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and they may expend
tices to re
Bridges empowered, by a written order, signed by their hands respectively, to order such immediate repairs to be done by such person or persons as to them shall seem fit and proper: provided that in no case the sum to be expended by them in such repairs shall exceed the sum of twenty pounds; and further, that such appointments of such justices as The two jus aforesaid shall remain in force until one week after the main in of- following Easter sessions respectively; and that, in case fice for one of the death of, or removal of, or refusal to act by any such year, finish- justice or justices, so appointed as aforesaid, the said court ing one of general quarter sessions or great sessions may at any week after other of the four quarterly sessions appoint any other jusquarter sessions. tice or justices to act for the remainder of the then current year, in the place of any such justice or justices so dying, removing, or refusing to act, as aforesaid.
Quarter sessions to or der payment for repairs.
Certificate signed by one of the two justices.
II. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that it shall and may be lawful for the justices of the peace of any county, city, riding, division, town corporate, or liberty, at the general quarter sessions or great sessions which shall next happen, after such repairs so ordered to be made by such justices so appointed as aforesaid shall be completed, or the greater part of them then and there assembled, to order the payment of such sum or sums of money, not exceeding ten pounds, as shall be sufficient to pay for such repairs, to be made out of the county rate, to such person or persons who shall have so repaired the same by such order of such justices as aforesaid, although no presentment shall have been made by any grand jury at the assize, great sessions, or general quarter sessions of the peace of any county, city, riding, division, town corporate, or liberty in which such repairs shall have been done, of the want of such reparation, as by the said act of the 12th year of his late majesty King George the Second, above recited, was directed: provided nevertheless, that before such payment be ordered to be made as aforesaid, a certificate be returned to such justices of the peace so assembled at such last-mentioned sessions, signed by two at the least of such justices so appointed as aforesaid, who shall have so ordered such repairs as aforesaid, stating the nature of such repairs, and the defects, damage, or injuries, which they had so ordered to be repaired, and their reason for so ordering such immediate repairs, as aforesaid provided, also, that such justices of the peace, so assembled as last aforesaid, be satisfied by the parties concerned, that the charges made by them for such repairs are reasonable and just.
55 Geo. 3, c. 143.
I. [Empowers surveyors of county bridges, and other persons employed under contracts, to take stones for the
repair of county bridges, with the consent and order of Bridges. two justices of the peace. Provides that quarries situated in gardens and pleasure-grounds, shall not be used without consent of the owners, and that satisfaction shall be made for stone, and damage done, and lastly provides that, in case of refusal to treat, the justices at general or quarter sessions shall cause the value of the stones, and amount of the damage done, to be ascertained by a jury.]
II. [Enacts that justices of the peace may require sheriffs or bailiffs to return juries.]
IV. [Persons aggrieved may appeal to justices assembled in general quarter sessions.]
V. And whereas it is expedient that the powers contained Enabling in an act passed in the forty-third year of his present justices to majesty, intituled, " An Act for remedying certain Defects the repair of in the Laws relative to the Building and Repairing of County county Bridges, and other Works, maintained at the Expense of the bridges, &c. Inhabitants of Counties in England," for authorizing the justices of the peace of any county, city, riding, division, town corporate, or liberty, at their general quarter session of the peace, to contract for maintaining and keeping in repair roads over county bridges, and so much of the roads at the ending thereof as by law is to be repaired at the expense of counties, although no presentment shall have been made of the want of repair, as directed by an act passed in the twelfth year of his late majesty King George the Second, intituled, "An Act for the more easy assessing, collecting, and levying of County Rates," should be extended to the bridges as well as to the roads at the end thereof: be it further enacted, that from and after the day of passing this act, it shall and may be lawful to and for the justices of the peace of any county, city, riding, division, town corporate, or liberty, at their general quarter sessions respectively, to contract and agree, or to authorize any other person or persons to contract and agree with any person or persons, for the maintaining and keeping in repair any county or hundred bridge, and the road over such county or hundred bridge, and so much of the road at the ends thereof as are by law liable to be repaired at the expense of any such county, hundred, city, riding, division, town corporate, or liberty, or any part of the same; and the said justices are hereby empowered to order such sum or sums of money as may be contracted for and agreed to be paid for the repairing, amending, and supporting such bridges, and the roads over the same, or the ends thereof, to be paid (in cases where the county is liable to the repair thereof) by the treasurer of the county out of the county rate, or (in cases where the hundred is liable to the repair of the same) by the bridgemaster (or other public officer charged with the repair of bridges) of the hundred by
Bridges. which such bridge is liable to be repaired, for any term not exceeding seven years, nor less than one, although no presentment of the insufficiency, decay, or want of repair of the same shall have been made, and although no public notice shall have been given by the said justices, at their respective general or quarter session, of their intention to contract for the repair of such bridges, or the roads at the ends thereof, as respectively directed by the said act of the twelfth year of his late majesty King George the Second: provided nevertheless, that, before any such contract shall be made, the said justices shall cause notices to be given in some public paper, circulated in such county, city, riding, hundred, division, town corporate, or liberty, of their intention to contract.
The penalty for procuring of wilful perfry.
1. FERJURY IN GENERAL, 468.
2. PERJURY UNDER PARTICULAR STATUTES, 480.
5 Eliz. c. 9.
1. [Recites so much of 32 Hen. 8, c. 9, as relates to perjury.J
II. Sithence the making whereof, for that the said penalty is so small towards the offenders in that behalf, the said offence of subornation, and sinister procurement of false witnesses, hath nevertheless greatly increased and augmented, and by reason of the wilful perjury committed by the same suborned witnesses, divers and sundry of the queen's majesty's subjects have sustained disherison and great impoverishment, as well of their lands and tenements, as also of their goods and chattels.
