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derived it from the Nevills. Some trace the greyhound to the House of Beaufort.
18. Arms. Gules, three lions passant-guardant in pale or, over all a label of three points argent. Crest.-On a cap of maintenance a lion statant-guardant, crowned or, for BROTHERTON. On the dexter side is a shield, Chequy or and azure, for WARREN, and in pale behind it is an ostrich feather, Argent, charged along the spine with a chain or; on the sinister is a shield gules, a lion rampant argent, for MOWBRAY.
These arms are probably those borne by John Mowbray, Earl of Nottingham, created, in the lifetime of his father, Earl Warren and Surrey, 24 March 1451, Earl Marshal and K.G., who died 1475 without male issue.
The arms of Brotherton represent the descent of John Mowbray from Thomas Plantagenet, surnamed "de Brotherton," fifth son of King Edward I., created Earl of Norfolk to him and the heirs of his body. Some writers consider the Earldom of Norfolk to have become extinct on this Earl's decease, but it was created to the heirs of the body; it probably eventually rested in Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk, his daughter, and from her passed to the families of Segrave and Mowbray. Hence the occurrence of the coat of Brotherton with that of Mowbray.
19. Arms.-Three pairs of keys in saltire, on a chief three dolphins embowed, for the SALT-FISHMONGERS' COMPANY.
This coat is carved in oak.
William Smith, Rouge Croix, says: "The Company of Fishmongers were at first two companies, of Stock-Fishmongers and Salt-fishmongers." The above coat is that of the latter company. About the year 1536 the two companies were united, and bore a common coat of arms.
20. Arms. Quarterly: 1 and 4, FRANCE: 2 and 3, ENGLAND; surrounded by the garter, and surmounted by a royal crown. Supporters, dexter, a lion rampant guardant crowned or; sinister, a dragon segreant gules. Badge.-A Tudor rose. This achievement of arms is in stained glass, in that part of the cloister known as the "Chaplain's Room." The same arms occur in the entrance hall, painted on a panel with a background, Paly argent and vert, the Tudor livery colours.
This is the bearing of King Henry VIII.
"The red fierye drago' beaton upo' white and greene sarcenet," was the charge of a standard offered by Henry VII. at St. Paul's on his entry into London after his victory at Bosworth field: and this standard was represented on the corner of his tomb, held by an angel. It is said to have been the armorial ensign of Cadwallader, the last of the British Kings, and from whom Henry seemed fond
* MS. dated 1605 in the Library at Davington. VOL. XXII.
of declaring his descent. A tradition had existed that Cadwallader had consoled himself, at a time when but little of his territories were left to him, with the assurance that one of his posterity would, at a future period, wear the diadem of England. Henry would avail himself no doubt of this superstition, and with this view probably adopted the red dragon as a supporter.
21. Badge. A white greyhound on a field paly, vert and argent, for KING HENRY VIII. Vide No. 17.
22. Badge.-A white falcon, crowned gules, holding in sinister claw a sceptre or. The falcon stands on a root of gold, issuing therefrom red and white roses. The background is Paly murrey and blue (the Bullen livery colours), for QUEEN ANNE BULLEN.
The two preceding badges are in the window in the "Chaplain's Room."
Painted on the walls are the arms of the monastic establishments of the county:
23. Arms.-Azure, an episcopal staff erect or, ensigned with a cross patée argent, surmounted by a pall of the third, edged and fringed of the second, and charged with four crosses patée fitché sable. Above is a coroneted mitre all or, and behind, in pale, is an archbishop's crosier, for SEE OF CANTERBURY. Above is a
24. Arms.-Argent, on a saltire gules, an escallop or.
bishop's mitre or, labelled argent, and in pale, at back, is a bishop's pastoral staff all or, for SEE OF ROCHESTER.
25. Arms.-Sable, a cross argent. Above is a mitre argent, garnished or. In pale, at back, is a pastoral staff argent, garnished or, for ST. AUGUSTINE'S ABBEY.
