. 560. 567-Gradients of Blackfriars, Southwark, and Westminster Bridges, 538-540--The erection of new bridges at Horseferry and the City is to be preferred to buying Vauxhall and Southwark Bridges, 541-547. 568-570.

Opinion in favour of a bridge from St. Paul's, 548, 549. 556. 559--Improvement that will be effected at London Bridge by widening it, 551-555.

[Second Examination.]-Explanation of witness's plan for a bridge below London Bridge, 1130-1139- -A bridge above London Bridge would not relieve it of the great amount of traffic which flows from the Eastern part of the metropolis, 1140, 1141Distance of the Thames Tunnel from the bridge proposed by witness, 1142, 1143Estimate of the expense of the bridge, 1145--Length of the span, 1146, 1147.

Advantage of rock foundations for bridges, 1148-1153--Manner in which the approaches to the bridge on the Surrey side will be arranged, 1154-1164--Considerations as to the height proposed for the bridge, 1165-1170.

Page, Mr. Letter from, to chairman of the committee, App. p. 161.

Paris. Bridge accommodation afforded at Paris and Lyons as compared with London, Bennoch 342-344.

Parliament Street. Inconvenience arising at Bridge-street, Parliament-street, by the concentration of the traffic over Westminster Bridge, Maclean 436--Witness would obviate this by erecting a bridge at Charing Cross, and another at the south end of the Houses of Parliament, ib. 437-449. 451-461.

Passengers. The hinderance to passengers over Waterloo Bridge from stopping to pay tolls is very slight; some difficulty arose at the time of opening of the railway; it was obviated, however, by increasing the number of toll-men, Plews 890-906.

Paul's, Saint. See Saint Paul's. Taxation.

Petitions. Copy petitions from corporation of Kingston and the trustees of Kingston Bridge upon the subject of the bridge, App. p. 165—-From the inhabitants of Kingston, relative to Kingston Bridge, ib. p. 166--From the inhabitants of Hampton, relative to Hampton Court Bridge, ib.-From the inhabitants of Staines, relative to Staines Bridge, ib. p. 167--From the inhabitants of Putney, relative to Putney Bridge, ib. p. 168-From the inhabitants of East Moulsey relative to Hampton Court Bridge, ib.- -From the inhabitants of Fulham relative to Putney Bridge, ib. p. 169. Phillips, Edward. (Analysis of his Evidence.)-Is acquainted with Kingston Bridge, 1386-1388-There is an unanimity of opinion in the locality as to abolishing the tolls and imposing some tax in lieu of them, 1389-1399- -Richmond Bridge was built by a tontine; the only remaining life is eighty years old, 1400-1407-Kew Bridge is the property of a Mr. Robinson, 1408, 1409.

Plews, John, (Analysis of his Evidence.)-Extent of witness's acquaintance with the subject of metropolitan bridges, 808-811-The throwing open the toll-paying bridges would sufficiently relieve the present pressure of traffic, 812-Southwark Bridge ought to be the first thrown open, 812- -Circumstances which must regulate any negociation as to the purchase of Waterloo Bridge, 813.

Distinction to be drawn between the shareholders and creditors of Waterloo Bridge, 814. 819-822-Injury done to the latter class by this inquiry, 814. 869-871Explanation as to the manner in which the liabilities of the Waterloo Bridge Company arose, 815-818. 909-911-Increase of late years in the revenue of the bridge, 823826--Mode of construction adopted with regard to the foundation of Waterloo, Southwark, and London Bridges, 827-830--No substantial alteration has arisen in the bed of the river since the removal of Old London Bridge, 831-833.

The proper site for a new bridge in the city is between Blackfriars and Southwark Bridges, 834-836--It would be a waste of money to build any new bridge at the west end of London, 837, 838--Sum expended in the construction of Waterloo Bridge, 839-844-Particulars as to the governing body of the company, 845-848-Manner in which the meetings of the shareholders are constituted and their proceedings conducted, 849-853--Income and expenditure of the company, 854-860--The tolls are not let, 861, 862. 8yo. 892.

This inquiry rather improves the value of the shares, 863-865--Amount of debt owing

Report, 1854-continued.

