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to about 3500. It is calculated that a flock of 500 will manure an acre in about a week. On the hills of Surrey, the hurdles run from seven to nine feet in length; but they are staked at the average distance of seven feet and a half: allowing three sheep to a hurdle, each sheep will have a space of 18 or 19 square feet: if the sheep are full grown Wiltshire, they are allowed 22 square feet."

House Lamb.-P. 533. "A few years since, Surrey was much celebrated for the number and excellence of the houselambs, which were sent from different parts of it to the London market; but latterly, not nearly so many are reared, and the practice will probably remove gradually, first to the more remote parts of the county, and ultimately to counties more distant from the metropolis. There are, however, still some farmers who rear a considerable number of houselambs, about Ewel, Esher, Walton, &c.; though from the increase in the price of labour, and in the first cost of the ewes, the profits are not nearly so great as they were for merly.

"Dorsetshire ewes are the only ones employed for the purpose of rearing house-lambs. They are bought at the Michaelmas Weyhill fair, to which they come, full of lamb, from Devonshire and the adjoining counties. The earliest begin to lamb in October, and they continue lambing du ring the winter."

P. 534. The ewes are divided into mothers and dam ewes: the latter are such as have lost their lambs, or whose lambs have been sold. The mothers are suffered to remain in the lamb-house with the lambs all night; they are also brought in to the lambs for an hour in the middle of the day, The dams are brought to give suck twice a-day, in the morning and afternoon. It is generally found necessary to put the dams into a yoke, while suckling the strange lambs.

"The ewes are fed well, while giving suck, upon grains, chaff, turnips, hay, oil-cake, bran, &c. Chalk mixed up with a few oats, or a little wheat, is given to the lambs, principally to prevent or remove the acidity of stomach to which they are liable. The lambs are very subject to sore mouths, which arises from the difficulty of cutting their teeth; it has been suggested that the most proper, and probably an effectual remedy for this disorder (of which many of them die), would be to lance their gums, and thus to enable them to cut their teeth without pain or trouble.

"The lamb-house is so constructed, as to keep the lambs separate in distinct pens, according to their age. It is kept very warm, and ought to be well littered frequently with clean dry straw."

Grass Lamb. P. 535. “Grass lambs are also brought up

in

in considerable numbers about Guildford, Ewel, and in some other parts of the county. Such ewes are bought as will drop their lambs in January. The ewes and lambs are fed on turnips, oil-cake, &c. Great care must be taken not to suffer the lambs to touch the turnips or clover when the, frost is on them, as that would inevitably kill them."

"Grass-lambs, of course, do not bring so much at market as house-lambs; but then the trouble and expense attending the rearing of them is not nearly so great. They are ready for the butcher in April and May: the ewes are generally fattened and sold in the succeeding autumn.”

PROFIT. Mr. Stevenson, in this, as in other parts of his work, writes like a man of sense and consideration.-P. 107. "This is difficult to get at, both because farmers, like other people, are not very willing to lay open their affairs; and because many of them, from not keeping their books in a very regular or minute manner, can only tell generally the gross particulars of their expense and profit."

Nevertheless, he would seem to have felt himself in duty bound to offer some calculations on the subject, as others have done. He has, accordingly, set down sundry sums, as "the expence of stocking a farm of one hundred acres, and of managing it and keeping the family, and paying the rent, for one year." In doing this, the groundwork of calculation was within reach. Yet, even in this case, no two men of twenty would bring out nearly the same sum; namely £1077.-And in calculating the "expence per acre" of different soils, and under different rotations; then calculating the produce of the erops; and, from these data, drawing the "net profit;"differences of not less than ten, fifteen, twenty, or more, percent, would assuredly be brought out, by different calculators. I

What corroborates the idea that making calculations, on the profit and loss of farming, was undertaken, by this writer, as a thing of duty, not of choice, is the ingenuous acknowledgment, which the author has thought proper to make, near the close of his section.

P. 114. After all, we should constantly keep in mind, that no certainty can be attained on the head of expence and profit."

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KENT.

KENT, more than any other county, I think, of equal

extent, naturally separates into well defined districts.

Nevertheless, among its inhabitants, especially in the eastern parts of the County, its popular divisions are vague and unsettled. Their ordinary denominations are "East Kent" and "West Kent."-The former has its limits, both natural and agricultural. But West Kent is a mere sound, without sense or meaning attached to it ;-unless in regard to one article of produce; namely, hops.

The inhabitants of the midland parts of the County, naturally, fairly, and feelingly, lay claim to the more central parts, or "Middle Kent;" as will appear in reviewing the Report of it, now under consideration.

