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bases and lower portions of the present piers of the nave arcade may belong to the Norman structure. Of the early English fragments remaining till lately in the chancel mention has been already made. The greater portion of the present building however belongs, as has been intimated, to the sixteenth and following



1. A mural monument of freestone, till lately on the north side of the chancel, now at the west end of the north aisle commemorates William Ernle, Esq. (a younger son of John Ernle of Cannings, by Lucy, daughter of Thomas Cooke of Salisbury), and his wife Joan. The monument, which was erected in 1587, bears the following quaint inscription :

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I beleve that: my: redemer : liveth and that I shall rise: owt : of the earth in : the : last : dai : and : shall : be covered: againe : withe : mi


skinne and shall: se: God: in: my beholde him not withe other: but

W. E.

fleshe: iea: and : I: mi : selfe : shall withe: these same : eies.*

W. E.

Deathe in Jesus Christe: onli

is eternall: salvacion.

William Ernele

and Jone his wif."

On the upper part of the monument are sculptured three eagles, which, together with the passage from an early version of the Gospel of St. Luke (in the authorized version chap. xvii. 37.,) have evidently a reference to the armorial bearings of the Ernle family,—Argent, on a bend sable, three eagles displayed or.

These arms, quartering Malwyn, 1 and differenced by a crescent,

These texts would seem to have been taken from "The Byble after the translation of Thomas Mathew. Imprynted at London by Robert Toye, fol. 1551." Black-letter. The only difference is, that, in the commencement of the latter text, we have "I am sure" for "I believe."

'It may be observed that the arms of Malwyn only are quartered here with Ernle, and that those of Best do not appear, though it was by the marriage of John Ernle to Joan, daughter and heiress of Simon Best, and granddaughter of John Malwyn, that the Ernle family came into property in this neighbour

appear on a shield, above which is the crest of Ernle, vis.—" A man's head side-faced couped at the shoulders proper, and wearing a long cap barry of six or and sable, stringed and tasselled or."

2. A second monument of the same family bears the following


"Sir John Ernle, Rector of All Cannings, (son of Walter Ernle, Esq., brother to Sir Walter, of Conock, and grandson to Sir Walter, of Etchilhampton, Bart.) who died 30 Mar. 1734, aged 53. His wife Elizabeth, daughter of John Smith, Esq., of Alton Priors, who died 9 Mar. 1729, aged 39. Also two of their children-Walter, who died in 1733, aged 20; and Gertrude, who died in 1715, aged 9 months."

3. William Fowle, Esq., died July 8th 1796. Arms—“ Gules, a lion passant between three cinquefoils or." This monument is at the west end of the Nave.

4. Rev. William Fowle, M.A., who succeeded his maternal uncle, Sir John Ernle, in the Rectory of All Cannings, (his mother being the elder daughter of John Smith, Esq., of Alton). He died May 21st, 1770, aged 62. This monument is on the north side of the Chancel.

5. John Nicholas, Esq., son of Edward Nicholas, Kt., principal Secretary of State to Charles I. and II. He died Feb. 25th, 1737, aged 64.

6. Richard Biggs, Esq., of Wichbury, Wilts, died 5th April, 1774. Penelope, his wife, daughter and coheiress of John Nicholas, Esq., died September 2nd, 1771.

These last two monuments are in the south transept.

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The earliest valuation of the Rectory is contained in the Taxatio Ecclesiastica. It is there called the Church of Albecanyng. The annual value is estimated at £13 6s. 8d., (or 20 marks), and the tenths payable on the same came to £1 6s. 4d.

hood. Possibly Malwyn only was adopted because the estates came primarily from that family. In Preshute Church is a hatchment of Daniel, in which we have the Ernle quarterings and there the arms of Best viz., "Gules, 3 sheafs of arrows, one in pale, two in saltire, banded or," are in their proper place as bringing in Malwyn. More on the subject of the Malwyn and Ernle families, will be found in a subsequent page in the account of Etchilhampton.

Taxat. Eccles. p. 189.

In the Inquisitiones Nonarum,' we have the following entry respecting it :

"Ecclesia de Allekanyng taxatur in xx marc. Nona pars garbarum, vellerum, et agnorum, anno preterito ix marc. et minus quam taxacio quia Rector habet in dote 1 virgatam terræ val. per ann, v. solid. .... Rectoris valet per ann. iv. solid.; fenum in dote xx solid.; pastura in dote v. solid.; decimæ feni val. 100 solid.; oblationes et mortuaria 100 solid,; decimæ lyni, canabi, et aliæ minutæ xxxiii solid. ; et sic valet Ecclesia ad verum valorem xx libr.; inde Regi ix marc."

