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sum paid him during his five years ministry at Dover only amounted to £26 51.

For two years and nine months the church remained vacant, and it was not until September, 1727, that Isaac Roussier took up the ministry, which he continued to June 27, 1731 when the last service was held. The collection on this day amounted to 6 d., and we are hardly surprised to read the note which follows immediately on the entry of the amount, 'L'exercise de laditte église ayant cessé, manque de personnes a contribuer a l'entretient'.

1Paul Lescot succeed Elias Prioleau and M. Mazyck as minister at Charlestown. He had a daughter Frances, who married Peter Villeponteux, and left a son Zachary; Zachary had a daughter Anne, who married Henry Gray. A crayon portrait of Frances Lescot is still in the possession of the Gray family of Charleston. This information I owe to the courtesy of Miss Ravenel, of Charlestown, S. C. The following letter, (Wake MSS. Ch. Ch. Lib. Oxford xxvii, 115) written by Lescot to the Archbishop of Canterbury shortly after his appointment to Dover is worth reproducing Tres Révérend Pere en Dieu.


Apres avoir presenté mes tres humbles respects a votre Grace, et lui avoir temoigné toute la recconnoisance de mon coeur pour tant de bienveuillance qu'elle daigne avoir pour moy, laquelle fait mon honneur et ma joie; bienveuillance de Votre Grace dont je suis entierement redevable a mon tres cher Monsieur Turettin, cet illustre ami si Chrétien et si charitable que Dieu m'a donné, et que je le supplie tous les jours de me conserver.

Comme cette bienveuillance, si prétieuse pour moy, dont votre Grace m'honnore fit qu'elle m'ordonna a Lambeth, ayant mon depart pour Douvre, de l'informer de l'état dans laquelle ie me trouverois, je rends mes tres humbles actions de graces au Seigneur de ce qu'il lui a plu m'appeller icy a servir une église, petite a la vérité, mais paisible, et composée de fort honnetes gens, parmi lesquelles ie jouis d'une grande satisfaction; c'est pour moy la petite Tsohar ou j'espere que mon ame viura. Monsieur Turettin la nomme ainsi dans la lettre qu'il m'a déia fait l'honneur de m'y écrire et ie ne saurois trop remercier Votre Grace de ce qu'elle m'y a envoyé ; j'employeray tous mes soins et mon assiduité, moyennant l'aide du Seigneur, pour m'aquitter de tous les devoirs qui m'y sont imposez, et pour ne me rendre pas tout a fait indigne de la bonté dont il a plu a Votre Grace de m'honnorer.

Je la supplie de vouloir bien me continuer l'honneur si grand pour moy de sa bienveillance, non pas que je croye la mériter en aucune maniere, mais par la seule relation que j'ay l'honneur d'avoir avec Monsieur Turettin, cet homme illustre, pour lequel ie sais par mon experience que Votre Grace a beaucoup d'estime.

Je la supplie d'agréer icy que je luy demande une faveur pour mon église, laquelle je suis persuadé que Votre Grace luy accordera, c'est que comme ce lieu cy est le grand passage de France en Angleterre il y passe souvent bieu des pauvres qu'ont besoin du secours de nos Aumones; mon église ne se trouve pas en état de bien soulager de la sorte la quantité de ceux qui peuvent étre a sa charge; je supplie donc en son nom Votre Grace de luy vouloir assigner la subvention du committé qu'elle jugera nécéssaire pour nous aider a faire ces charitez qui sont indispensables.

Notre église en aura une fort grande obligation a Votre Grace et nous ferons, elle et moy, des voeux continuels au Seigneur pour sa conversation, et pour la prosperité de son illustre famille.

Je suis, avec un profond respect,

Tres Révérend Pere en Dieu, de Votre Grace,
le tres humble et tres obéissant serviteur,
L'escot. P. D.: L. A.

A Douvre ce 12e de Janvier 1718.

To us who have followed the story to its end there remain one or two threads to be gathered up before we part with it for good.

It were curious to know how many of those who had been members of the church were still with it in 1731. Of five names only can we be certain. Jean Francomme and Jacques Perche who first appear in 1691, were still there in 1731. Susanne Newiar1, who, with her husband Samuel Duriez, had come from Guînes, was, as Suson Stokes, in receipt of relief in 1730; while in like case was Jeanne Desgardins, widow of Germain le Cat. To these we must add Isaac Minet, who, landing in Dover in 1686, after a short residence in London returned to Dover in 1691, and remained there during the remainder of his life.

