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in the outer court, the king called to the provost, commanding him to pass home with his company; saying, the queen and he were merry. and he were merry. But the provost desired to hear the queen speak herself; whereunto it was answered by the king, "Provost, know you not that I am king? I command you to pass home to your houses" and immediately they retired. The next day -which was the second Sunday of our fast in Edinburgh -there was a proclamation made in the king's name subscribed with his hand, that all bishops, abbots, and other papists should avoid and depart the town; which proclamation was indeed observed, for they had a "flea in their hose." There were letters sent forth in the king's name, and subscribed with his hand, to the provost and bailies of Edinburgh, the bailies of Leith and Canongate, commanding them to be ready in armour to assist the king and his company, and likewise other private writings directed to divers lords and gentlemen, to come with all expedition. In the meantime, the queen, being above measure enraged, offended, and troubled, as the issue of the matter declared, sometimes railing upon the king, and sometimes crying out at the windows, desired her servants to set her at liberty; for she was highly offended and troubled.

This same tenth of March the earl of Murray, with the rest of the lords and noblemen that were with him, having received the king's letter for after the bond abovenamed was subscribed, the king wrote unto the banished lords to return into their country, being one of the articles of the said bond-came at night to the abbey, being also convoyed by the Lord Hume, and a great company of the borderers, to the number of a thousand horses. And, first, after he had presented

himself to the king, the queen was informed of his sudden coming, and therefore sent unto him, commanding him to come to her; and he obeying went to her, who, with a singular gravity received him, after that he had made his purgation, and declared the over-great affection which he bore continually to her majesty. The earls of Athol, Caithness, and Sutherland, departed out of the town, with the bishops, upon the Monday, the third day after the slaughter of David Rizzio. The earls of Lennox, Murray, Morton, and Rothes, lords Ruthven, Lindsay, Boyd, and Ochiltree, sitting in council, desired the queen, that forasmuch as the thing which was done would not be undone, that she would for avoiding of greater inconveniences, forget the same, and take it as good service, seeing there were so many noblemen restored. The queen dissembling her displeasure and indignation, gave good words; nevertheless she desired, that all persons armed or otherwise-being within the palace at the time-should remove, leaving the palace void of all, saving her domestic servants. The lords being persuaded by the uxorious king, and the facile earl of Murray, condescended to her desire, who finally, the next morning two hours before day, passed to Seaton, and then to Dunbar, having in her company the simple king, who was allured by her sugared words.

4. THE MURDER OF DARNLEY

[KNOX: History of the Reformation]

Mary never forgave Darnley for his share in the murder of Rizzio. Some twelve months later there was another conspiracy among the nobles to murder Darnley himself. How far Mary was in the plot is a question as to which the evidence is indecisive. The murder was carried out as narrated by John Knox.

Soon after the queen came to Edinburgh, where she remained a few days. In the month of January, she was informed that the king was recovered of the poison given him at Stirling, and therefore she passed to Glasgow to visit him, and there tarried with him six days, using him wonderfully kindly, with many gracious and good words; and likewise, his father, the earl of Lennox; insomuch that all men marvelled whereto it should turn, considering the great contempt and dryness that had been before so long together. The queen, notwithstanding all the contempt that was given him, with a known design to take away his life, yet, by her sweet words, gains so far upon the uxurious husband, and his facile father, that he went in company with her to Edinburgh, where she had caused to lodge him at the Kirk of Field, in a lodging lately bought by Mr James Balfour, clerk register-truly, very unmeet for a king. The queen resorted often to visit him, although her lodging was in the palace of Holyrood-house. Every man marvelled at this reconciliation and sudden change. The ninth of February, the king was murdered, and the house where he lay burned with powder, about twelve o'clock at night; his body was cast forth into a yard, without the town wall, adjoining close by. There was a servant likewise murdered beside him, who had been also in the chamber with him. The people ran to behold

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this spectacle; and wondering thereat some judged one thing, some another.

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Shortly thereafter, Bothwell came from the abbey with a company of men of war, and caused the body of the king to be carried to the next house; where, after

a little, the chirurgeons being convened at the queen's command, to view and consider the manner of his death, most part gave out, to please the queen, that he was blown in the air, albeit he had no mark of fire; and truly he was strangled. Soon after, he was carried to the abbey, and there buried.

This tragical end had Henry Stewart after he had been king eighteen months. A prince of great lineage, both by mother and father. He was of a comely stature, and none was like unto him within this island. He died under the age of one and twenty years; prompt and ready for all games and sports, much given to hawking and hunting, and running of horses, and likewise to playing on the lute, and also to Venus' chamber. He was liberal enough; he could write and dictate well; but he was somewhat given to wine, and much feeding, and likewise to inconstancy; and proud beyond measure, and therefore contemned all others. He had learned to dissemble well enough, being from his youth misled up in popery. Thus, within two years after his arriving in this realm, he was highly by the queen alone extolled ; and finally, had this unfortunate end by her procurement and consent. To lay all other proofs aside, her marriage with Bothwell, who was the main executioner of the king, notwithstanding all the advices and counsels that the king of France, and queen of England, did earnestly and carefully give her, as other friends, did likewise witness anent their guilt. Those that laid hands on the king to kill him, by Bothwell's direction, were Sir James Balfour, Gilbert Balfour, David Chalmers, black John Spense, Francis Sebastian, John de Bourdeau, and Joseph, the brother of David Rizzio: these last four were the queen's domestics and strangers. The reason why the

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