Plews, John. (Analysis of his Evidence)-continued.

owing to the annuitants of Waterloo Bridge, 866-868--The toll certainly prevents that full use of the bridge of which it is capable, 872-875--The shareholders' interest in the bridge would rise in value if the Committee reported in favour of its purchase, 876-878 --The annuitants or creditors would be fairly entitled to an equal participation with the shareholders in the purchase money, 878-882.

The increasing yearly revenue ought to be considered in assessing the purchase money, 882-884--The value of the bridge is what it cost, as no bridge of a similar kind can be built at a less sum, 885, 886--Difficulty of purchasing the creditors' interest in the bridge, 887-889--The hinderance to passengers from stopping to pay toll is very slight; some difficulty arose at the time of the opening of the railway; it was obviated, however, by increasing the number of toll-men, 890-906——A negotiation with Government has never been considered at any of the meetings, 893, 894- -Waterloo Bridge would admit of five times the present amount of traffic without any inconvenience, 895. 903--The frauds of carters in charging tolls to their masters without having used the bridge is prevented now by issuing tickets, 907, 908.

Postal Communications. The postal communication with London is not so quick at Castelnau as at Hammersmith, Boileau 1612-1616.

Post Office. Facility with which a bridge near St. Paul's might be adapted to the Government and Mr. Sang's design of connecting the railways with the Post-office, Bennoch 315, 316.

Powell, George. (Analysis of his Evidence.)-Is chief clerk and surveyor of Waterloo Bridge, 912-Number of shares and annuities of the Waterloo Bridge Company, of which witness believes Mr. Oliveira to be the proprietor, 913-919--Mr. Oliveira moved for this inquiry much to the regret of the other directors of the company, 920-922—— Statement of the debts and liabilities of the company, 923-932.

Particulars as to the cost of Waterloo Bridge, 933-939. 955--Monies raised at different periods for defraying same, 940-943. 956-959--Per-centage payable on the annuities, 944-947--Distribution made of the annuities amongst the shareholders, 948-954--The machines at the toll-gates constitute an almost effectual check upon the toll-men, but fraud may be practised to a slight extent, 963-974--Particulars as to the receipts and expenditure of the company, 975-981.

No negotiations have ever been entered into with Government for the purchase of the bridge, 982, 983- -Copy of the answer of the Duke of Wellington to an application by a Mr. Cope on the subject of abolishing tolls on the metropolitan bridges, 984. Powell, Mr. Paper delivered in by, relative to Waterloo Bridge, App. p. 154. Private Enterprise. For the Government to buy the metropolitan bridges and throw them open, is objectionable as an interference with legitimate speculation, Brunel 777-779Witness believes that if the building bridges for the metropolis was left to an unfettered enterprise, their want would soon be supplied, and that they would pay when erected, ib. 783-785-See also Government Departments.

Public Meetings. Meetings held at divers places to discuss the abolition of tolls on the country bridges over the Thames; the desire of having the coal tax applied to this purpose was universal, Guy 1266-1272.

Purchase of Bridges. There would be a stronger indisposition to buying up bridges than to building a new one, although the latter would be viewed in an objectionable light, Tyrrell 195 Favourable opportunity now offered for purchasing the bridges, James Walker 372. See also Bridge House Committee. Exchequer Bills. Freeing Bridges. Court Bridge. Private Enterprise. Southwark Bridge.



Putney. Resolution come to by a meeting at, on the subject of taxation for bridge purposes, App. p. 165. See also Petitions. Taxation.

Putney Bridge. The market price of this bridge is about 70,000 l., Hare 1627, 1628The original cost of Putney Bridge was about 30,000 l., Chase 1629- -Accounts showing the gross and net receipts, ib. 1630, 1631-Amount of dividends paid, ib. 1632, 1633 The bridge is in good repair, ib. 1633--Value of the shares, ib. 1634-The impediments to the navigation of the Putney Bridge do not arise from the bridge, but from the alterations of the bed of the river and consequent shallowness of the water, ib. 1631-1641. Putney Bridge Company. Henry Chasemore is secretary to the company, Hare 1377, 1378--There is no engineer, ib. 1379–1381.

Putney, Inhabitants of. The inhabitants are desirous for the removal of the toll from the bridge, Hare 1382-1385.

