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propositions, it was recommended to remodel entirely the dockyards. These were to be under the superintendence of superanuated commodores, who, in taking command, would relinquish their rank and make way for more active officers. The constructor at each yard was to be held responsible for the quantity and quality of work done, and only amendable to the chief constructor at Washigton. This latter office, he took occasion, however, to say he could not, under any circumstances, be persuaded to accept. He wished, in short, from what he had himself observed of the extravagance, waste, and delay at our dockyards, to place them on a civil footing, as more consonant to the feelings of the mechanics and the spirit of our institutions.
About this period he determined to prepare and publish a work on naval architecture, for which he had ample materials, and numerous draughts of vessels of almost every class. He had also set aside twenty thousand dollars to establish a professorship of naval architecture in Columbia college, and had already entered into correspondence with an eminent constructor, Mr. Doughty, whom he had intended as the first professor, when a disastrous affair occurred, involving his reputation and his ample fortune. An insurance company, in which he was largely interested, became, in the panic of the day, insolvent, and its creditors ventured, in the madness of the moment, to throw doubts on the hitherto unimpeached character of Mr. Eckford. In this they were aided by a knot of political partizans, to whom his silent, but gradually increasing popularity, (which had, long ere this, placed him in the state legislature,) was gall and wormwood. Notwithstanding, he satisfactorily proved that he had lost, by stock, and other advances to save the sinking credit of the company, nearly half a million of dollars, yet his enemies affected to discredit his testimony, upon the ground that such unparalleled sacrifices were too disinterested to be credible. The termination of the investigation resulted in his complete and honourable acquittal, but the venomed shaft rankled in his kind and gentle breast to the hour of death.It is no consolation to his numerous friends and relatives to know, that who joined in this base conspiracy against this pure-minded and wellprincipled man have since paid the forfeit of their infuriated zeal, by the silent, but withering contempt of their fellow-citizens.
In 1831, he built a sloop-of-war for the Sultan Mahmoud, and was induced to visit Turkey. His fame as a skillful architect had preceded him, and he was shortly afterwards offered the situation of chief naval constructor for
the empire. A field worthy of his enterprise seemed open to him. With his characteristic energy he commenced the organization of the navy-yard, and laid down the keel of a ship of the line. He had rapidly entered in her construction, and had so far advanced in the favour of the sultan that preparations were in train to create him a bey of the empire, when his labours were suddenly brought to a close by his lamented death, from inflammation of the bowels, which occurred November 12, 1832, in in the fifty-seventh year of his age.
In private life, Eckford was remarkably simple in his manners and habits. Abstemious and temperate, he always possessed unclouded faculties; and his quiet attention and kindness to all under his control enabled him to secure their ready co-operation in any of his plans which required from them willing and prompt exertions. The scrupulous observance of his contracts, to the minutest particular was with him a point of honour; and his dealings with his fellow-men bore rather the character of princely munificence than the generosity of a private individual. Throughout life, and amid transactians involving millions, he maintained the same unassuming habits, considering himself but the mere trustee for the benefit of others; and died, as he had lived, honoured and beloved by all who knew him.
STANDING.-Lord Bacon says that we should never remain in the same posture longer than half an hour. This may be good advice to discourage indolence, as well as to assist the operative functions of nature; but if there be any position which we can beneficially sustain for hours together, it is standing. This I assert as the result of very extensive observation. Those who look to the brute creation, may here find grounds for advantageous comparison. The elephant, who, we may nearly say, is always on his legs, exceeds in longevity every other known quadruped. In these countries, too, the horse can stand longer than any of the larger or tame animals, and he attains the greatest age.
TONGUE-SCRAPERS.-These, and some other appendages of the toilet, are useless for persons who live soberly, as Cornaro would say. The hands of a watch will shew good time, if the inside works be in a proper and well-regulated state; and as the tongue is an index of the stomach, if all there be right, it will have a clean and healthy appearance.
INABILITY TO SLEEP.-Take a grain or two of Camphor at bed-time; this is a surer and safer remedy than Laudanum.
