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either of theime, one angell. To Sir John Harte one spurre riall, trustinge they will all give my children good counsell. To my cozen Dorothie Thornborowe vs. in gold. To Thomasyn Frear Vs.

To Elizabeth Fuyster vs. To my good freinde, Mr. Wright, of Bagbie, xs. in golde. To my brother Anthonie Askwithes wife xxs., for taking of paines with me in my sick

To John Reynewicke, my servante, vs. To every householde servant iijs. iijd., and to the boye xxs. To John Gilmyn and Robert Anderson, either of theim, iijs. iiijd. To Anthonie Johnson iijs. iiijd. To my sonne William all the landes that I bought in Sowber for the terme of his life, the remaynder therof to the right heires of his body lawfully begotten; and for default of such yssue to the heires of my three daughters, provided alwayes that yf Thomas Jackson dye without yssue of his body lawfully begotten, that then my mynd and will is that his parte of the said lande shall remayne and come to the right heires of my daughter Whittingham. I give xxs. to be bestowed of the poore of the parishe of West-Wytton at the discretion of the curate and churchwardens of the said parishe. To my brother Georgel his wife xxs. To Lancelot Brand xs. To Ottywell Metcalfe vs., and to every one of his brothers vs. To the vicker of Thirkelbie vs. Supervisors, my trustie and welbeloved freinde, Mr. Cristofor Ashe, and my brother George Metcalfe, and my brother-in-lawe Anthonie Askwith. All the rest unto my sonne William Askwith, whom I make my sole and full exequutor. Witnesses hereof, Henry Gillinge, John Wright, John Cooke, and John Newsom's marke.” Jan. 13, 1596–7. Proved by the executor.

As the will of Brian Askwith's son William is but brief, and as he was possessed of the parsonage of Thirsk, I give an abstract. William married, 3 in 1590-1, Dorothy, daughter of William Thornton, of East Newton, in Ryedale, and Eleanor, daughter of Thomas Grimston, of Grimston. March

I, 1600-I. William Askwith, of Osgodby, Esq. Sicke of body. I commend my soule into the handes of Almightie God, who made it, and by and through the pretious death and resurrection of his Sonne, my Saviour, my onelie hope and truste is to be saved.” Son and heir apparent, William Askwith, lease of the rectory and parsonage of Thirske. Second son, Robert Askwith, and such as my wiffe is now with.


1 George Metcalfe. His wife's name is not known. Ottiwell Metcalfe was his eldest son.

2 Reg. Test., xxviii, 341.

3 Licence for their marriage at Stonegrave. (Yorks. Arch. Journal, vii, 190.)


Vnto my said wife her cheane of gold and other such jewells, borders, and ringes, as she hath vsed to weare, togeather with all her apparell and lynnen belonginge to her wearinge, and also one geldinge called Graie Talbot, and her saddle and pillyon and all furniture belonginge to the same, and also my beste bedd and bedsteade, with all the furniture belonging to the same. Vnto my

said sonne William Askwith my cheane of golde, my seale or signett of golde, and all my plate whatsoever, and all my bookes and instrumentes of musicke." ” Cozen Mr. Robart Askwith of the cittie of Yorke, to have the tuition of his son, William, with 4oli. a year; and my good friend, Christofer Ashe, Esq., to have the tuition of second son Robert, with 30li.; and brother-in-law, Timothy Whittingham, to have tuition of the unborn child, with poli.. Dau. Eliz. to his wife, with 20 markes. Parish of Kilburne, IOS. Uncle Mr. Robert Askwith ; 40s. Uncles Mr. George Metcalfe and Mr. Anthony Askwith, either of them, 40s. Executors, Christofer Ashe, Tymothy Whittingham, Francis Davell, and cozen Robert Askwith, Supervisors, uncle Marmaduke Grimston, Esq., my loving father-in-law, William Thornton, Esq., and loving cozen Henry Gillinge, of Yorke, gent. Witnesses, Henry Gillinge, Thomas Jackson, Richard Milnes, Thomas Benyon, clk. Proved April 10, 1601, by Christopher Ashe, Tymothy Whittingham, and Francis Davill.


April 24, 1436. Thomas Raynton, capellanus, ecclesie parochialis de Thresk. Sep. in cimiterio ecclesie S. M. de Thresk predicta. Item lego unam vaccam cum vitulo, precii xs., nomine mortuarii mei. Domino Willelmo Cressop, canonico,3 iijs. iiijd. Domino Johanni Esyngton, socio meo, vjs. viijd. Henrico Roose, clerico parochiali ecclesie predicte, xijd. Lego xs. pro torchiis emendis et ignendis ad altare S. Anne in ecclesia prenominata, vjs. viijd. pro tectura cantarie S. Anne in ecclesia prescripta, vjs. viijd. pro le sillornyng4 altaris S. Anne prefate, iijs. iiijd. pro fabrica unius armarioli expectant' in cantaria predicta. Proved May 11, 1436. (Reg. Test., iii, 452d.)