In the Liber Regis' it was valued at £31 16s. 10d., the yearly tenths payable therefrom being £3 3s. 81d.

The tithe commutation rent-charge for All Cannings, as settled a few years ago, was £887 10s.


The following list is extracted from Sir Thomas Phillips' Wiltshire Institutions. Up to the date of the Reformation, except where otherwise stated, the patronage was exercised by the Abbess of St. Mary, Winchester. After 1734, the institution was to the Rectory of All Cannings with the chapel of Etchilhampton.




1363. JOHN DE LYNEDEN. He was Rector of Foghelesten (Fuggleston), and exchanged with Robert de Wychford.

1382. JOHN HANNEWELL, a second institution of the same Rector took place in 1384, when the King claimed to exercise the patronage "on behalf of the Abbess."


ADAM EDLYN. The name of "Adam Edelyne, Parson of the Church of All Cannings," occurs in a document preserved among Mr. Heneage's deeds at Compton, bearing date, 10 Hen. IV. (1409). 1423. JOHN BALDING; he is said to have succeeded at the decease of Adam Edlyn in 1423; he resigned the living in 1429.

1429. WILLIAM HANKYN; he resigned the living in 1444. 1444. THOMAS SWYFT; he resigned the living in 1447. 1447. WILLIAM CROWTON; he resigned the living in 1472.


1492. RICHARD WARWYN; it is in recording this institution that the church

is called "Cannyngs Omnium Sanctorum." See above p. 6.

1512. EDWARD LEE; he is said to have succeeded on the decease of Richard Warwyn; he was promoted in 1531 to the Archbishopric of

1 Inquis. Non. p. 157. 2 Bacon's Liber Regis, p. 873.

•Sir Thomas Phillips gives, between 1492 and 1512, three other names, but, for reasons which will be hereafter stated, they would appear to be those of Prebendaries, and not Rectors, of All Cannings.

York, which he held till 1537. Wood speaks of him as “a

great Divine, and very well seen in all kinds of learning." Athen. Oxon, i., 139.

1531. EDWARD LEIGHTON; he resigned in 1545.

1545. THOMAS BRIDGES; presented by Edward, Earl of Hertford; he appears to have died the same year.

1545. JOHN FISHER; presented by Edward, Earl of Hertford. He was deprived in 1554.

1554. THOMAS THURLAND; presented by Queen Mary.

[1564. JOHN FISHER restored.]

1571. JOHN POWELL; he is said to have succeeded on the decease of John Fisher: the patronage was exercised by Francis Newdigate, Esq., and the Lady Ann, Duchess of Somerset, his wife.

1593. HUGH GOUGH; presented by Edward Seymour, Earl of Hertford. He was previously Vicar of Bishops Cannings. [Wilts Mag. vi., 143.] He was father of Thomas Gough, who was consecrated Bishop of Limerick, Sept. 17th, 1626. Wood's Athen. Oxon, i., 736.

1625. ROBERT BYNG; presented by Henry Byng, Serjeant-at-Law, to whom the advowson, probably by purchase, belonged for that turn. [JEOFFREY SIMPKINS; from entries in the Register from 1646 to 1651, he would seem to have superseded Robert Byng for a time, having been appointed by the Tryers.]

1660. HENRY KINNINMOND; the notice of his induction in 1660, is contained in the Registers, but we have not given to us the name of the patron at the time. He was the Rector during the alterations in the chancel. See above, p. 18,

1678. WILLIAM BALDWIN; presented by Philip D'Arcy, of Aston, co. York, by grant from Conyers D'Arcy, Esq., and Frances, Countess of Southampton, his wife; and from Charles, Lord Clifford, and Joan his wife. This Rector resigned in 1681.

1681. GEORGE STODLEY; presented by Edward Thornborough, Esq., of London. 1709. JOHN ERNLE; presented by Sir Walter Ernle, Bart. He succeeded to the Baronetcy in 1732.

1734. WILLIAM FOWLE; presented by William Fowle, of All Cannings, gentleman. He was nephew to the wife of Sir John Ernle, Bart., his immediate predecessor.

1770. JOHN FULLERTON; presented by John Fullerton, Esq., of Shaftesbury, co. Dorset.

1800. HENRY DAVIS; presented by John Davis, of Bapton, gentleman. 1807. NICHOLAS HEATH; presented by Nicholas Nicholas, Esq., of Bowbridge, co. Derby.

1809. THOMAS ANTHONY METHUEN; the patron was Philip Gell, Esq., of Hopton, co. Derby, who sold the next presentation to Paul Cobb Methuen, Esq., of Corsham.

The present venerable Rector, as will be seen, has held the living of All Cannings, for well nigh three score years, a much longer

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