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Both were to be met in the Isle of Skye, and sometimes a blend of the two. The Saxon or Teutonic colonists, usually cailed Lowland Scots, had an entirely different group and character of folk-tales. The blending of all kinds of folklore was found in the province of Moray, which, for that reason, was one of the most interesting parts of Scotland for the study.

In the afternoon Professor A. Keith and Dr. E. Ewart presented a joint paper containing an account of the discovery of human remains in a raised beach near Gullane. They pointed out that the interest of the find lay in the fact that in the same place there were cairns containing remains of the Iron Age, a grave belonging to the Bronze Age, and the human remains now found belonging to an earlier period, which, in Dr. Ewart's opinion, represented a Neolithic people in Scotland almost identical with the Neolithic inhabitants of Switzerland. The exhibits included a number of flint and jasper instruments, which had been collected in the vicinity of Gullane, and human bones which showed the remarkable muscularity of a very powerful short race.-The Times.

A THEORY OF THE MENAI STRAIT.-Mr. Edward Greenly (at the meeting of the Geology Section, British Association) submitted a theory of the Menai Strait. In the main, he accepted Ramsay's view of the Strait as a glacial furrow; but he showed from the general glacial phenomena, and from soundings, that the middle. reach of the Strait could not be explained in that way. Evidence was adduced to show that this reach was excavated by glacial waters during the recession of the ice at a time when the mutual relations of the ice of the mountain land and of the sea basin admitted of the accumulation of a temporary lake. Post-glacial erosion and subsequent changes of level had completed the bed of the Strait as it now existed.

CARDEN HALL, CHESHIRE.-This fine mansion, built towards the end of the sixteenth century-a very perfect specimen of the ancient black and white timbered buildings of the county-was destroyed by fire on September 16th. It was charmingly situated in a park long celebrated for its fine herd of deer, surrounded by an abundance of large timber, behind which rises the higher range of the Broxton Hills. It was plundered by Cromwell's troops in the Civil War, June 12, 1643, and the John Leche of that day taken as prisoner to Nantwich. John was the name of each successive head of the family (with one exception) for sixteen generations. The founder of the family was John Leche, surgeon or leech to Edward III, and the grant of the three ducal coronets in the escutcheon is said to owe its origin to the fact that this John attended the Black Prince when he waited upon his three prisoners in London.


The account of the recent discoveries of the remains of an Amphitheatre and the foundations of a Temple is deferred until the next number of Arch. Camb.



Abergele Church, 165; Meeting (Report), 109-167

Aberconwy Abbey, Removal, 144
Abbey Rhuddlan, 121-127
Accounts, C. A. A., 343-4
Aeliana Archaeol. VII, 330
Altar, Jupiter Dolichenus, 330;
Mars Ocelus, 241

Amber Beads, 79, 82
Amphora Stands, 102, 104, 105
Annual Report, 1911, 151-9
Archæological Notes and Queries,
168, 241-4 331-7

Ardres Motte, 400
Armitage, E. S.-Early Norman
Castles of British Isles, 398-

Arrow-stone, Waen y Gors, 403
Art, Late Celtic, 93
"Astronomer-Priests," 86 n.
Axe, Neolithic, 68

Baildon, W. P.-"Ghost-houses," 260

Barclodiad y Gawres, 58

Barrow, Colwinston, Glam., 82 Barrows, Llanfihangel Nant Melan, 336

Beacon Towers, Bedwellty, 331
Bedwellty Tower, 331

Bentinck, Wm., E. of Portland,
Petition against, 379

Berwyn Hills, Iron Celt, 92

Beste, Rev. K. D.-Siamber Wen,


Bettws y Coed, 132

Beuno Maen, Glacial Markings, 394 Blaenau Gwenog, Cist, 349 Bodysgallen, 150

Boroughs, Welsh, Medieval History, 342

Bourdon, Pilgrim's, 13


Brachy-cephalic skull found with long skull, 86

Braich y Ddinas, 159-161; Report, 169-182

Brass, Maurice Gethin, 140
Breiddin, The =

Caratacus' last

stand, 395 Bridelton, Ed. de-Incised Slab, 125

Brochmael, Stone, 142-3
Bronze Age, Funeral Feast, 82;
Population, 346; Tombs, 82
Bronze Armlets, 80; Brooch, 175,
180; Castings, 80, 81; Celt,
337; Fibulæ, 189; Frag-
ments, 196; Helmet, 101:
Implements, 79, 82, 84, 302,
352; Mirror - handle, 101;
Spoons, 101; Sword and
Staff, 351