1 BORDER, a piece of ornamental work round the edge of a garment, cap, etc.; " You wore a velvet hood, rich borders, and sometimes a dainty miniver cap. (Massinger, City Madam, iv, 4, quoted s.v. in N.E.D.)

2 Probably Christopher Aske (more correctly, Ashe), of Woodhall (query Woodhill, in the parish of Thirsk), who married Ursula, daughter of Sir Thomas

Lascelles, of Brackenbury, March 7, 1610-1. Administration of the goods of Chris. Ashe, of the city of York, Esq., granted to John Darley for the use of the children. (City Act Book.)

3 Canon of Newburgh priory, who owned the advowson of Thirsk.

4 The ceiling. Silouring is the more usual form.

March 12, 1466-7. Joh. Cooke de Thirske. Sep. in porcia S. Johannis Baptiste infra ecclesiam parochialem de Thresk. (Ibid., iv, 42d.)

Feb. 2, 1484-5. Henricus Lokwod de Thyrsk generosus. Sep. in porticu ecclesie B. M. de Thyrsk. Gilde B. M. in porticu predicte unum cornu argenteum. Fabrice dicte ecclesie, xijd. (Ibid., v, 250d.)

July 8, 1499. “Thos. Nosterfeld de Thirsk. Sep. in cimiterio ecclesie parochialis de Thirsk. Fabrice, iijs. iiijd. Fabrice ecclesie de South Kilvyngton, xxd. Lumini crucifixi in ecclesia parochiali mea unam libram cere. Luminibusl B. M. in choro, Sancti Thome, et B. M. in porticu, cuilibet lumini, vj libras cere. Luminibus S. Johannis Baptiste, S. Erasmi, regis almi Henrici, et B. M. pietatis, cuilibet lumini, dimidiam libram cere.” Wife Joan, sons William and John Nosterfeld, chaplains. He found an obit after his son's death of 6s. 8d. a year, viz., "sex vel octo presbiteris ejusdem ecclesie, cuilibet presbi

. tero, iiijd.; clerico parochiali, ijd.; et pro pulsacione campanarum, iijd.; et quatuor aliis clericis, iiijd.; preconi, jd.; pro duobus capitalibus denariis, ijd.; et pro duobus cereis comburendis tempore exequiarum et misse, ijd." The income to be paid to the Masters of the Guild of the B. M. “in porticu in ecclesia predicta,” or to the chaplain of that Guild. If they made default, to be paid to the chaplain of the chantry of St Anne, or the rector. Witnesses, Sir John Smythson, curate, Henry Trewman, chaplain. Proved Oct. 4, 1499. (Ibid., iii, 342.) Nov. 24, 1501.

Rob. Sanderson de Thryske. Fabrice ecclesie de Thryske pro sepultura mea, iijs. iiijd, Gilde B. M. in porticu pro anima recommendanda per capellanum predicte gylde, sicut fit recommendacio pro fratribus gilde predicte, iijs. iiijd. (Ibid., vi, 46.)

May 12, 1502. Johanna Nosterfeld de Thryske. Sep. in cimiterio ecclesie parochialis de Thryske predicta, juxta sepulturam Thome Nosterfelde, viri mei. Ad edificacionem campanilis ibidem, xiijs. iiijd. (Ibid., vi, 30.)

June 10, 1503. Ricardus Robynson de Thirske. Sep. in ecclesia parochiali B. M. de Thirske. Fabrice ecclesie mee


1 An interesting list of the images,

mentioned in Thirsk Church at the end of the fifteenth century. The presence of one of Henry VI is to

be accounted for by the fact that the Earl of Derby, the lord of the manor, had married the countess of Richmond, Henry VII's mother.


de Thirske et pro sepultura mea in eadem ecclesia, xs. Imagini B. M. de le Porche, xijd. Ecclesie de Kylvyngton, ijs. Johanni Funder duos perapsides electril et

ollam eneam cum duobus discis electri. Roberto, filio meo, capellano, meum optimum lectum plumalem. (Ibid., vi, 68.)

Feb. 13, 1514-5. Rob. Marschall. Sep. in ecclesia parochiali de Thirske juxta pulpitum. To ye kyrke warke for my buriall, vjs. viijd. Also I giff xxxiijs. iiijd. that Maister Graburne gaue to the stepill byldyng. (Ibid., ix, 10.)

