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title, but which appears to have been a kind of diary made use of when she came to write the Life of Colonel Hutchinson, 3rd A Fragment, giving an account of the early part of her own life . . and 4th Two Books treating entirely of religious subjects." Of these, the first forms the Memoirs as they are popularly known, and the third is printed and accompanies the Memoirs, and the two books of the fourth have also been printed, though the volume is rarely to be found and scarcely ever read. The second, however, of which the British Museum MS. forms part, has never been printed in its entirety, and no use of it was made by the many editors of the Memoirs until Professor Firth first published his invaluable edition in 1885.2 The particular interest in the British Museum MS. lies in the variations between it and the narrative as finally prepared by Mrs. Hutchinson for publication, and particularly in the additional light which it throws on the events connected with the defence of the Town and Castle of Nottingham. Though the Memoirs were professedly written by Mrs. Hutchinson for her children, it is a fair assumption that they were intended for publication, and in all probability she was inspired to this course by the publication of the Life of the Duke of Newcastle by his Duchess in 1667. The Colonel died in

(1) The Rev. Francis E. Hutchinson, of Tisbury, Wiltshire, has the manuscript of these books, which are entitled "On the Principles of the Christian Religion and on Theology." He also possesses one other manuscript book, consisting of translations of Italian and other poems, some metrical versions of the Psalms, and translations of the first four books of the Aeneid, all in the handwriting of Mrs. Hutchinson.

(2) In the Appendix to his edition of the Memoirs, Professor Firth prints seven long extracts from the British Museum MS. which are not reproduced here, and he gives also in the text some shorter extracts from the MS. Use has been made in this paper of the two articles on the MS. printed in the Nottingham Guardian of February 3rd and May 13th, 1913, but otherwise an endeavour has been made to reproduce only what will be new to readers of the Memoirs.

1664, and about the later course of his life, owing to the steps he had taken to escape the fate of the other Regicides, there must have been some suspicion among those who had fought on the Parliament side. Mrs. Hutchinson had therefore the double task of not only vindicating the Colonel's public career, but of presenting a picture of him which would bear comparison with that drawn by the Duchess of the rival Cavalier leader. A comparison of the MS., which is undoubtedly the earlier narrative, with the Memoirs, shows how she accomplished her task. In the MS. there are some passages which might have been considered by the Colonel's enemies to reflect on his character and conduct. These are omitted from the Memoirs, while the actual part which he plays in the history of his time is heightened by little touches here and there, so that he becomes the central figure of the story. It may be noted that as the Duchess added to her story "the true relation of my birth, breeding and life," so Mrs. Hutchinson had written an account of her life-which unfortunately has only come down as a fragment-to precede the Memoirs of her husband.

The MS. in the British Museum is only a fragment of the whole. The story which it tells commences at page 106 of the edition of 1808,2 and ends at page 247, so that it covers about one-third of the printed Memoirs. Incomplete sentences begin and end the MS., and that what the British Museum possesses is only a fragment of the whole, is clear from the fact that the original editor quoted a long passage from it which appears at page 82

(1) One of the most striking of these omissions is that of the account which is to be found in the MS., of the torture of the boy spy and of one of the soldiers of the garrison. Professor Firth gives this passage in full.

(2) The second edition of the Memoirs to which all the references are made.

of the printed Memoirs. In all, there are eighty-nine sheets of Mrs. Hutchinson's MS. in the British Museum.

Towards the end of 1912, the Nottingham Castle Museum made a most interesting purchase, through a London bookseller, of one additional sheet of the MS. This sheet was found to follow on immediately after the last of those in the possession of the British Museum, and its history was given in a memorandum which accompanied it, and which reads as follows:

"The subjoined pages are taken from the MS. notes of Lucy Hutchinson, her first attempt to compile the life of her husband. The MS. was given to me by the family solicitor, and the five vols.,' all transcribed by Lucy Hutchinson, of the life afterwards published were some time in my possession. These notes were examined with her own private pocketbook, and the handwriting is exactly the same. I lent the MS. to Sir S. Romilly, who was equally struck with the perfect taste in which Mrs. Hutchinson had erased some passages to remodel the narrative. The extract from the journal of the House of Lords, &c., is clearly from another hand. Anne D. B. Montagu."

The extract from the Journal of the House of Lords, to which the memorandum refers, was contained on another sheet also acquired by the Nottingham Castle Museum. This sheet contains the first portion of extracts which are completed on another sheet bound up with Mrs. Hutchinson's MS. in the British Museum. It is a contemporary copy made by Mrs. Hutchinson's amanuensis, who may have been the daughter to whom

(1) As written.

(3) The two leaves and Miss Montagu's memorandum were inset very neatly in a wide grey mount, and had formed part of what was evidently a valuable scrap book of autographs and prints, which had been sold at one of the great London book sales, and afterwards broken up by the buyer.

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the family Scentor and the five Vots, all transmbed by Lary Butetunser, of the Life afterwards publoked, were some ser possession - These Itis, were examined with her. Our pronto Pocket Book und the hand-writing exactly the some, I cent The MST. to tri. S. Romilly, who was equally struck with the perfect tuste, in which Mrs Hutchinson had erased some Bussages, to re-model the narrative. _ The extract from the journal of the House of Lords se is clearly from another hand

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THE HUTCHINSON MEMOIRS AND MS.: MISS MONTAGU'S MEMORANDUM,

From the original in the Nottingham Castle Museum.

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