Bronze imported into Wales, 81
Bryn Granod, Urn, 351
Bryniau Celyn, 44

Bryniau Ridge, Cist, 45
Brythons, Incoming, 105-6

Buckler, Waun yr Adwyth, 351
Bunker's Hill Banc y Gaer, 384
Burchinshaw Bell, Conway, 145
Burial-place, Cards., Prehistoric,

"Bygones of Domestic Life," 299

Cae Mickney, Urns, 84
Caergwrle, Cup, 331
Caersws, Grant, 157

Caerwent, Early Church, 242;
Excavations, 241

Cairn, Chambered, Plas Heaton,


Calendar of Pembrokeshire Records, Haverford-Dr. H. Owen,



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Place-Names, 347; Prehis-
toric Burial-place, 345 356;
Urns, 351

Carew, Sir John, Effigy, 22
Carew, Elizabeth, Effigy, 28
Carmarthenshire Ant. Soc. Trans-
actions, 240

Carmarthenshire, Cremation, 346
Carnarvon Castle, defacement, 342;
Finds, 168

Carnau, Urn, 351
Carnedd y ddelw, 49
Carved Spoons, 300

Casts of Pre-Norman Monuments,

Castell Cawr (Din hengryn), 129
Castell Coch, 247

Castell Collen, 157, 183-197
Castle of Senghenydd-Col. W. Ll.
Morgan, 383-390

Castle Carew, 247; Carnarvon, 168,

342; Conway, 143-4; Dyne-
vor, 329; Dyserth, 113;
Dincolin, 113; Lawhaden,
247; Rathumney, 36; Roch,
248; Rhuddlan, 117-120;
Senghenydd, 383-390; Swan-
sea, 385, 390

Castles, Motte, 401; Origin of

Private, 400

Catalogue of Civil War Tracts, 239
Cedewain Field Club, 248
Cefn, St. Asaph, Chambered Tomb,


Celt, Iron (Berwyn Hills), 92;
Bronze (Gop), 243

Celtic Cross, Dyserth, 116
Cerrig Saethau, Anafon Valley, 402
Chester, A Roman Graveyard,
332-3; Early Guide, 325-6
"Chrisoms," 12, 16
Cinerary Urns, Bryn Granod, 351;
Cae Mickney, 84; Capel
Cynon, 346; Cardiganshire,
351; Carnau, 351; Gors
Goch, 345, 349, 351; Mont-

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Cistfaen, 41, 45, 46, 47, 51, 52, 147,
349, 350

Civilization of Wales, Bronze Age,
74-90; Iron Age, 92-105
Wattled hurdle, 236
Clark, G. T., and Saxon " Burhs,"


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Coal, Value to Roman-Britons, 237
"Coch, Dr." (Ellis Price), 370
Cochrane, Dr. R.-Siamber Wen,
33-38, 116

Cochwillan, 38, 243

Coins, 189, 192, 195, 196, 241, 242
Colwinston, Barrow, 82

Congress, Arch. Societies, 340, 341
Conway Castle, 143, 144
Conway Church, 141, 145
Counsell, John, M.D., 1
Craft Insignia, 330

Cremation and Inhumation, 84, 86
Cremation in Cardiganshire and
Carmarthenshire, 346

Cromlech, Caer Bardd, 41; Llech
yr Ast, 41; Maen y Bardd,
40; Maes y fachrell, 146;
Y Garreg Wen, 167

Crwth, Voelas Hall, 143

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Cup, Incense," 84, 405

Cup marked Stones, Aberfeldy, 329
Cwt y Filiast (Cwt y bugail), 41
Cyttiau'r Gwyddelod, 75, 76