III. Be it therefore enacted, &c., that all and every such person and persons, which at any time after the tenth day of April next coming, shall unlawfully and corruptly procure any witness or witnesses by letters, rewards, promises, or by any other sinister and unlawful labour or means whatsoever, to commit any wilful and corrupt perjury, in any matter or cause whatsoever now depending, or which hereafter shall depend, in suit and variance, by any writ, action, bill, complaint, or information, in any wise touching or con. cerning any lands, tenements, or hereditaments, or any goods, chattels, debts, or damages, in any of the courts before mentioned, or in any of the queen's majesty's courts of record, or in any leet, view of frank pledge, or lawday, ancient demean court, hundred court, court baron, or in the court or courts of the stannery, in the counties of Devon and Cornwall; or shall likewise unlawfully and corruptly procure or suborn any witness or witnesses, which shall from and after the said tenth day of April be sworn to testify in perpetuam rei memoriam; that then every such
offender or offenders shall, for his, her, or their said offence, being thereof lawfully convicted or attainted, lose and forfeit the sum of forty pounds.
IV. And if it happen any such offender or offenders, so being convicted or attainted as aforesaid, not to have any goods or chattels, lands or tenements, to the value of forty pounds, that then every such person so being convicted or attainted of any the offences aforesaid, shall for his or their said offence suffer imprisonment by the space of one half year, without bail or mainprise, and to stand upon the pillory the space of one whole hour, in some market town next adjoining to the place where the offence was committed, in open market there, or in the market town itself where the offence was committed.
V. And that no person or persons, being so convicted or attainted, to be from thenceforth received as a witness to be deposed and sworn in any court of record within any of the queen's highness' dominions of England, Wales, or the marches of the same, until such time as the judgment given against the said person or persons shall be reversed by attaint or otherwise; and that, upon every such reversal, the parties grieved, to recover his or their damages against all and every such person and persons as did procure the said judgment so reversed to be first given against them or any of them, by action or actions to be sued upon his or their case or cases, according to the course of the common laws of this realm.
VI. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that if any person or persons, after the said tenth day of April next coming, either by the subornation, unlawful procurement, sinister persuasion, or means of any others, or by their own act, consent, or agreement, wilfully and corruptly commit any manner of wilful perjury, by his or their deposition in any of the courts beforementioned, or being examined ad perpetuam rei memoriam, that then every The penalty
of him that
person or persons so offending, and being thereof duly con- doth comviet or attainted by the laws of this realm, shall for his mit wilful or their said offence lose and forfeit twenty pounds, and to perjury. have imprisonment by the space of six months, without bail or mainprise; and the oath of such person or persons so offending, from thenceforth, not to be received in any court of record within this realm of England or Wales, or the marches of the same, until such time as the judgment giyen against the said person or persons shall be reversed by attaint or otherwise; and that, upon every such reversal, the parties grieved to recover his or their damages against all and every such person and persons as did procure the said judgment so reversed to be given against them, or any of them, by action or actions to be sued upon his or their case or cases, according to the course of the common laws of this realm.
Who shall have the
VII. And if it happen the said offender or offenders so offending not to have any goods or chattels to the value of twenty pounds, that then he or they to be set on the pillory, in some market-place within the shire, city, or borough, where the said offence shall be committed, by the sheriff or his ministers, if it shall fortune to be without any city or town corporate; and, if it happen to be within any such city or town corporate, then by the said head officer or officers of such city or town corporate, or by his or their ministers, and there to have both his ears nailed, and from thenceforth to be discredited and disabled for ever to be sworn in any of the courts of record aforesaid, until such time as the judgment shall be reversed, and thereupon to recover his damages, in manner and form before mentioned.
VIII. The one moiety of all which sums of money, goods, and chattels, to be forfeited in the manner and form aforeand by what said, to be to the queen our sovereign lady, her heirs, and successors, and the other moiety to such person or persons as shall be grieved, hindered, or molested by reason of any the offence or offences beforementioned, that will sue for the same by action of debt, bill, plaint, information, or otherwise, in any of the queen's majesty's courts of record, in the which no wager of law, essoin, protection, or injunction to be allowed.
rity to hear and determine the offences aforesaid.
IX. And be it also enacted by the authority aforesaid, have autho- that as well the judge and judges of every such of the said courts where any such suit is, or shall be, and whereupon any such perjury is or shall happen to be committed, as also the justices of assize and gaol delivery in their several circuits, and the justices of the peace in every county within this realm, or in Wales, at their quarter sessions, both within the liberties and without, shall have full power and authority, by virtue hereof, to inquire of all and every the defaults and offences perpetrated, committed, or done, contrary to this act, by inquisition, presentment, bill, or information, before them exhibited, or otherwise lawfully to hear and determine the same, and thereupon to give judgment, award process and execution of the same, according to the course of the laws of this realm.
at all assizes.
X. And be it further enacted by the authority aforeproclaimed said, that the justices of assize of every circuit within this realm, and elsewhere, within the queen's dominions, shall, in every county within their circuits, twice in the year, that is to say, in the time of their sittings, make open proclamation of this estatute, or of the effect thereof, to the intent, no person or persons shall be ignorant or miscognisant of the penalties herein contained.
This act shall not extend to
XI. Provided also, that this act, nor any thing therein contained, shall not extend to any spiritual or ecclesias