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dward Ernle, Esq.= of Brimslade Park, Ob. 27 Feb, 1734, æt. 63.



Another daur.
=William Jones,
Esq. of
Ramsbury Manor.

Sir Michael, who
assumed the
Baronetcy on
the death of Sir
John, Rector of
All Cannings,
d. unm. in
1771, æt. 67.


Edward, successor to his brother, Rector of Avington, Berks, ob. 1787, s.p., when the Baronetcy became extinct.

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It has been remarked by Burke in his account of this family in his "Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies," that there must have been some special limitation in the original patent, or the title could not have descended to the Brimslade branch, which was derived from the brother of the first Baronet. It seems to have been borne unchallenged by two of them, the last, Sir Edward Ernle, having died in 1787. He was Rector of Avington in Berks. On his decease the Baronetcy became extinct.


Of this family we know but very little. In the time of Charles I. and II. Richard Bayley, and Guido Bayley, of Etchilhampton, are named among the gentry of Wilts. The following account of one member of the family is given in Palmer's Nonconformists Memorial.

"William Bayley,' M.A., of New College, Oxford, was born of a good family at Etchilhampton near 'The Devizes.' His father would have bought him a good living, but he, judging such a course unlawful, became a Chaplain to Lord Roberts, sometime before the war broke out. Settling afterwards at Taverton, near Plymouth, he was so harassed by the neighbouring cavaliers that he was compelled to escape with his family by sea to London. There he got a living for above a year, and afterwards was persuaded by some members of Parliament to go back into the west and accept the sequestered living of Stoke Fleming in Devonshire.

The following pedigree of Bayley of Etchilhampton, is given in Harl. MS. 1443, fol. 133 b. ARMS;-Or, on a fesse engrailed azure between three horses' heads erased sable, three fleur de lis of the first.

John Bayley, of Echilhampton.

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He might have had a better, but the solicitations of his wife induced him to give Stoke Fleming the preference, as a place overrun with ignorance and profanity, and therefore in all the more need of his services. He lived for ten years after his ejectment, but was affected in his last days by melancholy and an attack of palsy, under the combined effect of which he sunk in 1672. He was a grave divine, and eminent for his meekness. Mrs. Burnegham, his aunt by his mother's side, had been at the expense of educating the famous Archbishop Laud, a service which the Prelate gratefully acknowledged when at the top of his preferment."

The Hamlet of Allington.

HOUGH ecclesiastically connected with All Cannings, and under the spiritual charge of its Rector, ALLINGTON has always been, as it still continues to be, a perfectly distinct Manor, and has a history of its own. What that history is we must now endeavour to set before our readers.

ALLINGTON is a narrow strip of land, about three miles long and, on the average, half-a-mile broad, running along the western border of All Cannings. It contains some 1157 acres; of these 100 are meadow land, 400 pasture and down-land, and 657 are arable. Like All Cannings it was originally in the Hundred of Stodfald; it is now with it merged in the Hundred of Swanborough.

Without doubt ALLINGTON is to be identified with the ADElintone, of the Domesday Record, which belonged in the 11th century to Alured of Marlborough. The entry respecting it is as follows1:

ALUREDUS DE MERLEBERG tenet ALURED OF MARLBOROUGH ADELINGTONE. Tempore Regis holds ADELINGTONE. In the time Edwardi geldabat pro xi hidis et of King Edward it paid geld for dimidio, et 5 acris terræ. Terra 11 hides, and 5 acres of land. est 7 carucatæ. De ea sunt in The land is 7 carucates. Of this dominio 7 hidæ et dimidium, et there are in demesne 7 hides, ibi 4 carucatæ, et 7 servi; et 6 and there are 4 carucates, and 7 1Domesday for Wiltshire, p. 79.

villani, et 7 bordarii, cum 1 carucata. Ibi 20 acræ prati. Pastura 6 quarentenis longa, et 3 quarentenis lata.

De hac terra habet unus miles 2 hidas, et ibi 1 carucata. Totum valebat 12 libras; modo 15 libras.

serfs; and there are 6 villans, and 7 bordars, with 1 carucate. There are 20 acres of meadow. The pasture is 6 furlongs long and 3 furlongs broad.

Of this land a certain miles' has 2 hides, and there is 1 carucate. The whole estate was worth £12; it is now worth £15.

Many of the remarks already made on the Domesday entry respecting All Cannings1 will apply also to this entry. The land under the plough amounted to 7 carucates, or from three to four hundred acres, about one third of the whole. This shows a high state of cultivation, which accounts for the high assessment, the 113 hides representing only about 100 acres per hide, whereas the average extent of land comprised in a hide in Wiltshire was nearer 150 acres. It will be observed moreover that within little more than 20 years the value of the estate had increased from £12 to £15, that is some 25 per cent.

ALURED OF MARLBOROUGH, the owner of this Manor at the time of the Domesday Survey, would seem to have been one of those few Englishmen who were fortunate enough to escape the general confiscation, and permitted to retain their estates. It has been suggested that, in this particular instance, the gifts, which included not only some twenty or more estates in Wilts but also others in Surrey, Hants, Somerset, Devon, and Herefordshire, were an acknowledgment of the services of Alured of Marlborough as an active opponent of Godwin's family. In Herefordshire he possessed, by gift it would appear of Earl William, the Castle of Ewyas, and under this, as the head of his Barony, many of his estates were held. Hence the distinctive names of two of them in our own County, viz :— Somerford Ewyas, and Teffont Ewyas. The chief of this family in the time of Henry II., was Robert, who is styled "Lord of Ewyas," and was living in 1194. He died no long time afterwards

1 See above, p. 5.

2 Domesday for Wiltshire, Introd. pp. xxxiv.—xxxvii.

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