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Inventory of Chantry Furniture,
Hungerford Chapel, Salisbury Cathedral.
(From the Rev. CANON JACKSON, F.S.A.)
ARGARET LADY HUNGERFORD and BOTREAUX, widow of Robert Lord Hungerford, erected a Chantry Chapel on the north side of the Lady Chapel in Salisbury Cathedral. She died A.D. 1477. The chapel being in a neglected state was entirely removed by Mr. Wyatt, the architect, in 1789. A description of it is given in the Wiltshire Archæol. Mag., vol. ii., p. 93, where reference is made to a curious Inventory of furniture, &c., bequeathed by the foundress. It is printed, with modern spelling, in Dugdale's Baronage, vol. ii., p. 207. This copy was taken from the Great Chartulary of the Hungerford Family, belonging to the late Right Hon. Henry Hobhouse of Hadspen.
J. E. J.
SARUM CHAUNTRY INVENTORY.
MEMORANDUM of Dyvers Ornamentis, ordeyned, geven and bequethe by Margarete Lady Hungerford and Botreaux, to the Chauntry of Sir Robard Hungerford, Knyght, late Lorde Hungerford hir husbond, in the Cathedrall Church of our Lady of Salisbury, late founded and stablisshed by the saide Lady. That is to wite, dyvers Auterclothis, Vesty mentis, Bokis, Chalices, Candelstikkis of silver, Cruettis of silver, and other dyvers necessaries, as here after parcelly more playnly appereth.
Furste. The saide Lady hath geven and bequeth to the Chapell of Jhu and of Mary the Moder of Jhu, adjoyning to the Chapell of our Lady in the Cathedrall Church of our Lady of Salisbury afore writen, 2 Auterclothis of White Velwet, embrowdred with Chapelettis and with an ymage of our Lady richely embrowdred in the over-cloth: and my Lord Hungerford his Creste and his
Armys in the nether cloth. With a frountell of cloth of goolde tissue frenged with yolow, blew and blak, to the same. And a chesibill, albis, perurs, phane and stole of the same, and to the
And also 2 auterclothis of white damaske embrowdred with thise wordis. "Inclina aurem tuam nobis O regina celorum," wth a Frountell of rede Velwette embrowd red wth. cloudis and knottis of Sikils in the myddell. And a chesibill of the same embrowdred with the same wordis, with all thapparill therto belongyng.
Item. 2 auter clothis of blew damaske to hang above the Auter. The oone of theyme is embrowdred with braunchis of rosis and lilies, and with letters of goolde, seyng" O florens rosa mater Christi speciosa," with an ymage of our Lady and hir childe in hir armys standing in a sonne; and a mone under her feete. And the other cloth is embrowd red like wise wth rosis and lilies and letters of goolde, seyng "Isaias quæ cecinit impleta sunt in Virgine: annunciavit angelus: Sanctus replevit Spiritus: in the wich cloth is the Salutation of our Lady richely embrowdred. Item. A nother of ye same sute to hang be nethe, embrowd red wth. rosis and lilies and letters of goolde, seyng "Virgo ab angelo salutata: nostra dignetur abolere peccata ;" in the wich is my Lorde Hungerforde his creste and his armes richely embrowdred and a frountell therto of white damaske richely embrowdred with goolde and blak, with these wordis, "Alme pater qui filiam fecisti unigenitum nasci pro nobis miseris, ex alvo caste virginis," fringed with blak and goolde. And a chesibill of the same like wise embrowdred, with all thapparill therto belongyng.
Item, 2 auterclothis of crymsyn sarcenet embrowdred with letters of goolde, "Jhu Maria," and a Frountell of blew and blak sarcenet embrowdred with my Worde (i.e. her motto) "MYNE ASSURED TROUTH," and a paire of vestimentis, with all th apparill according to the same.
1 Parures, or Apparels, parure; pieces of silk, in pattern like the chasuble, sewed on to the cuffs of the alb, and down below it before and behind. See Rock's "Church of our Fathers," vol. ii., "Apparel."
* Phane, phanon, or fanon, is another term for a maniple or linen towel, suspended over the left arm.
And also 2 Auter clothis of purpull, blew, and blak sarcenet paled, wth a litell crucifix of Mary and John embrowdred in y over cloth, and a Frountell therto of white and blak damaske paled. And a chesibill of purpull, blew and blak satyn, wth all thapparill therto belongyng.
Item. 2 Auterclothis of blak sarcenet embrowdred with letters of goolde, seyng "Jhu miserere, Xte miserere," with a frountell of lynnen cloth embrowdred with letters, seyng "Jhu miserere, Xte miserere," frenged with blak and goolde. And a chesibill embrowdred with the same wordis, with all th'apparill therto belongyng. Item. 2 auterclothes of blak damaske and in the over cloth is embrowdred a crucifix of Mary and John with a frountell . . . . : and a vestyment of blak damaske with all thapparill sutely therto.
Item. 2 auterclothis of rede and grene baudekyn,' for feriall dais, with a frountell of white and blew baudekyn, and a vestyment with all thapparill accordyng to the same.
Item. ij auterclothis for Lenten tyme, of lynne cloth, with crossis of purpull in every cloth, and a crowne of thornys hangyng upon the hede of every crosse, with a Froun tell to y' same of blak bokeram betyn, with letters of goolde, seyng "Qui cognoscis occulta cordis parce peccatis nostris," and a chesebill with all thapparill to the same belongyng.
