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A List of New Remedies.

THEIR APPLICATION, DOSES, AND MARKET VALUE.

ELIXIR OF CHINCHONA, PYROPHOSPHATED.-This preparation represents the alkaloids of Calisaya bark in their natural combinations with Pyrophosphate of Iron. A good wine (free from taunin) is somtimes made an ingredient of the preparation. This preparation has met with favor in cases requiring combination of ferruginous tonics with Peruvian Bark. The Pyrophosphate of Iron is in combination with Citrate of Ammonia and is not disposed to constipate. The Elixir is quite palatable, and well adapted to cases of women and children. Each dessert-spoonful represents about 20 grains bark and 2 grains of soluble Pyrophosphate of Iron. Dose, a dessertspoonful. Price, per lb., $1.25.

ELIXIR OF VALERIANATE OF AMMONIA. The persistent taste and odor of Valerianate of Ammonia are well disguised in this preparation by judicious combination with aromatics. Brandy is sometimes used in the Elixir: A teaspoonful generally represent 1 grain of Valerianate of Ammonia. Dose, 1 fluid drachm. Price, per lb., $1.25.

EXTRACTS, FLUID.-The fluid extracts of the pharmacopoeia afford reliable and concentrated preparations. The recognized strength of the fluid extracts is such that 1 fluid ounce represents 1 troy ounce of the crude material. To this rule there are two exceptions, viz. :-Fluid Extracts of Wild Cherry and Peruvian Bark; these two are one-half of the above-mentioned strength.

EXTRACTS OF MEAT.-A choice and convenient dietetic has been introduced into the market under this name. It consists of the juice of fresh beef free from fibrinoid or fatty matter, carefully evaporated to the consistence of an extract, which represents all the nutritive properties of the meat. Extract of meat affords a very convenient method of preparing beef tea and soup for invalids. In freshness of taste the preparations from the extract are equal to those made from beef. The extract represents about twenty times its weight of beef. Price, per package, 75 cts. and $1.50.

HYDRANGEA ARBORESCENS.-Grows wild throughout the Middle and Western States. Has been used with much success in the form of a syrup of the root, made with honey, or a fluid extract, for the purpose of removing sabulous and gravelly deposits from the bladder when not too large to pass

the urethra. It has also been used with satisfaction in some irritable conditions of the bladder. (See the New Jersey Medical Reporter, Vols. IV. and VII.) Introduced by Dr. E. Butler, through his son, Dr. S. W. Butler. Dose, a teaspoonful three or four times a day. Price, per lb., $1; fluid extract, per oz., 25 cts.

HYPOPHOSPHITES.-The Hypophosphites of Lime, Iron, Soda, and Potassa combined in the form of a syrup, or with Glycerine, have been used with much apparent success in cases of nervous debility and pulmonary affections. Dose, 1 to 2 fluid drachms. Price, per lb., $1.25.

IODIDE OF LIME.-This salt (which should, with more propriety, be called Iodide of Calcium) resolves itself, when in soluttion, into Iodide of Calcium, free Iodine, and Hydriodic Acid, with perhaps some Iodate of Lime. The advantage claimed for it is that it has less taste and requires a smaller dose than the Iodide of Potassium. Dose, 1 to 3 grains. Price, in 1 oz. bottles, per oz., $1.

IODOFORM, OR TER IODIDE OF FORMYLE, is used in place of the Iodides, with the supposed advantage of being non-irritant, and of more ready absorption and assimilation. It is used in combination with Quevenne's Iron, in pills containing 1 grain of each ingredient. Price of pills, per 100, $3.50.

IRON, IODIDE.-Pills of Iodide of Iron are made and coated with sugar so as to remain unaltered. This method of administration has been found very acceptable to patients. Price, per 100, 65 cts.

IRON, PER CHLORIDE.-U.S.P. The solution of the pharmacopoeia directed for the preparation of tinct. Ferri Chloridi, is an excellent styptic, and useful as a stimulating astringent for ulcers of the throat. The solid Per Chloride is used with advantage to destroy fungous growths, and is especially useful in case of inverted nails. Price of solution, per lb., 50 cts, solid salt, per ounce., 25 cts.

