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A.D, 1221 (5 Hen. III). Eleven years later, viz. in 1221, we find Odo de Barri, who must have succeeded to the principal estates, for he is named with Kathel, King of Connaught; O., King of Keneleon; Dermot Macarthi, and other chief men in Ireland, as recipient of a letter (similar to one addressed to Thomas Fitz-Anthony), in which the King (Henry III) complains that since the death of King John (his father), he has received nothing whatever from the demesne-lands, rents of assize, or escheats of Ireland. (Westminster, July 17; Close Roll, 5 Hen. III, p. 1, m. 6, dorso.)
A.D. 1229 (14 Hen. III). Philip de Barri; mandate to the Justiciary of Ireland that the following knights, whom the King commanded to come with horses and arms, for his passage across the sea, remain in Ireland during the Justiciary's absence. (Close Roll, 14 Hen. III, p. 1, m. 15, dorso.)
A.D. 1235 (19 Hen. III). Odo de Barri; ostensibly the above. The King writes to Hugh de Lacy, Earl of Ulster, and others (among whom are Odo de Barri and David de Barri), thanking them for their services, and for remaining faithful to him while others recede from their fealty, etc. (Close, 19 Hen. III, p 2, m. 1.)
A.D. 1237 (21 Hen. III). Robert de Barri, according to some, founded and endowed the Augustinian Abbey of Ballybeg, near Buttevant, dedicating it to St. Thomas. Nevertheless, other testimony assigns its foundation to his grandfather, Philip, in 1229.
A.D. 1237 (21 Henry III). Philip de Barri is by the same authority said to have founded a priory for Dominicans on a site in Cork, now called Crosses Green. He is also said to have erected Ballybeg Abbey, the foundation of which is also attributed to Philip de Barri, the great-grandfather of the Lord Justice of Ireland in 1267.
A.D. 1234 (18 Hen. III), David de Barri had a grant of a market at Buttevant. Was killed 1262.
A.D. 1237 (21 Hen. III), Philip de Barri; the same, probably, with the foregoing, and brother of David. Mandate to Maurice Fitz-Gerald, Justiciary of Ireland, to cause Philip de Barri to be brought under judgment of the Exchequer for debts from him, by summons of that Court. (Woodstock; Close Roll, 21 Hen. III, nı. 7.)
A.D. 1245 (29 Hen. III). Walter de Barri was a juror on inquisition taken by command of the King to the justiciary of Ireland, as to what lands Donatus, Bishop of Killaloe, had been deprived of; or as to whether the lands of Roscrea ought to
belong to the bishopric of Killaloe; by whom they were alienated; and what worth. This inquisition was taken at Roscrea on Wednesday next after the Feast of St. Peter and St. Paul. (Inq. 29, Hen. III, No. 43.)
A.D. 1251-2 (36 Henry III). Philip de Barri, probably the above brother of David. By Inq. p. m. taken on Gerard de Prendegast, it was found that Philip de Barri held of him, in Balacha, one carrucate for one pound of pepper. (Inq. p. m., 36 Hen. III, No. 61.)
A.D. 1234, 1257, 1267, 1273 (18 Hen. III, 2 Ed. I). David de Barri, Lord Justice of Ireland in 1267, seems to have been one of the most powerful and remarkable of the family, and by the services he rendered to the English Crown1 increased its stability in Ireland; the thorough subjection to which he brought the MacCarthys, Kings of Cork, being, perhaps, among the most conspicuous. He was grandson of Robert, and great-grandson to Philip de Barri, the presumed founder of Ballybeg Abbey, to which he became a principal benefactor. According to the Annals of the Four Masters he founded, in 1251, the Abbey of Buttevant (Kilnamullagh), which thenceforth became the burying place of the Barry family. On the inquisition taken after the death of Gerard de Prendegast, in 1251, it was found that the same held of David de Barry, in capite, fourteen fees, four carrucates, and sixteen acres, by the service of two knights. It was also found that he held half a cantred in Corkoyhe of David de Barri, by the service of one knight. (Inq. p. m., 36 Hen. III, No. 6.) He was constituted Lord Justice of Ireland in 1267. He, or, as is said, his father David had already, in 1234, obtained a grant in fee of a weekly market on Saturday, at his manor of Buttevant, and of a week's fair there, on the Vigil and Feast of St. Luke the Evangelist and the following days (17-24 Oct.). He had a further grant of a weekly market on Friday, at his manor of Karetto Thell'; witnesses to which were Edmund Archbishop of Canterbury and others. (Marlborough; Exchequer, Q. R. Miscellanea, 200 m. 5; Sweetman.) About 1272, or shortly after, we find David de Barri named in a conveyance as surety for Maurice Fitz-Maurice, when the same was summoned to warrant to Thomas de Clare the town of Youghal. (Esc., 20 Edw. I, No. 117, m. 2.) He was living in 1273, having obtained in that year free warren in all his lands.
A.D. 1273 (2 Edw. I). William de Barri granted to the poor of Buttevant the whole of the Church of Cathirduggan.2 A.D. 1300 (28 Edw. I). Matilda de Barri, named as wife of
1 Hanmer's Chronicle.
2 Mon. Hib.
Maurice Fitz-John in inquisition of that date taken on Thomas Fitz-Maurice. (Roberts' Cal. Gen.)
