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phia. This is an article of neat form and convenient arrangement, deserving of the First Premium.
No. 1523, three cook stoves for coal, by Thomas Durell, Philadelphia. To these very excellent stoves is awarded the Second Premium. No. 1555. Hedenberg's air-tight parlor stove, for coal, deposited by W. S. Hanford. The arrangement of the hot air passage, and general form of the stove, together with its economy, render it worthy of the Second Premium.
No. 1571, Roney's patent cook stove, deposited by Gray & Steel. This stove is of new construction, and designed to use both wood and coal on different hearths. The principle appears to be good, and the judges regret that the stove was not put in operation during the exhibition. They consider it deserving of the Third Premium.
No. 1530, Pierce's patent cook stove, made by Rikeman & Seymour, deposited by J. Kisterbock, is considered worthy of the Third Premium.
No. 1539, Wager & Dater's cook stove, deposited by J. Kisterbock, is also adjudged to merit the Third Premium.
No. 1654, a nursery stove, by Wm. Butcher: the Third Premium. No. 1520, Pedder's patent reverberatory air-tight stove for coal, deposited by D. O. Prouty; an excellent and economical article. The Third Premium.
No. 1641, Utter's patent air-tight coal stove, made and deposited by Williams & Hinds. The draft of this stove is from the top, and so arranged that the gas does not escape into the room. Worthy of the Third Premium.
No. 1564, a sheet iron radiator, made and deposited by John McGrath. For the excellent workmanship and neat form we adjudge the Third Premium.
No. 1561, an agricultural furnace and boiler, by Jordan L. Mott, deposited by D. O. Prouty. A very useful article for farmers and others, and worthy of the Third Premium.
No. 1567, improved stove pipe holes and damper cups, by William S Richards. Ingenious and useful articles, deserving of the Third Premium.
No. 1528, the Kisterbock cook stove, by J. Kisterbock; an excellent and useful stove, to which we award the Second Premium.
There are several other cook stoves, varying in form and arrangement, which the judges notice as creditable articles: among them are No. 1533, Church's cook; No. 1577, Bird & Well's air-tight cook; No. 1600, coal cook, by P. F. Hagar; No. 1629, Atwood's cook for wood, similar in construction and principle to the coal stove for which the First Premium has been given; No. 1655, cook stoves by Low & Bedell, Troy, N. Y., deposited by Lloyd and Feltwell; and No. 1540, by H. G. Bartels, deposited by J. M. Durand.
No. 1539, a revolving cook stove, invented by T. C. Clark, deposi ted by G. W. Holloway, is unfinished; but appears to be constructed upon useful principles.
No. 1541, a radiator, of new form and good workmanship, made and deposited by Kohler & Lenck, is noticed as a creditable article.
No. 1524, a furnace for warming houses, by J. B. Kremer, deposited by C. Clothier, seems to be constructed upon a good plan so far as the judges had the opportunity to examine it.
Several good stoves were deposited too late for competition, among which we notice one adopted by the Union Benevolent Society, sold at the very low price of $3 00, and adapted to the use of the poor; some of Backus' patent, made by R. G. Kendall, alsó Harned & Elliot's air-tight stove, which received a premium on a former occasion. XII.-Cabinet Ware.
Many articles of furniture in this division are distinguished for taste in design, ingenuity of construction, and excellence of workmanship, reflecting great credit upon the makers. The judges appointed to examine this branch, notice as follows:
No. 1291, sofas, parlor chairs, arm chairs, ottomans, and centre table, by Vollmer & Montre, Philadelphia. This is a beautiful collection of furniture, which attracted much attention, both for its workmanship and good taste. The Committee deem it worthy of the First Premium.
No. 35, hair cloth, silk and hair, and satin de laine, by Samuel Ross, Philadelphia. Excellent specimens of taste and work, which may be confidently placed in comparison with the best European articles of the same fabrics. The satin de laine has a particular interest from the circumstance of its being the first manufactured in this country. It has a just claim to the First Premium.
No. 1215, rocking chairs, by Jos. F. Weaver, Philadelphia. These beautiful chairs present the novelty of having their frames composed of plated iron; thus combining strength, lightness, and simplicity of construction. For this improvement, and the skill with which the work is executed, the maker deserves the Second Premium.
