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Ratification of the United States.
GEORGE WASHINGTON, president of the United States of
To all and singular to whom, these presents shall come, greeting. WHEREAS a certain treaty of amity, commerce, and navigation between the United States of America and his Britannick majesty was concluded and signed between their plenipotentiary the honourable John Jay, chief justice of the United States, and their envoy extraordinary to his said majesty, and the plenipotentiary of his Britannick majesty, the right honourable William Wyndham, Baron Grenville of Wotton, one of his majesty's privy council, and his majesty's secretary of state for foreign affairs, at London, on the nineteenth day of November, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninetyfour; which treaty is word for word as follows; to wit,
[Here follows the treaty.]
And whereas the senate of the United States did, by their resolution on the twenty-fourth day of June, in the year of our Lord 1795, (all the senators of the United States being then present, and twothirds thereof concurring) "consent to and advise the president of the "United States to ratify the treaty of amity, commerce, and naviga"tion, between his Britannick majesty and the United States of “America, concluded at London the nineteenth day of November, 66 1794, on condition that there be added to the said treaty an article, whereby it shall be agreed to suspend the operation of so much of "the twelfth article as respects the trade which his said majesty 66 thereby consents may be carried on between the United States and "his Islands in the West Indies, in the manner, and on the terms and "conditions therein specified.
And whereas it will satisfy, and be conformable with the said advice and consent of the senate, if there be added to the said treaty an article in the following words, that is to say,
"It is further agreed between the said contracting parties, that the "operation of so much of the twelfth article of the said treaty as 66 respects the trade which his said majesty thereby consents may be "carried on between the United States and his Islands in the West "Indies, in the manner and on the terms and conditions therein "specified, shall be suspended."
Now, therefore, I George Washington, president of the United States of America, having seen and considered the treaty and additional article aforesaid, do, in pursuance of the aforesaid advice and consent of the senate of the United States of America, by these presents, ratify, accept, and confirm the said treaty and the said additional article, as the same are herein set forth.
And I do moreover hereby declare, that the said treaty and the said additional article form together one instrument, and are a treaty between the United States of America and his Britannick majesty, made
by the president of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the senate thereof.
For the greater testimony and validity of all which, I have caused the great seal of the United States of America to be affixed to these presents, and have signed the same with my hand.
Given at the city of Philadelphia, the fourteenth day of August, in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-five, and of the independence of the United States of America the twentieth.
GEORGE the third, by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, Duke of Brunswick and Lunenburg, arch treasurer and prince elector of the holy Roman empire, &c. To all to whom these presents shall come, greeting. Whereas, for the perfecting, confirming and rendering perpetual the peace, friendship and good understanding between us and our good friends the United States of America, for adjusting and terminating all subsisting differences and disputes, from whatever cause the same may have arisen between us and the said United States; or between our subjects and the people or inhabitants of the said States; for removing the grounds of future dissensions, and for promoting and extending the mutual intercourse of trade and commerce between our dominions and the territories of the said United States, we have thought proper to invest some fit person with full powers on our part to confer, treat and conclude with John Jay, esquire, the envoy extraordinary of the said United States to our court, now residing at our said court, and duly authorized in that behalf on the part of the said United States. Now know ye, that we, reposing especial trust and confidence in the wisdom, loyalty, diligence and circumspection of our right trusty and well-beloved counsellor William Wyndham, Baron Grenville of Wotton, and our principal secretary of state for foreign affairs, have nominated, constituted and appointed, and by these presents do nominate, constitute and appoint him our true, certain and undoubted commissioner, procurator and plenipotentiary; giving and granting to him all and all manner of faculty, power and authority, together with general as well as special orders (so as the general do not derogate from the special, nor on the coutrary) for us and in our name to meet, confer, treat and conclude with the said minister, furnished with sufficient powers on the part of our said good friends the United States of America, of and concerning all such matters and things as may be requisite and necessary for accomplishing and com
pleting the several ends and purposes herein before mentioned; and also for us and in our name to sign such treaty or treaties, convention or conventions, or other instruments whatsoever, as may be agreed upon in the premises, and mutually to deliver and receive the same in exchange; and to do and perform all such other acts, matters and things as may be any ways proper and conducive to the purposes abovementioned, in as full and ample form and manner, and with the like validity and effect as we ourself, if we were present, could do and perform the same; engaging and promising on our royal word, that we will accept, ratify and confirm, in the most effectual manner, all such acts, matters and things as shall be so transacted and concluded by our aforesaid commissioner, procurator and plenipotentiary, and that we will never suffer any person to violate the same, in the whole or any part, or to act contrary thereto.
