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NOTE C. THE NORMAN BAILIWICKS.
In his early essay in the Bibliothèque de l'Ecole des Chartes (x, 260–262), M. Delisle gave a list of the Norman bailiwicks, but unfortunately it does not distinguish between new, old, and temporary bailiwicks. In his recent introduction to his Recueil des Actes de Henri II (pp. 212—213) he gave a valuable list of the viscounties only. M. Valin's list in his Le Duc de Normandie et sa Cour (p. 289) is also misleading and rather defective. I give here, with a few explanatory notes, the various bailiwicks, viscounties and farmed “prepositurae” for 1180, so arranged as to elucidate the description in the text of the last chapter. In each bailiwick the list gives the castle and states whether the bailiff who was responsible for the proceeds of jurisdiction and administration generally was castellan, as the usual practice was, or not. The names in italics are the viscounties or “prepositurae,” most of which were of great age, within the bailiwick. Most of the great viscounties of the eleventh century are to be found in italics, since they had lost their judicial and administrative powers; but some, as in the Roumois and the Lieuvin were defintely merged in the new system as bailiwicks. The arrangement is geographical, from east to west, and the references are to the Rotuli Scaccarii, vol. i.
CAUX. The name of the bailiwick in Red Book ii. 632.
The bailiff, Geoffrey de Blainville, farms many escheats, including the honour of Count Giffard, i.e., Walter Giffard, earl of the county of Buckingham (59–65). The bailiff also accounted for the bernage for Richard Courtenay.
Castle, Arques. Robert of Stuteville, paid castellan (90–91).
Magnus vicecomitatus de Kaleto (Caux). Farm, 120 li (90).
Bernage of the great viscounty (67).
Viscounty of Arques. Farm 1100 li. The farmer, Richard the chaplain, also accounts for the forest and its pleas, bernage, etc. (90–91).
Prepositura of Dieppe. Farm 1100 li. The farmers are four citizens (68–9).
Viscounty of Fécamp. Farm 100 li (90).1
Lillebonne. Farm 700 li. Farmer, Robert of Estouteville (68).
Montivilliers, a viscounty granted to Ida of Boulogne, with the revenues of Harfleur, Etretat and Bénouville (90. See Stapleton, p. cxxiii). Hence these are not accounted for. The bernage of Montivilliers was accounted for (67).
Blosseville. This fief formed a bailiwick apart. Geoffrey Ridel and Geoffrey of St. Denis held it 'pro duabis capis ad pluviam,' for which they paid 40s. They levied tallages etc. for the duke, and accounted for fines and amercements (84, 167). It is a curious case, since they did not hold the pleas of the sword, yet were exempt from the bailiff's interference, and so accounted on the rolls (cf. Stapleton, p. cxix).
(BRAY.] The bailiff, Alvered of St. Martin (57–8).
Castle, Drincourt, i.e., Neufchatel-en-Bray. No castellan named, but probably the bailiff, since in 1184 he was castellan and also farmed the “prepositura” (116).
Drincourt, “prepositura.” Farm 600 li. Farmer,
escheated honour. Farm 142 li lls. 10d. In 1180 called a prepositura” (59).
Ministerium of Bray. See under Vexin.
1. Cf. Rot. Norm., 95 (at foot); Rot. Pat., 30 (top).
[VEXIN). The bailiff, Martin de Hosa (71-73).
Castle, Gisors. Castellan, Martin de Hosa, paid from farm of Rouen (70). Similarly, in 1184, , William earl of Arundel was bailiff and castellan (109–112). Note that Gisors was evidently a fortress only, not self-supporting. No “prepositura” is mentioned, but special funds were applied for the upkeep of the castle (72, 110). The two other fortresses along the Epte in this border province, Neaufle and Neufchateau-sur-Epte were also maintained from the revenues of Rouen, under the direction of Martin de Hosa. Joscelin Rossel was castellan of Neuf-chateau (70); in 1184 the Norman Vexin was a great military command.
Viscounty of Vexin, survived as 'barra de Neelfa.' Farm 40 li. (90). The viscounty was hereditary in the family of Crispin (Stapleton, p. cxxii).
Lions, prepositura." Farm 300 li. Farmer, Robert of Stuteville (73–4). The forest included.
Ministerium de Braio de foresta de Leons. Farm 45 li. Farmer, Enguerrand the Porter (74-5). Enguerrand was castellan of Beauvoir-en-Lions, and
was paid from the farm of his “ministerium." ROUMOIS. The bailiff, William of Maupalet or Malpalu
(de Malapalude, a district in Rouen; cf. Cart. Norm., No. 688 note). See Red Book ii. 636. The bailiff in this case also farmed the viscounty of the Roumois, or Romeis (77–81). Farm 40 li. So in 1203 (Rot. Scacc., II. 549—553; Rot. Pat. 26b). Forest of Roumare farmed separately (75).
