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THE Italic letters in the following pages have been used not to mark with emphasis the passages in which they are found, but simply to indicate the parts of the enactments which have, generally, been written according to one uniform method.

This expedient would have been of more use if the initial letters of nouns substantive had not been so often printed in capitals, and if the numerals which denote the numbers of the sections had not also been printed in capitals, and in the first line of the section, but these typographical defects were discovered when it was too late to correct them.

Typographical aids might be more extensively employed with great advantage so as to contrast the separate parts of an enactment; but probably the present experiment is as much as could safely be adopted.

In writing these enactments the following appears to be, generally, the method of statement.

First, The subject matter, with the action thereon, which it

is the object of the enactment to require or permit,—the former indicated by the words "with regard to," the latter by the words " so far as relates to."

Secondly. The case in which such action is to take placeindicated by the word "if."

Thirdly. Any conditions to be observed antecedently to such action-indicated by the word " then.”

Fourthly. The action, whether matter of right or duty,—indi

cated by the words "it shall be lawful” or “it shall be the Duty;"- with the person by whom the action is to be performed; and the character of the right or duty under which such action is to be performed-indicated by the words "he is hereby empowered," or "authorized," or " required."

Fifthly. Any condition concurrent with such action or limiting it-indicated by the words " but so that."

Sixthly. Any condition subsequent-indicated by such words as on condition."

Seventhly. Any proviso, or any declaration necessary to give full effect to the objects of the enactment; which proviso or declaration, it is to be observed, follows the same method as the enactment to which it belongs.

Each clause of a section is indicated by the words "AND THAT," printed in the same type as the words "AND BE IT ENACTED," with which they are connected, and beginning a new line.

It would be out of place to explain here the reasons which would seem to justify the distribution of the matter in the manner adopted. The object (and the general result) is greater clearness.

August, 1844.



1. Commencement of Act, and Repeal of existing Statutes.

2. Construction of certain Terms and Expressions

3. Localities in which the Act is to operate

4. Powers to extend the local Limits of the Act

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