Page images
[graphic][graphic][graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][merged small][merged small][graphic][graphic][graphic][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

of some one of these Hungerford Chapels, most probably from the north transept, and were removed from thence in the last century, when it was converted into a mortuary vault for the A'Court family by building up the arch into the tower and aisle. These walls were happily removed at the late restoration, when the previously-destroyed aisles of the choir were re-built.

The large tile on Plate II. No. 8, bears the arms of Robert Wyvill, who was Bishop of Salisbury from 1329 to 1375, and which are described by Papworth (Dictionary of Arms, page 668) as Gules a cross argent fretty azure, between four pierced six-pointed mullets or. It is in character with this earlier date and is more carelessly executed than the rest.

The lower pattern on Plate I. is the most refined and best executed of all. It will be seen that the four centre tiles have no connection in pattern with those of the border, so that any four-tile pattern may have been introduced for variety.

The centre tiles have the well-known arms of Heytesbury impaling Hungerford, the usual coat of this family: in the pattern above the shield is a piece of ornament noticeable as being Renaissance in character.

The upper pattern on the same plate is of rough design and execution, most apparent in the intertwining band being reversed on one tile; this, like the last design, may have had any four-tile pattern in the centre. There is at Lacock Abbey a fragment of an angle tile which is identical with this pattern.

On Plate II., No. 6 has been, when perfect, a good design; unfortunately one angle tile only now remains, which is so much worn as to make it impossible to trace the design of the continuation of the bird in the corner, neither can any tile be found to fit the centre. The leaf ornamentation on the circular band is early in character for this time.

No. 5 is one of a sixteen-tile pattern bearing the motto Deo gracias round the circle four times repeated. No angle tile remains, and the next adjoining in pattern is too worn to be reproduced.

The crest on No. 3 has not yet been identified, but was at one time most probably used by the Hungerfords.

No. 4 is a very general device of this family; unlike the other tiles here the field is of white clay. It should also be noticed that the sickles are represented with saw-tooth edges; this is interesting, as being an example of the original form of that implement, which only gave place to the now generally used reaping hook about sixty years ago.

No. 7 is a supporter of the Hungerfords, and represents a raven volant collared and chained.

No. 9. The garb between two sickles, the most general crest of the Hungerfords, was-as previously stated-introduced by Lord Walter, the High Treasurer; so it fixes the date of the tiles as not earlier than his time.

There are a few other patterns so worn as to be almost untraceable. The following is a list of the numbers of each pattern now remaining:

No. 1.-Two angle tiles, seven side and one centre.

No. 2.-Sixteen angles, forty-eight side and twenty-one Hungerford arms, as in the centre.

No. 3.-Fifteen.

No. 4.-Fourteen.

No. 5.-Two.

No. 6.-One angle and six sides.

No. 7.-Eleven.

No. 8.-Two (one broken).

No. 9. Twenty-five.

The plates, as will be seen, have inadvertently been reproduced from the full-sized drawings to two different scales, but all the tiles are about the same size, namely 4ĝin. square; except that with the Wyvill arms, which is 6in. square.

Notes on Churches in the Neighbourhood of Warminster.



HIS Church has been so fully deseribed by Mr. Fane,1 and its heraldry by Dr. Baron, in addition to Sir R. C. Hoare's account in his "Hundred of Heytesbury," that it seems almost presumptuous for me to say anything further about it, and it is only on the special request of the Rector and others that I venture to do So. I am encouraged by the distance of time at which Mr. Fane wrote, and the works which have since been done in the Church, to hope that new light may be thrown on some of its features: and I am much assisted in this by information which has been supplied to me by the Rector.

The plan of this Church is very peculiar, and although there are side projections it can hardly be called cruciform, as the length and the ridge of the south projection are parallel to the nave. It consists of chancel without side adjuncts, nave with transept on the north and chapel on the south, tower on the north westwards of the transept and forming the porch, and a lean-to vestry against the west wall of the latter.

The oldest part of the building as it now stands is the chancel, which, although it has been much altered, is mainly the work of about the middle of the thirteenth century. Of the original work we have (1) the south wall with its three-bay sedilia, piscina, two lancet windows and priests' door, almost intact (the arch of the latter has, however, been renewed); (2) the east wall with the exception of the window; and (3) the three lancet windows on the

1 Wilts Arch. Mag., vol. i., p. 233.

2 Ibid, vol xx., p. 145.

north. The lancets have inner arches-the mouldings on which have been so made up with plaster that they are unreliable-the sedilia are of three bays stepped up towards the east although the arches over the whole are level-these arches are of trefoil form supported on shafts with moulded caps and bases, and with moulded labels over; further eastward is a coeval piscina of the same type, the bowl has been cut away. The chancel originally had no buttresses, and those on the north and south, and the diagonal ones at the angles, appear to have been added in the fourteenth century, when so much other work was done about the Church. The north wall was re-built (the old windows having apparently been re-fixed in their old positions with the easternmost one kept higher) and the east window inserted at the restoration in 1860. The previous east window was a Perpendicular insertion-this has been removed to the west end of the nave; the sills of the original triple lancets can be traced below that of the modern window. The arms still preserved in the old glass in one of the lancets are those of Thomas Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster, son of Henry III., who married a Longespée, and, in his wife's right, became Earl of Salisbury.

Of the rest of the Church built during the Early English period we have no part left standing as first erected (with the exception of part of the porch), but there is no lack of evidence from the beautiful features of that period which are preserved that there was built at that time at least a porch-and probably also a nave, unless the Norman one remained. One of the two lancet windows in the north transept and the magnificent outer doorway of the tower are coeval with the chancel work, but have obviously been re-built, and it is doubtful whether they are in their original positions. If we examine the doorway carefully we shall see that the dog-tooth ornament of the outside member could not have been cut in situ (as was the invariable mode of working it), but many of the stones. have been shortened since they were worked by cutting off parts of the ornaments-this is particularly the case on the east side and at

1 Mr. Fane states that the Norman pilaster buttresses existed here in 1853 and belonged to the original Church restored in Early English times.

« PreviousContinue »