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12. Arms.-Quarterly: 1 and 4, On a chevron three quatrefoils, for EYRE; 2 and 3, three horse barnacles, for PADLEY; on fess point over all a crescent for difference.
This coat (with no inscription) is in the Sacrarium, and I am informed by the Rev. Canon Scott Robertson, that Robert Eyre, Esq., of Brenley in the parish of Boughton Blean, was buried there on the 12th of September 1573. He had married Miss Elizabeth Roper, who inherited Brenley from her father John Roper, Esq. This carved shield, on the south side of the chancel of Boughton Church, shews by the horse barnacle charges upon the arms quartered by Mr. Eyre that he was descended from that member of the Derbyshire family who married the Padley heiress. Mr. Tilley in his Old Halls and Families of Derbyshire, vol. i., p. 53, says, that Robert Eyre, the famous son of Nicholas, married the heiress of the Padleys. 13. Arms. Or, a fess wavy between three escallop shells sable, a label of three points for difference, for LADE. Crest.-A leopard's head erased affrontée, Or.
This coat is on a brass to the memory of John Pryce Lade, born 22 October 1798, died 4 June 1878.
14. Arms.-LADE; impaling, on a fess between three mullets, five lozenges, for ADAMS.
These arms are cut on a slab to the memory of Elizabeth, wife of Michael Lade, Esq., of this parish (Boughton), by whom she left issue one daughter and two sons, namely, Elizabeth, John, and Michael. She died 5 November 1766, aged 67 years. This slab also commemorates William Adams, brother to the above Elizabeth, who died 12 May 1775, aged 72 years. The same slab is to the memory of Hester wife of John Lade, Esq., of this parish, who died 27 (2) July 1778, aged 47 years. Michael Lade, husband to the above Elizabeth, died 2 August 1778, aged 81. John Lade, Esq., eldest son of the above Michael, died 1 May 1811, aged 77 years. 15. Arms.-Ermine, a lion rampant, for KENWRICK. Crest.-A falcon standing on a sheaf of arrows fesswise.
This coat is cut on a slab to the memory of William Kenwrick of this parish (Boughton), Esq., sixth son of Robert Kenwrick of Kingsutton in Northamptonshire, Esq., and Elizabeth his wife, eldest sister to Sir Edward Hales of Tunstall, Baronet. He died 3 October 1681, aged about 67 years.
16. Arms. A chevron between three griffins' heads erased Crest.-A stag trippant.
This coat of arms is on a slab to the memory of Edward Spencer, Esq., who died 3 June 1729, aged 56 years. He married firstly, Ann daughter of William Spencer of the City of Canterbury, Esq., secondly, Elizabeth daughter of Edward Clinch of Hernehill, Gent., of the family of Clinch of Eastling in the County of Kent.
17. There is a fine altar tomb in Boughton Church on which are two reclining figures and about the front many children.
This monument is to the memory of Thomas Hawkins and Ann his wife, daughter of Ciriack (?) Pettit, Esq. By her he had issue seven sons and six daughters. He died 19 April 1617, aged 68 years, and was succeeded by his son Thomas Hawkins. She died 5 October 1616, aged 64 years.
(1) Arms.-Argent, on a saltire sable, five fleur-de-lis of the field, for HAWKINS. Crest. On a mount a hind lodged or.
(2) Arms.-HAWKINS; impaling PETTIT.
(3) Arms.-HAWKINS; impaling sable, a cross or, between four peacocks close.
(4) Arms. A plain shield impaling HAWKINS.
(5) Arms.-HAWKINS; (on a lozenge.)
(7) Arms. As No. (4).
In the case of the last four coats the saltire is not charged, but left plain.
18. Arms.-HAWKINS' Arms and Crest.
Cut on a slab to the memory of Thomas Hawkins, Esq., who having had by his wife five children, three sons and two daughters, died 19 December 1678 in his 31st year. His wife was Catherine daughter of Walter Giffard, Esq., of Chillington, who was plundered at the Revolution and forced into France, and was buried at the English poor Clares in Rouen. She was great by birth but more by virtue. Her son Thomas of a pious regard to her memory, and the great obligation he owes her hath order'd these lines to be cut." 19. Arms-HAWKINS; impaling, between two flanches each charged with as many bars wavy, a fish hauriant, for SEA.