26. Arms. Per pale gules and azure, on the dexter three lions passant-guardant or, conjoined and dimidiating as many hulks of galleys on the sinister, argent; over all in pale a pastoral staff of the last, garnished of the third, for FAVERSHAM ABBEY.
27. The device of Davington Priory, as No. 3.
28. Arms.-Azure, on a cross argent between four mitres or the letters, sable, for BLACKFRIARS PRIORY.
29. Arms.-Gules, three bends or, on a chief of the first, a plate charged with the letters is sable between two lions rampant combattant of the second, for ST. GREGORY'S PRIORY.
30. Arms.-Argent, a bend sinister of five lozenges gules, on a canton of the last, a pastoral staff erect or, for BOXLEY ABBEY. 31. Arms. Argent, three Cornish choughs proper, for ST. THOMAS'S PRIORY.
* Churchill's Divi Britannici, p. 257, and Willement's Regal Heraldry, pp. 57-58.
32. Arms. Per pale or and vert, a cross pommée gules, for COMBWELL PRIORY.
33. Arms.-Ermine, on a chief gules three annulets argent, over all in bend sinister a pastoral staff or, for MALLING PRIORY. 34. Arms.-Azure, a cross pattée argent, for MOTTENDEN PRIORY. 35. Arms.-Per pale azure and sable, two pastoral staves in saltire argent headed or, for LANGDON ABBEY.
36. Arms.-Sable, a cross argent between four leopards' faces or, for DOVER PRIORY.
37. Arms.-Argent, a cross voided gules, for LEEDS PRIORY.
IN THE ENTRANCE HALL.
38. Arms.-ENGLAND, for EDWARD I.
39. Arms.-Quarterly: 1 and 4, Gules, a castle or, for CASTILE; 2 and 3, Argent, a lion rampant sable, for LEON-for ELEANOR, Queen of Edward I.
A large figure of King Edward J. stands between these two shields.
40. Arms.-ENGLAND, for EDWARD II.
41. Arms.-Azure, semée-de-lis, for FRANCE (ancient) — for ISABEL, Queen of Edward II., daughter of Philip IV. of France.
A large figure of King Edward II. stands between these shields. 42. Arms.-Quarterly: 1 and 4, Azure, a cross patonce between five martlets or, for EDWARD THE CONFESSOR; 2 and 3, Quarterly: 1 and 4, FRANCE; 2 and 3, ENGLAND. Supporters: Dexter, a lion rampant; Sinister, a bull, for KING EDWARD IV. These arms occur on a small capital which was found among some rubbish.
The lion as the dexter supporter is probably the white lion Henry IV. assumed from the Mortimers, Earl of March. The bull is probably the black bull with horns, hoofs, etc., of gold, of the house of Clarence, through which family the House of York derived their right to the throne.
IN THE LIBRARY.
44. Arms.-Gules, three lions passant to sinister regardant in pale or.
IN THE DINING ROOM.
Here occur the arms of the various owners of Davington.
45. Arms.-FULK DE NEWENHAM. See No. 3.
46. Device.-DAVINGTON PRIORY. As No. 3.
47. Arms.-Quarterly: 1 and 4, FRANCE; 2 and 3, ENGLAND, for HENRY VIII.
48. Arms.-Quarterly: 1 and 4, SHURLAND; 2 and 3, SHOTTES
49. Arms.-Argent, on a bend gules cotised sable three mullets or, for BRADBORNE.
50. Arms. Per pale azure and gules, a griffin passant or, for GILES. 51. Arms.-EDWARDS. See No. 5.
52. Arms.-Sable, two chevronels between three escallops argent, for BODE.
53. Arms.-Sable, a griffin segreant per fess or and argent between three crosses patée fitchée of the second, for SHERWIN.
