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9 miles

Nele

[ 8

(2) In Shurerack Lane, near the boundary of Langfield and WalsdenHalifax,

(12 statute miles] Burnley, 7

[10

] Rochdale, 6

[8]

] (3) In WalsdenHalifax, 10 miles

(14 statute miles] Burnley, 9

(11)

] Rochdale, 5

[ 61

] Todmorden, 2

[ 2

] The two following are on the old road through Halifax and Keighley to Richmond :(4) At the foot of Dolphin Lane, near CullingworthKighley, 2 miles

[3 statute miles] (5) This road is now lost upon Harden Moor, but appears again running down into Keighley by way of Hogholes, and here at the junction of this road with the old road from Bradford is a stone Halifax, 8 miles

(12 statute miles] Bradford, 6

] (6) In Farnhill, where the old Otley road falls into the old Keighley-Skipton Road

Skipton, 3 miles [ 4 statute miles]
Kighley, 4

[ 5

] Otley, 10

(14

] (7) The next is by the side of a main County road, and by a miracle has escaped the attentions of the County surveyor and the vengeance of misled and footsore wayfarers. It is at the junction of the road from Carleton with the main SkiptonGisburn Road

I ?
To Skipton, ?
To Gisburn, 6

[8] statute miles] (8) In a by-lane behind Gledstone on the old Skipton-Gisburn RoadGisburn,

[4 statute miles)
Skipton,
Gargrave, 3

[4]

] (9) On the main road, Skipton-Gisburn, at the cross-roads near Monk Bridge, is a stone which has been altered to statute measurements

Skipton, 9 Ms Altered from 6 (9 statute miles]
Gisborn, 2 MS

[2

] VOL XXII.

3 miles

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Settle,

II MS

11 Ms The figures being more recent than the

lettering.] Altered from 5 [7 statute miles)

Colne,

7 M8

12

The next examples are mostly from the old trade route between the manufacturing district of Halifax and the rural country about Settle, where, before the age of machinery, wool was sent to be spun by hand in the farmhouses and brought back to be woven. The road crosses many steep and rugged hills.

(10) In Carr Head Lane, above Malsis, where the old HalifaxSettle Road crosses the old road to Colne, is a stone (rude and very much defaced)— Halifax, 12 miles

[22 statute miles) Settle,

[18

] The road ascends Glusburn Moor and crosses Carleton Moor before descending to Elslack.

The stone at Stone Gap cross-roads is approximately correct in statute milesSkipton, 4 miles.

Colne, 7 miles And so is another stone very much defaced

Kighley, 7 M. (11) A little further, on Carleton Moor, is a stone now used as a gate-post, and perhaps, therefore, not quite in its original positionSettle,

(15 statute miles] Kighley, 5 Ms

[ 7

] Thornton, 3 Ms

[ 43

] At the crossing with the old road, Skipton-Colne, near Pinhow, is a well-executed stone, dated 1730, nicknamed the Porridge Stoop," with the distances in statute miles. Again, at East Marton

Settle, II. Skipton, 51. Gisburn, 52. (12) Near Hellifield, at the junction of the main road, Keighley-Kendal, with a road to Otterburn, etc., is a dated stone

1783
To Griston

HC
(? Grassington) 7 Miles [12 statute miles
To Settle, 4

[6

] This stone is almost on the same route as the Porridge Stoop," and it is worthy of note how the statute mile was used in 1730 and the customary mile in 1783. “H.C.” was clearly a conservative person, whoever he was.

II Ms

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6

(13) At Long Preston Vicarage is a stone believed to have come from the High Grounds' on Langber Glebe," i.e. on the old Skipton-Settle RoadTo Skipton, 7 M.

10 miles To Settle,

(15 statute miles (14) On the Skipton-Barnoldswick Road, where it is joined by a road to West Marton and Clitheroe, is a stoneClitheroe, 8 miles

[About 12 statute miles)

}

3 M. ]

(15) On the Moors behind Embsay (crossed by the “ White Doe of Rylstone") is an old pack-horse road and a stone still standingTo Paitley

Το
Bridge, 7 Ms. Skipton, 3 Ms.
Total, Io miles (14 statute miles)

(Mr. Rawleigh Humphries.)

(16) In the Settle district there is a stone between Armitstead and Eldroth, on the old Lancaster RoadSettle, 2 M

[ 3 statute miles) Lancaster, 16 M

[21

] (17) In the other direction from Settle, at Grains Bridge, near AcraplattsSettle, 3 M 4 M.

