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flint, are about 18 ins. wide and 15 ins. deep, but they are in parts extremely fragmentary, and they may be connected with the parclose of the Altar of St. Nicholas, which formerly stood in this portion of the Church.
The Rev. G. M. Livett, however (who has paid very great and careful attention to the Architecture of the Church, and to whom I am indebted for many valuable suggestions and corrections in this Paper), has opened out another possibility. He writes to me as follows:
"The portion of the east wall of the nave, into which the south respond of the chancel arch is bonded, is similar in character and material to the brick walling of the western part of the chancel, with which, therefore, rather than with the nave, it must be identified in date and construction. The same may be said of the corresponding bit of wall on the north side, which, however, has been more interfered with by the bondings of later work. In the face of the bit of wall on the south side, though rough and plastered with hard cement, may be detected the broken bonders of a wall that formerly ran westwards from it, and exactly in a line with the south wall of the chancel. The vertical line of the junction of the southern face of the destroyed wall with the bit of wall under examination can be traced quite clearly. It has all the proper signs of bonding, precisely similar in treatment to the signs of bonding seen on the face of the south wall of the chancel immediately above the foundations of the Adjunct which you fortunately discovered by excavation. [To be described hereafter.] The foundations which you found under the flooring of the nave are in a position to have carried this destroyed wall. According to your description,
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though they are fragmentary, their material and depth correspond exactly with the foundations of the chancel wall below the brick footings thereof. Mr. W. H. St. John Hope's attention to the signs of bonding which I have described, and from recent correspondence with him I infer that he accepts the evidence as sufficient to prove the former existence of a destroyed wall. The recovery of this wall, running in the direction described, and contemporaneous in date with the western part of the chancel, is an important factor in the consideration of the relative dates of the existing chancel and nave-a consideration which so far has not yielded a unanimous opinion among archæologists, and which, therefore, I will not now discuss."
At the same level as these foundations, and immediately beneath the piscina, is a hole measuring 2 ft. by 1 ft. 8 in., and 5 ins. deep, with a flooring of rough concrete the object of which is at present uncertain.
In the N. and S. corners of the Nave, about 6 ft. distant from the jambs of the Chancel Arch, and 10 ft. above the ground, are the holes made for the insertion of the Rood-beam, on which burned "the Light of the Holy Cross," to which frequent allusion is made in the wills of parishioners before the Reformation.
Let us now proceed to the Chancel. The whole of the modern stalls were temporarily removed with a view to facilitating further investigations underground; but here, as in the Nave, the excavations were almost entirely put a stop to by the existence of vaults and graves extending right up to the walls on either side. Owing to various circumstances it has not been
lered advisable for the present to strip the
plaster from the Chancel Walls above the height of 7 or 8 ft., or east of the Altar Rails. Enough, however, has been done to shew clearly that the present Chancel may be assigned to certainly two, and probably to three, distinct periods.
For a distance of 20 ft. from the Chancel Arch the walls are built of Roman tiles laid evenly upon one another, four tiles with their interstices of mortar occupying one foot. This portion of the Church shews very careful workmanship, and may with the greatest probability be assigned to Roman building, although by some antiquarians it has been attributed to the time, and even the personal supervision, of St. Augustine. In the S. Wall there have been exposed two doorways, one square-headed, and the other with a semicircular arch. The square-headed doorway (as it now appears externally) has jambs of Roman tiles, with a lintel and sill formed of massive blocks of green sandstone. It is there 6 ft. high and 3 ft. 4 in. in width. Internally it seems 4 ft. 7 in. wide at the top, but this may be accounted for by the fact that in later times it was partially blocked up by a stone sarcophagus and other material; and on one side of the upper portion of the doorway, and extending beyond it towards the west, there was opened a low side-window, the western splayed jamb of which is still existing. This may perhaps have been a "Leper's Window," commanding a view of the Altar of St. Mary, occupying the site of the present pulpit. This square-headed doorway is certainly contemporaneous with the surrounding wall.
At a distance of 4 ft. 2 in. towards the east is the semicircular-headed doorway (that can be seen in the annexed Engraving). It is 6 ft. high and 2 ft. 1 in.