54. Arms. Or, on a pile argent, three martlets or, for WOOD, in pretence, SHERWIN.
55. Arms.-Gules, a chevron between three martlets argent, a chief ermine, for SAYER.
56. Arms. Per fess dancettée, the chief or charged with a lion. passant sable, the base per pale azure and gules, for WILLE
57. Arms.-Argent, a cross gules surmounted by a bendlet azure, over all a pastoral staff of the field, garnished or, in sinister chief the letter D sable. Being the arms assumed by Willement, for DAVINGTON PRIORY.
ARMS IN OTHER PARTS OF THE BUILDINGS.
58. Badge. The red rose of Lancaster.
59. Arms.-Vert, a chevron between three harts' heads caboshed or, for HART?
60. Arms.-Argent, a lion rampant sable. Crest. A demi lion rampant sable, for STAPLETON (?).
61. Arms.-Azure, a fess between three leopards' faces jessant-de-lis Crest. A griffin's head erased, for WATKINS.
62. Arms.-Per saltire azure and argent, a fleur-de-lis, also parti per saltire or and gules, for HOLT.
63. Arms.-Quarterly: 1 and 4, WILLEMENT; 2 and 3, WATKINS; impaling, Quarterly: 1 and 4, Or, on a bend gules between two griffins segreant azure three mullets argent, for GRIFFITH; 2 and 3, Per saltire sable and argent, two eagles displayed of the second, for JACKMAN. Crest.-A boar's head erased per fess indented or, and per pale azure and gules. Motto.Thynke and Thanke," for WILLEMENT.
ST. MARY OF CHARITY, FAVERSHAM.
1. Arms. On a fess ermine, between three bugle horns to sinister, stringed, as many boars' heads erased close, for HORNBY of Lincolnshire.
2. Arms.-Quarterly: 1 and 4, a chevron between three trefoils, slipped, for NORTON (?); 2 and 3, A cross between twenty crosslets, for
3. Arins. No. 2; impaling No. 1.
These arms occur on an uninscribed monument within the Communion rails. There are seven shields: of No. 1 there are three; of No. 2 there are two; of No. 3 there are two. This monument was erected by Dame Joan Norton (née Hornby), who married a FitzJames.
4. Arms.-Gules, on a bend between two dolphins embowed or, three lions' heads erased of the field, for FRANKLYN (?).
5. Arms.-Azure, three mullets or, for HILLIARD (?).
These two coats occur on a mural monument ordered to be erected by Mrs. Frances Pysing, relict of Mr. William Pysing, one of the jurats of Faversham and Mayor-to the memory of her father and mother.
Probably Mrs. Pysing was the daughter of a Mr. Franklyn, who had married a Miss Hilliard. Mr. William Pysing, Mayor of Faversham, and his wife Frances gave "a commodious silver paten for the use of the Lord's table" (Lewis, p. 72).
6. Arms. Quarterly, gules and argent, in first quarter a horse's head couped of the second.
This coat is on a monument to the memory of Silvester daughter of Richard Marsh, Esq., and Mary his wife, who died 4 February 1742, in her 24th year.
Probably Herbert Marsh, Bishop of Llandaff (1816-1819), and translated to Peterborough (1819-1839), was of this family.
7. Arms. Quarterly of ten: 1, Sable, two chevrons between three escallops argent, for BODE; 2, Per bend raguly argent and sable a bend counterchanged; 3, Quarterly, argent and sable, a label of three points or, charged with as many chevrons gules; 4, Gules, a chevron ermine between three garbs or; 5, Ermine, three pick-axes gules; 6, Ermine, two chevronels gules; 7, Argent, three crescents gules between nine crosslets sable; 8, Gules, a maunche ermine; 9, Per chevron sable and ermine in chief three boars' heads, couped close or; 10, Argent, a chevron between three rams' heads erased, all sable; impaling, Quarterly 1 and 4, Argent, on a chevron engrailed (azure?) between three martlets sable, as many cinquefoils; 2 and 3, Argent, six pellets, each charged with a mullet of five points or. Crests.-1, A greyhound's head couped argent, collared and ringed sable, charged with three plates; 2, A demiblackamoor proper, in dexter a lance (?).