## Elements of plane and spherical trigonometry |

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Elements of Plane and Spherical Trigonometry: With Its Applications to the ... John Radford Young No preview available - 2015 |

### Common terms and phrases

added altitude angle apparent applied arith base becomes called celestial centre chapter circle comp computation consequently considered correction corresponding cosine course declination deduced departure determine difference direction distance dividing drawn east equal equations EXAMPLES expression figure follows formula Geometry give given greater hence horizon hour known latitude less logarithmic longitude manner means measured meridian method middle miles multiplying Nautical negative object observed obtained opposite parallax parallel pass perpendicular plane triangle polar pole positive PROBLEM quantities radius reference remarkable represent respectively right-angled triangle rule sailing ship sides sine solution sphere spherical triangle substituting subtracting sun's supplement surface taken tangent theorem third three sides triangle ABC trigonometrical true values vertical zenith

### Popular passages

Page viii - In any plane triangle, the sum of any two sides is to their difference, as the tangent of half the sum of the opposite angles is to the tangent of half their difference.

Page 99 - B . sin c = sin b . sin C cos a = cos b . cos c + sin b . sin c cos b = cos a . cos c + sin a . sin c cos A cos B cos c = cos a . cos b + sin a . sin b . cos C ..2), cotg b . sin c = cos G.

Page 22 - In every plane triangle, the sum of two sides is to their difference as the tangent of half the sum of the angles opposite those sides is to the tangent of half their difference.

Page vi - An Elementary Treatise on Algebra, Theoretical and Practical; with attempts to simplify some of the more difficult parts of the Science, particularly the Demonstration of the Binomial Theorem in its most general form ; the Summation of Infinite Series ; the Solution of Equations of the Higher Order, &c., for the use of Students.

Page 160 - If the zenith distance and declination be of the same name, that is, both north or both south, their sum will be the latitude ; but, if of different names, their difference will be the latitude, of the same name as the greater.

Page 165 - PS' ; the coaltitudes zs, zs', and the hour angle SPS', which measures the interval between the observations ; and the quantity sought is the colatitude ZP. Now, in the triangle PSS , we have given two sides and the included angle to find the third side ss', and one of the remaining angles, say the angle PSS'. In the triangle zss...

Page 129 - To THE TANGENT OF THE COURSE ; So IS THE MERIDIONAL DIFFERENCE OF LATITUDE, To THE DIFFERENCE OF LONGITUDE. By this theorem, the difference of longitude may be calculated, without previously rinding the departure.

Page vi - MICHAEL O'SHANNESSY, AM 1 vol. 8vo. " The volume before us forms the third of an analytical course, which commences with the * Elements of Analytical Geometry.' More elegant t&xtbooks do not exist in the English language, and we trust they will speedily be adopted in our Mathematical Seminaries. The existence of such auxiliaries will, of itself, we hope, prove an inducement to the cultivation of Analytical Science ; for, to the want of such...

Page 69 - The sum of the three sides of a spherical triangle is less than the circumference of a great circle. Let ABC be any spherical triangle ; produce the sides AB, AC, till they meet again in D. The arcs ABD, ACD, will be semicircumferenc.es, since (Prop.

Page 138 - PEP' (Fig. 22,) represent the meridian of the place, Z being the zenith, and HO the horizon ; and let LL' be the apparent path of the sun on the proposed day, cutting the horizon in S. Then the...