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are linked with two other levers, so arranged, with connecting rods along the handle, as to enable the attendants, by means of these and cords attached to the runners, to govern the position of the scoop.
Claim. "What I claim as my invention, is the combination of the perforated scoop and runners with the levers, (the two sets) rods and apparatus for discharging the scoop, constructed and operated in the manner above set forth."
32. For an improvement in the machine for Cutting Match Splints ; Hervey Law, Wilmington, New Hanover county, North Carolina, August 28.
Match splints have heretofore and are now, in some instances, made by means of a steel tube sharpened at one end, and attached to a hand plane, the tube cutting a cylindrical rod the size of the hole. One of the improvements under this patent is for combining with this tube, or a series of them, a lip which tends more effectually to sever the rod from the block, and leaves the surface prepared for another cut. And the other improvement is for an arrangement of parts constituting a machine for making splints by means of such tubes attached to a slide, the block being fed up at the end of each operation, and held firmly by a wedge.
Claim. What I claim as my invention, is combining with the tube cutters the flanch, or wing, for the purpose and in the manner described, whether the tubes are made in sets, or in single tubes; and also the combination of the movable lip with the follower, the wedge and tube cutters, in the manner and for the purpose set forth. And I do hereby declare that I do not intend, by the description given, to confine myself, in the second claim, to the precise shape, or form, or manner, of arranging and connecting the auxiliary parts of the feeding apparatus, or to the peculiar form, or arrangement, of the tube cutters, but to vary them as I may find expedient, whilst the general construction and operation of the feeding apparatus, is substantially the same with that set forth, and whilst it is made to retain those features which distinguish it from all other machines which have heretofore been constructed for the same purpose."
33. For an improvement in the Brick Press; Jeffery Smedley, Columbia, Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, August 28.
This is for an improvement in the press for compressing, or repressing, bricks. The follower, or platen, of this press acts upwards-the lid of the mould when closed being the bed. To the slide of the fol
lower there is an arm jointed, like one arm of a toggle joint, the lower end of which is caught by a cam on a cylinder, or shaft, below, so hollowed out as to form a seat for the end of the arm, and thus together act as a toggle joint in giving the pressure; on the return motion of the shaft (which is a rocking one,) another cam strikes against a curved arm (called in the claim a segmental cam) projecting from the arm of the follower just described, and forces the follower up higher to discharge the pressed brick, the lid having been lifted up
in the commencement of the back motion of the rocking shaft by a lever connected with a slide, actuated by a third cam on the rocking shaft.
Claim. "What I claim as my invention, is the arrangement of the cams (first and second) upon the rocking shaft, in combination with the follower and the segmental cam, and in combination with the above I claim cam (third) and sliding rod for operating the lid, the whole arrangement and operation being substantially as described."
34. For a machine for Cutting and Gathering Corn, Sugar-Cane, &c.; Jacob Peck, Oakland county, Tennessee, August 28.
The knife for cutting the stocks of corn, or sugar-cane, or other similar article, is attached to the side frame of a car; it projects from the side of the frame in a curved line, so that the frame shall support the cane whilst under the action of the knife. There is a vertical shaft with arms projecting therefrom on the frame and near the knife, and rotated by means of a bevel cog-wheel taking into cogs on the front driving wheels. The stocks are caught by these arms, and deposited on the platform of the car, there being appropriate guides for this purpose.
Claim. "What I claim is the knife in combination with the revolving cross arms driven by the bevel cog-wheels, arranged and constructed as described; and also the arrangement of the knife and revolving cross arms, in combination with the car and guiding rod, as described."
35. For a Governor for regulating the movements of Mill Wheels, Steam Engines, and other machinery; Henry Burt, Boston, Massachusetts, August 31.
Instead of the balls and arms thrown out by centrifugal force, or jointed wings opened by the resistance of the air, as the velocity of the machinery is increased, the present patentee employs a vertical shaft with spiral wings, (made in the manner of the screw propeller,) and so placed in a vessel filled with water, or other fluid, that the resistance of the fluid acting on the spiral vanes, or wings, by the increased motion of the machinery, causes the shaft and vanes to rise, and when the velocity is diminished, and the resistance thereby reduced below the gravitating force of the weight of the shaft and wings, or vanes, it descends, and by its connexion with the throttle valve of an engine, gate of a mill, &c., the moving force of the machinery is either increased, or diminished.
Claim. "Having thus explained my invention, I shall claim the employment, as a governor, of a screw, or other analogous contrivance, as described, to revolve in water, or other fluid, and act therein, and in all respects substantially as set forth."
36. For a machine for Cutting Sausage Meat; Edwin Clark, Hartford, Connecticut, August 31.
This machine resembles that kind of straw cutters in which the cutters are attached to the face of a wheel, or the arms of a fly-wheel. The forward end of the trough is provided with two series of knives, one horizontal, and the other vertical, forming apertures, or meshes, through which the meat is forced by a piston, or follower, into long pieces, which are again cut by the rotating knives as they pass out. Claim. "What I claim is the combination of the revolving and parallel knives, and in combination therewith the piston for forcing the meat through the parallel knives."
37. For an improvement in the method of making Patterns for Casting Hollow Ware, and other articles of metal, in which the inner and outer patterns are required to be of a corresponding figure; Ezra Ripley, Troy, Rensselaer county, New York, August 31. Instead of making, or carving, an inner and an outer pattern of the form required to cast any desired article between, one of the patterns only is made, say, for instance, the inner one, and from this a casting is made which is to answer the purpose of the inner pattern. After this the first made pattern is coated over with paint, and then a coating of sand, and then again paint and sand, and so on until the desired thickness of the casting is attained, and from this a casting is to be made to answer the purpose of the outer pattern, or mould. This mode of obtaining the outer from the inner, or the inner from the outer, pattern, enables the operator to obtain the corresponding figure without any difficulty. Any kind of mastic can be substituted for the paint and sand.
