« PreviousContinue »
virtually the old floor level, and this had a slight fall from N. to S. Several rough fattish stones were found at the floor level of hut B, evidently laid by hand, but they did not cover the whole of the surface within the walls. The floors were ou loose rubble. That of the compartment or hut A was excavated to a depth of 2 ft. 2 in., and that of B to a depth of 1 ft. All earth was carefully riddled. Where the safety of the walls would have been imperilled the excavations were restricted. The walls appear to have been built on loose débris. The solid ground outside the entrance is 2 ft. 4 in. below the level of the threshold.
It was suggested by one member, when the Association visited Penmaenmawr on September 1st last, that the huts might have been originally roofed with stone. The total quantity of stones fallen down, within any of the huts excavated so far, would have been sufficient only to commence the smallest portion of a roof constructed with over-sailing courses.
The section on the line running N. to S., on Fig. 2, indicates the existing heights of the walls. The ground rises steeply to the N., and the walls in this direction are what is known as " built into the country,” that is, the ground outside is at a higher level than the floors and, in this instance, rises sharply from the level of the remaining tops of the walls. The N. wall is at present 4 ft. in height above the old floor level. The division wall between huts A and B is 3 ft. 3 in. high. It has a batter of about 1 ft. on its northern face. The internal division of the southern wall is 3 ft. 3 in. high; there is a drop of 1 ft. 6 in. to the outer division, and this is about 3 ft. 6 in. high above the external ground.
The following is a list of the items found in huts A and B:
HUT A. Beach pebble, oval, 74 in. by 3.1 in. by 13 in., partially worn
on one side by rubbing. Pebble, irregular, 74 in. by 1} in. by 1 in., one end worn, used
as a pounder.
Quartz pebble, 45 in. by 3; in. by 2} in., both ends rubbed. Flat pebble, 54 in. by 2 in. by 13 in., one end rubbed both
sides to a blunt axe-shaped edge. Oval pebble, 47 in. by 2} in. by 1} in., probably used as
rubber. Pebble, 3 in. by 2 in. by 1} in., cracked, apparently by heat,
Seventeen other pebbles, several evidently pot-boilers.
diameter 18 in. Diameter of iron about 1 in. Much
See illustration, Fig. 3.
bow and foot, with the catch, are missing. The spring has two coils, one on either side of the pin and commencement of the bow. See illustration, Fig. 4. The four sides and the end are shown.
Two small pebbles, one red, 1 in. by in. by 3 in.
pounders. Charcoal from centre of hut. One fragment of a large pebble of conglomerate rock. One
face worn perfectly smooth with the exception of end, which is still rough and projects about } in. beyond rubbed surface. The original stone probably measured about 104 in. by 7 in. by 4} in. high. Roughly oval on plan. A rubbing-stone, possibly for saddle-quern. Very
similar to many found at Pen y Gaer, above the Conway
Valley. See illustration, Fig. 5. Site C is situated within the inner wall, some little distance to the N.N.E. of the entrance. The results of the excavations on this site were disappointing. Nothing but a small fragment of charcoal was discovered. No signs of an entrance were found. There were no indications of a hut floor and we came to the conclusion that probably it had never been roofed in. The whole site was not excavated.
Huts D and E are within and close to the inner wall, at a slightly further distance from the entrance than
Site C. Hut D is to the S. of and adjoins E. They will be indicated on the completed plan of the Camp. Hut D is fairly circular. It measures 17 ft. internally from N. to S., and approximately 15 ft. 6 in. from E. to W. The hill rises on the western side and the wall on this side has collapsed to a certain extent. The entrance, 4 ft. 9 in. wide, faces E. The wall, excepting the western portion, is fairly perfect. The
height above the floor level is 4 ft. Much black, sticky soil was found in this hut, especially in the southern half, probably the remains of animal matter. Excepting for fallen stones, there was practically no deposit on the ancient floor. All finds were in the upper 6 in. There were rough stone slabs over much of the surface. There was not more than 6 in. of earth above these slabs, and probably this had accumulated during the occupation of the hut. Most of the pottery was found in the southern half, in the portion most sheltered from the prevailing wind.
The following are the items found in Hut D:
POTTERY. Five fragments of upper portion of vessel, including rim, part
of surface rubbed. Black outside, greyish-yellow inside.
Pottery found in aut - Omening o.
Diameter of rim, as restored, 6 in., diameter of bowl ditto, 63 in., marked D? See illustration, Fig. 6.