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verch Rys Lloyd ap Gruffydd ap Einion Fychan o Gydros.1

Mam Robert ap Rys ap Meredydd oedd Lowri verch Howel ap Gruffydd Goch ap Dafydd ap Madoc ap Meiric ap Dafydd ap Llowarch ap Ieuan. Mal Ach Bryneuryn.

Mam Rys ap Meredydd oedd Efa verch leuan ap Rys Wynn ap Dafydd Lloyd ap Dafydd yr hwn a elwyd y Penwyn ap Cynwric.3

1 To Ednyved Vychan. (Hist. Powys Fadog, vi, p. 146.) 2 Gronwy y Penwyn. (Lewys Dunn, ii, p. 228.) Goronwy Llwyd was eldest son of Iorwerth, commonly called Y Penwyn. (Hist. Powys Fadog, v, p. 369.)

3 I Varchudd ap Cynan.

(To be continued.)


(Continued from p. 76.)


A PUBLIC meeting was held at 8.30, in the Town Hall, at which papers were read by Mr. G. W. Shrubsole, F.G.S., on "The Course of the Roman Road from Deva to Varis", and on "The Castreton of Atis-cross Hundred identified with the Town of Flint"; by the Rev. Elias Owen on "Holy Wells". These will be published in the Arch. Camb. in due course.


This day was devoted to Flint and Chester. Leaving Holywell Railway Station at 9.8 A. M., the members arrived at Flint at 9.19, where they were met by Mr. Henry Taylor, F.S.A., the Deputy Constable, and conducted over the Castle and Town Hall.

Flint Castle.-Flint, as seen from the Railway, does not give the idea of being an attractive place, owing to the proximity of chemical works; but it improves on further acquaintance. Mr. Taylor has published an excellent little guide book to the Castle, containing an illustration, by the late Randolph Caldecott, of the memorable scene described by Froissart, in which the unfortunate King Richard II is deserted by his greyhound, "Mathe", the day before he was conveyed, with the Earl of Salisbury, to Chester, by order of Bolingbroke, on "two little nagges not worth 40 frankes."

Flint Castle is situated on the sea-shore, and is well worth a visit notwithstanding the forbidding aspect of the red sandstone building between it and the town, formerly used as the County Prison. The plan consists of a square area with a round tower at each corner, and a curtain-wall between. The tower at the south angle, which formed the keep, is detached, and of much greater size than the other three. It has vaulted galleries in the thickness of the wall, running right round. The whole building is remarkably well constructed of yellow freestone.

On the south-west side was the outer courtyard, now the site of the old County Prison, erected in 1784; and beyond the remains of the moat, which formed the defence of the Castle on the town side, together with the barbican, a square tower containing the entrancegateway and portcullis.

Edward I superintended the building of Flint Castle in 1277, as

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