No. 1202, couch and spring mattress, by Forst & Wright, Philadelphia. The spring mattress presents the convenience, and, as the Committee believe, the novelty of folding over upon itself when required. The arrangement for this purpose is simple and effectual. We award it the Second Premium.
No. 1242, French bedstead, by Quantin & Lutz, Philadelphia. This beautiful article is made of rose wood, and is richly yet tastefully ornamented. It merits the admiration which it excited, and although without much claim to originality or novelty, it is deemed worthy of the Second Premium.
No. 1265, red cedar bedstead, by Anthony Shermer, Philadelphia. This is a very elaborate piece of work, executed with much skill, though not free from fault in point of taste. The maker has shown that red cedar may take its rank among the most choice of the ornamental woods. For the present successful proof of this, the maker is awarded the Second Premium.
No. 1246, fancy, rush, and cane chairs, by A. McDonough, Philadelphia. These specimens of excellent work are deemed worthy of the Third Premium.
No. 1232, a fire screen, by Charles Goehmann. A truly beautiful
piece of work, showing particularly great skill in fancy turning. It deserves the Third Premium.
No. 1225, window shades, by Job F. Bray, Philadelphia. These articles have great merit, both in the preparation of the material, and in the designs and paintings. They show the great advance in this art since the last exhibition, and deserve the Third Premium.
No. 1259, venitian blinds, by B. J. Williams, Philadelphia. These are excellent specimens of work, and were generally and justly ad mired. We award them the Third Premium.
No. 1287, Venitian blinds, by J. B. Anderson, Philadelphia. For close shutting, these blinds were thought by the judges to have the advantage of others exhibited; but the difference was not so marked as to justify a formal decision on the point. They merit the Third Premium.
No. 1206, Venitian window blinds, by W. B. Barnes. This blind is intended to be sustained, at its different elevations, by a counter weight arranged for the purpose. As the counter weight, however, is constant, while the weight of the slats to be sustained increases as the blind is raised, it is evident there is but one point at which, independently of friction, there can be equilibrium between the blind and the counter weight. Accordingly, in its highest and lowest positions, the blind exhibited had to be kept in its place by other means. device is probably new; but it is not likely to be generally adopted. Other good blinds were exhibited by the same maker.
No. 1272, centre tables and book case, by J. & A. Crout. In these articles the makers have distinguished themselves, as heretofore, by their beautiful combination of American wood, giving specimens of walnut, birch, and the tulip tree. These meritorious workmen have received premiums on former occasions for their skill and taste in this department of their business.
The judges also notice in terms of commendation, No. 1230, a set of parlor chairs, table and pedestal, by D. Schwartzwalder; No. 1269, a walnut flower stand by E. Nowland & Co., window shades, by F. Cerveaux, and by S. H. Warwick; and window screens, of wooden slats, by Martin Free.
The judges selected to examine and report upon musical instruments, after careful examination of those deposited, remark that they are fully aware of the difficulty in making improvements in Pianos, and regret that among the great number exhibited (though equal to those in former exhibitions and creditable to the manufacturers) none are found presenting any superior qualities to those of late years. Nicety of mechanism in the keys, roundness, purity and evenness of tone, are the great desiderata in this instrument. A majority of the judges disapprove of the Eolian attachments to Piano Fortes, and likewise the introduction of harmonic pedals. They are strengthened in this opinion by the experience and practice of the great masters of Europe, who discountenance all these so called improvements, as detracting from the legitimate character of the instrument, and rendering its use too complicated.
The judges, after carefully, diligently and impartially examining all the pianos, and finding none superior to those formerly exhibited, declined making any awards; but the Committee determine the following to the three pianos most approved by the judges.
No. 1243, D. A piano by C. Meyer, Philadelphia, the First Pre
No. 1240, B. A piano by Schomacker & Co., Philadelphia, the First Premium.
No. 1241, A. A piano by A. H. Gale & Co., N. Y., deposited by J. C. Smith; the Third Premium.
No. 1224 and 1250, three guitars, by C. F. Martin of Nazareth, Pa., deposited by C. H. Weber. The judges are of opinion' that too much commendation cannot be bestowed upon these beautiful instruments. In strength and quality of tone they are unrivalled, and perfectly true. throughout the whole scale. Being made with a degree of care hitherto unusual, they are found to bear the vicissitudes of our climate much better than the imported instruments. As this is now a permanently established branch of the arts, of a refined character in our State, the Committee desire to show their appreciation of merit, and aid in its encouragement, by the award of the First Premium.
