## Outline of the Method of Conducting a Trigonometrical Survey, for the Formation of Geographical and Topographical Maps and Plans: Military Reconnaissance, Levelling, EtcWeale, 1850 - 253 pages |

### From inside the book

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**tangents**to the sphere ( supposing the earth to be one ) , whereas to obtain the three points considered as vertices of a plane triangle , the angles must be reduced to the value of those contained between the chords of the arcs ... Page 24

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**tangent**screw to the vertical arc , and then reversing it end for end in the Ys . If the air - bubble does not remain in the centre of the tube after this reversion , it must be corrected , one half of the error by the screw attached to ... Page 28

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**tangent**screw , again noting the levels and times ; and lastly , the readings of the micrometer microscopes . The double zenith distance is thus obtained , from whence the latitude is determined , as explained in the Astronomical ... Page 52

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**tangent**of that angle to the radius BC : a table of natural sines and**tangents**engraved on the lid of any portable reflecting instrument is often of great service , particularly in sketching ground without any previous triangulation ... Page 67

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**tangent**of the same angle also to the radius AB ; and the distance required for the battery can therefore be laid off on the ground by increasing or diminishing the length of this line AE . The direction of the capital of a work , and ...### Contents

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Outline of the Method of Conducting a Trigonometrical Survey, for the ... Edward Charles Frome No preview available - 2016 |

### Common terms and phrases

accuracy accurate acres adjustment angles of elevation Apparent altitude ascertained astronomical axis azimuth barometer base boundaries calculated centre chain chronometer circle computed contour lines correction course curvature declination degree depression determined difference of longitude direction divisions earth equal feet field-book fixed Géodesie given Greenwich Greenwich mean ground height horizontal line hour angle inches index error instrument intersection interval laid latitude length lunar distance marked mean solar measured meridian method miles Nautical Almanac necessary noon object observed angles obtained operation Ordnance Survey parallax parallel pickets place of observation plane plotted pole portions position purpose radius reading reference refraction right ascension roads rods scale screw sections semidiameter sextant sidereal sides sketch slopes spherical spherical excess spirit level star stations subtractive surface taken telescope temperature theodolite thermometer tion traced triangles trigonometrical points Trigonometrical Survey tube vane vertical zenith distance

### Popular passages

Page 138 - Ocean, the first thing which strikes us is, that, the north-east and south-east monsoons, which are found the one on the north and the other on the south side of the...

Page 140 - An Account of the Measurement of an Arc of the Meridian, extending from Dunnose, in the Isle of Wight, Latitude 50° 37

Page 73 - AB, aBA, the sum of the two refractions ; hence, supposing half that sum to be the true refraction, we have the following rule when the objects are reciprocally depressed. Subtract the sum of the two depressions from the contained arc, and half the remainder is the mean refraction : — If one of the points B, instead of being depressed, be elevated suppose to the point g, the angle of elevation being g AD, then * " Trigonometrical Survey,

Page 74 - BA, the sum of the two refractions ; the rule for the mean refraction then in this case is, subtract the depression from the sum of the contained arc and the elevation, and half the remainder is the mean refraction *. The...

Page 81 - ... indigo), till it nearly reaches to the necks of the bottles, which are then corked for the convenience of carriage. On setting the stand tolerably level by the eye, these corks are both withdrawn, which must be done carefully, and when the tube is nearly level, or the water will be ejected with violence ; and the surface of the water in the bottles, being necessarily on the same level, gives a horizontal line in whatever direction the tube is turned, by which the vane of a levelling staff is...

Page 112 - ... diameter. B, a sliding tube of tin, moving up and down in the pot ; the head of the tube is closed, but has a slit in it, C, to admit of the thermometer passing through a collar of cork, which shuts up the slit where the thermometer is placed. D, thermometer, with so much of the scale left out as may be desirable. E, holes for the escape of steam. The pot is filled four or five inches with pure water ; the thermometer fitted into the aperture in the lid of the sliding tube, by means of a collar...

Page 114 - Assuming 30'00 inches as the average height of the barometer at the level of the sea (which is however too much), the altitude of the upper station is at once obtained by inspection of Table I, correcting for temperature of the stratum of air traversed by table II.

Page 158 - In the orthographic projection, every point of the hemisphere is referred to its diametral plane or base, by a perpendicular let fall on it, so that the representation of the hemisphere thus mapped on its base, is such as it would actually appear to an eye placed at an infinite distance from it. It is obvious, from the annexed figure, that in this projection only the central portions are represented of their true forms, while all the exterior is more and more distorted and crowded together as we...

Page 114 - When the boiling point at the upper station alone is observed, and for the lower the level of the sea, or the register of a distinct barometer is taken, then the barometric reading had better be converted into feet, by the usual method of subtracting its logarithm from 1-47712 (log. of 30 inches) and multiplying by '0006, as the differences in the column of " barometer " vary more rapidly than those in the ''''feet

Page 14 - heliotrope," which is a piece of looking-glass, so adjusted as to reflect the sun directly to any desired point, is the most perfect arrangement. For night signals, an Argand lamp is used ; or, best of all, Drummond's light, produced by a stream of oxygen gas directed through a flame of alcohol upon a ball of lime. Its distinctness is exceedingly increased by a parabolic reflector behind it, or a lens in front of it. Such a light was brilliantly visible at 66 miles distance. (385) Observations of...