Pym, John. (Analysis of his Evidence.)-Witness delivers in a copy of his scheme, called a superway, for relieving the traffic of the metropolis, 1032.

Report, 1854-continued.


Railway Companies. Railway companies being already heavily taxed, ought not to be expected to contribute more to improvements than the ordinary assessment of the locality, Laing 83-86.

Railways. The Charing Cross Bridge directors are prepared to bring a railway over the bridge whenever they have a suitable offer, Few 625, 626--The span of Charing Cross Bridge would have to be reduced to enable it to bear a railway, Baly 696-698Witness apprehends that the railway company have the power of making another bridge at Hampton Court, Woodward 1807.-See also Charing Cross Bridge.

Railway Termini. Advisability of bringing the termini of the South Western and the South Eastern Railways to the foot of the proposed bridge at St. Paul's, Bennoch 356. See also Approaches.

Railway Traffic. Inconvenience occasioned at London and Westminster Bridges by the large amount of traffic to the railway termini, Rep. p. iv.

Rates. See Taxation.

Rennie, George. (Analysis of his Evidence.)-Southwark Bridge is perfectly sound in every respect, 985-989-It is very desirable that it should be thrown open, 990, 991 Amount expended in its erection, 992-The bridge is capable of bearing any additional traffic that would arise on its being thrown open, 993, 994-Witness hands in a report recently made by him on the condition of the bridge, 995.

Rennie, Mr. Letter from, to the Chairman of the Committee, relative to Southwark
Bridge, App. p. 160.

Rennie, Sir John. Steps taken by the Bridge House Committee to obtain the opinion of
Sir John Rennie upon the plan for widening London Bridge, Bunning 279.
Richmond. See Taxation.

Richmond Bridge. Richmond Bridge was built by a tontine; the only remaining life is
eighty years old, Phillips 1400-1407Date of the erection of Richmond Bridge,
Smith 1547, 1548-It was built under the power of a private Act of Parliament, ib.
1549, 1550- -Sum expended in its erection, ib. 1551-Manner in which the funds
were raised, ib. 1552-There are three lives of the tontine now living, but they are
above eighty years of age and when they drop, the bridge will be free, ib. 1552, 1553
A sum of 14,000 l. is already invested, the interest of which will be sufficient to keep
the bridge in repair, ib. 1554-1559. 1571-Table showing the receipts from tolls for
the last four years, and the rate of toll levied under the Act, ib. 1565-1567-The
surviving life of the first tontine receives 800l. a year, ib. 1568-1570-The steep
gradients of the approaches to the bridge are irremediable, ib. 1572-1574.
Ritchings, Thomas. (Analysis of his Evidence.)-The toll on Staines Bridge is a serious
injury both to that town and Egham; there is a general desire on the part of the inhabi-
tants for its abolition, 1410--They would not object to a tax over an area of twenty
miles around the Post-office for opening all the bridges, 1411-1421-Capital of Staines
Bridge; original cost; and annual amount of the tolls, 1422-1431--A Mr. Levy holds
the bridge at present as a mortgagee, 1424-1430.

River Bed. No substantial alteration has arisen in the bed of the river since the removal of Old London Bridge, Plews 831-833--The change in the bed of the river would be obviated by a dam upon the principle of that at Tours, Tite 1096-1113-Decrease which has been occasioned in the depth of the Thames below London Bridge by the removal of the old bridge, ib. 1114-1124-Period at which witness called the attention of the Bridge House Committee to the state of the bed of the Thames, Burnell 1669, 1670--Alterations that have occurred in the régime of the river's bed since 1832, il. 1670-1674--Witness proposes to fix the bed of the river by erecting a dam; manner in which this dam would be constructed, ib. 1675-1682-Extent to which the erection. of any new bridges would operate as a dam, ib. 1685, 1686-No fall would be caused in the water by the dam proposed by witness, ib. 1687–1690.

See also Foundations.

River Trust. Expediency of establishing a river trust or bridge commission, on the principle of that at Glasgow, Bennoch 353.

Routes. Advantages in respect to distance of Charing Cross Bridge over Westminster and Waterloo Bridges, Few 600-607.

Rural Bridges. Manner in which the money was raised for building th several country bridges, Guy 1276-1282.

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