A.D. 1301 (29 Edw. I). William de Barri, identified by an inquisition" ad quod damnum" of that date, relating to the Prioress and nuns of the Convent of St. John the Baptist in the suburbs of Cork; the Lady Superior being Agnes de Hereford. (Roberts' Cal. Gen.)
A.D. 1307 (1 Edw. II). John de Barri founded a house for Minorites of the Franciscan Order at Castle Lyons in the county of Cork. He also endowed the house of St. John the Baptist, of the Benedictine Order, within the suburbs of Cork (as above), with lands in Olethan and elsewhere.1 He was probably the same who occurs under 1317.
A.D. 1310 (3 Edw. II). David de Barri. Writs issued to Maurice de Carew to distrain the lands of David de Barri and Maurice Fitz-Gerald for services, etc., due to the King as Lord of several of their possessions. (Bibl. Lamb., i, fo. 38.)
A.D. 1317 (10 Edw. II). John de Barri (recorded as the grandson of David the Justiciary of 1267) was living at Buttevant at this date; possibly identical with the preceding John. He was father of David de Barri, according to some, and of
A.D. 1355 (29 Edward III), William de Barri and John Barri, both named in an inquisition " ad quod damnum" taken at Cork before William de Rose, Prior of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, relating to lands in Cork.
A.D. 1359 (32 Edw. III). Gerald de Barri was at this date Lord Bishop of Cork.
A.D. 1376 (49 Edward III). William, son of Adam de Barri, had seizin from Richard de Sarsfield of a messuage and all his lands in Gougheston, in the parish of Kylaspullmallan, co. Cork.
A.D. 1390 (14 Ric. II). William Barri, chivaler, named with Joan his wife in an acknowledgment of the receipt of twentyfive marks. (Among the muniments of the Corporation of Rye; H.M.C., iii, 512.)
A.D. 1490 (6 Hen. VII). William de Barri did homage for his barony, and sat in Parliament, about 1490, as first Viscount de Barry of Barry's Court. He was killed by his brother David, Archbishop of Cork and Cloyne, in 1499. His successor was John Lord Barry and Viscount Buttevant, and his son was
A.D. 1499 (6 Hen. VII), David de Barry, brother of the first Viscount (as above), killed in his turn by Thomas Barry.
A.D. 1555 (3 and 4 Phil. and Mary). James Barry, Viscount Buttevant, who entailed his estates in favour of his cousin. A.D. 1557 (4 and 5 Phil. and Mary). James Barry, Viscount
1 Mon. Hib., pp. 61, 681.
Barrymore, who sat in Parliament, as Premier Viscount, in 1559. His son,
A.D. 1585-1617 (28 Eliz., 15 James I), David Fitz-James Barry, Viscount Buttevant and Lord of Ibawne, joined in the rebellion with Gerald Fitz-Gerald, sixteenth Earl of Desmond. He paid a fine of £500 to make his peace with the Government, and became afterwards faithful and loyal to the Crown. In 1610 he raised the siege of Kinsale, and defeated the Spaniards, as General of the Provincial Forces.
A.D. 1601-28-39 (44 Eliz., 3 and 4 Charles I). David, Lord Viscount Buttevant (grandson to the foregoing), was created Earl of Barrymore. His son,
A.D. 1630-56-94 (6 C. I; 6 W. and M.), Richard Barry, second Earl of Barrymore, was succeeded in 1694 by Lawrence, third Earl, who in 1699 was succeeded by his half-brother, James, as fourth Earl.
From him descended:
A.D. 1717-48 (21 Geo. II, 25 Geo. II), James, fifth Earl of Barrymore, who was succeeded in 1751 by his only son,
A.D. 1751 (25 Geo. II, 13 Geo. III), Richard, born 1745, sixth Earl of Barrymore, and ob. 1773. His son, a minor at the date of his succeeding his father.
A.D. 1769-73 (13 Geo. III, 33 Geo. III). Richard, seventh Earl of Barrymore, died from an accidental discharge of a musket while escorting French prisoners from Folkestone to Dover in 1793. He was succeeded by
A.D. 1770-93 (11 Geo. III, 5 Geo. IV), Henry, his brother, eighth Earl of Barrymore. At his death (1824) the title became extinct, and with it the lineage of the main branch of this ancient family.
These two last noblemen not only encumbered their estates by mortgage, but conveyed away a large portion of them. The latter became overwhelmed with debt, and a story is told of this earl, whether true or not is uncertain, for the authority is not given, nevertheless, it is characteristic of the period, when licentious squandering was quite the form and fashion, and may be possibly well founded. It is related that, when residing at Anngrove, a tradesman called on the earl, for a settlement of his account. He was ordered refreshment, and shown every possible attention and hospi
1 One of the Barrymore seats, near Cork.
tality. Under the pretence of affording him some amusement, he was asked to look out of one of the reception-room windows, at a man half-naked and undressed, whom some of the tenantry or their men were preparing to " duck" in a piece of water; inquiring what the proceeding meant, and what he had done to merit this outrage, the Earl informed him "that he was a rascally dun, and that he had a number of the same class tied up in an outhouse, waiting their turn" to be similarly dealt with. The creditor not quite relishing the treatment in prospect, took the hint and disappeared.
Thus far the Barrys of Ireland, until the extinction of the Earldom of Barrymore in 1824.
(To be continued.)