Before a natural and agricultural division of the County be attempted, it will be right to notice its more striking natural features.-These are given by two lines of elevated surfaces, which extend lengthway, through the County.One of them is formed by the eastern extremity of the Chalk Hills of the southern Counties.-This, the main ridge, or "Hogsback of Kent," extends, in a continuous line,-excepting where it is intersected by the streams of water which cross it,-sixty miles; the Medway and the Stower dividing it nearly into three equal compartments; the whole chain being co-extensive with the County.

The other is a broken line of irregular Stoney Heights, of minor elevation. These run somewhat parallel with the Chalk Hills; but are not of equal length, nor equally continuous; being rather a range of scattered hillocks; one ridge of a few miles in length, near the midway of the line, excepted.

After viewing almost every square mile of the County, the following appear, to me, as the proper division of it, into agricultural districts; such, I mean, as an agricultural surveyor ought to examine it under.

I. NORTH KENT. This division is bounded on the north, by the Thames; on the west, by the County of Surrey; on the south, by the line of cliffs, which form the southern confine of the western compartment of the Kentish Chalk Hills; and, on the east, by the river Medway.

This division of the County comprizes the following districts, or subdivisions; namely, 1. The gravelly hillocks and the lower better lands, situated between the Thames and the skirts of the Chalk Hills: a passage of the County which might not inaptly be termed the Thames-side Lands, or the District of Dartford.-2. The North Kent Marshes; which are embraced by the estuaries of the Thames and the Medway; forming the easternmost point of North Kent. -3. The western compartment of the Chalk Hills.

II. WEST KENT,-(if the term can be appropriately applied to any part of the County)-has for its northern boundary, the Chalk Hills of North Kent. On the west, it is bounded by, and unites with, the Counties of Surrey and Sussex; on the south, by that of Sussex; and, on the east, by the Weald, or Vale Lands of Kent, and a line extending from the western boundary of the Weald-by the Goudburst and Brenchley Hills-to the face of the North Kent Cliffs, between Sevenoaks and Wrotham. This infertile this broken-surfaced, and variously soiled, part of Kent would be best designated by the District of Tunbridge.

III. SOUTH KENT.-This is confined, on the north, by the range of Stoney Heights, above spoken of; on the west, by the district of Tunbridge; on the south, by Sussex and the sea; and, on the east, by the eastern compartment of the Chalk Hills.-Its districts are 1. The "Weald," or Vale Lands of Kent. 2. The District of Ashford. And 3. "Romney Marsh," or the South Kent Marshes.

IV. EAST KENT.-This valuable quarter of the County is bounded, on the north, and east, by the British Ocean; on the west, by the Valley of the Stower; and on the south, by South Kent and the English Channel. Its subdivisions are, 1. The District of Canterbury, extending westward to Faversham, 2. The District of Thanet. 3. The East Kent Marshes*. 4. The District of Sandwich. And, 5. The eastern compartment of the Chalk Hills.

V. MIDDLE KENT.-This rightfully claims the remainder of the County; the Isle of Sheppy excepted. It is bounded, on the north, by the estuary of the Medway, and by the Swale, or narrow strait of the sea, which separates the Isle of Sheppy from the main land; on the west, by the river Medway and the line which is drawn above, as the eastern boundary of the District of Tunbridge, or West Kent; on the south, by South Kent; and, on the east, by East Kent.

EAST KENT MARSHES,-which now occupy a considerable extent of space, that heretofore, no doubt, was filled with the tide then, separating the Isle of Thanet from the main land of Kent.

Kent.Its subdivisions are, 1. The District of Sittingbourn the rich lowlying lands, situated between the Swale and the Chalk Hills. 2. The central compartment of the Chalk Hills, 3. The rich and beautiful District of Maidstone; or, emphatically, the MIDLAND DISTRICT of KENT.

The Isle of Sheppy does not well assimilate with any one of the aggregate divisions of the County.

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THIS is one of the very first of the published Reports.

It is, strictly and literally, a "reprinted report;" Mr. Boys having previously been the original Reporter:-a coincidence that has rarely taken place, in the literary career of the Board: notwithstanding it was the ostensible course on which it was proposed to be run.

The QUALIFICATIONS of Mr. Boys, as the Reporter of the agriculture of Kent, are not difficult to estimate. He was not only a farmer, by birth, but, at the time of writing, had been, for a course of years, himself an occupier, on an "ample scale. His flock, we are informed, amounted to a 0 thousand head, and his hop grounds to twenty acres. And 12 altho he modestly designates himself an "unlettered” man, Jahe frequently writes with more force and clearness, than many of his lettered brethren of Report. The subjoined is bis own (?) account of his performance.

Well do ben, da zu must favour to PREFACE.

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