This coat occurs on a brass placed on the wall near the chancel and commemorates Eleanor Sea, daughter of Robert Sea of Herne, Esq., wife of Thomas Hawkins, Gent., and died 20 August 1553. 20. Arms.-HAWKINS; impaling a cross engrailed between four roundels, for Crest.-HAWKINS.
These arms are on a slab to the memory of Mary wife of Thomas Hawkins, Esq., and daughter of Richard Clayton, Esq., of Lea Hall in Shropshire, and of Margaret Gower his wife. She died in 1713, and had borne five children; Mary Magdalene, who married Charles Eyeston, Esq., her two eldest sons died within the year and are buried in the same grave; she was aged 34 years; John who had the paternal estate; Edward; and Thomas who enjoyed the Gower Estate of Colmers in Worcestershire taking the name. She rebuilt in her lifetime the mansion house of Nash.
21. Arms. Three coats arranged on a shield in tierce: 1, HAWKINS 2, . . . . a bend ....; 3, Argent, on a bend azure three bucks' heads caboshed or, for STANLEY.
This coat of arms is blazoned on a mural monument to the memory of John Hawkins, Esq., and Mary his first wife, daughter
of William Wollascot of Sutton in Berkshire, Esq., "who by her fortune and joint prudence saved the family from ruin by sequestration in O. Cromwell's days." She left issue one son and four daughters. His second wife was Anne daughter of Sir Roland Stanley, Bart., of Oughton in Cheshire, by whom he had no children. 22. Arms and crest of HAWKINS.
This coat occurs on a brass affixed to a slab; there is also the representation of a man in armour, and also the following inscription, in Old English letters:
"I now that lye within this marble stone
was called Thomas Hawkins by my name:
23. Arms of Queen Victoria occur in this church.
ST. MARY MAGDALENE, DAVINGTON.
The coats of arms at Davington are for the greater part painted on the plastered walls of the building by the late Thomas Willement, Esq., F.S.A., Herald Painter to King George IV. Other arms occur in the stained glass, most of them being executed by Mr. Willement, or selected from his collection.
IN THE CHURCH.
1. Arms. Quarterly: 1 and 4, Azure, three fleur-de-lis or, for FRANCE; 2 and 3, Gules, three lions passant-guardant in pale or, for ENGLAND; all surrounded by the garter proper, and surmounted by a Royal crown, for KING EDWARD VI. Badge-A Tudor rose. É. R., 1553.
In MS. notes to the History of Davington, by T. Willement, Esq., I find the following:
During my many visits to the city of Wells, at the time of the work going on at the Cathedral there, I noticed particularly in the Deanery an Iron back to a grate, having on it the arms, Crown, and initials of King Edward VI., with the date of 1553. The Dean kindly presented to me a plaster cast from it. After his death I received the following letter from his widow.
"My dear Sir,
"On leaving the Deanery I find many rare objects of curiosity, etc., which I am having either packed up for removement or placing where they may be appreciated and be acceptable. Do you remember an ancient casting in Iron (I believe one of the earliest) in our Hall? I think you admired it, and had a plaster
cast made from it. Should you like to have it in your own collection of Antiquities, and be willing to remove it, I shall have very great pleasure in begging your acceptance of it, in memory of one whom you have known for many years, and who would have, I feel sure, been gratified to have this object of interest in your hands. I leave the Deanery on Wednesday,'" etc.
The letter is signed Frances Goodenough, and dated at the Deanery, 18 July 1845.
The plaster cast is now placed on the screen in the Church of Davington, and the original in iron at the back of the grate in the entrance hall.
2. Arms.-Argent, a cross gules, over all a bendlet azure, for FULK DE NEWENHAM, founder of Davington Priory.
3. Device.-Sable, a pastoral staff in pale argent, garnished or, veiled of the second, in dexter the letter D of the third.
This is a badge designed by Mr. Willement for a seal for Davington Priory.