No. 1255, three flutes, by J. Pfaff, Lancaster, Pa., deposited by C. R. Stellwagon. Instruments of superior workmanship and elegant finish. The tone of all is excellent, and they are true in the scales. The flute made entirely of cocoa wood is considered the best, and is deemed worthy of the First Premium.
No. 1270, a case of wind instruments, by Thos. J. Weygandt of Philadelphia. These display good workmanship, but do not show any advance in the art. The flute of cocoa wood, with ivory head piece, has a powerful tone, and is considered deserving of the Third Premium.
XIV.-Glass, China, &c.
The display of articles in this department is in a high degree creditable to the manufacturers, and shows the rapid advance of improvement in this interesting brauch of our home industry.
No. 601, an invoice of glass ware, made by M. & T. Sweeny, Wheeling, Va., deposited by T. Sweeny. This ware is superior in richness of material to that from the same manufacturers at the last exhibition; and the judges believe it to be the best lot of flint glass ever made in this country. The beautiful vase, five feet one inch high, does great honor to the makers. Those only who are familiar with the manufacture of glass can appreciate the difficulties and hazards encountered in the execution of such a piece of work. The judges regard it as truly a triumph in American art, and from all the information they can obtain, it does not appear to have an equal for size and beauty in any country. It eminently merits the highest honor the committee can bestow-the First Premium.
In consequence, however, of the peculiar excellence of this article, the subject will be referred to the consideration of the Institute, for such higher award as may be judged proper.
No. 659, flint and colored glass, from the Dyottville Works, Kensington; deposited by S. D. Smith. The colored glass embraces a variety of shades, all of them good, but the preference is given to the canary. This tinge is beautifully imparted, and is richer than the best foreign that could be found to compare with it. The flint glass is very good. This lot of glass is worthy of the Second Premium.
No. 1546, earthenware, made and deposited by Abraham Miller, Philadelphia. This ware from Mr. Miller is better than any he has before exhibited, and it is particularly gratifying to observe the great improvement in the white ware. This alone merits the First Premium; but Mr. Miller being a member of the Board of Managers of the Institute, the regulations forbid any award.
No. 1548, earthenware, by Bennett & Bro., Pittsburg; deposited by Wright & Wharton. In this invoice there is a good variety of ware, and all very creditable. The jugs, mugs, and spittoons are decidedly better than the English Rockingham ware, which is used extensively in this country, and furnished at prices which must successfully com pete with the foreign article. To the enterprising makers we award the Second Premium.
No. 632, large lights of glass, made by Coffin, Hay & Bowd'e, Winslow, N. J. Lights of glass of American manufacture of this size are rare. The glass is not inferior in color to the best foreign; but is not so free from specks and waves as is desirable for the purpose for which such large lights are used.
No. 639, bottles and phials from the Dyottville Works, deposited by S. D. Smith. As good as any of the kind before exhibited.
No. 643, large cut glass bowl, and decanters, made by P. C. Dummer & Co. deposited by Lockwood & Smith. The bowl has been exhibited and reported upon at a former exhibition; the decanters are good, but not better than some formerly exhibited from the same factory.
XV. Books and Stationary.
The articles deposited in this line show little improvement over those of former exhibitions. It is suggested by the judges, that in future, the Binders should offer for premiums volumes in plain sheep, for medical and library use, and also volumes in muslin for Schools, and other works,-having reference to strength and fixedness of the volume in the case, as well as neatness of finish and gilding, Printers might also submit specimens of book work from machine and hand presses, so as to exhibit the improvements in types and the work of printing offices.
Great improvements have been, and continue to be made in the machinery connected with paper making, as well as the application of chemical principles to the art;-the result is a handsomer and bet ter paper from inferior stock. It is suggested that competition be offered for printing paper, particularly a kind for every day sale at 124 cts. per lb.
No. 143, a lot of books, by S. Moore, Philadelphia. The judges remark, that they cannot too fully commend the good taste and beau tiful execution of the large bibles in silk velvet, with worked gut