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One series of satires "Mistris Parliament, etc." (1648, April 29), started without reference to Wales, but one tract (1648, May 29), refers to the "great and mighty victorie which Mr. Horton obtained over Major Powell in Wales," so it was thought desirable to include the series.

Two other satirical tracts must be mentioned, because the mock imprints have given rise to the fallacy that they were printed by a travelling press, which followed the army. Both occur under the same date, 1648, April 11, "Lord Have mercy upon us, or the visitation at Oxford, begun April the 11, 1648. Printed at Pembrook and Mongomery, 1648," and "Newes from Pembroke and Mongomery or Oxford Manchester'd by Michael Oldsworth and his Lord, etc. Printed at Mongomery, 1648."

These are satires on the Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery, a staunch supporter of the Parliament. A tract in the British Museum collection throws some light on the place of printing.

Pegasus, or the Flying Horse from Oxford. Bringing the proceedings of the Visitors and other Bedlamites there, by command of the Earle of Montgomery. [Signed: Basilius Philomusus, Oxford]. Printed at Montgomery, heretofore called Oxford."

The Earl of Pembroke was the Visitor of the University of Oxford, at this time the Head-quarters of the Royalists.

There is only one entry of a tract in the Welsh language in the following Catalogue, (1652, Sept. 11). The Thomason Collection contains five entries, viz:

1649, April 18. The Foundation of the Christian Religion, by William Perkins, translated into Welsh by E.R.

1655, Nov. 10. Y Trydydd ar Pedwaredd Gorchymynnion. Wedi eu traethu mewn pegethau (sic) gan William Jones. 1658, Sep. 3. The Tenth Worthy; or several Anagrams in Latine, Welsh and English, upon the name of that most highly renowned Worthy of Worthies, Oliver, late Lord Protector. Together with some elegeical verses upon his death. [By Thomas Davies]. Single Sheet.

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1659, Feb. Rhan o Waith Mr. Rees Prichard.*

1659, March 26. Forraign and Domestic Prophecies, both Antient and Modern. In Welsh and English.

So far as is known, neither the Royalists nor the Parliamentarians made any attempt to influence the Welsh people by means of literature in the native language. A newspaper called The Welsh Mercury appeared in October and November, 1643, but it is not recorded later.

The number of pieces catalogued is 264, distributed over the period thus:

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The collection, though very incomplete, accurately reflects the movements of events so far as they relate to Wales. Soon after the opening of the Civil War, in 1642, the King was at Shrewsbury, and the entries are fairly numerous for that year. They fall off in the next two years, the interest being elsewhere, but increase for 1645 and 1646 when Wales and Monmouthshire came again into prominence, culminating in the two succeeding years, notable for the defection of Poyer and other Parliamentarians in South

*A copy of the works of Rhys Prichard bearing the date 1659 has recently been added to the National Library, it is however an earlier issue, the second, that in the British Museum, being the third issue. The first is at present unknown.

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Wales to the Royalist side, and for the tracts by and about that sturdy old Royalist Judge Jenkins, then a prisoner in Newgate.

The Collection in the National Library is made up from several sources. The Library of Sir John Williams, Bart., supplies a large proportion, others come from the Libraries of the Rev. Owen Jones, B.A., of Llansantffraid, Montgomeryshire, and Mr. J. H. Davies, M.A., of Cwrtmawr, while some are from the collection of Lord Polwarth, sold by auction in London in 1909.

The titles of the tracts are given verbatim et literatim, and no corrections of the numerous errors have been made or indicated. Many of the tracts have very long titles. Where these relate wholly to Wales they have been copied in full, and where words have been omitted the usual. . . give notice of the fact. Some tracts were issued twice and sometimes more with the same date. In such cases variants, trifling in themselves, but useful for identification, have been noted.

Sizes are given in millimetres, which can be converted to English measure by means of the scale diagram on page x. An Index has been added to facilitate reference. Printed Catalogue Cards of the standard size, 125 × 75 mm. can be supplied for all the entries in this volume. The charge is d. per card, or three cards of one entry for id. In ordering Cards only the number on the right hand side of the entry is required.

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