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PATRIARCHS, or, Fathers of Fami- divided into twenty four ranks, each rank

as Abraham, Isaac, and

Jacob, and his sons.

Judges, Temporary Supreme Governors, immediately appointed by God over the children of Israel.

Kings, and they either of the whole nation, or after the falling off of the ten tribes, of Judah or Israel.

Elders, Senators of the LXX, or Sanhedrin.

Officers, Provosts, Sheriffs, or Executioners.

Judges, Inferior Rulers, such as determine controversies in particular cities. Israelites, Hebrews, descendants from Jacob.

An Hebrew of Hebrews, an Israelite by original extraction.

A Proselyte of the Covenant, who was circumcised, and submitted to the whole Law.

A Proselyte of the Gate, or Stranger who worshipped one God, but remained uncircumcised.

Officers under the Assyrian or Persian Monarchs.

Tirshatha, or Governor appointed by the kings of Assyria or Persia.

Heads of the Captivity, the Chief of each tribe or family, who exercised a precarious Government during the captivity.

Under the Grecian Monarchs. Superior Officers. Maccabees, the Successors of Judas Maccabeus, high priests, who presided with kingly power.

Under the Roman Emperors. Presidents, or Governors, sent from Rome with imperial power. Tetrarchs, who had kingly power in four Provinces.

Proconsuls, or Deputies of Provinces.

Inferior Officers.
Publicans, or Taxgatherers.
Centurions, Captains of an hundred


Ecclesiastical Officers, or Sects of Men. High Priests, who only might enter the Holy of Holies.

Second Priests, or Sagan, who supplied the high priest's Office, in case he were disabled.

High Priests for the War, set apart for the occasion of an expedition.

Priests, Levites of the sons of Aaron,

serving weekly in the temple.

Levites, of the tribe of Levi, but not of Aaron's family; of these were three orders, Gershonites, Kohathites, Merarites, several sons of Levi.

Nethinims, Inferior servants to the Priests and Levites (not of their tribe) to draw water, and cleave wood, &c.

Prophets, anciently called Seers, who foretold future events, and denounced God's judgments.

Children of the Prophets, their disciples or scholars.

Wisemen, called so in imitation of the eastern Magi, or Gentile Philosophers. Scribes, Writers and expounders of the law.

Disputers, that raised and determined questions out of the law.

Rabbies or Doctors, Teachers of Israel. Libertines, Freed men of Rome, who, being Jews or Proselytes, had a Synagogue or Oratory for themselves.

Gaulonites, or Galileans, who pretended it unlawful to obey an heathen magistrate.

Herodians, who shaped their religion to the times, and particularly flattered Herod. Epicureans, who placed all happiness in pleasure.

Stoicks, who denied the liberty of the Will, and pretended all events were determined by fatal necessity.

Simon Magus, Author of the heresy of the Gnosticks, who taught that men, however vicious their practice was, should be saved by their knowledge.

Nicolaitans, the disciples of Nicolas, one of the first seven Deacons, who taught the community of wives.

Nazarites, who under a vow abstained from wine, &c.

Nazarens, Jews professing Christianity. Zelots, Sicarii, or Murderers, who, under pretence of the law, thought themselves authorized to commit any outrage.

Pharisees, Separatists, who, upon the opinion of their own godliness, despised all others.

Sadducees, who denied the resurrection of the dead, angels, and spirits.

Samaritans, Mongrel professors, partly Heathen, and partly Jews, the offspring of the Assyrians sent to Samaria.

Apostles, Missionaries, or persons sent; they who were sent by our Saviour from their number were called The Twelve.

Bishops, Successors of the Apostles in the government of the church.

Deacons, Officers chosen by the Apostles to take care of the poor.

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