LATEST PARIS FASHIONS, Selected from the French and English Monthlies, brought by the Steamer Britainnia. WALKING DRESSES. In promenade dresses the skirts are quite plain, while the corsages are tight, and a little busqués. Many dresses are made high up to the throat; and with regard to the sleeves they differ materially in the shape; but the most remarkable are les manches à cailles, or, as you would call them, tubes, having the appearance of scales; another plan is, having the sleeves fulled in the seam. The corsages are by no means new, although unique; they are generally ornamented with folds, reaching from the waist to the top. The materials most en vogue are the better sorts of painted flannels, plaided merinos, and cachemeres. The materials for full dress promenade consists of les peckinets, les moires, and also poplins. Some extremely becoming dresses, which have just appeared, are composed of satin glacé uni, the corsages busqués, with facings, edged with velvet, the jupe open at the sides, showing the under skirt of a different colour; the opening being prettily ornamented with velvet straps, in blue glance; others in pompadour silks of different patterns, in vivid colours. The corsages to these dresses are of the fan style, with plaits, very small and round, separating a little up the middle, and finishing on the shoulders; the sleeves are laced, demi large, and open up the centre, allowing of the satin puffings to be seen, which are of a different colour. The ornaments finish with a lace silk cord trimming all round the dress, representing beautiful flowers, which add much to the graceful appearance.
BONNETS. Both bonnets and capotes are now made of pink satin, and of a more open shape than last month, trimmed with English lace, and white feathers. The favourite trimmings for the interior are very small roses in velvet; another elegant style, probably more suited for the promenade than the former, is that made of white satin, simply ornamented with a nœud toscan,
But a cloud on my 'pathway is glooming
My calm light Love!
Tho' bleak as the blasts of November,
That life will tho' lonely be sweet,
If its brightest enjoyment should be? A smile and a kind word when we meet And a place in thy memory!
while the interior is decorated with coques of ribbon; a violette d' Angleterre completes this very pretty bonnet, which, no doubt, will be in high estimation. Many are still made in velvet, rather more open: those in emerald are ornamented with a willow feather, of the same colour; the trimming of the interior consisting of red camellias. Others are trimmed with English lace; a delicate feather in the weeping style falls gracefully on the bonnet.
HATS.-The favourite colour for hats and capotes for morning, are ruby, black, violet, green, and Marie Louise: they are profusely ornamented with lace; it is generally placed lightly on the brim, covering camellias, or other delicate flowers.
DRESS CAPS.-The prettiest cap, and the most stylish, is called à la Babel, composed of English point lace. The ears rather short, and embellished on each side with a single rose, fastened by a choice shaded ribbon, which having been passed round and tied behind, the ends, which are long, fall upon the neck; another, which is very fashionable, is a pretty little coquetish cap, made of lace, with no other ornament than green velvet rouleaus.
NEW STYLE OF DRESSES.-Black is now becoming quite a portion of full dress for grand occasions. Black velvet and satin dresses are ornamented with a profusion of lace; but the greatest novelty consists of silk fringe and jet beads, of which the ornaments are composed. Many hundred elegant dresses of this description have lately appeared.
TURBANS. A very becoming turban has just been introduced, very much resembling the sacred fillets, patronized by the Israelite Jews; they are small and round, placed backward on the head. To these turbans are attached two broad lappets, in gold blonde, which fall gracefully on each side of the turban.
FLOWERS.-The most delicate flowers are fashionable for every article of toilette, as well for hair coiffure as dresses, on which they serve to fasten up the draperies.
Those of our City subscribers who may change their residence on the first of May, or, in fact, at any 'other season of the year, will please forward their names and new location to the office, 465 Pearl, corner of Chatham-street.
The political aspect of the times have indeed assumed a form too visible to pass unnoticed, even in our chronicle. The female portion of our readers, we are perfectly aware, usually give but little or no attention to the science of "Political Economy," preferring, no doubt, as all good housewives do, rather to give their thoughts and time to the study and practice of "Domestic Economy," which, by the bye, is an indispensable requisite in these disastrous times. But we feel it our duty to remind them that the exalted and purifying influences of the female mind may be judiciously exerted upon the minds of those who have assumed the appellation of "the Lords of creation." We will not attempt to question their rights, or to discuss the rights of woman; but, most assuredly, in our opinion, the time has come when, if ever, it is her duty to devote less attention to the Fashions, and more time to storing the mind with subjects involving the essential principles of government. Look at the proceedings of our Congress! Mark the apparent motives, not to say recklessness, with which many of the most important measures for the relief and benefit of our country are protracted, from week to week, and month to month. Gentlemen, for shame! remember that you are the servants of an enlightened People, who pay you not to quarrel and make long speeches, but to adopt measures that will restore confidence among business men, and afford relief to a suffering nation; accomplish this, and you will receive the thanks of a grateful people.