In testimony and confirmation of all which, we have caused our great seal of Great Britain to be affixed to these presents, signed with our royal hand.
Given at our palace at St. James's the seventeenth day of November, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and ninety-four, and in the thirty-fifth of our reign.
Full Power of the United States.
GEORGE WASHINGTON, president of the United States of
To all and singular whom these presents shall concern, greeting. KNOW ye, that, for the purpose of confirming between the United States of America and his Britannick majesty perfect harmony and a good correspondence, and of removing all grounds of dissatisfaction, and from a special trust and confidence in the integrity, prudence and abilities of John Jay, chief justice of the United States, I have nominated, and, by and with the advice and consent of the senate, appointed the said John Jay envoy extraordinary of the United States to his Britannick majesty, hereby giving and granting to him full and all manner of power and authority, as also a general and special command, at the court of his said majesty, for and in the name of the United States, to meet and confer with the ministers, commissioners deputies of his said majesty, being furnished with sufficient authority, whether singly and separately, or collectively and jointly, and with them to agree, treat, consult and negociate of and concerning all matters and causes of difference subsisting between the United States and his said majesty, whether the same respect the inexecution or infraction of the armistice declaring a cessation of hostilities between the United States of America and his Britannick majesty, at Versailles, on the 20th of January, 1783, or the definitive treaty of peace made between the United States and his said majesty on the 3d of September, 1783, or the inftructions of his said majesty to his ships of war and privateers, of whatsoever date, but especially on the 8th of June, 1793, the 6th of November, 1793, and the 8th of January, 1794; or restitution or compensation in the cases of capture or seizure made of the property of the citizens of the United States by the said ships
of war and privateers, or retribution for the injuries received therefrom by any citizen of the United States and also of and concerning the general commerce between the United States and the kingdoms and dominions of his Britannick majesty, wheresoever they may be; to conclude and sign a treaty or treaties, convention or conventions, touching the premises; transmitting the same to the president of the United States of America for his final ratification, by and with the advice and consent of the senate of the United States.
In testimony whereof, I have caused the seal of the United States to be hereunto affixed. Given under my hand, at the city of Philadelphia, this sixth day of May, one thousand seven hundred and ninety four, and of the independence of the United States of America the eighteenth.
EXPLANATORY ARTICLE, signed at Philadelphia, the 4th of May, 1796, to be added to the TREATY of AMITY, COMMERCE, and NAVIGATION, between his Britannick Majesty and the United States of America, signed at London, the 19th of November, 1794.
WHEREAS by the third article of the treaty of amity, commerce, and navigation, concluded at London on the nineteenth day of November, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-four, between his Britannic majesty and the United States of America, it was agreed that it should at all times be free to his majesty's subjects, and to the citizens of the United States, and also to the Indians dwelling on either side of the boundary line assigned by the treaty of peace to the United States, freely to pass and repass, by land or inland navigation, into the respective territories and countries of the two contracting parties, on the continent of America (the country within the limits of the Hudson's Bay company only excepted), and to navigate all the lakes, rivers, and waters thereof, and freely to carry on trade and commerce with each other, subject to the provisions and limitations contained in the said article: And whereas by the eighth article of the treaty of peace and friendship, concluded at Grenville on the third day of August, one thousand seven hundred and ninety five, between the United States and the nations or tribes of Indians called the Wyandots, Delawares, Shawanoes, Ottawas, Chippewas, Putasatimies, Miamis, Eel River, Weeas, Kickapoos, Piankashaws, and Kaskaskias, it was stipulated that no person should be permitted to reside at any of the towns or hunting camps of the said Indian tribes as a trader, who is not furnished with a licence for that purpose under the authority of the United States; which latter stipulation has excited doubts whether in its operation it may not interfere with the due execution of the said third article of the treaty of amity, commerce, and navigation; and it being the sincere desire of his Britannick majesty and of the United States that this point should be so explained as to remove all doubts, and promote mutual satisfaction and friendship; and for this purpose his Britannick majesty, having named for his commissioner Phineas Bond, esquire, his majesty's consul general for the middle and southern states of America, (and now his majesty's chargé d'affaires to the United States), and the president of the United States having named for their commissioner Timothy Pickering,! esquire, secretary of state of the United States, to whom, agreeably to the laws of the United States, he has entrusted this negociation; they the said commissioners, having communicated to each other their. full powers, have, in virtue of the same, and conformably to the spirit of the last article of the said treaty of amity, commerce, and naviga tion, entered into this explanatory article, and do by these presents