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to the common creek unto the Swale on the west side, and from the aforesaid Swale unto the marsh called Digge's Marsh on the north side, and from the said marsh unto the gate called Barres gate on the east side." And by water "From the passage or place called King's Ferry unto the place commonly called Swale's Spitt. Saving, nevertheless, to us and our heirs and successors excepted and reserved our Castle of Quinborowe, and all the waters and lands within the liberty, circuit, and precincts of the same Castle."
The government of the town, which under King Edward III.'s Charter was vested in a Mayor and two Bailiffs, was now entrusted to a Mayor, four Jurats, and two Bailiffs, with one "discreet man learned in the laws of England" as Steward.
The Mayor on his election had to take oath before the Constable of the Castle. A Court of Record was to be held before the Mayor and Steward, or either of them, every Monday three weeks, but they had no power to try cases touching the loss of life. No burgess could be compelled to muster or find arms out of the borough. All was to be held "as of our Manor of East Greenwich as in common soccage on payment of ten shillings of lawful money of England payable at the receipt of the Exchequer or into the hands of the Sheriff of the County of Kent at the feast of St. Michael."
The Queenborough Charters were, in the fifteenth century, distributed amongst various members of the Corporation. In 1476 an entry in the Statute Book informs us that Alan Jacob (Mayor) holds the Papal Bull* and the common seal.
John Raynet, a box covered with leather containing two Charters.
John Clerk, a box of wicker work containing one Charter. Richard Pylgryme, a box with one Charter.
Richard Rand, a box with one Charter.
William Brett, a box with one Charter.
• What was this Papal Bull? On another page we find the following entry :"The privileges contained in our Charter which said privileges all and every of them our most Holy father in Christ Pope Nicholas the fourth hath graciously ratified." This is a puzzle, since Pope Nicholas IV. died in the year 1292, seventy-six years before the date of the earliest Queenborough Charter.
II. BOUND VOLUMES.
The most important of these is the Statute Book, a thick quarto containing 115 vellum leaves, bound in oaken boards from which the clasp has disappeared. On one of the flyleaves at the beginning of the volume are some verses in a handwriting of the early part of the fifteenth century; they are apparently a somewhat coarse satire upon the Friars. Also the following memorandum: "That William Kynge and Richard Davy hath axett ffranchys in the Kyng's name of Yngelond of the Mayor of Queneburgh for the saff gards of thar lyffys and ther godys on the vijth day of ffebruary in the yere of our sovereign lorde Kynge Harry the vijth vjth yere." At the beginning of the volume is a rubricated Calendar occupying twelve pages; at the foot of the page for the month of ffebruary is the following entry :
"Be itt known to all men by these presents that I Richard Bond of Quinborow, Mayer in the County of Kent in the Isle of Shepey, and I John Allan of the same towne, byndys us and every one of us to other our heres, executors, and assyns, to abyde the wourde and arbytrayment of Richard Taylor, Robert holton, Thomas hewet, and Richard Cockerell ye elder burgesys of ye same towne, for all manner of causes, debaytts, demands, and controversys had between ye forsayd Richard and John from the begynging of the world to the date hereafter on payne of forfitt xijli sterling to the party yt will not ther abyde the Arbetryment of ye forsayd arbetrater, and for ye more suerty we ye forsayd Richard and John charytably hath sett to our seylls hand ye xx day of Aprell the xviij yere of King Harry the viii.
By me Rychard Bond
A Table of Contents follows the Calendar.
Tot subscripta continentur in isto volumine.
Sentencia lata super eisdem
Statuta de Gaveleto.
De terris et libertatibus per
quirendis de gratia Regis. Consuetudines Kancie.
I.-A. A parchment bound book in bad condition labelled "Entries in King Henry VIIth and part of Henry VIIIths reign." The first entry is dated 11 Henry VII. (1497). It contains views of frankpledge, etc.
B. A parchment bound book in bad condition and imperfect. The first entry is dated Monday, May 8, 34 Henry VIII. Contains views of frankpledge, etc. On a subsequent page the following entry appears :-“ Ma that I Willyam Nobull husbandman hath here taken senctory for the safety of my body and my goods the xxij day of Apprell, Thomas Robinson meer the xix yere of ye rayne of King Harry the viijth."
c. A parchment bound book in bad condition, inscribed "C from 1533." Contains admission of Freemen and Actions for debt.
D. Court book, commencing April 8, 1611, and ending April 29, 1661.
E. Court book, 1661-1724. At the end are a number of Certificates under the Test Act. Also entries relating to the oyster fishery.
1661. (Extracts.) "Stephen Morris disfranchised till he pay £5 for contempt in sliteing and undervalueng ye charter.
"None to keep a horse except ye Mayor, Jurats, and Bailiffs, and ye two Butchers, on forfeiture of 35 for every day except they hire two whole leeses or rent £10 per annum.
"The Hoymen and Bakers admitted to keep a horse on the green. "Mr Rich Nicolls fined £5 for abusing the Mayor and undervaluing him in his authority."
II.-Proceedings of the Mayor's Court, 1573-1608 (extracts) :
1573. "At this law day it is ordayned by the Maior, Bayliffs, and Burgesses yt every Baker in the said Towne and liberty shall sell to every victuayler xiij loves to the dossin, and likewise every burges in the town and liberty shall sell xiij loves to the dossin being no vitayler, uppon the payne of every one that offendeth to the contrary iij iiijd."
1575. "We present the butts (for the Archers) for being in decay and will that they be made up this weke."
"We the said Jury will that order be taken in the towne for keepinge clean of the Churchyard, and about the Church."
1582. "It'm we present that we think it is expedient to have a cucking stole made in the Towne for the punishment of scouldes and unquiet."
1584. "Itm the same Jury do present all the Inhabitants of the said towne for Bowling and such other unlawful games wherefore every man is amerced to paye ijd unto the poor men's boxe, and he that refuseyth to pay shall be distrayned by the officers and shall paye xijd."
1584. "Yt is agreed that Richard Higat fleming shall paye unto our Church, that is to saye unto the Minister iijs, and unto the Clerk xija." "It'm it is agreed that Richard Higat fleming shall provide one caliver furnished, to remayne in the custody of our chambers for ever uppon payne if he doe not provide it by Midsommer next xx3."
1588. "We present privy tiplers not licensed to sell malt. Widdowe Lawson and Richard Whyte not to tipple or sell any more upon payne of vjs and viijd for every tyme."
"Md that Robert Lulley Clarke did sell a black mare of three years old in the market for the sum of fifty three shillings.”
III.-Records of Court, 1598-1674.
1613. Pd to Mr Lee (Steward) for his fee.
It'm paid for the Vane and setting it up.
It paid for writing a petition to ye lord of
1623. For gaging 410 barrells of beere 4d per barrel.
pd to Mr Pretchett for making of a sermon ye
For repairing the Court Hall and building of a
2li 0 0
6 17 4
2 10 0
Pd for chardges in going to the Burgesses to Lon-
1653. Rent for the New Salt house.
For mendinge the glass windows in the Court
15 12 3
1 0 0
£ 8. d. 100
Vile for setting up the stocks.
The well above referred to was no doubt the Castle well, to which the townsmen now had free access for the first time, the Castle having been demolished in the previous year. This well is still the sole source of the water supply for the town.
1 16 0
4 15 0
2 16 0
1 13 0