[5 statute miles Settle to Kirkby, 1 M)

Kirkby Malham] In Rathmell is an old stone with statute measurementsWigglesworth, 2.

Settle, 3.
And similarly near Grindleton-

To Slaidburn, M 5 | All approximately statute
To Clitheroe, M 41

measure.
To Newton,
And at Annel Cross, on the slopes of Pendle Hill-
Clitheroe, 5.

Gisburn, 5 All statute
Colne, 6. Burnley, 7 ) measure.

(W. Anderton Brigg.) (18) In the Hodder Valley, between Whalley and Slaidburn, is a very fine dated stone on a much-frequented road

Lancaster, 16 M. [20 statute miles]
Whalley,

[ 41

] Preston,

(152

]
Gisburn,
8 M.
(10)

]
IS 1766

M 4

7

3 M.

10 M.

Near Sedbergh, on the borders of Yorkshire and Westmorland, I have found two stones. The distances are given in words instead of figures. (19) On the road to Howgill

Kirkby Lonsdale, eight miles [II statute miles)
Sedbergh,
one mile

[ 11

] Orton, eight miles [11

] (20) On the main road, Sedbergh to Kirkby Stephen, where the lane to Dowbiggin joins it :Kirkby Stephen, nine miles

(12 statute miles] Garsdale, four miles

]

[6

The moorlands and rough pasture lands lying north of Otley and the Wharfe valley were crossed by pack-horse roads, which have been superseded by good roads that take routes less direct than the old ones. On the old tracks are many old milestones.

(21) At Hill Top, on the old Otley-Knaresborough Road, between Farnley and BeckwithshawOtley, 3 M. [4 statute miles]

(W. Anderton Brigg.) (22) At the cross-roads east of Red House on Penny Pot Lane, the old road from Skipton to Knaresborough, corresponding roughly with the Roman Road from Ilkley to AldboroughTo Knaresborough, 4 m. [5statute miles).

(W. Anderton Brigg.) (23) On the Ilkley-Beamsley Road, near the golf links and in the valley, is a well-cut stone, now removed a few yards and used as a gate-postTo Ottley,

[7} statute miles] To Bowlton Bridge, 2

[3

]

(T. S. Carter.) ) (24) This stone is possibly at one end of a track whose other end comes out on the Otley-Blubberhouses Road, where there is a very rough stoneTo Boulton

Το
Bridg

OTL 6 M [9 statute miles] ? XM [4 statute miles] (25) On Langbar Moor under Beamsley Beacon, and near Wards End Farm, is a stone, now prostrate To Ottley,

[8 statute miles] To Skipton,

6 Ms [About 8 statute miles To Knaresbrough, II Ms About 16 statute miles)

(Arthur L. Knight.)

5 miles

5 Ms

4 M

5 Miles

This stone is on an old track called Badger's Gate (Badger = "a trader in corn”-Skeat), and is presumably on the old track from Skipton to the corn-growing districts of Knaresborough and Ripon.

(26) On the Otley-Pateley Bridge Road, at a point marked 575 on the i in. ordnance map, is a stoneTo Otley,

[6} statute miles) To Paitley Bridge, 6 M [9

]
To Ripley,

V M
7

] A paved pack-horse track runs here for a short distance.

On the same road, but nearer Otley, is a stone with statute measureTo Otley,

To Otley

on by
To Paitley

Dog pa(rk)
Bridge, 11

Bridge (a very fine arched

5 pack-horse bridge). The traveller from Otley must have been very much cheered to find that in going i} miles from a stone marked “ Paitley II miles,” he had diminished the distance to 6 miles according to the next stone.

A good example of an old pack-horse trade-route is that from Keighley in Airedale to Ripon — following pretty closely the Roman way to Aldborough. The following old milestones occur along its course :

(27) At High Ash, above West Morton, is a stone which formerly stood at the junction of the lane with the BingleySilsden Road Bingley,

[3 statute miles] Otley, 6 Ms

[8

1 Skipton, 6 MS

[9

] Kighley, 2 Ms .... 13

] (28) The old road is completely lost on Morton Moor, and the next stone appears standing in a marshy place in the Moor in the Great Allotment

To Skipton, 6 Ms (9 statute miles]
To Otley,

17

] To Keighley, 3 Ms [4

] To Eighlei,

[27

] [Ilkley] (29) Perhaps these cross-roads have been connected laterally with an almost obliterated cross-roads on Hawksworth Moor,

2 Ms

5 Ms

2 Ms

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