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A TRAVELLER cannot reach Switzerland without a passport from a minister of one or other of the states of Europe; and, though it is seldom called for while he is in the country, yet he must be prepared to produce it whenever it is required. At the gates of Geneva, and perhaps in one or two other capitals of the cantons, passports are demanded on entering. Persons proceeding from Switzerland to the Austrian states, or Bavaria, must have the signature of the ministers of those countries attached to their passports; or they will not be allowed to pass across the frontier. The ministers accredited to the Swiss Confederation reside at Bern, or at least have their passportoffices there; even when they themselves follow the Diet either to Zurich or Lucerne. Strangers, therefore, should take care to secure their visé as they pass through Bern. See Route 24, p. 93, for further particulars.

In going from Geneva to Chamouny, the signature of the Sardinian Consul is made a sine quá non, in order to secure to that official a fee of four francs.


There is hardly a country in Europe which has so complicated a Currency as Switzerland; almost every canton has a Coinage of its own, and those coins that are current in one canton will not pass in the next. Let the traveller, therefore, be cautious how he overloads himself with more small change than he is sure of requiring.

Detailed tables of Swiss coins are given below, but it is scarcely worth the traveller's while to


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