IRON, PER NITRATE.-U.S.P. This preparation is intended to represent the solution introduced by Kerr. It is recommended in chronic diarrhoea and in some forms of dysentery. Dose, 6 to 10 minims.

IRON, PER SULPHATE.-Monsel's salt in a dry form, although affording convenience in carriage, has the disadvantage of resolving itself during dissolution into an insoluable subsalt and an acid solution of the per sulphate. Monsel's solution, if properly prepared, is free from excess of acid, and is preferable as a styptic to a solution made from the salt. Price of solution, per lb., 50 cts.

IRON, PYROPHOSPHATE.-U.S.P. Is a compound salt containing Pyrophosphate of Iron and Citrate of Ammonia. The Citrate of Ammonia is necessary to render the Pyrophosphate of Iron soluble. This preparation is less liable to produce constipation than the other ferruginous preparations, and being almost free from chalybeate taste is well suited for delicate woman and children. Dose, 3 to 5 grains, to which Syrup of ginger can be added. Price, in 1 oz. bottles, per oz., 25 cts.

IRON, TINCTURE OF THE ACETATE.

This is a favorite ferruginous pre

paration with many practitioners. While styptic to a considerable extent it is free from the inky taste of most of the preparations of Iron. Dose, 1 to 2 fluid drachms. Price, per pint, $1.

LITHIA, CARBONATE.-U.S.P. Recommended in cases of gout and gouty diathesis to eliminate Uric Acid from the system. Carbonate of Lithia is soluble in one hundred parts of water at ordinary temperature, and much more freely soluble in Carbonic Acid water. The dose of the Carbonate, is from 3 to 6 grains. Price, per oz., 50 cts.

MANGANESE BINOXIDE.-Should be entirely free from other metallic oxides associated with native Manganese, and in a soft impalpable powder. It is recommended as a substitute for Oxide and Carbonate of Bismuth. Dose, 5 to 10 grains. Price, per oz., 50 cts.

MORPHIA MECONNATE.--This alkaloid, combined with the acid associated with it in opium, has had claimed for it less disposition to produce nausea than the usual Salt of Opium. Dose, the same as the sulphate. Price, per oz., $1.50.

MAGNESIA, CITRATE, in a granular condition, giving an effervescent solution, affords facilities for the administration of this refrigerant laxative. It has the advantage of being less strongly acid than the solution as usually found in the shops. Sold in packages at 40 cts.

NARCIA.-One of the alkaloids from opium, has received attention as a Narcotic. It is claimed for it that it is simply sedative without toxic properties. The price, however, (about $100 per oz.,) is likely to interfere with any extended use of the remedy. It has been used in doses larger than is customary with morphia.

NICKEL, SULPHATE.-Has the properties of a gentle tonic, differing in effect from Iron. It has been used with advantage in cases of obstinate periodic headache, and in some rheumatic cases. Dose, grain to 1 grain three times a day. Price, per oz., 40 cents.

OXYGEN. Several preparations are advertised as affording a ready means of obtaining pure Oxygen gas in sufficient quantity for remedial purposes. The preparation known as "Robbin's Patent Oygensis,” when mixed with water affords (without heat) a sufficient volume of pure Oxygen for practical purposes.

PEPSINE.-Prepared from the stomach of sheep, is growing into favor in cases of dyspepsia, and debility of the stomach following or attendant on exhausting diseases. Dose, about 15 grains to be taken before each meal. Sold in packages at $2.75.

A

PER MANGANATE OF POTASH.-Two articles are found in commerce. crude manganate, which becomes Per Manganate in solution, and a crystallized Per Manganate. The former is sold at one-fourth the price of the crystal. It affords a strongly alkaline solution, which should be neutralized by acetic or nitric acid, if it is desired to use it on ulcerated surfaces, or internally. As a disinfectant it answers an economical purpose. Price of Crude Manganate, per oz., 10 cts.