Danish Camps, 400

Dawkins, Dr. Boyd-Presidential
Address, 61-108, 130
De Lacy's Lordship, Denbighshire,

Denbighshire Sheriffs, 368, 370
Dincolin, 113

Din hengryn, 129
Dinorben Vawr, 167
Dissaren, Dissard, 113
"Doctor Coch," 139
Dol Marchog, 316

'Druids' Circle," 53, 162

Dynevor Castle, 329
Dyserth Castle, by Thos. Edwards,
263-294; Site of Original
Foundation, 273; granted
to Prince Edward, 288;
visited, 288; Siege Raised,
290; destroyed, 292

Dyserth Church, "Jesse" Window;
Celtic Cross; Canopied
Tombs, 116, 117

Fixed Points in Pre-history of
Wales-Dr. Boyd Dawkins,
61-108; Geography, Neoli-
thic, of Wales, 63-66; In-
coming of Iberic Race, 67-
74; Goidels, 91; Brythons,
105; Civilization of Wales,
Bronze Age, 74-90; Iron
Age, 92; Distribution of
Population, 92; Pre-Roman
Roads, 106-7


Early Norman Castles of British
Isles E. S. Armitage, 398-

Edwards, E H., and E. Laws-
Monumental Effigies, Pem-
brokeshire, 1-32

Edwards, Thomas-Dyserth Castle,

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Factory, Prehistoric, Aber-
ystwyth, 211-216

Flint Arrow-heads, 214; Cores,
215; Flakes, 86, 214;

Scrapers, 46, 214

Font, Conway, 145; St. Tudno,

Gaer Dolau, 168

Gallt y Celyn Edwards Family, 373
Garnwen, Bronze Sword and Staff,

Gavr Inis, Spiral, 257

Geographical Evolution of Wales—
M. J. Hughes, 403

Gethin Maurice, Brass, 140
"Ghost-Houses," 260
Gilar, 139, 366

Glacial Markings, Berriew, 394;
Round Stones, 146
Glass, Ancient, 189, 197
Gogerddan, Flint Implements, 352
Goidels, Incoming, 91

Gold in Wales, 81

Gop Cave, Celt, 243; Flints, 86
Gors Goch, Urns, Flints, 345, 349,


Greek-Key Pattern Squared Spi-
ral, 250

Green, F.-West Wales Records,

Grit-Stones, 356-7

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Llanfihangel Nant Melan, Barrow,
Llangynning, Effigy, 2

Llanrhos Church, Inscribed Stone,


Lotus Ornament and Spiral, 249,

Lowe, W. B.-Heart of N. Wales,

Lowe, W. B.-Prehistoric Remains,
N. Carnarvonshire, 39-60,
165, 199-210

Lowe, W. B.-Price Families of
Plas Iolyn and Gilar, 365-

Lunacy cure, Pilgrimage, 234
Lunule, Llanllyfni, 82

"Mabli" Stone, Rhuddlan, 127
Maenan, Aberconwy Abbey, re-
moved to, 144; Abbots, 370,


Maen y Bardd, 40; Y Campiau, 59
Maes y fachrell, 146
Machynlleth, 328

Manx Fishermen, White Stones,

Meaden, H. A.-Teampull Mor,

Medieval House, Dyserth, Dr. K.
Cochrane, 33-38

Medieval House, Rathumney, 36
Meini Hirion, 56-7-8

Menai Bridge (proposed), 328
Middleton, Capt. W., 372

Milestone, Roman, Hadrian's, 226;
Sept. Severus, 317, 319, 323
Miscellanea, 245, 339-342
Monmouth, Nelson's Visit, 360
Montgomeryshire Inventory, 391-4;
Urns, 397

Monumental Effigies, Pembroke-
shire E. Laws and E. H.
Edwards, 1-32

Morgan, Bp. Wm.-Summer House,

Morris, Rupert H.-Spiral Orna-
ment in Wales, 249-262
Morgan, Col. W. Ll.-Castle of
Senghenydd, 383-390

Motte Castles in Wales, 401
Motte on Hereford Beacon, 400
Museum, Cardiff-J. Ward, 295-


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