Claim. "What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by letters patent, is the mode, or manner, in which I obtain iron, or other metallic, castings, or second patterns, of nearly uniform thickness, by means of spreading any suitable material, or composition, on the face of the aforesaid plaster cast in thickness equal to the thickness of the iron, or other metallic, castings, or second patterns, afterwards to be obtained, and the principle involved in such mode of proceeding."
38. For a Hydro-Pneumatic Apparatus for raising beer from casks, &c.; Richard Sealey, New York City, August 31.
From a reservoir of water placed at any desirable height, a pipe provided with regulating cocks, descends and opens into another vessel, and near the bottom thereof, and from near the top of this another pipe descends into and near the bottom of an air vessel. In the claim the first of these vessels is indicated by the letter A, the second by the letter B, and the air vessel by the letter C. The air vessel C, is provided with a draw-off cock placed a little above the lower end of the last mentioned pipe, so that the water into which the end of the pipe dips, may be drawn off when too great a quantity has accumulated without suffering it to descend below the end of the pipe. The upper part of the air chamber is separated from the lower by a double acting valve, which closes upwards and downwards, and below this is a float, which, when forced up, closes the valve. From
the upper of these chambers a pipe extends to one or more casks, which are also provided with pipes which extend to the apartment, or place, where the liquor is to be discharged. The vessels A and B are provided with pipes and cocks connecting them with a pump, &c., by which they can be supplied with water, or air, as required.
When water is permitted to descend from the reservoir A, into the vessel B, the air is forced up, and passes down the pipe into the air vessel, and from thence into the casks; but should the water in vessel B, rise high enough to pass down into the vessel C, and there accumulate, it cannot enter the casks, for the float will be forced up and close the valve.
Claim.-"I am aware that the conjoint action of water and air has been used for the purpose of raising liquids, but I am not aware that any similar arrangement has been applied to the two-fold purpose of raising the fermented, or other, liquors, from the cask to the place where it may be drawn for use, and at the same time avail of the pressure of the air on the surface of the liquor in the casks to preserve the liquor itself; and I am aware that I cannot claim to be the inventor of any of the parts employed taken separately, as each is already well known; therefore, I only claim as new the application of the arrangement and combination of the vessels A B and C, with the pipes, cocks, and valves, as described, when such application, arrangement, and combination are employed for the two-fold purpose of raising fermented, or other liquor, from the casks, to the place where it may be drawn for use, and of preserving the liquor itself, by maintaining a considerable atmospheric pressure on the surface of the liquor within the cask, substantially as described."
Patents Re-issued for Amendments in the month of August, 1844. 1. For improvements in the Locks of Pistols, and other fire arms; Ethan Allen, Norwich, Worcester county, Massachusetts, August 3.
This patent was originally granted on the 11th of November, 1837, and reissued on the 15th of January, 1844, and, therefore, the reader is referred to the notices heretofore given in this Journal, for a description of the general characteristics of the improvements, the present reissue having been obtained for an amendment of the claim simply.
Claim. "I claim a mechanism for elevating the cock from the nipple by a simple pull of the trigger in combination with a mechanism which so separates certain parts during, and by, said pull of the trigger, as to permit the cock to be thrown down upon the nipple, by the reaction of the main spring, all as set forth; and a mechanism that, by the said pull of the trigger, has a power generated within it, which, on the release of the retractile force, or finger, from the trigger, shall immediately reannex the disconnected parts, or restore them to their requisite positions for the accomplishment of another discharge by another pull of the trigger, as explained; the whole being arranged and operating substantially as herein before specified."
2. For an improvement in the Press for Packing Cotton, and for other purposes; S. W. Bullock, Williamsburgh, New York, August 11.
This patent was originally granted on the 23d of March, 1842, and as it is one of those not yet noticed in this Journal, we will here give the claims under the original as well as the reissued patent.
The follower is operated by means of a segment cog-wheel and pinion, the centre of the former being connected with the shaft of the latter by bridles, or stirrups. The cog-wheel is also connected with the under part of the follower by a gudgeon, so that the semi-diameter of the segment wheel from the centre to its connexion with the follower constitutes one arm, and the bridles connecting the centre of the segment wheel with the shaft of the pinion, the other arm of a toggle joint, the pinion and its shaft being in a vertical line below the connexion of the segment wheel and follower.
Claim. "What I claim as new is the manner in which I have combined the follower and the segment wheel with the pinion and its shaft, the axis of the segment wheel, and the shaft being connected by bridles in the manner set forth, and the follower being sustained and operated on by the segment wheel through the intermedium of a gudgeon, or other analogous device, on the under side of said follower, the respective parts being combined and operating substantially in the manner set forth."
Claim under the new patent.-"What I claim is the manner in which I have constructed the press by the combination of the segment wheel with the pinion and its shaft, the axis, or fulcrum, of the segment being at the jointed part of the arms, or other analogous devices, that will allow of the axis, or fulcrum, moving from an acute angle to a straight line with the point on which the arms rest, and the line on which the gudgeon moves, and vice versa; in other words, I claim the invention, or discovery, of moving the axis, or fulcrum, of a wheel, or lever, in the simple act of operation of said lever, or wheel, the axis, or fulcrum, of which is at the movable joint, (the connexion of the bridles and axis of the segment wheel,) so as to produce a direct force against the object to be moved-with all the advantages of the progressive power of the toggle joint operated by an extended leverthe whole being combined and operating substantially in the manner set forth."
Patents for Designs which issued in the month of August, 1844,