PROPYLAMINE, CHLORIDE.—In acute rheumatism this remedy is used with benefit in many cases. Dose, 3 grains. Price, oz., $1.25.

RHIGOLINE.-One of the light Hydrocarbon products from the distillation of Petroleum Oil. It is more volatile than ether, (boiling at 70° F.) It is used as a local anesthetic, by means usually, of Richardson's spray-producing apparatus, either by itself or preferably mixed with ether. Price, per pint, $1.

SODA, CHLORATE.-Has for advantage over the corresponding Potash Salt, a much greater solubility, dissolving in 3 parts of water at 60o F. Dose, the same as chlorate of potash. Price, per oz., 25 cts.

SODA, SULPHITE-U.S.P. Used in cases of yeasty vomiting, some forms of sore mouth attributed to a parasitic vegetable, dyspepsia and other forms of digestive derangements, and erysipelas. Dose, 1 drachm two or three times a day. As a wash, 1 drachm to 1 ounce of water. Price, per oz.,

6 cents.

SODA, BISULPHITE.-Contains double the amount of Sulphurous Acid combined with the same amount of base as compared with the sulphite. One portion of the Sulphurous Acid is eliminated at a moderate temperature, reducing the salt to the sulphite. Used the same as the sulphite in much smaller doses. It has been used with apparent good effect in scarlatina, in doses of from 5 to 10 grains. Price, per oz., 15 cts.

Disinfectants.

Liquor Soda Chlorinate.-Decomposes sulphuretted hydrogen. Is sprinkled on the floor or bed in a sick room and added to the vessels intended to receive the excretions.

Chlorinated Lime.-Acting by its chlorine, which is but loosely combined, and which is promptly disengaged by carbonic, and with great rapidity by sulphuric acids, prevents or arrests animal and vegetable putrefaction.

Solution of Chloride of Zinc, (Burnett's Fluid).--Contains two hundred grains of Zinc to one imperial fluid ounce. Should be used largely diluted with water.

Ledoyen's Disinfecting Fluid.-Is a solution of nitrate of lead in the proportion of a drachm to an ounce, and has, in common with solutions of sulphate of copper, nitrate of copper, chloride of copper, and other salts, the power of destroying the odor of sulphuretted hydrogen; they do not, however, prevent the putrefaction of animal substances.

Chlorinium or Chlorine Gas.- Is the most powerful agent on the list of

disinfectants; it is very readily evolved by the action of dilute Sulphuric Acid, upon a powder composed of common salt and Binoxide of Manganese in about equal parts. Care should be taken not to allow the air of the room to become too highly charged with the gas.

Nitric Acid Vapor.-Prepared by the extemporaneous decomposition of Nitre by Sulphuric Acid. Half an ounce of Nitrate of Potash, treated with Sulphuric Acid two drachms, will disinfect a space of ten cubic feet.

Ozone.-On dead organic matter undergoing putrefaction, Ozone acts rapidly, it entirely deodorizes by breaking up the ammoniacal products of decomposition, and can readily be obtained by moistening the interior of a large mouthed glass vessel, with old ether that has absorbed a good deal of oxygen, and plunging into the interior of the vessel a heated glass rod. A glass jar thus ozonized will retain the properties, and from an experiment in a foul privy, purified the atmosphere for several days.

Iodine.-Exposed in solid form, upon a small dish, and volatilized by gentle heat will quickly purify a room, occupied by contagious diease. Next to ozone it is the best disinfectant known.

The following summary of an article of Dr. T. H. Baker on disinfection is of importance to practitioners:

1st. For the sick-room, free ventilation, when it can be secured, together with an even temperature, is all that can be required.

2d.—For rapid deodorization and disinfection Chlorine is the most effective agent known.

3d.-For steady and continuous effect, Ozone is the best agent known. 4th. In the absence of ozone, Iodine exposed in solid form, to the air, is the best.

5th. For the deodorization and disinfection of fluid and semi-fluid substances undergoing decomposition, Iodine is the best.

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