Sept. 10, 1510. Georgius Kelchif, ballivus dominii de Thrisk. Sep. in ecclesia parochiali de Thriske. Six marks for a chaplain celebrating for one year a trental of St. Gregory during his octave for his soul, his relations' souls, and those of Chris. Wardroper and Ric. Warde. "D'no Johanni Neccham,

' iijs. iiijd. ad standum pro me et in recompensacionem talium factorum meorum per me dictorum et factorum per mandatum domini mei, domini Thome Derbey [sic], comitis Derbey, sic quod dictus dominus Johannes remittat et dimittat in omnia illa facta et contra se acta penes se et servicium suum apud Thorneton super Montem.” Wife Agnes property at Wermfeld, Altoft, and elsewhere, to bring up sons Robert and George. If she die during their minority, Sir John Frankyssh, vicar of Wermfeld, Sir Will. Nosterfeld, cantarist of St. Anne of Thriske, and Rob. Pert of the same, to be guardians. (Ibid., viii, 53d.)

Dec. 31, 1520. William Whippe de Thriske, draper. My body to be beried in chirch yerd of Seynt Mary in Thriske, as nere the place wher my fader and my childer was beried as may be. To the parishe chirche for my beriall, iijs. iiijd. To the steple beldyng, xls. To the mendyng of ill wayes aboute

. the towne most necessary, iijs. iiijd. (Ibid., ix, 137.) Feb. 7, 1520-1.

William Palicer, of Sandhoton, My body to be beried in the chirch yerd of Seynt Mary in Thrisk. I gif my broder, Cristofer Palicer, a broode wolyn lome and ij lyn lomys wt al ther gerys [that] belong them to thuse of his son, the which the said Cristofer will putto the wever craft. To the chappell of Seynt Leonard in Hoton a whether hog, and to the Chapel of Seynt Lawrence in Karleton a wether hog. Witnes, Sir Thomas Knollys, curet. (Ibid., ix, 151d.)

April 18, 1521. Thomas Stevynson, of Thriske, merchand. My body to be beryed in the chirch yerd of Thryske emong

Dishes, properly square in form, of For electrum, see the Durham Account mixed metal, probably latten or zinc. Rolls, iii, 912.


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my childer. To the steple beldyng xxs. To byeng of a paire of organnys, to be our Lady messe with all, vjs. viijd., if the organys be bowght and go forward, or els I will the said vjs. viijd. ramayne to the said steple. To the house of Newburgh, for clene absolucion, xs. To our Lady in the where, iijs. iiijd.; also to our Lady in the porche, iijs. iijd, and a sleyveles jacke. To Seynt John alter a hangyng to be before hitt. Also I will my wif fynd a sheragel before Saynt Kateryn her lyf, and after her departyng I will my son William fynd it. Also I will my litle gray mere be sold, and the money to be bestowed of menddyng of ways moost nedful aboutte the towne. Allso I will my wiff haue my house duryng the terme of hir lif, and after hir deithe I will and gyf the said house wt thappurtenances to my son William Stevynson and to his heres of his body lawfully begottyn, and in defawte


my doughtour, Margaret .

and in defawte .

vnto Sir George Stevynson, my son, terme of his lif, and after the deith of the said Sir George I will that the said house remane unto the parishe churche of Thriske, oppon this condicion folowyng: that is to say, the chirch wardyns of the said chirch shall yerelye for euer cause an obite to be song in the forsaid chirch for me, for my wiff, and for all my childer, at the which obite I will shalbe xij prestes and xxiiij scolars with other expenses nedfull, al mountyng yerelye to xs. Also I will if the parishing do fynd a gyld preist that the forsaid house be gifyn vnto that gilde oppon the condicion aforesaid, and that the gilde preist shall kepe the forsaid obite after the maner before spokyn. And if nother the chirch wardyns, nor the preist, kepe the forsaid obite trulye and yerelie on the day of my bereyall, than I will that the forsaid house remayne vnto next of my blode then reignyng. To euery one of the iiij

. orders of Freres, iijs. iiijd. Also I will my son William haue forty nobles in penny and penny worth at the seight of thes iiij men, that is to said [sic], John Wyntter, William Dowson, Richard Woodroper, and John Fox, with certayn herelowmys as a cowntour, a steippe fatte, a kylne, a hare, wt other certayn bordes that er nallyd, as beddes, formys, and trestils. Also I gif the said William a gowne lynyd wt watteryd tuyke,3 and a bucskynne dublett, and my best jacke, my swerd, and al my harnes, and thus he to be content. Also I gif my wif

1 A candle (cierge). 2 Hair cloths for drying malt in kilns after it has begun to put out rootlets,

but before it sprouts. See Durham Account Rolls, iii, 923

3 Tuyke, tick or ticking.

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