4. Arms.-Sable, a cross argent, for the ORDER OF ST. BENEDICT. Davington Priory belonged to the Benedictine Order.
5. Arms. Quarterly: 1, Ermine, a lion rampant guardant gules, on a canton or, an eagle displayed sable, for EDWARDS; 2, Azure, two lions passant in pale or; 3, Sable, a griffin segreant ermine; 4, Sable, three bulls' heads couped argent.
This coat of arms occurs on a brass plate to the memory of Anna Edwards, wife of John Edwards. John Edwards resided at the Priory, and caused considerable alterations to be made in the buildings of the place. He died 9 June 1631, aged 87, and was buried in Davington Church; his wife Anna died 8 March 1613, in her 63rd year. On the brass occur kneeling figures of John Edwards and his wife Anna, behind him is a youth, behind her a maiden, on the ground are two children lying swaddled. One child, Annie Edwards, survived, and married John Bode of Rochford in co. Essex.
6. Arms-Sable, a chevron between three leopards' faces argent. This coat occurs on a brass to the memory of Katherine Lashford alias Lyshford, daughter of Edmund Lyshford, Gent. She died 25 April 1616, in her 25th year. Her burial is not entered in the Davington Register. Her will dated 13 January 1615 describes her as of Davington, near Faversham.
7 and 8. The same as 3 and 4 respectively.
IN THE CLOISTERS.
9. Arms.-FRANCE quartering ENGLAND and surrounded by the garter, surmounted by a Royal arched crown. Badges.-A Tudor rose and a portcullis or, for KING HENRY VIII.
This coat of arms is a plaster cast, but I have not succeeded in finding out the original.
The following arms and badges occur in the windows:10. Arms.-Quarterly: 1 and 4, Azure, six lioncels rampant argent, 3 and 3, a canton ermine, for SHURLAND; 2 and 3, Ermine, a chief per pale, indented or and gules, on the dexter side a rose of the last, for SHOTTESBROOKE, surrounded by the garter. This is the coat assumed by Sir Thomas Cheney, K.G.
Sir Thomas Cheney was elected a Knight of the Garter 24 April and installed 18 May 1539. His stall-plate is still in St. George's Chapel, Windsor. His arms are supported by two lynxes (?) vert, collared and lined or. Motto.-"Le meus que je puis."
Sir John Cheney, Kt., afterwards styled Baron Cheney, was descended from Edith Stourton by her second husband Sir John Shottesbrook, Kt. He seems to have dropped the paternal coat of Cheney (viz., Ermine, on a bend sable three martlets or), and to have assumed the arms of Shurland and Shottesbrooke, quarterly. As a mark of difference, on the nombril point he placed a crescent. His son Sir Thomas Cheney bore the same coat, omitting the crescent; he had inherited considerable lands in Sheppey through the families of Shurland and Shottesbrooke, and no doubt assumed the undifferenced arms of those families as lord of the estates which had once belonged to them.
11. Badge.-A pomegranate, for CATHERINE OF ARRAGON, she derived it from her father FERDINAND, who bore it to commemorate the conquest of Granada from the Moors.
12. Badge.-A Tudor rose, for KING HENRY VIII.
13. Badge. A fleur-de-lis or, for KING HENRY VIII.
14. Badge.-A portcullis or, for KING HENRY VIII., used in reference to the descent of the Tudors from the House of Beaufort.
15. Arms.-Quarterly: 1 and 4, FRANCE; 2 and 3, ENGLAND; surmounted by a royal crown; the initials, E. R.
16. Badge.-A white falcon in a fettelock of gold, unlocked, on a banner supported by a white falcon.
This is painted on a panel, with a background of the livery colours of the House of Tudor, namely, vert and argent.
This badge is generally considered a Yorkist badge. The falcon is said to have been used by Richard II. With a padlock in its mouth it was a badge of John of Gaunt. Edward IV.,* who had a falcon with the lock closed, ordered his son Richard to bear it with the lock open, and it is thus represented on the gate of Henry VII.'s Chapel at Westminster, and at Davington.
17. Badge. A greyhound argent, collared and ringed or, supporting a banner per pale gules and argent, charged with a portcullis or. The background argent and vert.
The greyhound+ was a badge of the House of York, and assumed by King Henry VII. as a supporter in right of his wife, who had * Vide Willement's Regal Heraldry, pp. 54-55. + Ibid., pp. 59-60.