. With Isaac Minet was left what remained of the property of the church at its ending. "Il reste" he tells us, "entre les mains de moi ledit Minet, deux coupes d'argent servant pour la St Cene, pesant ensemble vinte neuf onces et demy, provenant et appartenant cy devant a l'église protestante de Calais; plus aussy trois napes et deux serviettes fort usé et un table ou ou sont escript les dix commandements." The history of these various items we are well acquainted with. The table of commandments had been given to the church by Jean Francomme; the cloths and napkins, used no doubt in the administration of the Sacraments, had come from Guînes, and had indeed by this time done good service. The cups, could they be found, would be a most precious relic; and, as representing my forefathers, I cannot but feel a certain sort of responsibility for them. Clearly Isaac Minet had them as late as 1737, when the books of the church were also in his hands; these latter his grandson Hughes Minet had in his possession as late as 1785.3 Whether Hughes had the cups also at that date I cannot say, nor can I suggest how he came to part with the books. From 1785 till about ten years since, when by a happy accident they fell into Mr. Crisp's hands in a London auction room, nothing is known of their

1 Born in 1661, she married (Jan. 1. 1681) Samuel Duriez, who must have died in Dover, where she remarried one Stokes, whose name is sometimes given as Hoakes.

"Born in 1649, she married first, Jean Mazengarbe, second, (Aug. 2, 1676) Isaac Secq, who died Mar. 6, 1680, third, (July 6, 1681) Germain le Cat, who died at Dover in 1690.

3 This appears from a letter preserved with the books, and written on April 27th, 1785, by Mr. de la Chaumette to Hughes Minet, on returning the books which he had borrowed for the purpose of making some researches.

history. Hughes Minet was a most careful and methodical person, and I think I may affirm that whatever of his has survived is now in my hands. I cannot, however, produce the cups, nor can I find among his somewhat voluminous papers the slightest note relating to the Dover Church. Should the cups at any time turn up, as those of Norwich have done, their identification, thanks to the careful note of their weight given by Isaac Minet, and to the foreign plate mark that would almost certainly be found on them, should be an easy matter.

So ends the record of the Dover Church: at all times one of the smallest, it was from its position far from being one of the least important. Thanks to the documents preserved concerning it, it has been possible to trace with some fulness of detail its foundation, its progress, and its fading away: and its history may be taken as a type of that of all the Huguenot churches in England. Founded by men, the strength of whose faith is borne witness to by their flight, the storms of its earlier years, however trivial their details may seem to us to-day, are evidence of the steady continuance of that faith. As the elder generation died out, the amalgamation of the younger into the body of the English people went on more and more rapidly, until the inevitable end came; the old order changed, yielding place to new, but what was good in the old lived on to influence the new.

Looked at from the standpoint of to-day, the faith may seem a hard and a narrow one; but let us remember that its form was its accident, its essence was its strength; and that, while the form changed, the essence survived to leaven the nation into whose life it was wrought.

We owe to our forefathers more than we dream of, and the realization of this truth is, I venture to think, the best lesson we can learn from the consideration of their story. Let me conclude by quoting some lines of Sir John Davis, in which this truth is so perfectly summed up, that I would fain see them stand as the abiding watchword of all Huguenot endeavour :

"Yet these and their successors are but one,

And if they gain or lose their liberties,

They harm or profit not themselves alone,
But such as in succeeding time shall rise.

And the ancestor and all his heirs,

Though they in number pass the starres of heaven,

Are still but one; his forfeitures are theirs,

And unto them are his advancements given."



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The following is a reproduction of the Account Book kept by the Diacres and Anciens" of the French Church at Dover from 1685 to 1731. The items are not given verbatim, as this, both in the case of the receipts and payments, would lead to much needless repetition of uninteresting detail, most of the entries of receipts, for instance, consist merely of the word "receu." Wherever, however, the entry has any special character, it is given in full.

The accounts were kept by several hands, and were balanced at irregular intervals, so that it is practically impossible to say what the receipts or payments for any given year may have been it has been thought best to preserve this original arrangement, which divides the accounts for the whole period into nineteen portions, and notes have been added to such of the entries as seem to require them.


(Accounts from August 5, 1685, to February 7, 1691. Kept by Isaac de la Croix.)



Recepte de la diaconnie de l'église restablie a Douure par la permission de sa majesté le Roy Jacques second du 30 Juillet, 1685.

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1 Reconnaisance dated 25 April, 1686.

1 6


2 2




1 0

1 6

10 0

1 6


1 6


4 10 0

The Stocks would seem to have been members of the third French Church of Dover, see Proceedings of the Huguenot Society, v. III, pp. 318, 320. Robert Jacob was mayor of Dover in 1685.

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