Castle, Rouen. Castellan, Hugh de Cressi (70). The stories about Arthur's murder seem to show that in 1203 the bailiff, Robert of Vieuxpont, was castellan (cf. R. Coggeshall. Ed. Stevenson, p. 143). He certainly had charge of prisoners (Rot. Pat., 15). Later in the same year Richard of Beauchamp was castellan (Rot. Norm., 107).
Rouen, viscounty or “prepositura.”Farm, 3000li. Farmers, the citizens (69–71), one of whom generally farmed for himself and colleagues (e.g., p. 153, in 1195). Hence, in the rolls of 1203, Laurence of the Donjon, who was a citizen of Rouen (Rot. Pat., 86) appears as viscount of Rouen as representative of his colleagues (Rot. Norm., 107, cf. Rot. Pat., 25). The citizens of Rouen had but a very limited independence in judicial matters (Giry, Les Etablissements de Rouen, i. 19, 27; ii. 38 $ 31, 40 § 34). Hence the bailiff of the Roumois is also styled bailiff of Rouen (Rot. Pat., 26b).
VICECOMITATUS INTER RISLAM ET SEQUANAM.
Bailiff, Ralf of Frellencourt. Called the Ballia of Ralf in Red Book, ii. 641; later the Ballia Lundae, after the name of the bailiff of 1195 (Stapleton, p. cxlvi).
The bailiff also farmed the viscounty. Farm 30 li. (100-102).
The viscounty was of small value, since most of the land between the rivers Seine and Risle was either forest or in private hands, especially of the count of Meulan. Hence the most substantial revenue came from the escheated honour of Montfort-sur-Risle, farmed for 650 li. by Roger Fitz Landri (82-3). In 1198 the bailiwick was more valuable as a source of judicial revenue, apart from the farm (Rot. Scacc., II. 488, 491-493).
1. The viscounty of Rouen had by 1180 been farmed along with the excise on wine (“modiatio "), the shipping and the mills (Rot. Scacc., i, 70). It also included the “aquagium ” (ibid, 71). Under French rulo the viscounty was known as the “viccomitatus aquae” or vicomté de l'eau. (See Delisle, Introduction, pp. 3, 213). The continuity may be clearly traced from William the Conqueror's charter granting to the nuns of Saint-Amand the tithe of the “modiatio” (Monasticon, vii, 1101) to the charter of Philip III in 1278, confirming same, “levanda per manum vicecomitis nostri aque Rothomagensis” (Cart. Norm., p. 224, no. 917).
VAUDREUIL. Bailiff, Ralf of Wanneville, chancellor
, of Henry II., afterwards bishop of Lisieux (92-4). He also farmed the castle and domains, but had made no account for seven years (94). He still owed an account for six years in 1195 (261). For the form of the name, see Delisle, Introduction, pp. 99, 100.
Castles, Vaudreuil, Pont de l'Arche. Pont de l'Arche, except the castle, belonged to the abbey of Jumièges, and was therefore not farmed (Stapleton, II. clxi).
Vaudreuil, “prepositura.” Farm, 700 li. (111).
Beaumont-le-Roger, a castle of the count of Meulan, was also in this bailiwick, which extended across the north of the diocese of Evreux (Rot. Scacc., II. 484). Beaumont was in 1180, as frequently, in ducal hands; its castellan was paid out of the revenue
of Ste-Mère-Eglise (98). NONANCOURT. Bailiff, Saer de Quinci (76–77).
Castle, Nonancourt. Castellan, Saer de Quinci (76).
Prepositura of Nonancourt. Farm 250 li. “de xx modis frumenti.” Farmers, apparently the burgesses
(75–6). VERNEUIL. A bailiwick clearly in 1198 (Rot. Scacc.,
Castles, Verneuil, castellan, Thomas Bardolf (84), and Tillières, taken from the family of Crispin (Stapleton, cxx), castellan, Ralf of Verdun (84).
Prepositura of Verneuil. Farm, 700 li. Farmers,
the burgesses? (84). BONNEVILLE-SUR-TOUQUES. Bailiff, Geoffrey
Trossebot, who also farmed the viscounty in 1180 (68–9). That Bonneville was a bailiwick is clear from the roll of 1195 (Rot. Scacc., II. 142, 233–5; cf. Cart. Normand., no. 111, p. 19). Farm of the viscounty, 160 li.