Item. iiij auterclothis to ly upon the Auter.
Item. A pelow of blew cloth of baudekyn.
And furthermore the saide Lady hath geven and bequethe to the saide Chapell, a playne gilte Chalice weyng xvi ouncez, wth a crucifix in the fote of the same. Item. A nother chalice gilte, weyng xviii ounces, wth an ymage of y Trynyte graven in yo paten, and wh" Benedicamus patrem et filium cum Sto Spiritu," written in y same paten, and wth" Calicem salutis accipiam, et nomen Dni invocabo," writen about the saide chalice.
Item. A paire of candelstikkis of silver doble gilte and pounced
1 Baudekyn; cloth of Baldach or Babylon, whence it was originally brought. It was the richest kind of stuff, the web being gold and the woof silk with embroidery.
(i.e. sprinkled) with y armes that longeth to the Passion; and also the Hungerfordis Armes, the Botreaux armes, and y Beamond is armes; weyng cxvi uncez and a halfe. Item. A paire of white candelstikkis of silver the borders gilte, weyng lvii vuncez and a halfe wth y armes of the Courtenays, Peverells, Hungerfordis, Botreaux, and Beamond. Item. A paire of flatte candelstikkis of silver for feriall days, weyng xxviii Vuncez and a quarteene.
Item. A paire of cruettis of silver and gilte wth knottes of sikels weyng xviii vuncez and a quarteene. Item. A paire of cruettis of silver, borders gilte, wth letters wreten a boute, " Gloria laus et honor sit tibi Rex Xte;" weyng xvi vuncez. Item. A nother paire of cruettis of silver vi square for feriall days.
Item. A pakisbrede1 of silver and gilte wth an ymage of our Lady standing in a sunne, weyng iiii vuncez and halfe a qrter. Item. A pakisbrede of yvere (ivory) wth a ymage of our lorde as he swette blode.
Item. A nother pakisbrede of the moder of perell (mother of pearl) bordered with silver, and a crucifix of silver and gilte in y myddell, weyng vi vuncez save a quarter.
Item. A sacryng belle of silver, weyng x vuncez and halfe a quarter.
And also a faire new masse boke wele corrected, in ye wich is sette at y begynnyng of the boke, the Obites of Will". Lorde Botreaux and Elizabeth his wiff, douter of John Lorde Beamond, Fader and Moder to the forsaide lady Dame Margarete Hungerforde. The Obites of the saide John Lorde Beamond and Kateryne his wiff, Harry Lorde Beamond his sone and Elizabeth his wiff. The Obites of Robard Lorde Hungerford, husbond to ye saide Lady Dame Margarete, Walter Lorde Hungerford and Kateryne his wiff, his Fader and Moder; Sir Thomas Hungerford, Knight, and Johanne his wiff, his graunt-sire and graunt-dame. And the Obites of Walter Hungerford that dyed at Provynce, and Dame
2 Pax-board, or Osculatory; a piece of wood or metal having some sacred emblem on it, and a handle at the back. It was kissed during the mass by the priest at the words "Pax vobiscum," and afterwards handed to the people for the same purpose.
Margarete Rodeney, brother and sister to the saide Robarde Lorde Hungerford.
Item. A nother faire newe masseboke wele corrected, in the wich is conteyned all the saide Obites in the latter ende of the boke.
Item. An Antiphoner wele noted, with an ymage of Jhu lympned [painted] in first letter D, of the Story of Advent.
Item. An hole legend with 2 corbet clapses,3 and with a tabill in the last ende to enduce men in redyng to understand long or shorte.
Item. An Ordynall of Salisbury use, wele corrected, And 2 Processionels 5 of the same use well corrected.
Item. A Corporas case of cloth of tissue crymsyn with a corporas in the same of fine launde [lawn]. Item. A nother corporas case of blew cloth of goolde with JHUS embrowdred in the
1 Antiphonarium; the book containing the versicles and responses, used throughout the year: such as the Introits of the mass, &c. [Hart.]
2 That is, a "Whole Legend," or book with the lives of saints for the entire year, for reading at Matins. [Dr. Rock.]
3 Just as in A.D. 1868, Wiltshire folk do now call wasps "wapses," so did they in A.D. 1472, call clasps "clapses." I am kindly informed in private note from the Rev. Dr. Daniel Rock, that by corbet clasps is meant a book-fastening of the following kind: viz., "leather straps on one side of the book, having, at the end, a tongue or short piece of metal, with a hole in it, to catch on to a knob or hook on the other side." As to the name "corbet,” I think it is merely some old provincial way of pronouncing "curved." In Ainsworth's Latin Dictionary, one of the meanings of the word "corvus" is 66 a grapple or iron hook;" which fairly corresponds with the brass fastenings of ancient manuscript volumes.
4 Ordinale, or Portiforium; otherwise called the Pie: a book of rubrical directions; so numerous and hard to understand, that "many times there was " (says the Preface to Book of Common Prayer) "more business to find out what should be read, than to read it when it was found out." "Salisbury Use," of course means the peculiar ritual or service book used at Sarum before the Reformation. In England there were five varieties. See the "Preface" alluded to.
5 Processional; was a book containing the Services used at the Rogation and other processions. [Hart.]
The Corporas, or Corporale; a small cloth on which the Host was laid at the time of consecration, made of fine linen, though outwardly it might be adorned with silk and gold. The "Corporas Case was called the "Bursa." It was of a square form, made of some rich material, with a cross or some other holy image on the upper side. [Hart.]