It is cheering to find, in times like the present, so large a portion of our most respectable and influential men efficiently engaged in promoting the noble cause of TEMPERANCE. The LADIES, too, are coming forward with praiseworthy energy in aid of one of the most philanthrophic objects that ever merited the attention of MANKIND. Well may we all deem it worthy of our most serious attention, when such scenes as the following are enacted, viz: The Rev. Mr. Phelps, a few days since in Boston, on entering a miserable hovel of a house, found a man lying dead, surrounded by some of the family drunk. In the same room stood a couple about to be married! the bridegroom wearing the very clothes which the dead man had just cast off!!
Since our last, Bishop England, of Charleston, (S. C.) has paid the debt of nature. This distinguished prelate was first in rank of the Roman Catholic clergy of Ameri ca. He had recently returned from a visit to Europe. We know that Bishop England recently wrote several letters in defence of Southern slavery, and we know that the Pope of Rome has recently launched the thunders of the Vatican at all slavery and oppression of the negroes. It was expected that Bishop England would soon receive a Cardinal's hat: have these things, combined, any connexion with the prelate's decease? When told by his physician that he could not recover, the bishop said, "I had hoped to rise; but I bow to the will of God respecting me!"
The youug Queen of Spain has shown herself quite
an independent liitle Miss, proving to her Cabinet that she is not destitute of that species of obstinacy which distinguished her reputed sire. It seems that a Colonel Dolce, who had gallantly defended the royal apartments during a late conspiracy, had been appointed "Gentleman of the Bed Chamber ;" and when M. Argulles presented him to her Majesty, to receive, from her hand, the golden key worn as the insignia of office, her Majesty, in the most positive manner, refused to confirm the appointment, nor has weeks of persuasion induced her to change her resolution.
We hope we shall not be sued for a libel by the immortal COOPER of Cooperstown, for announcing the fact that he obtained no damages in his suit, charging one of his neighbours with stealing his apples; but that he is compensated for his disappointment by recovering from the editor of the Oneida Whig, $75; from Thurlow Weed, $55, for copying an article from the Louisville Journal; and from the proprietors and editor of the Evening Journal, $87. Mr. C. has thus netted $217 from his late trials.
CORN OIL.-We observe by a western paper, that a number of barrels of Corn Oil have been sent on from Ohio to this city. It is said to be an excellent commodity-burning as brilliantly as the purest sperm, without emitting any of the offensive odor of ordinary oil.
One Thousand and Three is the whole number of applicants for the benefit of the Bankrupt Law in the State of Maine, up to Friday, April 29th.
The visit of the King of Prussia to England cost about $80,000.
The population of England and Wales has nearly doubled in forty years.
The farmer is identified, in a peculiar manner, with the earth that he cultivates. When that is poor, he is poor; when that is rich, he is rich also.
HOW TO BE RICH.-The secret is not in earning, but in saving. Almost any man can earn money, but few can keep it. A small sum is disregarded, yet a larger one is only several smaller ones united. Unless little sums are laid together how can there be a great one? Suppose a person saves a cent every day; at the end of the year he has $3,65-at the end of thirty years, about $100, including interest. How easy it is for any man to save a cent a day. How many can save ten cents a day, $36,50 a year, or about $1000 in twenty years, including interest.
He who spends six cents upon some idle fancy-for instance, in drink, cigars, fruit, &c. should at the same time reflect, that he thus throws away the interest of a dollar for a year. Are there not often occasions in the course of a day, when a person spends six cents or one cent, which he might avoid without feeling the worse for it? There goes his ten cents a day-his $1000 in twenty years - the very interest of which would perpetually afford him and his heirs a clear income of $60 per annum.
Many grow rich by saving with very little facility of earning. Some old men have always lived well, and are very rich by mere saving, but who did not earn as much daily as their neighbours. They did not foolishly buy things which they could do just as well without; and, therefore, have money to lend, while others are obliged to borrow. This is economy, but join to it industry, and wealth accumulates fast.